The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"'Here, there is still the sexist attitude that women are not capable of making decisions, for example,' said Trujillo. 'That is why they earn a quarter less than their male colleagues and why there are just 10 women among the 340 mayors in Guatemala'" (para 11).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Pacific Islanders (also known as Pasifika), who comprised 8.1 percent of the population in 2018, experienced some societal discrimination and had the highest rates of unemployment (8 percent) and lowest labor force participation (60 percent) of any demographic group. In late 2018 the HRC reported on significant ethnic pay gaps in the country’s public service that left Pasifika women paid 21 per cent lower than the average" (13).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"On average, women earned 35 percent less than men who did similar work. This wage gap was greater in rural areas" (69).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women tended to earn substantially less than men did for the same work. Women were more likely to experience discrimination in wages, working hours, and benefits."(23).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides that women and men have the same legal status and rights. The government enforced the law effectively, although inequalities in pay and promotions persisted in both the public and private sectors..." (10).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-4

"That same year, 39% of women in the workforce were employed part-time compared to 14% of men. This leaves women at an unfair disadvantage as non-regular workers earn about 40% as much as regular workers on an hourly basis and receive less training in their workplaces, according to a report from the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development" (para 20).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to a major study on gender pay gap carried out in 2009 2010, during 2000 2008 the gen eral gender pay gap in Estonia was an average of 28.6%. Unexplained wage difference formed approximately 85% of the general gender pay gap. The pay gap was largest among women and men aged 25 45, when starting a family and raising children is most likely...In 2006, the gap between gross hourly earnings of women and men was 27%. It increased during the economic growth to 27,6% in 2007, but started to decrease when the economic recession began. In 2008, the gap was 24,4% and in 2010 23,3%. By 2011 the gap...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, ERBG-DATA-1

"Discrimination occurred in access to credit, equal pay for similar work, and the ownership and management of a business" (p 20).
Aug. 11, 2021, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Despite laws requiring equal pay for equal work, a 15 percent pay gap existed between men and women"(15).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Despite a law providing for equal pay for equal work, the average woman’s annual income was 32 percent less than that of men, according to the Ministry of Women and Gender Equality. The ministry is in charge of protecting women’s legal rights and is specifically tasked with combatting discrimination against women" (10-11).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for gender equality. Nevertheless, women often experienced discrimination in employment, credit, and pay equity for similar work, as well as in owning and managing businesses" (p 21). "Additionally, women’s wages were generally lower when compared with male counterparts, even for the same position and work performed" (p 29).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While there was little discrimination in access to employment and credit, women often did not receive equal pay for substantially similar work" (p 30).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The government’s statistical agency reported that hourly wages for women were, on average, lower than for men but that the wage gap had narrowed to 87 cents for women for every dollar earned by men, except at the top of corporate structures. Of approximately 1,200 named corporate officers of public companies, women earned 68 cents for every dollar earned by men"(10)."The government’s statistical agency reported that hourly wages for women were, on average, lower than for men but that the wage gap had narrowed to 87 cents for women for every dollar earned by men, except at the top of corporate structures. Of approximately 1,200 named corporate officers of public...more
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-1

"Women’s wages lagged behind those of men, and few women occupied management positions" (p 34).
July 16, 2021, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"For a woman taking two 12 month career breaks in her early 30s, with no increase to pension saving or salary during this time, she can end up having 10% less in her pension pot at retirement compared to a woman with no breaks.A 35-year-old would need to increase contributions by an additional 1% of pensionable pay to make up this shortfall. A woman waiting until she’s 55 will need to increase contributions by around 6% of pensionable pay[...]In addition to this, women also contribute to pensions less than men on the whole. From their mid-50s, women typically increase their contribution rate higher than men, generally at around an additional...more
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Eurostat data released in October indicated that the average pay gap between men and women was 14 percent in 2015" (p 22).
July 9, 2021, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"For example, in January 2021, the Seoul city government uploaded guidance for pregnant women to make sure to check if there is plenty of toilet paper in the house, make meals for husbands, and to pay attention to their looks by hanging smaller size clothes to motivate themselves to lose weight after giving birth. And the discrimination against pregnant women begins long before the actual pregnancy. In hiring processes, interviewers routinely ask women invasive questions about their plans to get pregnant, with some openly telling female candidates it would be difficult to hire them because the company does not want to pay for maternity leave. According to a local survey,...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The average monthly income of women was approximately two-thirds that of men" (p 47).
June 25, 2021, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women picking up the tools might be rising, but their pay still falls behind their male counterparts. As with many types of employment, men take home significantly more pay, earning an average of £8,206 per year more than women for the same roles. But at least in trades that gap’s starting to close, with men earning £7,115 more. The most notable difference is in the skilled building and construction trade. While male workers here can expect to take home a median salary of £29,011 a year, women in the sector can only expect to earn £21,840, a whole £7,171 less. Female carpenters and joiners don’t fare much better. Their median...more
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred. Anecdotally, wage discrimination based on race and sex occurred often in rural areas" (p 27).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Despite the existing legal regulations, differences in the remuneration of women and men remain significant. Research conducted by the Central Statistical Office on the salary structure by profession shows that sex remains a significant determinant of the amount of salary. The relation between the remuneration of men and women improved in 2010. While the average monthly gross salary for women constituted 83.1 per cent of the average salary for men in 2002, this share increased to 85.0 per cent in 2010. In the public sector this share increased by 5.2 percentage points, unlike in the private sector where it dropped by 3.5 percentage points" (48). In Table 12, titled "Average...more
May 31, 2021, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Swiss government statistics show that women in full-time employment earn on average 11.5% less than men" (para 9).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The number of Albanian women in the workforce is rapidly increasing" (para 1). "Women now comprise the majority of agricultural workers in Albania, yet they are still paid lower wages than their male counterparts. On average, women receive 18% lesser salaries than men" (para 1).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"...article 37 which states 'the right of the woman worker to the same wages for the man worker, for equal work, under the motto 'equal pay for equal work'...developed a set of standards aimed at ensuring equal rights in the area of the access to employment, training, working conditions and social protection...The legal basis concerning women workers and maternity protection is found in article 37, 'working conditions should allow (the woman worker) the performance of her essential role in the family and ensure the mother and the child adequate protection'" (6). "The participation in an action-oriented research On Gender Wage differentials, to reduce relevant gender inequalities in the Italian industry...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee continues to be concerned, however, about the persistence of occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the continuing pay gap, one of the highest in Europe, where current figures show that the average hourly earnings of full-time women employees amount to approximately 83 per cent of men’s earnings" (11). "The Committee notes that ethnic and minority women are underrepresented in all areas of the labour market, in particular in senior or decision-making positions, have higher rates of unemployment and face a greater pay gap in their hourly earnings compared to men" (12).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

""From the listed forms of discrimination the respondents more often have faced gender discrimination in the process of employment.... 10 per cent of the responses referred to such manifestations of discrimination as underpayment and insufficient representation of women in the big and medium businesses in comparison with men" (23). "The most obvious manifestation and result of gender inequality in the labour sphere is significant gender gap in the level of employment revenue" (35). "In spite of the positive dynamics during last decade the average salary of men in Ukraine is 23 per cent higher than average women’s salary" (35).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“In urban India, the self-employed constitute 45 per cent of men and 48 per cent of women workers; of these, more than half of men and nearly two-thirds of women have very low earnings, in most states below the official minimum wages. In other words, while women are not the only informal-sector workers, they are more likely than men to be employed informally, and to earn less” (pp. 17).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“Four million women born in the 1950s have been left 'disenfranchised' by 'catastrophic' changes to the state pension age, the Court of Appeal heard today. Campaigners are arguing that the increase of women's state pension age from 60 to 66 by the Government is discriminatory, unlawful and unfair. They are also claiming that women born from April 6, 1953 have not been given enough time to make adjustments to cope with years without a pension” (para. 1-3). “Mr Mansfield described the six-year wait that women have from 60 to 66 as a 'considerable' period of time which translates to a 'considerable' sum of money - around the £8,000 mark if...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"It is concerned at the gender wage gap indicating that women earn only 50 to 75 per cent of the wages earned by men" (10).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Australia's gendered wage gaps continue to pose significant barriers to gender equality. Australia has a national gender pay gap of 15.3% with women earning $253.70 less per week than men" (9). "On average, women currently retire with $90,000 less than men. By 2030 the retirement income gap is still expected to be 39%. Women, particularly single women, are thus at greater risk of experiencing poverty in retirement" (9).