The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"An increase in secure wage employment of the total employments (from 30 per cent to 41 per cent) has been observed between 2010 and 2013 (although more rapid for men than for women)" (29). "According to the 2016 Mini Labour Force Survey, monthly median wages for male reached 235.9 USD per month and 184.0 USD for women. As such, the gender pay gap is 22 per cent" (32). "Factors may include the over-representation of women in typically lower paying industries and occupations, such as hospitality and administration, as well as the high rate of women working part-time (29 per cent of employed women compared to 13 per cent of men...more
June 21, 2022, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The significant gender pay gap" (11).
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Equality Act (Gender Pay Gap Information) Regulations, introduced under section 78 of the Equality Act of 2010, in 2017, requiring private and voluntary organizations with more than 250 employees to publish their gender pay gap data" (2). "It also welcomes the adoption of legislation to introduce a requirement for companies and public bodies with over 250 employees to publish their gender pay gap data in England, Scotland and Wales and the voluntary initiatives led by the business sector to increase the representation of women in the private sector, such as the Hampton-Alexander Review" (11). "The Committee is further concerned that the increase in the State pension age for women from...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The unadjusted gender pay gap has decreased relatively significantly since 2007. In 2018, the Danish National Centre for Social Research published an updated report on pay gap between men and women. The 2018 report covers the period 2012 to 2016, but also looks at trends and developments since 1996. In 2016, the unadjusted gender pay gap was 10–15 percent depending on the pay concept. The unadjusted gender pay gap has decreased relatively significantly since 2007. The decrease is up to 5 percentage points. This corresponds to a reduction of the unadjusted gender pay gap of one fourth and one third depending on the wage concept used. In the previous period...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"New indicative figures from the Swiss Earnings Structure Survey (LSE) show that in the private sector the wage differential between women and men increased by 0.5 percentage point, to 18.9 per cent (standardized [median] monthly gross wage) in 2012 , after a temporary decline (2008:) 19.4 per cent; 2010: 18.4 per cent). Wage disparities between men and women exist in all industries, but wages vary considerably from one industry to another. In the private sector, the differential is greater the higher the educational level and the qualifications and hierarchical level of the position. The wage differential is a function of several factors that are closely linked to the differences between...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"No statistics are available on incomes of employed persons by sex and per sector over the 2002 2014 period. There are also no data available regarding differences in salaries between men and women with the same job under equal qualifications. There are also no complaints filed at the Ministry of Labour on this matter. The public sector maintains a fixed salary wage for officials (FISO). Private companies with a Collective Labour Agreement also have wage ranges. With regard to the smaller companies, it is unclear how the wage structure looks like" (27). "The government manages a pension system granting a pension to Surinamese civil servants and employees of State-owned enterprises....more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the country is a member of the International Equal Pay Coalition, which promotes pay equality between women and men, a gender wage gap continued to exist" (23).
March 19, 2022, 8:08 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"For the first time since before the Second World War, men and women older than the age of 65 will start collecting their state pension"(para 1). "Historically, women could collect their state pension at age 60 and men at age 65 but, since 2011, it has been gradually equalised. By October 6, 2020, the age at which both sexes can claim their state pension will be 66"(para 4)."Sir Steve Webb, former pensions minister and director of policy at Royal London, said: 'In recent years it has been women who have needed to keep a close eye on changes in their state pension age.But for the first time both men and...more
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law stipulates that discrimination based on sex should also cover discrimination related to pregnancy and maternity (childbirth and breastfeeding). The matter of female poverty among the elderly who do not receive equal government social remuneration, as well as a pay gap between men and women, continued to exist" (19).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"...The law stipulates that women should receive equal pay for equal work, but women often were paid less than men. The National Institute of Statistics estimated that, as of 2018, women’s earnings were an average of 68 percent of their male counterparts’ earnings" (14). "Societal prejudice and discrimination led to disproportionately high poverty and unemployment rates for women, who earned 30 percent less than their male counterparts. Women were more likely than men to work in the informal sector, such as in domestic work or as street vendors, resulting in lower wages and a lack of benefits. Women were also more likely to work in less safe occupations, such as...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"...article 37 which states 'the right of the woman worker to the same wages for the man worker, for equal work, under the motto 'equal pay for equal work'...developed a set of standards aimed at ensuring equal rights in the area of the access to employment, training, working conditions and social protection...The legal basis concerning women workers and maternity protection is found in article 37, 'working conditions should allow (the woman worker) the performance of her essential role in the family and ensure the mother and the child adequate protection'" (6). "The participation in an action-oriented research On Gender Wage differentials, to reduce relevant gender inequalities in the Italian industry...more
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the law prohibits gender-based discrimination and requires equal pay for equal work, employers generally paid women less than men for similar work" (16). "Discrimination in employment and wages occurred against women and persons with disabilities. Women generally received less pay than men for similar work..." (24).
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The constitution grants women and men the same legal rights, but women did not receive equal pay or employment opportunities"(19).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia

"Unemployment disproportionately affected women, who faced hiring discrimination and received salaries that generally were not commensurate with their education and experience. The NGO Sisma Mujer reported that on average women were paid 28 percent less than men. In a previous year, a senior government official estimated that 85 percent of persons with disabilities were unemployed. Afro-Colombian labor unions reported discrimination in the port sector" (40).
Feb. 4, 2022, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-4

"Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to gender and ethnicity. The law provides that women and men engaged in the same activity shall receive equal wages for work of equal value. In 2018 women earned on average 13.8 percent less than men on a monthly basis, according to Statistics Norway, which also reported that 37 percent of women and 14.6 percent of men worked part time in 2017, the most recent year for which data were available" (18).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"In rural areas, where most of the population engaged in subsistence farming, traditional social structures tended to favor entrenched gender roles, leading to a pattern of discrimination against women. While there was little discrimination in access to employment and credit, women often did not receive equal pay for substantially similar work..." (30).
Jan. 27, 2022, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including equal pay for equal work, women encountered discrimination in the workplace and often earned less than men"(12).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in the workplace and requires equal pay for equal work, but employers reportedly often paid women less than men for the same job" (47).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. The law also mandates equal pay for equal work, but the labor commissioner verified that men earned on average BZ$90 ($45) more per month than women did because they held higher managerial positions. The law provides generally for the continuity of employment and protection against unfair dismissal, including for sexual harassment in the workplace, pregnancy, or HIV status" (12).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires that women and men receive equal pay for equal work. The government enforced the laws effectively, although an official study reported a pay gap of 13 percent for highly skilled jobs. Assembly approved an amendment to the women's equality law to establish pay equality between men and women in both the public and private sectors and to create an interagency commission for pay equality" (11).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law also mandates equal pay for men and women; however, the International Labor Organization noted the law’s protection against such wage discrimination is too limited because it does not capture the concept of 'work of equal value.'...Women’s average monthly wage was approximately 73 percent of that of men in 2018" (28).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, GP-DATA-5

"The Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women is responsible for promoting gender equality and may initiate lawsuits if it discovers violations of equality laws. Most complaints received during the year were work related and most concerned the termination of employment due to pregnancy. Economic discrimination against women continued. According to Eurostat, women’s hourly wage rates were 6 percent less than those of their male colleagues in 2017. The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women" (16).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires equal pay for equal work. According to the Ministry of Solidarity, Employment, and Social Security, however, women’s average salaries were approximately 17 percent lower than those of men" (16).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, MARR-LAW-3

"Women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men under the constitution. Women and men are legally equal in marriage, and the law provides for gender equality in exercising the right to work. The law specifies that employers must not discriminate against women with regard to pay or working conditions. According to the Ministry of Labor and the Confederation of Workers, regulations protecting women’s labor rights were enforced in the formal sector, although according to the World Economic Forum, women earned 36 percent less on average than men doing comparable jobs" (27-28).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands

"...The NIHR reported in 2018 that 61 percent of the discrimination in employment claims it received were related to pregnancy. Female unemployment was higher than male, and female incomes lagged behind male counterparts" (22).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"In many cases victims of discrimination were unwilling to request the forms of protection provided by employment laws or collective contracts, according to labor unions. According to Eurostat, in 2017 women’s gross hourly earnings were on average 5 percent lower than those of men performing the same job" (22).
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"On average, women earned only 63 percent of what men earned, and a higher percentage of women filled lower-paying, low-skilled, contract jobs. Women often faced difficulties returning to the workforce after childbirth"(30).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to Eurostat, female workers earned 14.9-percent less per hour than their male counterparts. Gross salary, according to Eurostat, was 20 percent lower" (25).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including rights under labor law and in the judicial system. The law mandates equal pay for equal work. According to information provided by the Ministry of Equality between Women and Men, during the year employers paid women 5.5 percent less on average than men for comparable work" (15).