The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-2

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The trend based on 2010-2013-2016 Labour Force Surveys (LFS) indicates that the working age population rose from 627,000 in 2010 to 696,200 in 2013, up to 724,500 in 2016 (representing around 60 per cent of the population). Of these numbers, labour force participation rose from 30.6 per cent in 2013 to 46.9 per cent in 2016, with a significant reduction in the gender gap (from 21.3 per cent women and 39.7 per cent men in 2013 to 40.6 per cent women and 53 per cent men in 2016). Among the working-age population, the share of subsistence foodstuff producers175 has meaningfully reduced (from 23.5 per cent women and 27.8 per cent...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"[T]he participation rate of the female workforce in August 2018 was 51.88%, an increase of 0.99% point from 2017" (29).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The proportion of women age 15-49 who are currently employed has increased over time, from 13% in 2011 to 33% in 2014 and 48% in 2017-18. Older women are generally more likely to be employed than younger women. Twenty-four percent of women age 15-19 are currently employed, as compared with 58% of women age 40-44. Divorced, separated, or widowed women are more likely to be employed than currently married women (60% versus 47%). The percentage of women who are employed increases as the number of living children increases. Twenty-nine percent of women without any living children are currently employed, compared with 59% of women with five or more living children....more
June 21, 2022, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, MULV-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the increase in the participation of women in the labour force from 35 per cent in 2012 to 43.6 per cent in 2017 and the ongoing consultations to formalize access to social security benefits for women in the informal sector" (10).
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Gender Representation on Public Boards (Scotland) Act, in March 2018" (2). "Women continue to be underrepresented on corporate boards and executive positions and are concentrated in lower paying positions in all occupational sectors and in lower paying occupational sectors such as health, education and retail" (11).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2016, the workforce (including all employed and unemployed persons) totalled 2.9 mill. persons. Women accounted for 1.38 mill. of these which corresponds to 47.4 percent of the entire workforce. Women’s participation rate is lower than men’s are. The participation rate for women was 73.5 percent in 2016. In comparison, men’s participation rate was 77.6 percent. The gap between women and men’s participation rate has continuously been narrowing from 2008 to 2014, but it increased from 2014 to 2016. The participation rate for immigrant and ethnic minority women from non-western countries is lower than for ethnic Danish women. In 2016, the participation rate for immigrant and ethnic minority women from...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The total employed population in China reached 780 million in 2009, of which 45.4 per cent was women. The total number of people employed in urban areas nationwide was 126 million, of which women accounted for 46.79 million or 37.2 per cent. The scope and variety of jobs available to Chinese women has continued to expand, with more and more women entering finance, commerce, communications, biological sciences, aerospace, energy and other high-tech fields. According to 2009 statistics, the number of scientific and technological workers nationwide reached 318 million people, of which women accounted for nearly 790,000 or 24.8 per cent" (38).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The 2013 labour force participation rate was significantly higher among men than among women: 75 per cent of men and 62 per cent of women aged 15 and up were employed or looking for work. In the 30 to 45 and 55+ age groups, women’s labour force participation rate was significantly lower than men’s, for when a woman becomes a mother she will very often withdraw (temporarily) from the labour market to bring up her children. Moreover, women tend to leave the labour market permanently earlier than men do. The differences between men and women’s labour market participation rates at different stages of life have, however, become noticeably smaller over...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The labour force participation rate of women, which was 27,9 per cent in 2002, has increased to 34,4 per cent in 2019" (19). "As of 2019, women with higher education had the highest labour force participation rate with 71,5 per cent. The rate of women employers, which was 5,1 per cent in 2002, has increased to 10,3 per cent in 2019" (19).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Compared to data from the 2004 Census, the data collected from the 8th Census in 2012 show that in absolute terms women’s’ employment shows a large increase: in 2012 35 per cent more women were employed compared to 2004. The female population age group 15 64 increased with 13 per cent during the same period. This means that more employment was available for women and that relatively more women used their right to paid work. A closer look shows that the number of employed women in a percentage of the total female population aged 15-64, increased with only 6 per cent within 8 years, compared to an increase of 15...more
April 17, 2022, 12:06 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee remains concerned at the low number of women in leadership positions in academia, in senior management positions and on the boards of private companies. It notes with concern that the representation of women among new board of directors members is decreasing, with only 9 per cent of chief executive officer positions held by women, and that only 25 per cent of senior management positions were held by women in 2020" (4).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The construction of... 'relationships'...with the business realities allowed to build new forms of dialogue...with the aim of better understanding problems related to the role of women in the labour market, such as the very low percentage of women in the labour market" (17). "There were an increased number of projects aimed at unemployed women in the South highlighting how women’s unemployment remains a problem particularly present in this territorial area" (18). "In 2007, only 10 per cent of hospital department heads and 5 per cent of deans of faculties of medicine were women" (53). "Except for Banks and Assurance Institutes, there is no woman in the Boards of Directors of...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The law imposes a gender quota of 30 percent for supervisory boards of certain publicly traded corporations. It also requires approximately 3,500 companies to set and publish self-determined targets for increasing the share of women in leading positions (executive boards and management) and to report on their performance. Consequently, the share of women on the supervisory boards of those companies bound by the law increased from approximately 20 percent in 2015 to more than 30 percent in 2018. The representation of women on management boards in the top 200 companies stood at 9 percent" (34-35).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"...According to the ILO, women not only earned less than men but also had difficulties entering the workplace: 78 percent of men held paid jobs, compared with 56 percent of women. Although the law prohibits gender discrimination in pay, professional training, and career advancement, the law was not enforced, and discrimination existed" (32).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with concern that laws protecting women’s labour rights are lacking, that the level of women’s labour force participation remains low and that women are concentrated in the informal economy, especially in agriculture, domestic work and unpaid care work, and have no access to social protection" (13).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women continued to face discrimination and hardship in the workplace. Women made up only 7 percent of the workforce. Many women faced pressure from relatives to stay at home and encountered hiring practices that favored men. Older and married women reported it was more difficult for them than for younger, single women to find jobs. Women who worked reported they encountered insults, sexual harassment, lack of transportation, and an absence of day care facilities. Salary discrimination existed in the private sector. Female journalists, social workers, and police officers reported they were often threatened or abused. Persons with disabilities also suffered from discrimination in hiring" (43).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Results of different surveys confirm that division of care burden in Estonia still reflects rather traditional values. While both partners are expected to supplement to the family s income, the caring duties at home are still often expected to be met by the woman. These attitudes are reflected also in the employment data. The employment rate of men is highest (over 84% in 2010, over 91% in 2013) for men with at least one child below 3 years of age. For such women employment rate is lowest (29% in 2010, 23% in 2013) but raises remarkably right after that. Employment rates for men and women with school aged children were...more
Aug. 10, 2021, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to data issued by the Secretariat for Gender Equality on March 18[2019], between October and December 2018, 44 percent of women were employed, compared with 60 percent of men"(23).
July 20, 2021, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Despite a rise in female board members, the number of women in managerial roles was still very low.Women accounted for nearly 39% of board members of Italian listed companies at the end of 2020, data collected by Consob showed.Looking at women’s roles within the board, data at the end of 2020 showed female CEOs headed 15 companies, which accounted for 2.5% of total market capitalization on the Milan stock exchange. In 2019, companies with women serving as chief executives were 17, equal to 2.6% of total market capitalization.Last year women chaired the board of directors of 26 companies, the same number as in 2019, but the companies were of much...more
July 15, 2021, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Currently, women’s employment is restricted in 456 occupations in 38 industries. These occupations are listed in Government of the Russian Federation Resolution No. 162, Feb. 25, 2000, which the newly issued ministerial order will replace. The need for reducing the number of occupations in which women’s employment is restricted was expressed in the National Strategy of Actions for the Advancement of Women’s Interests for 2017–2022. The Strategy states that technological advancements have allowed women to work in the professions previously deemed dangerous and have made some of the previously restricted occupations redundant"(para 2).
June 29, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The female participation rate in the labour force decreased in 2020 as a result of the lockdown measures implemented following the pandemic, with the percentage of women’s participation in the labour force at 16% of all working-age women in 2020, down from 18% in 2019. For comparison, the rate of male participation in the labour force was 65% in 2020, down from 70% in 2019" (para 11).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In addition to their miserably low representation in politics, women in Japan had low rates of participation in the workforce — 60 percent in 2013 compared to 80 percent of Japanese men who work" (4).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The total number of female civil servants, policewomen and officers working at the Ministry of Interior has reached 12,070, according to ministry sources... The Police Academy confirmed the graduation of 158 female police officers between 2011 and 2017 and said that 25 more are to graduate in next July. Of note, women have only been allowed to take part in four of the academy’s 66 sessions held to date. However, 170 female officers have graduated from the Interior Ministry's Higher Institute for Security and Administrative Development with higher diplomas in security sciences since 2011, and 50 women, including 25 who hold doctorates or master's degrees, are now completing their studies...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

In Table 11, titled "Economic activity of population aged 15 and over according to sex in 2003-2010" it shows that in Q1 2003, there were (all numbers besides percentages in thousands) 16,901 economically active people in Poland, 13,348 of which were employed. In Q1 2010, there were 17, 413 ecnomically active people, with 15, 574 employed. In Q1 2003, 7,702 of the economically active were women, compared to 9,100 men. 6,092 of the women were employed, with 1,609 women unemployed. Men, on the other hand, had 7,256 employed and 1,844 unemployed of the economically active in Q1 2003. In Q1 2010, 7,929 women were economically active compared to 9, 484...more
May 15, 2021, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"The think tank pointed out that women are employed in just 14.7 percent of senior roles as judged by its economic participation index despite 72 percent of Japanese women being in the labor force" (para 11).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The construction of... 'relationships'...with the business realities allowed to build new forms of dialogue...with the aim of better understanding problems related to the role of women in the labour market, such as the very low percentage of women in the labour market" (17). "There were an increased number of projects aimed at unemployed women in the South highlighting how women’s unemployment remains a problem particularly present in this territorial area" (18). "In 2007, only 10 per cent of hospital department heads and 5 per cent of deans of faculties of medicine were women" (53). "Except for Banks and Assurance Institutes, there is no woman in the Boards of Directors of...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee notes that ethnic and minority women are underrepresented in all areas of the labour market, in particular in senior or decision-making positions, have higher rates of unemployment and face a greater pay gap in their hourly earnings compared to men" (12).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2013 the unemployment level was 7.2 per cent, which is by 0.9 per cent lower than in 2010, among women the unemployment level over the same period has decreased form 6.8 per cent up to 6.2 per cent. Hidden unemployment remains significant" (7). "Due to the complicated political and economic situation in the country the last Government initiatives, in particular, the Law of Ukraine on Preventing Financial Catastrophe and Creating Opportunities for Economic Growth in Ukraine, adopted on March 27, 2014, may increase the risks of poverty for women. These initiatives stipulate reduction of the number of public sector workers and refusal to increase the minimum wage for one...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

The table entitled "workforce participation rates" shows the percentage of women of different backgrounds who participate in the labor force. For all women, the percentage that participate in the workforce is 59.2%. For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women,this figure is 52%, compared with 65% for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men. For CALD (culturally and linguistically diverse) women, the workforce participation rate is 47.3%, compared with 69.5% of CALD men. 53.4% of women with disabilities are in the workforce, and 56.6% of men with disabilities. 58.8% of older women work, compared to 71.9% of men. 56.5% of rural, regional and remote (RRR) women work, compared with 66.8% of men...more
Jan. 26, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

“In 2013, 82 percent of the female working-age population was part of the country’s labor force, compared to 94 percent of the male working-age population. Today, women represent only around 45 percent of the total labor force, and their income is lower than men’s” (para 2).