The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Act on employment promotion (…) also contains penal provisions concerning the procedure to be followed in case of violation of discrimination bans. According to these provisions, any person who runs an employment agency and does not comply with the prohibition of discrimination on account of gender, age, disability, race, nationality, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, political beliefs and religion or on the grounds of membership of a trade union or, for the above-mentioned reasons, refuses to employ a candidate to fill a vacant employment or vocational training position shall be subject to a fine of not less than PLN 3,000" (4).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"the legislation of Ukraine prohibits over 500 professions for women, which limits their opportunities" (35).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the: (a) Establishment of a financial services banking company for women in 2013, intended to advance the economic empowerment of women" (2).
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"In late July, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers promulgated landmark amendments to the three laws that will begin to dismantle the country’s discriminatory male guardianship system. [ . . . ] Finally, changes to the Labor Law clarified that a 'worker' can be female as well as male and introduced a new protection against discrimination in employment on the basis of sex, disability, or age. This major advance should make it illegal for private employers to demand that potential female employees obtain approval of their male guardian to work (para 19 - 22).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women also enjoy the same legal status, claim to titles, access to education, the right to practice professions, and the right to inherit property as men" (para 1). "UAE labour law prohibits discrimination between employees, which would weaken equal access to employment and promotion opportunities and continue to have equal rights. The law also prohibits gender discrimination in similar jobs" (para 7). "All the restrictions on women working at night hours, working in a broad and subjective category of jobs deemed hazardous, arduous or morally or socially inappropriate and Women working in the mining, construction, manufacturing, energy, water, and agriculture and transportation sectors has been removed to give the Women...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"…and women in Bahrain do not face legal exclusions from the workplace" (3). "Under Article 301 of the Private Labor Law, with the exception of doctors, nurses and other healthcare professions, women are restricted from working between 20:00 and 04:00, and from doing heavy industrial work" (7). "There is currently a draft labor law undergoing legislative review that is considering giving women protections in the private sector. The law would increase benefits for women in the private sector, giving them access to bereavement loans, anf financial support for childcare. The law also aims to reduce gender-based discrimination in the provision of benefits, training, wages, and the payment of bonuses" (8).more
Nov. 23, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"It is also concerned that other statutory and customary norms that discriminate against women remain in force, in particular those contained in: (a) Section 8 (1) (b) of the Chieftaincy Act, which permits disqualification of women as candidates for chieftaincy election based on tradition; (b) The Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act No. 12 of 1972, which provides for different minimum ages for men and women to qualify as jurors; (c) Customary law pertaining to marriage consent and women’s right to inheritance" (Article 10).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“In Air India v. Nargis Mirza (AIR 1981 SC 1829), the Supreme Court struck down the discriminatory Rules of Indian Airlines. An Air Hostess in Indian Airline challenged certain provisions of their service rile wherein an Air Hostess could have the job up to 35 years of age, but can be terminated if she gets married within 4 years of her recruitment or her first pregnancy as unreasonable and invalid. The Supreme Court held that this provision compelled the Air Hostess not to have children which is against the human nature. The Supreme Court also upheld the right of the Air Hostess to work up to age of 45 years...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 6:56 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labour has been amended in 2019 to repeal all the restrictions on women working night hours, in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate and industries".
Aug. 10, 2020, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The UAE has amended the hatred and discrimination law in 2019 to criminalize any discrimination based on gender".
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Labour Code establishes additional guarantees for women in respect of hiring pregnant women and women with children, requiring women to work only during working hours and limiting the assignment of women and persons with family responsibilities to night work, overtime work, work on weekends or holidays, and official travel (chapter 12)" (6).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under the Labour Law, employees are guaranteed equal pay for equal work or work of equal value and any decision of the employer or agreement with the employee that breach this provision are null and void. Employees are entitled to compensation of damage in case of violation of this right" (31). "The Draft Law on Gender Equality outlaws unequal pay for equal work or work of equal value. It also outlaws harassment, sexual harassment and sexual blackmail of women in the workplace" (31). "The Labour Law prohibits harassment and sexual harassment. In case of discrimination, a job-seeker or an employee may sue the employer for damages before the competent court,...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Socialist Labour Law and the Law on Labour Protection contain provisions of special protection of working women" (4). "The Law on Labour Protection adopted on July 8, 2010 stipulates the obligations of the institutions, enterprises, organizations and individuals to provide working people with safe and hygienic working conditions and to protect their lives and promote their health. In particular, the law provides that pregnant women shall be given light work before they take maternity leave and nursing women shall be ensured breastfeeding breaks (art. 24), that institutions, enterprises and organizations shall not, in consideration of women’s constitutional features, assign them arduous, harmful or dangerous work, put pregnant or lactating...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The percentage of women with more than a secondary education who have employer-based insurance increased from 0% in 2008 to 11% in 2018. Among men with more than a secondary education, the percentage increased from less than 1% to 12%" (49).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law provides that women enjoy the same rights as men and are entitled to receive equal pay for equal work. In practice, women received lower salaries than men and were prohibited from working in nearly 500 occupations." (38). "Women held few elected or appointed offices at the national and regional levels. In addition, the law limits women’s employment opportunities although a ban on women for approximately 500 occupations, including bulldozer operator and bus driver." (49).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken to address discrimination against women in employment, including through the implementation of Law No. 13/2009 of 27 May 2009 regulating labour in Rwanda, which, inter alia, provides for equal opportunities and equal pay for work of equal value and prohibits discrimination based on sex, marital status or family responsibilities, as well as gender-based violence against women and sexual harassment in the workplace" (10).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically provide for protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, HIV status, or other communicable diseases" (38).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Freedom of choice of training and work is recognized for both men and women. The Constitution of 6 November 2015 provides that “the State recognizes the right of all citizens to work and creates the conditions for the enjoyment of that right” (art. 30) (...) Specifically, Act No. 45/175 of 15 March 1975 establishing the Labour Code also enshrines the principle of equality in access to opportunities and chances to work for wages. This Act, still in force, also provides safeguards for the protection of women in managing their maternity" (26). "Access to employment is on a basis of equality in the Congo. The latest revision of the Labour Code...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The state ensures equal employment right for women. Employment has a vital bearing on people’s quality of life. The state has promulgated and improved laws and regulations to promote fair employment and eliminate gender discrimination in employment. The Employment Promotion Law of the People’s Republic of China has a chapter specially dealing with fair employment, emphasizing gender equality in employment right. The Labor Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China has clear provisions under which businesses are required to create collective contracts for protecting female workers’ rights and interests, providing a legal basis for protecting the legitimate rights and interests of female workers. To create favorable conditions for women’...more
Nov. 14, 2019, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It even rankled that [Ms Shahindokht Molaverdi] had managed to become the first woman in Iran to secure a license to run a notary office, the privilege of clerics since the early 20th century" (para 6). "The connect-the-dots of intrigue eventually lead to the Rouhani government itself. Hard-liners angrily cite his administration’s attempts to suspend Ahmadinejad-era gender policies, such as a ban on women’s studying certain subjects in universities, a reduction in their permissible work hours, and a stricter dress code" (para 14).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The revised law also introduces different retirement ages for female (60) and male (65) judges, although they may request extensions from the justice minister to serve longer" (6).
Nov. 4, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"Over the past few months, the chief of staff has conducted many long and heated meetings with people on either extreme of this intense debate. He met with a large delegation composed of the rabbinic leadership of the religious Zionist movement, which included Deputy Minister of Defense Rabbi Eli Ben Dahan, a member of the religious Zionist HaBayit HaYehudi party. He also sat down with a group of five women serving in the Knesset who are on the front lines in the fight for equality for women. These included Meirav Michaeli and Ayelet Nahmias-Verbin (Zionist Camp), Rachel Azaria (Kulanu) and others. After deliberating and examining the issue at length, he...more
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"A 2015 women’s parity law provides women a number of protections. It permits women to participate in economic domains without approval of male relatives, provides for maternity care, disallows inequities linked to dowries, and specifies fines and other sanctions for those who discriminate or engage in gender-based abuse. Women, however, experienced economic discrimination" (page 41).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Labor laws and regulations do not prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, or HIV-positive status" (50). "Regulations ban women from 24 professions, mostly in heavy industry, but create guidelines for women to telework. Nevertheless, some factories and manufacturing facilities, particularly in the Eastern Province, employed men and women, who worked separate shifts during different hours of the day" (51).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women generally were not permitted to work at night, more than 12 hours a day, or in jobs that could present moral or physical danger" (page 22).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Law on Provision of Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men, in 2013" (2).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of gender but does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment" (Pg 45). "Although the constitution provides for equality between men and women and the 'right of every citizen to earn his wage according to the nature and yield of the work,' the law does not explicitly stipulate equal pay for equal work. Moreover, a number of sections of family and criminal law do not treat men and women equally" (Pg 46). "Women participated in public life and in most professions, including the armed forces, although violence in many regions reduced women’s access to the public sphere. Women and men have equal legal...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Act No. 2012-45 of 25 September 2012, amending the Labour Code by, inter alia, extending the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination, increasing the penalties for discrimination and prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace" (2). "The Committee notes the constitutional guarantee of non-discrimination in employment (art. 33), as reinforced in the Labour Code (2012)" (10).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of religion, race, sex, caste, tribe, geographical or social origin, language, marital status, physical or health condition, disability, or ideological conviction. It also stipulates that the government may make special provisions for the protection, empowerment or advancement of women, Dalits, indigenous peoples, gender and sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, and those who belong to a class that is economically, socially or culturally 'backward.' On employment the constitution gives women the right to special opportunities and gives ethnic minorities, persons with disabilities, Muslims, and gender and sexual minorities the right to serve in state bodies though the principle of inclusion. It also states that...more