The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"Women have the same legal status and rights as men with regard to family, employment" (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment in the workplace is a misdemeanor, and conviction carries a sentence of one year in prison and a fine equal to the sum of three to six months of salary" (18).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides protection from sexual harassment in the workplace, including provisions against unfair dismissal of a victim of sexual harassment in the workplace. The Women’s Department recognizes sexual harassment as a subset of sexual violence, but no cases have ever been brought under the sexual harassment provisions" (12). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. The law also mandates equal pay for equal work, but the labor commissioner verified that men earned on average BZ$90 ($45) more per month than women did because they held higher managerial positions. The law provides generally for the continuity of employment and protection against unfair...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace and educational institutions, and the Ministry of Labor and Social Security generally enforced this prohibition. The law imposes penalties ranging from a letter of reprimand to dismissal, with more serious incidents subject to criminal prosecution" (10). "The law requires that women and men receive equal pay for equal work. The government enforced the laws effectively, although an official study reported a pay gap of 13 percent for highly skilled jobs. Assembly approved an amendment to the women's equality law to establish pay equality between men and women in both the public and private sectors and to create an interagency commission for pay...more
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment in the workplace persisted. The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it. Prefectural labor offices and the MHLW provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations. Companies that fail to comply with government guidance may be publicly identified, although this has not happened in years" (17). "In May the Diet passed a set of labor law revisions making it mandatory for companies to take preventive measures against power harassment in the workplace. The revisions, which go into effect in April 2020, also created additional requirements for companies to prevent sexual harassment. Press reported that sexual harassment targeting students...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment from one to six months, a fine of from 10,000 to 20,000 pesos ($187-$374), or both. Sexual harassment remained widespread and underreported, including in the workplace due to victims’ fear of losing their jobs. A 2016 Social Weather Stations study showed that 60 percent of women in Metro Manila were harassed at least once in their lifetime. In July, President Duterte signed the Safe Streets and Public Spaces Act to prevent and punish acts of sexual harassment in public places, online workplaces, and educational institutions..." (27). "No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Before the law on violence against women was passed in 2018, sexual harassment was only a crime if it was committed by a supervisor in the workplace. Under the 2018 law, sexual harassment is a crime punishable by up to six months in prison and a fine up to 10,000 dirhams ($1,000) if the offense takes place in a public space or by insinuations through texts, audio recording, or pictures. In cases where the harasser is a coworker, supervisor, or security official, the sentence is doubled... civil society leaders stat[ed] they did not observe efforts by the government to enforce the law or provide training on the new law for...more
Jan. 5, 2022, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"We have a Sexual Harrassment Policy in place adopted on August of 2020" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law requires organizations with 100 or more employees to establish a workplace program to remove barriers to women entering and advancing in their organization" (20).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law aims to prevent violence and harassment at work, obliging companies to set up internal procedures to handle employee complaints. Sexist remarks and attitudes targeting a specific individual are illegal; fines for violations range from 50 to 1,000 euros ($55 to $1,100). The government generally enforced antiharassment laws. Politicians and organizations such as the Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women worked to raise awareness of the problem" (10). "Women have the same legal rights as men. The law requires equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination on the grounds of gender, pregnancy, or motherhood as well as in access to goods, services, social welfare, and...more
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution provides for equal access to public or private employment and prohibits any discrimination in access to or in the pursuit of employment on the basis of sex" (29).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime, with penalties ranging from one to eight years in prison. If perpetrated by a superior in the workplace, the penalty is up to two years in prison, or more in cases of 'aggravated coercion'" (10).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological violence in the home or community and at work..." (27). "Sexual harassment is illegal and punishable by fines and a prison sentence of one to three years. Although allegedly common in the workplace, sexual harassment cases were rarely reported" (27). "Women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men under the constitution. Women and men are legally equal in marriage, and the law provides for gender equality in exercising the right to work. The law specifies that employers must not discriminate against women with regard to pay or working conditions. According to the Ministry of Labor and the Confederation of Workers, regulations...more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law penalizes acts of sexual harassment throughout the kingdom and was enforced effectively. The penalty in the Netherlands is imprisonment not exceeding eight years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). The law requires employers to protect employees against aggression, violence, and sexual intimidation. In the Netherlands complaints against employers who failed to provide sufficient protection can be submitted to the NIHR. Victims of sexual assault or rape in the workplace can report the incidents to police as criminal offenses" (12). "Aruban law states the employer shall ensure the employee is not sexually harassed in the workplace. Employers are required to keep the workplace free from harassment by...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"...PA laws prohibit discrimination based on gender and disabilities" (104).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal. Penalties for sexual harassment depend on the severity of the act and whether the harassment involved blackmail" (34). "[T]he law prohibits discrimination based on gender in employment and wages and provides for class action antidiscrimination suits" (34). "The law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on age, race, religion, national origin, ethnicity, sex... The Equal Pay Law provides for equal pay for equal work of male and female employees" (50).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Harassment is a crime and the law includes harassment within and outside the workplace, cyberbullying, and bullying of children. The law also prescribes mandatory caning and minimum of two years’ imprisonment on conviction on any charge of 'outraging modesty' that causes the victim to fear death or injury. The law also subjects persons convicted of using threatening, abusive, or insulting words or behavior to maximum fines of S$5,000 ($3,630). It also provides a range of self-help measures, civil remedies, and enhanced criminal sanctions to protect against harassment" (22). "No laws mandate nondiscrimination in hiring based on gender; prohibit employers from asking questions about a prospective employee’s family status during a...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (16). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation in any way, directly or indirectly, on all grounds, in particular on the grounds of race, sex, color, religion, political opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, or trade union membership, and regardless of whether the person is hired for definite or indefinite contracts, or for full- or half-time work. The law does not specifically...more
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides penalties for sexual harassment, with potential prison sentences of three months to five years" (28). "The law prohibits workplace discrimination based on skin color, gender..." (35).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, but few cases came to trial. The punishment in minor cases may be between three and five months in jail or fines of six to eight months’ salary. Harassment continued to be a problem, according to media reporting" (16). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation and the government effectively enforced the law, although discrimination in employment and occupation still occurred with respect to race and ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation. The government requires companies with more than 50 workers to reserve 2 percent of their jobs for persons with disabilities" (25).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and requires employers to protect employees from such harassment. The law prohibits gender-based job discrimination and harassment of subordinates by superiors. Disciplinary measures against offenders, including dismissal, are applicable. The law considers an employer’s failure to take measures to protect employees from sexual harassment a breach of contract, and an affected employee is entitled to paid leave until the situation is rectified" (9-10). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, color, political opinion, sex, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or refugee or social status. The government effectively enforced these laws and...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"While the law prohibits coercing a person to have sexual intercourse, legal experts stated that safeguards against harassment were inadequate. The law puts sexual harassment in the same category as discrimination and sets penalties ranging from a fine to three years in prison. Women’s rights groups reported continuing and widespread sexual harassment, including coerced sex, in the workplace. Women rarely sought legal recourse because courts declined to hear their cases and rarely convicted perpetrators" (43-44). "While the law provides that women enjoy the same rights as men, women experienced discrimination in employment. According to the government commissioner on gender policy, women on average received 30 percent lower salaries than men....more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"GoIRA has taken various measures to ensure safety of women in the workplaces, such as enforcement of the Law on Prevention of Sexual Harassment in 2016, the Penal Code with specific provisions preventing harassment of women, ensuring human security, physical safety, and psychological safety of women, as well as the draft on Prevention of Discrimination is also prepared. Additionally, in order to ensure safety of women in the workplaces, committees for prevention of harassment are established in most of the government institutions where female victims can register their harassment complaints to be addressed by these committees" (1).
Oct. 28, 2021, 12:31 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and the government generally enforced the law. Labor courts may order employers to compensate victims of sexual harassment; the law entitles a victim to a minimum of 1,000 euros ($1,100) in compensation. The Women’s Ministry and the labor chamber regularly provided information to the public on how to address sexual harassment" (Pages 9-10).
Oct. 25, 2021, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law, known as the Posh Act, mandates that employers with 10 or more workers set up committees to receive and investigate complaints of sexual harassment" (para 4). "Under the Posh Act, complaint committees must be led by a woman and include at least one outside expert in the field of sexual harassment. The committees have the power of a civil court to subpoena witnesses and evidence, and can recommend remedies, including actions against the alleged perpetrator ranging from fines to termination. But it is up to local governments to create district-level committees to educate women about their rights and to receive and process sexual harassment complaints" (para 9-10). "In...more
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace. Publications and ethics training for public servants did not, however, mention the problem of sexual harassment" (29).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits gender-based harassment of both men and women in the workplace. Sexual harassment is defined as 'subjecting an individual to repeated acts, comments, or any other conduct of a sexual nature that are detrimental to a person’s dignity because of their degrading or humiliating character, thereby creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment.' The government enforced the law" (20). "The law prohibits gender-based job discrimination and harassment of subordinates by superiors, but this prohibition does not apply to relationships between peers" (21). "The labor code prohibits discrimination based upon an individual’s national origin; sex..." (33).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2

"Women are often asked to have permission from a male guardian even if it’s not written in the regulations. So, the government told us that women don’t need male permission to work, yet in many government jobs HR [human resources departments] were saying: ‘Show us a letter from a man'" (para 9).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment of women was a recognized problem and prohibited by law. Penalties include fines and prison sentences of as many as five years. Various disciplinary measures against harassment in the workplace are available, including dismissal of the perpetrator. The law requires employers to protect employees from sexual harassment. The law considers an employer’s failure to take measures to protect employees from sexual harassment to be a breach of contract, and an affected employee has the right to paid leave until the employer rectifies the problem. Unions, churches, government agencies, and NGOs operated a variety of support programs for women who experienced sexual harassment and sponsored seminars and training to...more
Oct. 4, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In December 2018 parliament passed a law giving companies with more than 100 employees until 2021 to submit an independent report examining potential wage gaps between men and women. The law requires companies to repeat the assessment every four years until no evidence of an unjustified wage difference is found"(23).