The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime, with penalties ranging from one to eight years in prison. If perpetrated by a superior in the workplace, the penalty is up to two years in prison, or more in cases of 'aggravated coercion.' " (13).
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Examples of preventive mechanism [sic] include:... Issuing Guidelines on Prevention of Sexual Violence at the Workplace, a set of recommendations for the protection of women against sexual violence and also a settlement process for victims and perpetrators. The Guideline was circulated by MoM through the District Goverments at gubernatorial, regent and mayoral level" (13-14).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"[T]he Committee notes with concern:... The absence of a comprehensive law that defines and effectively prohibits gender-based violence and harassment, including sexual harassment, in the workplace" (11-12).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Legislation requiring the largest companies to set a target figure and establish a policy for the gender composition of management came into force in 2013. In 2017, more than 1.000 companies were subject to the law" (14). "Both direct and indirect discrimination is prohibited under the Equal Treatment Act. Discrimination due to pregnancy, maternity, paternity and parental leave is considered direct discrimination. Concerning dismissal during pregnancy, maternity, paternity and parental leave, the burden of proof is reversed. Thus, the employer must prove that the dismissal is not related to pregnancy, maternity, paternity or parental leave. The average compensation awarded in cases regarding dismissal due to pregnancy, maternity, paternity and parental...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Labour Contracts, which was adopted in June 2007, came into effect in January 2008. According to the law, the conclusion of a labour contract shall be based on the principles of lawfulness, fairness, equality, mutual consent, negotiated consensus and good faith; an employer shall not terminate a labour contract of a female employee because of her pregnancy, childbirth or nursing needs" (7). "The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Promotion of Employment, which was adopted in August 2007, came into effect in January 2008. According to its General Provisions, the law gives workers the right to equal employment and...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"A legally enforceable right to equal pay for equal work has long been part of the Swiss Constitution (art. 8, para. 3, sentence 3: the right to equal pay for work of equal value) and is enshrined in the Federal Act on Gender Equality" (29).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Pursuant to Article 5 of the Labour Law No. 4857 titled 'Principle of Equal Treatment', no discrimination based on language, race, sex, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion and sect or similar reasons shall be permissible in the employment relationship" (28).
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment of men and women is a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to six months in cases that do not involve domestic abuse or a power relationship, and for up to one year for abuse of a subordinate or dependent" (26). That sexual harassment of a subordinate is illegal indicates that it is illegal in the workplace (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Draft legislation on “Sexual harassment at the Workplace” has been formulated as a combined effort of the Ministry of Home Affairs (NBG) and an NGO (Ilse Henar Foundation for Women’s Rights). This was a result of the 3 year programme (2008 2011) on the prevention and elimination of sexual harassment at the workplace as implemented by the Foundation. The draft has been discussed at several national platforms involving all relevant stakeholders. This draft legislation is currently being finalized" (9-10). "Women as well as men are protected against arbitrary dismissal of employees through the law “Dismissal Permits” (‘Ontslagvergunning’). This law determines that an employer is required to obtain a permit from...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in cases of employer- employee relations in the public and private sectors and in teacher-student relations. Violators face a maximum three-year prison sentence. The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable, and there was a lack of formal reports. During the year the Ministry of Labor, UN Development Program, and NGO SUMARSE began to develop a protocol for private sector employers on how to investigate and deal with labor and sexual harassment within companies" (12). "The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights...more
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"However, the Committee notes with concern:... [t]he absence of legislation explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace" (11).
March 28, 2022, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment was prosecuted under discrimination statutes. Penalties range from a reprimand to imprisonment. Victims have the right to submit complaints to the Office of the Ombudsman and the State Labor Inspectorate" (13).
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"[T]he law addresses lewd acts and indecent behavior, it does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment" (30).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"No specific law prohibits or regulates discrimination regarding sex, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, or communicable disease status in employment or occupation..." (37). "...Labor law prohibits women from working in hazardous, strenuous, or physically or morally harmful jobs. The domestic worker law also prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, gender, religion, political opinion, national, or social origin..." (38).
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The 2009 Law on Employment and Insurance in Case of Unemployment which also provides for gender equality and protection against discrimination" (2).
March 15, 2022, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"President Joe Biden on Thursday signed a law to protect the rights of victims of sexual harassment in the workplace, allowing them to seek justice in court, accompanied by one of the nation's most prominent campaigners for the measure" (Para. 1). "Biden signed into law the Ending Forced Arbitration of Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment Act, which bars employment contracts from forcing people to settle claims of sexual assault or harassment through private arbitration proceedings instead of in a court of law. Employers often benefit from the process, which keeps misconduct allegations from becoming public. The law is retroactive, freeing individuals who have been bound by arbitration language to pursue...more
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits employment discrimination but does not specifically address HIV-positive or other communicable disease status, or gender identity. The law obliges the employer to implement the principles of gender equality and nondiscrimination, which prohibit direct and indirect discrimination, and psychological and sexual harassment. The employer must apply the same selection criteria and conditions when hiring new employees; provide equal working conditions, opportunities for professional development, and benefits; apply equal and uniform criteria for dismissal; pay equal wages for the same work and for work of equal value; and take measures to prevent psychological and sexual harassment in the workplace. The government effectively enforced the law, issuing penalties adequate to...more
March 11, 2022, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DACH-LAW-1, ERBG-LAW-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"For the past 11 years Iceland has led the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Index, earning the country the label of “the best place in the world to be a woman.” Iceland has some of the world’s strongest laws on workplace equality and equal pay, as well as high outcomes for women in issues of health, education, economic opportunity, and political representation" (Para. 1).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides for equality among all citizens and prohibits employment discrimination based on race, gender" (43). "According to the UN Population Fund, the labor law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment in the workplace; it merely gives an employee the right to resign without prior notice in the event that the employer or representative committed an indecent offense towards the employee or a family member. There are, however, no legal consequences for the perpetrator" (44).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment remained a serious problem. Sexual harassment is defined as comments, touching, or actions of a sexual nature that are unsolicited and unwanted by victim. It is a crime with a penalty of up to eight years in prison. Sexual harassment is also a labor rights violation subject to administrative penalties. Government enforcement of laws against sexual harassment remained minimal, although awareness was growing" (14). "...While the law prohibits discrimination in employment and educational opportunities based on gender, there was a persistent underrepresentation of women in high-ranking positions. Arbitrary dismissal of pregnant women and workplace discrimination against women were common. The law stipulates that women should receive equal pay...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Legislative Decree No. 196/2007, entitled “'Implementation of Directive 2004/113/EC enforcing the principle of equal treatment between men and women as regards access to goods and services and their supply', by which it has been introduced and regulated the prohibition of all direct and indirect forms of discrimination, grounded on gender" (11). "Among the forms of discrimination, it also includes the sexual harassment, 'namely those unwanted behaviours with sexual connotations, expressed in physical, verbal or non-verbal manner, which have the purpose or effect of violating the dignity of a person, in particular by creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment', as reported by article 55 bis, paragraph 5" (11)....more
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits gender-based discrimination and requires equal pay for equal work, employers generally paid women less than men for similar work" (16). "Individuals, employers, and unions (on behalf of their members) may submit employment disputes and grievances alleging discrimination, unfair dismissal, sexual harassment, or certain other unfair labor practices to the Ministry of Employment, Productivity, and Industrial Relations (MEPIR)" (21). "The law prohibits employment discrimination and stipulates that every employer pay male and female workers equal pay for work of equal value. The law prohibits women working underground but places no other legal limitations on the employment of women. Workers may file legal complaints of sexual harassment in...more
March 3, 2022, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The announcement was presented — in official news reports, on social media — as a major victory for Chinese women. The government was set to overhaul its law governing women’s rights for the first time in decades, to refine the definition of sexual harassment, affirm prohibitions on workplace discrimination and ban forms of emotional abuse. For many women in China, the response was: Hm, really?" (Para. 1-2). "The proposed revisions are the latest in a series of conflicting messages by the Chinese government about the country’s growing feminist movement. On paper, the changes, which China’s legislature reviewed for the first time last month, would seem to be a triumph for...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law mandates that employers take measures against sexual harassment and create and implement preventive programs"(19).
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment at places of work" (14). "The law prohibits discrimination in employment or occupation regarding race, color, sex... marriage and civil partnership, being pregnant or on maternity leave" (24).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides measures to deter and punish harassment in the workplace, such as sexual harassment, verbal abuse or derision, aggression, and discrimination, which carries a penalty of one to three years’ imprisonment. Nonetheless, NGOs reported sexual harassment remained a pervasive and underreported problem in workplaces and in public" (25). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation based on race, ethnicity, sex, religion, political preference, national origin or citizenship, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or infection with other communicable diseases, or social status. Complaints of quid pro quo sexual harassment are filed not with the Ministry of Labor but with the criminal...more
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on national origin, race, gender, disability, and religion; violators are officially subjected to fines and imprisonment, but these laws were not regularly enforced, and the penalties were not sufficient to deter violations" (24).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates a penalty of two years in prison or a fine, although sexual harassment remained a widespread problem for many women, especially in workplace environments. Prosecutors found sexual harassment and abuse claims difficult to prove due to victims’ fear of workplace retaliation and societal pressures against victims. Many dropped their complaints or were unwilling to continue cooperating with prosecutors" (14). "The law specifically prohibits discrimination based on race, color, sex, age, religion, political opinion, disability, HIV-positive status, or social origin. The government did not effectively enforce the law, and penalties were insufficient to deter violations. The fines for discrimination range from 10 to 30...more
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Criminal law prohibits sexual harassment, which it defines as repeatedly asking for sexual favors in a work or similar relationship. A victim’s complaint is necessary to initiate a criminal investigation. Penalties range from fines to imprisonment of three months to one year. The law on equal opportunities for men and women defines sexual harassment as the occurrence of unwanted behavior with a sexual connotation, which can be expressed physically, verbally, or nonverbally and has the effect or result of damaging a person’s dignity and, in particular, the creation of a hostile, intimidating, degrading, humiliating, or offensive environment. Civil fines range from 3,000 to 10,000 lei ($750 to $2,500)" (23). "Labor...more
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of THB 20,000 ($666) for those convicted of sexual harassment, while abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in a maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of THB 30,000 ($1,000). The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary reduction, suspension, and termination. NGOs claimed the legal definition of harassment was vague" (32). "The law imposes a maximum jail term of six months or a maximum fine of THB 20,000 ($666) or both, for anyone convicted of gender discrimination. The...more