The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation. The government effectively enforced these prohibitions. The HRC has an equal opportunity employment team that focuses on workplace gender-related problems. This team regularly surveyed pay scales, conducted a census of women in leadership roles, and engaged public and private employers to promote compensation equality. The Office of Ethnic Affairs continued to take measures to promote ethnic diversity in occupation and employment" (17).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment against women; however, there is no clear legal definition of sexual harassment. Offenders are subject to a penalty of up to 15 days in detention, according to the Beijing Public Security Bureau" (65). "The Law on the Protection of Women’s Rights and Interests empowers victims to file a sexual harassment complaint with their employer, authorities, or both. Employers who failed to take effective measures to prevent sexual harassment could be fined" (66). "The law provides some basis for legal protection against employment discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity, race, gender... In February nine government ministries and groups issued a notice prohibiting gender discrimination during recruitment...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law obliges employers to prevent sexual harassment and prohibits employers from dismissing an employee for making a complaint of sexual harassment. Authorities effectively enforced the law when companies reported sexual harassment. The penalties can include an order requiring equal treatment in the future, as well as compensation for the victim up to a maximum of two years’ pay or 40,000 euros ($44,000) but also in the supply of, and access to, goods and services" (10). "The law bans discrimination in a wide range of employment and employment- related areas. It defines discrimination as treating one person in a less favorable way than another person based on color and race,...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Antiharassment Law criminalizes all forms of harassment of women and children, including physical, verbal, psychological, and sexual. By law all government ministries are required to establish a committee to review internal harassment complaints and support appropriate resolution of these claims. Implementation and enforcement of the law remained limited and ineffective. The AIHRC reported more than 85 percent of women and children faced various forms of harassment. Women who walked outside alone or who worked outside the home often experienced harassment, including groping, catcalling, and being followed. Women with public roles occasionally received threats directed at them or their families. Businesswomen faced myriad challenges from the traditional nature of society...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"After the changes of 2009, in addition to sexual harassment, the GEA considers gender based harassment as a type of discrimination and thereby prohibits it. The GEA also establishes the duty of the employer to ensure that employees do not become victims of gender based or sexual harassment. Some situations call for the employer to take measures to ensure the elimination of harassment. An employer can be deemed responsible for failure to perform the duty of care if the employer is aware or should reasonably be aware that harassment has occurred and fails to apply the necessary measures to terminate such harassment" (14). "Before the amendments of 2009, overlooking or...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The penal code criminalizes sexual harassment, imposing penalties of six days’ to three months’ imprisonment and fines of 100,000 to 500,000 riels ($24 to $122)" (22).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Workplace sexual harassment is not a criminal offense, with penalties outlined exclusively in the labor code. By law sexual harassment in the workplace is cause for immediate dismissal from employment. The law requires employers to define internal procedures, or a company policy, for investigating sexual harassment, and employers may face fines and additional financial compensation to victims if it is shown the company policy on sexual harassment was not followed. The law provides protection to those affected by sexual harassment by employers and coworkers. The law provides severance pay to individuals who resign due to sexual harassment if they have completed at least one year with the employer" (10).more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws prohibit discrimination based on race, gender, religion, political opinion, origin, or disability in the workplace" (p 30).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace and provides a sentencing guideline of three months to three years in prison for violations. Sexual harassment of women in the workplace was a problem, and victims generally did not bring cases forward due to fear of publicity and possible loss of employment" (p 26).
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace and provides a penalty of up to six months in prison and/or a 12,000 euro ($14,440) fine. The ombudsman and NGOs reported that authorities did not investigate sexual harassment complaints submitted by foreign domestic workers" (p 15-16).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The government did not, however, effectively enforce the law. Gender-based discrimination in employment and occupation occurred, although the law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring" (p 47).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (p 40).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment and provides for penalties of up to 14 years’ imprisonment, but authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (p 29).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Consequently, regulations demanding equal treatment and prohibiting discrimination in employment were strengthened. This includes in particular the Act of 14 November 2003 amending the Act – Labour Code and amending certain other acts (Dz. U. No 213, item 2081)1 and the Act of 21 November 2008 amending the Act – Labour Code (Dz. U. No 223, item 1460, which entered into force on 18 January 2009)" (3). "In view of the process of adjusting national gender equality law to EU regulations, the Act of 3 December 2010 on the implementation of certain provisions of the European Union on equal treatment (Dz. U. No 254, item 1700), adopted after the reporting...more
May 31, 2021, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The 1991 demonstrations eventually led to the passing of the Gender Equality Act in 1995, which banned discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace" (para 14).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Legislative Decree No. 196/2007, entitled “'Implementation of Directive 2004/113/EC enforcing the principle of equal treatment between men and women as regards access to goods and services and their supply', by which it has been introduced and regulated the prohibition of all direct and indirect forms of discrimination, grounded on gender" (11). "Among the forms of discrimination, it also includes the sexual harassment, 'namely those unwanted behaviours with sexual connotations, expressed in physical, verbal or non-verbal manner, which have the purpose or effect of violating the dignity of a person, in particular by creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment', as reported by article 55 bis, paragraph 5" (11)....more
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"the legislation of Ukraine prohibits over 500 professions for women, which limits their opportunities" (35). "It is an express prohibition to specify in the job advertisements the limitations of age and sex of the candidate" (35).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2007 of the State party’s combined second and third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/IND/2-3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following...Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, in 2013" (1-2).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

“The Constitution of the Republic of Angola (art. 76) requires the State to guarantee the right to work by adopting and implementing an employment policy based on the principle of equality with a view to promoting opportunities for the selection of occupation or line of work and creating the necessary conditions so that access to work, or to academic training or the development of scientific, technical or professional skills, is not prohibited or limited by any form of discrimination” (pp. 34).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"UAE labour law prohibits discrimination between employees, which would weaken equal access to employment and promotion opportunities and continue to have equal rights. The law also prohibits gender discrimination in similar jobs" (para 7). "UAE labour law prohibits termination of women’s contract because of pregnancy" (para 8). "The sexual harassment has been criminalized in the penal code law. The law defines harassment as a sign of a sexual connotation by a person to any other person that harms their body including through modern technology" (para 18).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"It is illegal to discriminate on the grounds of gender, however there are some restrictions placed on women in the workplace" (7). "The law also aims to reduce gender-based discrimination in the provision of benefits, training, wages, and the payment of bonuses"
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Sindh provincial cabinet approved a new law in August providing the right of women agricultural workers to have a written contract, minimum wage, welfare benefits, and gender parity in wages. The law marked the first time that Pakistan recognized the right of women agricultural workers to unionize" (para 18).
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In December 2018, Bahrain amended its labor law to ban discrimination on the basis of sex, origin, language or creed, and sexual harassment in the workplace" (para 22).
Aug. 24, 2020, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The draft Penal Code has been in discussion in the past years, and article 197 ('Discrimination') of the draft stated that it <>. This is one of the fewest provision that expressly mentions sexual orientation. If approved, the new penal code will allow LB women to have a legal instrument in case of rights violations in the work place" (4).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

“In Vishakha v. State of Rajasthan (AIR 1997 SC 301), the Supreme Court took a serious note of the increasing menace of sexual harassment at workplace and elsewhere. It has been laid down in the judgment that it is the duty of the employer or other responsible persons in work places or other institutions to prevent or deter the commission of acts of sexual harassment and to provide the procedure for the resolution, settlement or prosecution of acts of sexual harassment by taking all steps required. The delays in such cases are to be taken up on fast tract mode, because the maxim; justice delayed is justice denied holds good...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The criminal law has been amended to criminalize sexual harassment in employment".
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:10 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits termination of the women’s contract because of pregnancy".
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Based on the labor law 2019 amendments its prohibits discrimination between the employees".
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The country has not just one, but three, laws protecting women at work" (para 1).
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"New Zealand’s parliament has unanimously passed an Equal Pay Amendment Bill that ensures workers are not paid less because of their gender. The equal pay legislation goes beyond ensuring men and women are paid the same for the same work — which has been enshrined in New Zealand law since 1972. The amendment bill focuses on pay equity by ensuring women in historically underpaid female-dominated industries receive the same remuneration as men in different but equal-value work. The new bill makes it easier for workers to lodge pay equity claims because it sets clear guidelines for comparing pay between women in female-dominated professions and men with “substantially similar skills, responsibility,...more