The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"According to the data gathered by the Ministry of Justice, between 2006 and 2009 courts (district and regional) heard 887 cases filed by women under article 183d of the Labour Code on account of a breach of the principle of equal treatment of women and men" (4). "Support in the form of training, advisory services, funds for economic activity and various courses is addressed mainly to women who return to the labour market after maternity leave or women with no longer valid or low professional qualifications" (9). "...[i]n the programming period 2004-2006, the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD) featured...324 projects: Training courses for women...(230 projects); Career guidance...more
May 31, 2021, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"However, women's rights activists say women are still being systemically discriminated against in the professional world, job security and advancement are limited, and protections for women facing harassment, abuse and violence are lacking" (para 8). "Sunday's protests came one year to the day after the unions organized a women's strike as well as workshops, demonstrations and flash mobs to highlight the country's poor record on gender equality and the gender pay gap" (para 11).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"To promote gender equality in the workforce, the U.N. Economic Empowerment Program in Albania provides resources for programs and initiatives. Such initiatives aim to expand vocational training and encourage female entrepreneurship throughout the country" (para 1).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women's rights activists have also been speaking out oflate against discriminatory practices within the judicial system, where women are effectively barred from applying for entry-level positions. As of last year, out of more than 12,000 judges in Egypt, only 66 were women" (para 10). "After a March presidential decree issued called for greater representation of women in the judicial system, women were given a two-week window during which they could apply for 40 to 50 mid-level positions within the State Council, but only those employed by the State Lawsuits Authority and the Administrative Prosection were eligible" (para 12).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"99.6% of teachers in the kindergartens are women versus 59.7% of women in the high schools" (54). In the table 'Women teachers between 2006 and 2007' it notes that not only are over 99% of kindergarten teachers are women, but also over 99% of primary school teachers are women as well (54). "Women who suffered or continue to suffer from various forms of violence, especially sexual offenses and mobbing [meaning bullying at work] (In this regard, it may be recalled that there are various types and degrees of violence which women can be subjected to: physical violence and sexual violence but also psychological" (84).
March 25, 2021, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A radio and television broadcaster in eastern Afghanistan that has had four of its female employees murdered since December has said it will not hire any more women until security in the country improves" (para 1). "The broadcaster, Enikass Radio and Television, has also told all female employees to work from home. Islamic State (Isis) has claimed responsibility for killing all four women, but Enikass also blames the Afghan government for not providing adequate security" (para 2). "'It’s our priority to protect our female staff now. We are working in a dangerous field,' Latifi said. 'Extremist groups and terrorists, like Daesh [Isis], try to make it impossible for us to...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women of different ethnic and minority communities...continue to suffer from multiple discrimination, particularly in access to...employment" (12).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The major form of discrimination, at the prevention of which the courts, MIA institutions, and social workers are targeted, is domestic violence. Due attention is not paid to other problems, in particular, to the problem of exploitation of prostitution by third parties, sexual harassment at workplace, etc" (14). "Notwithstanding the evident achievements, the main problems remain the same, i.e., lack of political will to implement gender transformations at the management level of the legislative and executive bodies and at the level of local authorities; the low representation level of women in public and political life; persistent stereotypes regarding women’ and men’ roles in the society and family; the high level...more
Feb. 26, 2021, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“In South Africa, in 2004 domestic service was the second-largest sector of employment for black women, employing some 755,000 workers, with a large proportion of internal migrants from rural areas” (pp. 18). “The research by WIEGO described in Box 3.1 indicates that 54 per cent of women employed as street vendors, home-based workers and waste pickers were the main breadwinners for their households. Among street traders in Johannesburg, South Africa, 66 per cent of women traders are the sole earner in their household, while this is true for only 32 per cent of men. Research on domestic workers in the same city found that almost 95 per cent support other...more
Feb. 26, 2021, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“United States, the number of households employing paid domestic workers increased by 53 per cent between 1995 and 1999” (pp. 18-19).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"After the war the material and physical bases of power remained very much in the hands of men, partly as a result of the Dayton Peace Agreement, and partly as a result of the policies of the international community. In particular the Disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process prioritised male access to employment and economic resources and gave particular protection to the politically powerful war veteran" (para 3).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“Four million women born in the 1950s have been left 'disenfranchised' by 'catastrophic' changes to the state pension age, the Court of Appeal heard today. Campaigners are arguing that the increase of women's state pension age from 60 to 66 by the Government is discriminatory, unlawful and unfair. They are also claiming that women born from April 6, 1953 have not been given enough time to make adjustments to cope with years without a pension” (para. 1-3). “This hit women particularly hard because their increases happened both sooner than expected and in quick succession. Millions of women got just five years' notice of an extension to their pension age.This left...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1325, passed in 2000, Afghanistan has put in place the Elimination of Violence against Women Law (EVAW Law), including the establishment of the Commissions on EVAW at national and local levels and the EVAW Prosecution Units. It also has seen to the creation of women protection centers and the progressive increase in recruitment of policewomen" (para 10).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A bacha posh can also more easily receive an education, work outside the home, even escort her sisters in public, allowing freedoms that are unheard of for girls in a society that strictly segregates men and women" (para 6). "She could never work in the store as a girl, just as her mother could not. Neither her husband nor the neighbors would look kindly on it. 'It would be impossible,' Nasima said. 'It’s our tradition that girls don’t work like this'" (para 45).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"It is particularly concerned about the… Continued marginalization and poverty of the women and girls who survived the Gujarat riots and are living in the relief colonies and their precarious living conditions with limited access to education, health care, employment and security and poor infrastructure in terms of sanitation, water, transportation and housing" (4-5). "The Committee notes with concern the declining participation of women in the labour force, both in rural and urban areas, and at the situation of women working in the informal economy (agriculture, domestic and home-based work) not covered by labour laws and other social protection measures. It is concerned at the gender wage gap indicating that...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Australia experience high levels of discrimination by employers or when pregnant or returning to work after parental leave. 49% of women report discriminatory acts by employers due to pregnancy or family responsibilities. One in five mothers reported being made redundant or dismissed because of their pregnancy, request for parental leave or family responsibilities" (10). "While Federal, State, and Territory laws prohibit sexual harassment in areas including employment, education and accomodation, sexual harassment remains endemic in Australia" (11). "A 2018 survey found that over 48% of women polled had experienced sexual harassment in the workplace. Only 1 in 5 women make a formal report or complaint after experiencing sexual...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“Guidance was provided for labour inspection bodies with a view to ensuring strict compliance by domestic and foreign employers with the provisions of the labour legislation currently in force in order to avoid differential or discriminatory treatment on the basis of sex or nationality” (pp. 9). “The Commission for Justice and Legal Reform ensures that changes to be made in the Criminal Code and other laws will not create special acts that can involve only women, whether as actors or as victims, especially in cases in which female sexuality is portrayed as something that is shameful and causes dishonour. The aim is to broaden the concept of honour in the...more
Jan. 18, 2021, 3 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women face high levels of discrimination and sexual harassment and assault in the workplace, and constant exposure to government-endorsed stereotyped gender roles" (para 17).
Jan. 1, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The country has...one of the more gender-segregated labour markets in Europe, with men and women clustered in different professions" (para 25).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"To many women, Mr. Abe showed his true colors on...his emphasis on the 'importance of the male succession' as a majority of the Japanese public supports allowing a woman to become emperor" (para 14).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The majority of the girls opt for tailoring classes, but others want to take the courses in welding and electrical engineering - professions that challenge the patriarchal and gendered stereotypes so ingrained in Tanzania's communities" (para 83).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“Despite this scope, women tend to pursue traditionally female occupations such as nursing, education, and cosmetology and are underrepresented in STEM fields. For example, women make up the vast majority of registered nurses but just a fraction of engineering technicians, automotive service technicians and mechanics, carpenters, and electricians. With the exception of nursing and other health-related fields, jobs in traditionally female occupations typically other lower wages and fewer opportunities for career advancement than math and science fields requiring a comparable level of education” (3). “Gender stereotypes and a lack of information and support are some of the barriers to women’s participation in STEM and other nontraditional fields in community colleges....more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Ghussein said he appointed al-Modallal in an effort 'to be more open to the West.' He said many women were among the dozens of applicants considered for the position. 'Women are partners in our society,' said Ghussein. Al-Modallal asserts that women in Gaza are finding their way into politics, medicine, education and media. 'Every day, women’s footsteps can be seen advancing more in society,' she said" (para 9-11).
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:26 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Archbishop Welby, the spiritual leader of the church and the global Anglican Communion, who supported the vote from the start, had warned fellow church leaders this year that the public would find the exclusion of women 'almost incomprehensible'" (para 5). "One faction within the Church of England that opposes women as bishops is a conservative evangelical group called Reform. Arguing that 'the divine order of male headship' makes it 'inappropriate' for women to lead dioceses, Reform claims that at least a quarter of the church will find this incompatible with their beliefs" (para 9).
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In April 2015, the Australian Institute of Company Directors set a target of lifting women on ASX200 company boards from 20-to-30 per cent by the end of 2018" (para 3). "There are seven ASX200 companies without a woman on the board including TPG Telecom, NRW Holdings, Pro Medicus, New Hope Corporation, Silver Lake Resources and Speedcast International" (para 7).
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Due to stereotyping and desperation in destination countries, Venezuelan women often resort to, or are forced into, sex work to survive" (para 12).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Spain is starting to take steps to hold companies accountable for contributing to the gender pay gap. The Spanish government enacted measures on Tuesday requiring that companies release employee salary information or pay a fine, according to the Associated Press (AP). The regulation, approved earlier this year, will fine companies €187,000 ($220,000) if they do not share how they decide base salaries and other benefits with employees. Under the new law, companies that employ more than 50 people also have to file their four-year strategy for balancing the number of male and female employees at their workplace. 'The message is very clear: women must be paid the same as men...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Afghanistan have made substantial gains in employment, education, and legal protections since the fall of the hard-line Taliban regime nearly two decades ago" (para 9). This indicates that there were restrictions to employment under the Taliban regime (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"He got Nur a job as an assistant in a dental office" (17). "At the engagement, Eren said he didn’t want Nur to work" (20).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"During the Taliban government, from the autumn of 1996 until late 2001, nearly all the rights of women were revoked: They were forbidden to work, attend school or leave their homes unaccompanied by a husband or close male relative" (para 6).