The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-1

April 30, 2024, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Professor Tirosh said that women would lose out as more financial resources are invested in men’s programs, female students are shunted into jobs typically seen as the domain of women, and sex segregation spreads to workplaces and public venues (para 24).
April 30, 2024, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Financial planning expert Bomikazi Zeka revealed that female retirees were particularly disadvantaged because of the economic inequality they experienced prior to retirement. Women made up the largest group of low-paid employees, faced unequal labour market opportunities and had family care responsibilities" (para 14).
April 19, 2024, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[There is a] lack of measures to address sexual harassment in the workplace, specifically with regard to young women and lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, [and a] disproportionately low number of convictions for sexual harassment, which adversely affects women’s possibilities for employment and promotion" (13). "[U]nemployed women, including those registered with the National Employment Service, are [not] fully aware of the services available to them" (13). "[A]ccess to maternity protection for all working women, including by ensuring regular payment of salary compensation during pregnancy [is not ensured]" (13).
April 19, 2024, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Roma women, older women, poor women, women with disabilities, refugee and internally displaced women and women heads of household continue to experience multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination... [T]hose women continue to have limited access to [] employment and social assistance" (16).
March 15, 2024, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"There is no gender-based discrimination in the provision of career guidance. The State encourages girls to choose professions that have traditionally been considered the preserve of men" (14). "Actions taken by the Government to reduce women's unemployment include the Gabonese programme for agricultural achievement and committed citizens' initiatives (GRAINE)… Since its inception, the programme has assisted 833 women" (16). "The [Social Protection] Fund also provides vocational and technical training to young women and unqualified women, to give them access to the formal sector" (17).
March 14, 2024, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[The State, through the National Health Insurance and Social Protection Fund] provides training for low-income women, single mothers and girl-mothers" (29).
Feb. 20, 2024, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[W]omen [are allowed] to work at night under the same conditions as men and to be recruited without their husbands’ consent… Women have less access to remunerated jobs, compared with men, in the informal sector, in which they comprise the majority of workers yet have no access to legal protection or social security... Female public servants who are married do not receive the social benefits attached to their work status as public servants" (11). "The working conditions of women and girls in artisanal mines are not monitored" (15).
Feb. 20, 2024, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"As Hope* arrived to start her cleaning shift, her eyes anxiously scanned the room. If she spotted him, her heart sank. She might spend the next eight hours dodging his requests for a date, for a kiss, for more than that" (para 5). "'I was feeling low,' she says on the phone from her home in Kenya, where she returned at the start of this year after her contract in Qatar came to an end. 'Because when someone tells you such things, you ask yourself, why is he taking advantage of you?'" (para 6). "Women working in the global hospitality industry are particularly vulnerable to sexual harassment and gender-based violence....more
Feb. 11, 2024, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Afghan women hold educational documents during a protest as they demand the Taliban government provide them with job opportunities in Kabul last month" (para 19).
Jan. 29, 2024, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[There is a] lack of specific employment strategies directly targeting women, in particular those belonging to disadvantaged groups" (11). "[S]ocial contributions [are unpaid] by employers, which jeopardize the pension and health insurance benefits of women” (11). “[O]ne in six employees has experienced sexual harassment in the workplace" (11). "[T]raining and incentives [are not provided] to both women and employers to increase the participation of women in traditionally male-dominated fields of employment and in decision-making positions, in order to eliminate horizontal and vertical occupational segregation" (12).
Jan. 28, 2024, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In Audette’s village, like all the surrounding villages, work only ceases at prayer times and on holy days. But for the grandmothers, this never means getting up later than the sunrise"(para 15). This quote shows that there is no forced retirement and conditions for elderly women tend to be worse than working conditions for elderly men (EV-Coder Comment). "'There’s no future here. They need to at least learn a trade, otherwise at best they’ll work as a domestic. That pays 25,000 francs (£30 a month)'"(para 20). This shows there are less job opportunities for women than there are for men (EV-Coder Comment). "'What’s she going to do? She has no...more
Jan. 23, 2024, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[E]ffective sanctions [are not introduced] against employers who do not comply with their obligation to contribute to the pension fund and the social security system in respect of their female employees" (12).
Jan. 21, 2024, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"[M]ore women are believed to have entered the work force now that the government allows them to move around more easily" (para 6).
Jan. 19, 2024, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[M]any women and men from different communities are recruited to carry out activities, which consist mostly of road and pipeline maintenance, building construction and rehabilitation, and so forth" (22). "A programme launched by the Government for the integration of young professionals into the civil service has just come to an end. About 1,000 young male and female graduates have been integrated into various ministerial departments" (35).
Jan. 16, 2024, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Botswana MDG Report of 2010 indicates that the number of females entering tertiary education is higher (52% — University of Botswana, 68% —Teacher Training Colleges and 58% — Colleges of Education). However, in science and technology fields Botswana continues to register lower female enrolment rates (38% — Vocational Training Centres, 28% — Botswana College of Agriculture)” (17). This indicated that women may be kept out of STEM fields of employment due to lack of training (VMH - CODER COMMENT). " Women tend to also comprise a higher percentage of those employed in the local government while men are mostly in the central government, private and parastatal organisations" (18). "...more
Jan. 4, 2024, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In July 2021, the Tripartite Committee on Workplace Fairness was set up to further strengthen Singapore’s efforts to tackle workplace discrimination" (4). This indicates that discrimination does occur in the workplace (MV- coder comment). "MOM [(Ministry of Manpower)] continues to take a strict stance against workplace discrimination" (24). This indicates that workplace discrimination exists (MV-coder comment). "Women are also not prevented from seeking employment in any industry or occupations" (25). "Singapore takes a serious stand against sexual harassment, including workplace sexual harassment" (28). This indicates that sexual harassment occurs in the workplace (MV-coder comment). "Singapore does not tolerate workplace discrimination" (31).
Jan. 3, 2024, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women seeking to enter the workforce can tap on Workforce Singapore’s (WSG) broad-based suite of employment facilitation services and programmes to take on or transit to new jobs, depending on their specific needs" (27). "The Government had announced a S$1.5 billion Senior Worker Support Package in 2020 to help employers adjust to the changes brought about by the Workgroup’s recommendations, including the increase in RA and REA" (28).
Dec. 21, 2023, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"She strongly suspects that an intervention from agents of the state meant that she lost the licence for her beauty salon and she has been unable to find other work, having repeatedly been denied opportunities without explanation"(para 17).
Dec. 20, 2023, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Despite people being aware of the violence and discrimination since the #MeToo movement 'bias and gender stereotypes, sexist cliches and everyday sexism are still commonplace', the HCE found. 'People recognise and deplore the existence of sexism but fail to reject it in practice, a phenomenon particularly widespread among the men questioned. This gap between perception, statements and practice has tangible consequences in terms of symbolic, physical, sexual and economic violence. 'From everyday, so-called ‘ordinary’ sexism to its most violent manifestations, there is a continuum of violence, one forming the bedrock of the others,' it read"(para 8-10). The accepted culture of sexism and violence suggests that the working conditions for women...more
Nov. 28, 2023, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women are discriminated in the workplace" (pp 15).
Nov. 22, 2023, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The threat of being denied an education or job is a highly effective way of persuading a woman or girl to wear a jilbab, at considerable psychological cost" (2). "Most female Muslim workers comply with the regulations, but many told Human Rights Watch that they see this as an infringement on their rights. Some women have quit their government jobs, seeking a freer work environment elsewhere" (60). "There are a lot of social pressures on civil servants to wear jilbabs. It is not mandatory. It is not an official regulation. But it is effective" (65).
Nov. 22, 2023, 12:12 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Several German states continue to ban teachers and civil servants from wearing niqab at work" (107).
Nov. 22, 2023, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Chechen authorities prohibited women from working in the public sector and entering governmental buildings if they do not wear hijabs" (103).
Nov. 21, 2023, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"'Chinese women have been excluded from the centre of political power at both local and central levels,' said Hsiu-hua Shen, professor of Sociology at Taiwan’s National Tsing Hua University, before the conference closed" (para. 9). "Chinese women are held back by a variety of factors, Pan said. They include cultural expectations that women do more in the home, a career structure that forces them to retire earlier than men, just as they might be reaching their professional peak, and education and socialisation that discourages them from political ambitions" (para.14).
Nov. 6, 2023, 11:49 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"[M]ore than 33 million rural women participated in programmes aimed at improving the quality of the labour force and enhancing skills for employment" (20). "As of September 2017, 1.366 million special collective contracts had been signed nationwide for the protection of the rights and interests of 79.999 million working women. In 2017, 71.2 per cent of businesses were in compliance with the Special Provisions on Labour Protection for Female Employees (hereinafter referred to as 'Special Provisions')" (21). "[T]he All-China Federation of Trade Unions expressed its views and offered suggestions on enhanced monitoring and inspection for compliance with the Special Provisions, with a view to making progress in that area of...more
Nov. 3, 2023, 5 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Months later, she learned that she was pregnant. In an instant, her dreams of studying and economically lifting her family dissolved" (para 4).
Nov. 3, 2023, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"South Korea may have blossomed into a cultural and technological powerhouse, but in its rapid transformation into one of the richest countries in the world, women have been left trailing. They are paid on average a third less than men, giving South Korea the worst gender pay gap of any rich country in the world. Men dominate politics and boardrooms. Currently, women hold just 5.8% of the executive positions in South Korea's publicly listed companies. They are still expected to take on most of the housework and childcare” (para 7). The expectation for women to care for men and children influences the likelihood of them finding jobs elsewhere (ET -...more
Nov. 2, 2023, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“In a Facebook post, [former prime minister Giuseppe Conte] promised to lead an ‘uncompromising opposition... We will be the outpost for the progressive agenda against inequalities, to protect families and businesses in difficulty, to defend the rights and values of our Constitution’” (para 12-13). It is unclear whether Conte’s opponent, Meloni, is against equality of women in business or if it is simply not a priority. Either way, Conte believes it is a quality of their culture which needs to be defended (ET - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 15, 2023, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Men allow men to behave badly to women. That pervasive misogynist bias is often obscured by the optics of more women in boardrooms, in politics, and as public experts. But follow the money: it always tells you where power lies" (para 1). While women are present in government bodies, the speaker is under the impression that the most influential roles are reserved for men (ET - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 10, 2023, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Tuesday, June 27, 2023: The Pregnant Workers Fairness Act takes effect today, requiring employers to make 'reasonable accommodations' for pregnant and postpartum workers" (para 1). The passing of this law indicate that these reasonable accomadation were absent from workplaces (ET - CODER COMMENT). “The Pregnant Workers Fairness Act is going to change that. We are going to see a shift because pregnancy discrimination will no longer be tolerated” (para 2). This indicates that prior to the legislation, pregnancy discrimination was tolerated (ET - CODER COMMENT). “'Today’s Senate vote is a historic victory that has been more than 10 years in the making,' said Fatima Goss Graves, president and CEO of...more