The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-3

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Between 2002 and 2009, data on women holding the post of head of primary, lower secondary or upper secondary schools were not collected. In the 2009-2010 school year, women accounted for 74.81 per cent of heads of primary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools, of which in primary schools – 77.60 per cent of heads, in lower secondary schools – 62.69 per cent and in upper secondary schools – 55.33 per cent" (44).
May 31, 2021, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"However, women's rights activists say women are still being systemically discriminated against in the professional world, job security and advancement are limited, and protections for women facing harassment, abuse and violence are lacking" (para 8).
May 15, 2021, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"The think tank pointed out that women are employed in just 14.7 percent of senior roles as judged by its economic participation index despite 72 percent of Japanese women being in the labor force" (para 11).
May 15, 2021, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The proportion of women on the boards of the 100 biggest listed companies rose 1.4 percentage points to 17.6% as of end-2020 from a year earlier, according to the Council for Board Diversity. The target was 20%. Some companies didn’t view board diversity as a priority last year as they battled the global outbreak, the council said...While there were more first-time directors appointed to boards of the top 100 firms, they remain mostly male. One common feedback from companies is that many female candidates don’t have prior board experience, the council said" (para 2, 6, 7).
March 25, 2021, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A radio and television broadcaster in eastern Afghanistan that has had four of its female employees murdered since December has said it will not hire any more women until security in the country improves" (para 1).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There are only 16 per cent of men engaged in the process of school education that usually occupy leadership positions. That is why girls of school age perceive men as the only managers, because such pattern they observe within the walls of their educational establishment" (34). "The most obvious manifestation and result of gender inequality in the labour sphere is significant gender gap in the level of employment revenue that accumulates and reflects the influence of other inequality aspects: gender based occupational segregation, manifestation of discrimination practice by employers...roles of the dominating gender stereotypes regarding distribution of social roles in society etc" (35).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Japan’s prime minister, Shinzo Abe, has long promoted a platform of elevating women in the workplace. Yet many women are held back because they bear a heavy load at home" (para 15).
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Mothers face so much wage and hiring discrimination that many hide their children’s photos, while proud new dads often get raises" (para 3).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The past two years have had serious impact on and for women, many of whom have emerged as voices in the political arena and as community change agents, running NGOs and providing services" (2).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A relatively small proportion of women occupy decision-making positions in the business, political, and public sectors, and there is a 35 percent wage gap between men and women. The Economist magazine’s 'Glass Ceiling Index,' which evaluates women’s higher education, women in managerial positions, and number of female members in parliament, gives South Korea the lowest rank among countries that belong to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)" (para. 3).
July 26, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A key focus of Abe's womenomics policy has been the so-called 30% targets, which aim to increase the presence of women in leadership positions to 30% by 2020. It is important to note that the 30% targets are not new policy initiatives. Rather, they have been a key strategy of the Gender Equality Bureau, a division of the Japanese Cabinet Office, since its establishment in 2001 during a shake-up of government ministries. In 2005, the Gender Equality Bureau announced its Second Basic Plan for Gender Equality with the aim: "to expand women's participation in every field so that women will have at least 30% of the leadership positions in all...more
June 28, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

The figure titled "Roughly four-in-ten working women say they've experienced gender discrimination at work" shows the percentage of adults who have experienced workplace discrimination because of their gender. The figure shows that 5% of men and 10% of women had been passed over for the most important assignments, 5% of men and 7% of women had been denied a promotion because of their gender, and 4% of men and 7% of women had been turned down for a job because of their gender (para 4).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The significant underrepresentation of women in management positions in private companies" (9).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Out of the 2,050 employees in the Administration of the City of Belgrade, 1,241 are women (60 per cent). The gender structure of middle and higher management is biased towards women, with 268 women (63.8 per cent) compared with 171 men (36.2 per cent). Out of this number of women in managerial positions, 259 have higher education qualifications" (27).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The proportion of women leaders of institutions, enterprises and organizations remarkably increased. For instance the newly organized units in the sectors of education and foodstuff and daily necessaries during the reporting period are mostly headed by women. Organizations like the Korea Education Fund, the Korea Association for Supporting the Children and the Fund for Children with Disabilities and Orphans are staffed mainly by women" (15).
Feb. 21, 2020, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Table 7 shows the number of women on boards and state bodies. In th Bank of Guyana, 2 out of 7 members are women (28%), on the bureau of statistics 3 out of 5 members are women (60%), on the Central Board of Health 9 out of 15 members are women (60%), on the Custom Tariff Tribunal 1 out of 7 members are women (14%), on the Dependent's Pension Fund 2 out of 7 members are women (28%), on the Guyana Fisheries 1 out of 9 members are women (11%), on the Guyana Gold Board of Directors 4 out of 8 members are women (50%), on the Guyana Gold Board...more
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Relevant development cooperation initiatives have been also carried out in various priority countries. The commitment to recognise VAW as a human rights issue, to challenge de jure and de facto discrimination against women and to end impunity for the widespread use of sexual violence in war and armed conflict has been strengthened after 2009 when Italy launched the first G8 initiative against VAW. Since then, the support against THB, FGM, CEFM and GBV has been strengthened both at the political and financial levels." (para 62).
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"It said ‘women are progressively delaying childbearing to older ages’ and are now most likely to have children in their 30s. This is because women are more likely to go to university and delay marriage while they pursue their careers” (para 5-6). Women delaying marriage and childbearing to pursue their careers signals to us that women who are married and have kids are disadvantaged in hiring and promotion (CEM - CODER COMMENT). "It listed reasons for postponing having a family as ‘greater participation in higher education’, ‘delaying marriage and partnership formation’, ‘wanting to have a longer working career before starting a family’ and ‘labour market uncertainty and the threat of...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The latest survey of the social status of Chinese women shows that women in secondary and tertiary industries grew by 25 percentage points in comparison with 10 years ago, and that female heads of various departments, professional and technical personnel, and clerical and related personnel increased by 13 percentage points. In 2013, the number of middle-ranking and senior female professional and technical personnel reached 6.61 million, or 44.1 percent of the total in this category, an increase of 9 percentage points from that of 2000" (para. 14).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women continued to face discrimination on the job as well as in hiring" (27). "Women faced discrimination both in hiring and on the job" (38). "Although women faced workplace discrimination, they continued to occupy positions at all levels of the workforce" (39).
Sept. 17, 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"As a married woman without children, she would have to sign a “special agreement” promising not to get pregnant for two years. If she broke that promise, the company said, she could be fired, without compensation." (para 3). "As a result, opportunities for women to advance to company leadership roles have stagnated in recent years. Only 21 percent of Chinese companies had women in top manager roles last year, according to the World Economic Forum’s gender gap report." (para 32).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women were routinely excluded from formal decision-making positions in both government and the private sector, although some women attained leadership positions in business and served in senior advisory positions within government ministries" (36-37).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes with concern the low representation of women in management positions and the persistent gender wage gap" (9).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"That significant horizontal and vertical gender segregation exists in the labour market, including the persistently low representation of women compared with men in economic decision-making positions, such as on the supervisory board of companies and in executive positions, and that the size of the gender pay gap remains large, women’s high levels of education notwithstanding" (8).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"As of mid-2016, women made up 12 per cent of Provincial/Capital managerial positions and 22 per cent of District/Municipal/Khan level managerial positions. In 2017, the first female provincial governor, one female chair of a provincial council and six female chairs of District/Khan councils were appointed. The proportion of women in the civil service increased to 40 per cent in 2016, up from 38 per cent in 2014. However, the proportion of women’s representation in the decision-making levels is lower at 22 per cent. There are still challenges in recruiting women for positions in fields of engineering and Information Technology (IT) at the national level, as well as for leadership and...more
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A study by the Center for Free Elections and Democracy found discrimination was most frequent in hiring and employment, with the state and its institutions as the major discriminators. The law provides for equal pay, but employers frequently did not observe these provisions. Women earned on average 20 percent less per month than their male counterparts, their career advancement was slower, and they were underrepresented in most professions" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The low participation of women in the private sector, especially in senior management positions and on the boards of private companies" (10).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Women experienced discrimination in access to employment, credit, and income, and were underrepresented in business ownership and senior or managerial positions (see section 7.d.). According to the International Labor Organization’s (ILO’s) 2015 report on “Women in Business and Management,” women held 20 percent of management positions. The World Bank 2014 Enterprise Survey indicated 15 percent of firms were headed by women" (Pg 29-30).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women were underrepresented in many fields at the highest levels" (page 18).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, LO-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"In addition to housing and education discrimination, women experienced economic discrimination in access to employment, equal pay for substantially similar work, credit, and owning or managing businesses" (Pg 66).