The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-4

July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The Indonesian Government has provided wider access for women entrepreneurs to finance through various financial capital sources such as government-subsidized micro loans/Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR), revolving fund management institution (LPDB), community saving and loan groups or cooperatives, and micro finance institutions" (29).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Overall, one in five (20%) ever-married women are self-employed" (33). "Eighty-seven percent of ever-married women age 15-49 have access to Grameen Bank, 91% have access to BRAC income-generating activities, and 89% have access to ASA. Women’s access to BRAC income-generating activities increased from 80% to 91% between 2014 and 2017-18. Similarly, women’s access to ASA increased from 74% to 89%" (248). "Women in rural areas are more likely than women in urban areas to have access to Grameen Bank (91% versus 77%), BRAC (94% versus 83%), and ASA (91% versus 84%). Twenty-three percent of women in urban areas have access to cottage industries of the Bangladesh Small Industries Corporation (BSIC),...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"...Men work to a higher degree than women in professions sensitive to the business cycle. Therefore, men’s unemployment rate might fluctuate more between recession and boom than women’s" (21).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"To solve the problem of bottlenecks created by insufficient venture capital for women, since 2009 a policy of providing small secured loans with government interest rate subsidies to urban and rural women has been put in place. As of the end of December 2010, women nationwide had received 23.686 billion yuan in small secured loans, with the central and local governments providing a total of nearly 989 million yuan for interest rate subsidies, thus enabling 543,200 urban and rural women to become entrepreneurs, benefiting more than 3 million people" (10).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The Government, in collaboration with development partners, NGOs and the private sector (banks, credit cooperatives), has invested in the provision of microfinance credit to address immediate household needs of poor households, support women in the development of small scale women businesses and increase access of female entrepreneurs to credits" (37). "In this context, the Micro Credit Fund (‘Micro Kredietfonds’) was established in February 2010, enabling small scale entrepreneurs (the majority of whom is female) access to small loans from SRD 5,000 tot SRD 6,000 with or without collateral. The funds which were reserved for this programme are being managed by the ‘Suritrust Bank’, while loans are being provided through the...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Female entrepreneurship today represents 24% of the totality (June 2008), with the rate over the average in the following fields: Agriculture (29.3%); hotels and restaurants (33.7%); and trade (27.5%). The prevalent form is the individual firm, but also joint-stock companies and cooperative societies have grown too. 5,523 new female companies were born from June 2007 through June 2008" (101). "The international financial crisis has struck in recent years the entrepreneurial sector. From the data of the Bank of Italy (2008), it strongly emerges the restriction of credit and the associated problems’ of the banks to disburse it, which predominantly affects small and medium-sized enterprises and craft, where the female component...more
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Women experienced discrimination in employment and operating businesses" (24).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"In media reports the RTP cited the need for this requirement given that police investigations require hard work and the perception that female officers take frequent sick leave or abruptly resign" (34).
Jan. 6, 2022, 3 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Saynab Abdikarin first woman to drive a rickshaw taxi in the streets of Somalia, commonly known as 'Bajaaj.' This industry is seen more for men than women" (1).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Women experienced economic discrimination due to social norms that favored men, and their access to education and employment was limited" (23).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee notes with concern the lack of initiatives to expand the scope and scale of rural women’s entrepreneurship, the focus of which is mainly on traditional micro-level and home-based activities" (15).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The camp is densely populated by women who’ve similarly been accused of using 'black magic,' perhaps because they were successful farmers, were good in school, had profitable businesses, or dared to interfere with matters reserved only for men. Sometimes, even inevitable occurrences like deaths or illnesses in a village are enough to land a woman in exile. Widows left with land but without a man to protect their interests are particularly common targets. So are the mentally ill, or any other females deemed difficult or undesirable by their villages. 'To get me out of their community, [my husband’s family] accused me of using witchcraft,' says Tachira. 'I am a freeloader...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, ERBG-DATA-1

"Discrimination occurred in access to credit, equal pay for similar work, and the ownership and management of a business" (p 20).
Aug. 3, 2021, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Lagos, Nigeria — For many years, Rose's clothing store was the destination of choice for Lagos women in search of a new outfit for a party or occasion. She traveled regularly to textile hubs in Turkey to source high-quality fabrics for her clients and her children helped out in the family business on busy days during December festivities. The small store in Oshodi -- in the heart of the bustling Nigerian city -- did a booming trade until personal tragedy struck the businesswoman in 2015" (para 1-3). "African women are often excluded from social and economic plans -- safety nets they desperately need -- after the death of a spouse...more
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The law provides for gender equality. Nevertheless, women often experienced discrimination in employment, credit, and pay equity for similar work, as well as in owning and managing businesses" (p 21).
July 21, 2021, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"According to a report by the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), Vietnam has now witnessed a spectacular 'rise' of female entrepreneurs across the country. Currently, statistics show that more than 24% of businesses across the country are run by women - this is also the most impressive rate in Southeast Asia" (para 1-2). "Ms. Phung Minh Thuy - Deputy Business Director and co-founder of HMGpop shared that starting a business has never been easy, especially for women. Women in leadership positions need to possess effective time management skills to balance work and family life; they must not only satisfy customers, partners and employees, but also take care of...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Women who tried to establish their own informal businesses were subjected to discrimination and harassment" (p 48).
June 30, 2021, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"She says that photography in Somalia is considered a man's trade 'especially when it comes to street photography. Women are not expected to be outside documenting day-to-day life, in a place where most people are still busy simply surviving'" (para 6).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Capt. Nasreen Abdul Aima, who works at the Baghdad Police Command and previously served as an investigating officer at the Family Protection Directorate, told Al-Monitor, 'When I worked as an investigating officer, I used to write reports for battered women who showed up to complain about their husbands. Once husbands were brought in and [they] found out that the report was drafted by a woman and that the investigating officer was also a woman, they took it personally. But today things are starting to change'" (para 20).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Between 2004 and 2006, supportive measures, such as business start-up subsidies, were provided under Measure 1.6 Occupational integration and re-integration of women of the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development. 3,665 such business start-up subsidies were granted to women under that measure...Until the end of 2010, 35,988 women and 60,904 men received subsidies to start their own businesses under the OP HC" (50).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"To promote gender equality in the workforce, the U.N. Economic Empowerment Program in Albania provides resources for programs and initiatives. Such initiatives aim to expand vocational training and encourage female entrepreneurship throughout the country" (para 1).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Female entrepreneurship today represents 24% of the totality (June 2008), with the rate over the average in the following fields: Agriculture (29.3%); hotels and restaurants (33.7%); and trade (27.5%). The prevalent form is the individual firm, but also joint-stock companies and cooperative societies have grown too. 5,523 new female companies were born from June 2007 through June 2008" (101). "The international financial crisis has struck in recent years the entrepreneurial sector. From the data of the Bank of Italy (2008), it strongly emerges the restriction of credit and the associated problems’ of the banks to disburse it, which predominantly affects small and medium-sized enterprises and craft, where the female component...more
March 16, 2021, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

“Women entrepreneurs have also made a significant impact in all segments of the economy. The impact of women entrepreneurs on economic development of Rwanda, a case study of women entrepreneurs in expo 2010 organised by Rwanda private sector federation, states Rwanda has the second-highest ratio of female entrepreneurs in Africa” (para 27).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Highly motivated for entrepreneurial activity Ukrainian women are not yet sufficiently involved in business the overall score of Ukraine according to Policy Index in small and medium business is 1.5 out of 5 possible" (35). "According to the study of gender equality in the entrepreneurship carried out by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) it is more difficult to start a business for women in Ukraine because of lack of access to the resources. It is more difficult for a woman to get a bank loan. Privatization in Ukraine is actually passed by the women 95 per cent of the capital is concentrated in the hands of men, and only 5...more
Jan. 7, 2021, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

“According to the report, almost all the women interviewed have lost sources of income since the project began, due to land confiscation, destruction of farmlands and restricted access to the coast” (para. 6). “Traditional livelihoods, such as shellfish collection carried out by women, have been “drastically affected” by the project. “Just over a third of the women now have no income at all from their former livelihoods,” the report said” (para. 8).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, CL-PRACTICE-1

"The overrepresentation of women in low-paying industries, the imbalanced care burden placed on women, discrimination, and lack of female representation in executive positions all contribute to the pay gap" (para 11).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 survey conducted by the National Statistical Service of Armenia and the UNFPA also highlights such ways of violence against women as economic disempowerment, including economic deprivation (e.g. witholding of money, confiscation of earnings and savings, forbidding a woman to work)" (para 11).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“Kaavya Kaushik is co-chair of Liberal Youth, the youth and student wing of the Lib Dems. She referred to ‘men who end up not taking women politicians seriously.’ She also said sometimes men can be so scared of causing offence that they become highly patronising, which can be equally off putting” (para 20-21) Some men do not take women in politics seriously, implying that they see politics as more of a male’s job (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

“My name is Julienne Lusenge and I’m an activist for women’s rights in the DRC…[The] Family Code says that a married woman is basically a minor. At the age of 55 today I can’t own any property. I can’t own a house, I can’t even own a dog or a car. First I have to ask my husband for permission. He can then sign to say, yes she has bought it. So we’re working to get rid of all that from our Family Code” (para 2, 12) This law in the Famile Code creates barriers for female entrepreneurs wanting to obtain land, property, or other assets (MLB-CODER COMMENT).more
June 28, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Roughly three-quarters of U.S. adults (73%) see gender discrimination in the tech industry as at least a minor problem. Women and men have different views of the size of the problem, though. Among women, 44% say such discrimination is a major problem, a view shared by 29% of men. While the tech industry has drawn attention when it comes to the way women in that field at treated at work, Americans tend not to see gender discrimination as more widespreadin the tech industry than in others. More than half (57%) say there is about the same amount of discrimination against women in tech as there are against women in other...more