The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-4

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee notes with concern the lack of initiatives to expand the scope and scale of rural women’s entrepreneurship, the focus of which is mainly on traditional micro-level and home-based activities" (15).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The camp is densely populated by women who’ve similarly been accused of using 'black magic,' perhaps because they were successful farmers, were good in school, had profitable businesses, or dared to interfere with matters reserved only for men. Sometimes, even inevitable occurrences like deaths or illnesses in a village are enough to land a woman in exile. Widows left with land but without a man to protect their interests are particularly common targets. So are the mentally ill, or any other females deemed difficult or undesirable by their villages. 'To get me out of their community, [my husband’s family] accused me of using witchcraft,' says Tachira. 'I am a freeloader...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, ERBG-DATA-1

"Discrimination occurred in access to credit, equal pay for similar work, and the ownership and management of a business" (p 20).
Aug. 3, 2021, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Lagos, Nigeria — For many years, Rose's clothing store was the destination of choice for Lagos women in search of a new outfit for a party or occasion. She traveled regularly to textile hubs in Turkey to source high-quality fabrics for her clients and her children helped out in the family business on busy days during December festivities. The small store in Oshodi -- in the heart of the bustling Nigerian city -- did a booming trade until personal tragedy struck the businesswoman in 2015" (para 1-3). "African women are often excluded from social and economic plans -- safety nets they desperately need -- after the death of a spouse...more
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The law provides for gender equality. Nevertheless, women often experienced discrimination in employment, credit, and pay equity for similar work, as well as in owning and managing businesses" (p 21).
July 21, 2021, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"According to a report by the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), Vietnam has now witnessed a spectacular 'rise' of female entrepreneurs across the country. Currently, statistics show that more than 24% of businesses across the country are run by women - this is also the most impressive rate in Southeast Asia" (para 1-2). "Ms. Phung Minh Thuy - Deputy Business Director and co-founder of HMGpop shared that starting a business has never been easy, especially for women. Women in leadership positions need to possess effective time management skills to balance work and family life; they must not only satisfy customers, partners and employees, but also take care of...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Women who tried to establish their own informal businesses were subjected to discrimination and harassment" (p 48).
June 30, 2021, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"She says that photography in Somalia is considered a man's trade 'especially when it comes to street photography. Women are not expected to be outside documenting day-to-day life, in a place where most people are still busy simply surviving'" (para 6).
June 29, 2021, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Capt. Nasreen Abdul Aima, who works at the Baghdad Police Command and previously served as an investigating officer at the Family Protection Directorate, told Al-Monitor, 'When I worked as an investigating officer, I used to write reports for battered women who showed up to complain about their husbands. Once husbands were brought in and [they] found out that the report was drafted by a woman and that the investigating officer was also a woman, they took it personally. But today things are starting to change'" (para 20).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Between 2004 and 2006, supportive measures, such as business start-up subsidies, were provided under Measure 1.6 Occupational integration and re-integration of women of the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development. 3,665 such business start-up subsidies were granted to women under that measure...Until the end of 2010, 35,988 women and 60,904 men received subsidies to start their own businesses under the OP HC" (50).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"To promote gender equality in the workforce, the U.N. Economic Empowerment Program in Albania provides resources for programs and initiatives. Such initiatives aim to expand vocational training and encourage female entrepreneurship throughout the country" (para 1).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Female entrepreneurship today represents 24% of the totality (June 2008), with the rate over the average in the following fields: Agriculture (29.3%); hotels and restaurants (33.7%); and trade (27.5%). The prevalent form is the individual firm, but also joint-stock companies and cooperative societies have grown too. 5,523 new female companies were born from June 2007 through June 2008" (101). "The international financial crisis has struck in recent years the entrepreneurial sector. From the data of the Bank of Italy (2008), it strongly emerges the restriction of credit and the associated problems’ of the banks to disburse it, which predominantly affects small and medium-sized enterprises and craft, where the female component...more
March 16, 2021, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

“Women entrepreneurs have also made a significant impact in all segments of the economy. The impact of women entrepreneurs on economic development of Rwanda, a case study of women entrepreneurs in expo 2010 organised by Rwanda private sector federation, states Rwanda has the second-highest ratio of female entrepreneurs in Africa” (para 27).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Highly motivated for entrepreneurial activity Ukrainian women are not yet sufficiently involved in business the overall score of Ukraine according to Policy Index in small and medium business is 1.5 out of 5 possible" (35). "According to the study of gender equality in the entrepreneurship carried out by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) it is more difficult to start a business for women in Ukraine because of lack of access to the resources. It is more difficult for a woman to get a bank loan. Privatization in Ukraine is actually passed by the women 95 per cent of the capital is concentrated in the hands of men, and only 5...more
Jan. 7, 2021, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

“According to the report, almost all the women interviewed have lost sources of income since the project began, due to land confiscation, destruction of farmlands and restricted access to the coast” (para. 6). “Traditional livelihoods, such as shellfish collection carried out by women, have been “drastically affected” by the project. “Just over a third of the women now have no income at all from their former livelihoods,” the report said” (para. 8).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, CL-PRACTICE-1

"The overrepresentation of women in low-paying industries, the imbalanced care burden placed on women, discrimination, and lack of female representation in executive positions all contribute to the pay gap" (para 11).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 survey conducted by the National Statistical Service of Armenia and the UNFPA also highlights such ways of violence against women as economic disempowerment, including economic deprivation (e.g. witholding of money, confiscation of earnings and savings, forbidding a woman to work)" (para 11).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“Kaavya Kaushik is co-chair of Liberal Youth, the youth and student wing of the Lib Dems. She referred to ‘men who end up not taking women politicians seriously.’ She also said sometimes men can be so scared of causing offence that they become highly patronising, which can be equally off putting” (para 20-21) Some men do not take women in politics seriously, implying that they see politics as more of a male’s job (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

“My name is Julienne Lusenge and I’m an activist for women’s rights in the DRC…[The] Family Code says that a married woman is basically a minor. At the age of 55 today I can’t own any property. I can’t own a house, I can’t even own a dog or a car. First I have to ask my husband for permission. He can then sign to say, yes she has bought it. So we’re working to get rid of all that from our Family Code” (para 2, 12) This law in the Famile Code creates barriers for female entrepreneurs wanting to obtain land, property, or other assets (MLB-CODER COMMENT).more
June 28, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Roughly three-quarters of U.S. adults (73%) see gender discrimination in the tech industry as at least a minor problem. Women and men have different views of the size of the problem, though. Among women, 44% say such discrimination is a major problem, a view shared by 29% of men. While the tech industry has drawn attention when it comes to the way women in that field at treated at work, Americans tend not to see gender discrimination as more widespreadin the tech industry than in others. More than half (57%) say there is about the same amount of discrimination against women in tech as there are against women in other...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The market economy stimulates private initiative among women. The emergence and increase in the number of women entrepreneurs is leading to the formation of economically independent women’s groups. There is growing interest in new forms of activity, such as private enterprise, individual creativity, and the public sector. A steadily developing system of female entrepreneurship has been established. In accordance with a Government decision of 2 April 2011 on the establishment and allocation of Presidential grants to support and develop women’s entrepreneurial activities in 2011–2015, 40 grants were made every year for a total of 1 million somoni. Since 2013, by Government decision of 5 December 2013, the number of grants...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee also notes with concern: (a) The low number of women entrepreneurs in the State party and women’s limited access to the gender-neutral start-up support scheme owing to gender-blind eligibility criteria; (b) The absence of start-up programmes for women, microcredit schemes or a strategy for the economic advancement of women in the State party" (11).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Between 2013 and 2016, a special public call for the award of self-employment subsidies was implemented, which enabled 217 Roma persons in total (including 87 Roma women) started their own business" (13). "Promotion of female entrepreneurship was a priority activity for the NES" (32). Table following this statement in page 32 shows the numer of women who attended entrepreneurship development training. In 2013, 995 attended this training. Iin 2014, there were 5013, in 2015 5515 and in 2016 5802. It also shows the number of women who started their own business with self-employment subsidies. In 2013 there were 221 women; in 2014, 363, in 2015; 1688; and in 2016, 1563...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Within the gender equality framework for modifying traditional patterns of behaviour in Guatemalan society, the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MINECO) implemented: (…) (b) training processes in development, technical assistance and corporate management in order to reinforce the productivity and competitiveness of businesswomen and female entrepreneurs in the MSE sector through various forms of skills-building and training, with a participatory approach, as a guideline for mainstreaming gender equity in each area addressed" (18).
April 23, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"It was the mobilisation of these women micro-entrepreneurs and their political vote that brought Sirleaf into power, indicating that small businesses run by women in developing countries like those in Africa and Asia are the backbone of these economies, providing livelihood, production and exchange. In Liberia, they may have transformed the political set-up, but will the new initiatives to strengthen the country's economy continue to see them as an engine of growth?" (para. 3).
March 28, 2020, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, ERBG-DATA-5

"Forty percent of these entrepreneurs are under 35, and 50 percent are women. The number female entrepreneurs and their wealth are much higher than their counterparts in western countries" (para 2). "Another important finding in the survey is that of all the Asian entrepreneurs surveyed, 40 percent of them are women. On Chinese mainland, 37 percent of entrepreneurs surveyed are female and over 52 percent of them are under the age of 35. In comparison, the percentage of female entrepreneurs in the West is only 31 percent. The average asset of female entrepreneurs on the mainland is 4 million dollars, exceeding male entrepreneurs' 3.5 million dollars" (para 6).more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"By law women may own property, but they often ceded control of it to male relatives due to cultural reasons and family pressure" (29).
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"But she started her own business two years ago-- a café-- and is confident she can support herself (para 39).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The number of female entrepreneurs keeps growing, now accounting for one quarter of the total number of entrepreneurs in China. The government has initiated an action plan to promote entrepreneurship and innovation among women, encouraging women to seek employment in emerging industries. About 55 percent of new Internet businesses are being founded by women" (para. 14).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Land titles of farmers who kill themselves in an Indian state will be given to their widows, according to a government order, granting inheritance equality in a nation where their property rights are often denied. A Maharashtra state government order issued this week said the widows would also receive assistance with their children's education, and access to welfare benefits such as the rural jobs scheme" (para. 1-2). "Widows often face difficulty in claiming their husband's property and in receiving government compensation and other benefits, human rights activists said. 'The land does not get automatically transferred to the widow. It is often the husband's male relatives who will take it,' said...more