The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for EWCMS-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Moreover, women soldiers to be were guaranteed the possibility of continuing their education in case of it being interrupted due to pregnancy, confinement or maternal obligations. The Act of 11 September 2003 on the military service of professional soldiers (Dz. U. of 2010, No 90, item 593, as amended) also introduced legal regulations allowing a woman to return to the military academy after interrupting education due to pregnancy, confinement and maternal duties" (40). "Furthermore, the Act of 11 September 2003 on military service of professional soldiers was amended so as to enable women access to service posts in the professional private corps" (54).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"...the status and progress of female military personnel are covered by the same provisions for the male staff: Decree of the Minister of Defense, 4 April 2000 No. 114, lays down, “Regulation on the suitability of military service and list of defects and diseases that cause unfit for military service; Law of 25 January 2006, No. 29 (Community Law 2005), of which Article 26 makes changes to Act No. 380/1999 by stating that the Minister of Defense may provide military personnel limitations to the recruitment of women only in the presence of motivated requirements linked to the functionality of specific roles, bodies, categories, specialties and specializations of each Force if,...more
Feb. 17, 2021, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“A study of 74 cases of rape or attempted rape registered at the Shadman female police station in Lahore during 1995 and 2008 reveal the ugly consequences of inadequate legal frameworks in Pakistan” (para 9).
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"The year was 1983 and we were the first women to be admitted to Sandhurst, the elite Royal Military Academy where all officers in the British Army receive their initial training" (para 3).
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“The website of the Mauritanian National Army states that, pursuant to Article 7 of Act No. 62.132 of 1962, army recruitment conditions are the following: [translation] Any Mauritanian can join the Mauritanian army under articles 13, 14, 15, 17 and 18 of Act No. 61.112 dated 12 June 1961 (the Mauritanian Nationality Code) if they meet the following conditions: Minimum of 16 years old, Not married, Physically fit, Never been sentenced, Obtained consent of parent(s)/guardian(s) or, in their absence, Previously obtained permission from the Ministry of Defence, for youth under 18 years old.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

According to the Armed Forces of Malta website, both men and women are eligible to become soldiers.
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Women also serve in the [Uzbekistani] military. Although they are not drafted, they may sign up as professional (contract) troops in non-combat units.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“The Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force (TTDF) integrated women into its ranks for the first time on July 1, 1980.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Togolese parliament has passed a law that would allow women to join the military service.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

According to the CIA World Factbook, both men and women can serve in the Umbutfo Eswatini Defense Force voluntarily from age 18 to 30.
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“"Women in Suriname's military are restricted from holding any job where certain strength is needed, such as infantry, maintenance, heavy equipment operators and truck drivers," said 1st Lt. Gwendoline Babel, human resource officer for Suriname's deputy director. "Women are also not deployed."”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Recruitment centres started their activities in 2003. Women were joining the [Slovakian] Armed Forces in 4 terms (January, April, July, October) when they started nine months of basic military service with one-month initial training. They were appointed to professional positions after 3 or 9 months of service. It was first time when women started professional soldiers career in Private and Private First Class ranks.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Currently there are no females in the combat units [in Papua New Guinea.]”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1:04 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“In a major policy reversal, the Nigerian military is set to end the admission of female cadets into the combatant course of the Nigerian Defence Academy.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 1 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

According to the CIA World Factbook, only men are conscripted into the Mongolian armed forces.
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“The [Malaysian] army is open to the idea of recruiting women into the elite commando unit but more research is required.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Women [in Malaysia] are not part of direct combat roles but we are very much involved in policy-making and combat support and services. Men and women are considered equals in the military. As long as you wear the uniform, we do not differentiate by gender.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

According to the CIA World Factbook, women in Lesotho serve as commissioned officers.
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:51 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“The Commander of the Lesotho Defence Force in March 2016 issued a Standing Order to the effect that any female soldiers with less than 5 years’ service who got pregnant willfully or negligently would be discharged from the force.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“All Latvian male citizens shall carry out mandatory military service in accordance with the procedures specified by this Law . . . On voluntary basis, the mandatory military service may also be carried out by female citizens of Latvia (Latvia 25 Nov. 2004).”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Women [in Latvia] are accepted in the professional service from 19 years of age, provided they comply with the health, education, professional and physical fitness and state language law requirements and possess required moral and psychological qualities.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:15 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Military service is required for every Lao male citizen so there are no procedures for voluntary recruitment. Women may be conscripted into the army only in the event of necessity. Women over 18 can volunteer for the National Defense Forces. Both men and women over age 18 can apply for the public security forces.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:12 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“[Kosovo Security Force] recruitment campaigns encourage members of ethnic communities and women to become part of the KSF. Women in uniform serve in all units of the KSF: Ground Forces Command, Operational Support Brigade, Rapid Reaction Brigade, Training and Doctrine Command, Headquarter subordinated units and the Ministry of Integrated Security Force Kosovo (MKSF). In MKSF and the KSF, gender equality is included in the implementation of policies and plans at all levels, and both institutions are committed to implement such principles and policies.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Opportunities for women in the [Jamaica Defence Force] are no different from those of men.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Women were recruited into the [Jamaica Defence Forces] for the first time in 1976 when the JDF Women’s Unit was formed as a sub-unit of the Support and Services Battalion.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“[Women in Hungary] work and train with their male counterparts, and are subject to the same chains of command, standards of performance and discipline. There is no compulsory service for women in Hungary . . . Combat assignments were introduced for women in 1996. Starting in 1994, women have been able to apply and compete for entrance into the military academy (university). Female soldiers are covered under maternity/paternity leave policies as stipulated by national law . . . Female personnel are integrated at all levels but fill only limited positions at the command level. Although women can serve in almost all career fields, including combat, the majority of them perform...more
Dec. 30, 2020, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Presently women [in Ghana] serve in support services in almost all units except in the infantry.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

According to the CIA World Factbook, men and women can both volunteer for Gambian military service at age 18.
Dec. 30, 2020, 11:53 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Women have been eligible for voluntary conscript service [in Estonia] since 2013. As Minister of Defence, I repealed all restrictions on the participation of women in conscript service in military units providing training.”
Dec. 30, 2020, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Conscription service is compulsory for Estonian men between the ages of 18 and 27. However women can also enlist if they wish. And an increasing number of young Estonian women do. This summer 46 Estonian women volunteered for the conscription service as part of the July “intake,” the most ever at one time.”