The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for FSCB-LAW-1

April 22, 2021, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The most recent iteration of this debate happened last year when the Reproductive Healthcare Bill 2019 sponsored by Senator Susan Kihika was proposed to consolidate the 'right to the highest attainable standard of health, including the right to reproductive healthcare' enshrined in Article 43 of the Kenyan Constitution. Much more ambitious than the 2014 bill that preceded it, this piece of legislation proposed to make prenatal, delivery and postnatal services free for every woman in Kenya, outlaw forced sterilization, regulate surrogacy and provide a more solid framework for sex education" (para 7). "'The bill outlaws forced sterilization'" (para 13).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The news comes as the Chinese government is accused of carrying out 'demographic genocide' against the Uighur Muslim population by allegedly forcing birth control onto local women" (para. 3). "On the other hand, the Chinese government is taking draconian measures to slash birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities as part of a sweeping campaign to curb its Muslim population, even as it encourages some of the country's Han majority to have more children. While individual women have spoken out before about forced birth control, the practice is far more widespread and systematic than previously known, according to an AP investigation based on government statistics, state documents and interviews with...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"A 2013 parliamentary inquiry found that women with disability and people with intersex variations are subjected to involuntary and coerced sterilisation. Women and girls with disability continue to be subjected to forced sterilisation procedures. These medical practices persist on the basis of inadequate medical evidence and without independent oversight" (14-15).
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"China is forcibly sterilizing women held in its vast network of “re-education” camps that house political and religious prisoners, survivors have claimed" (para 1). "'Therefore, the Chinese birth control policy of forced abortion and sterilization of Uighur is not a policy of ensuring the overall quality of Uighur population. On the contrary, it is to gradually exterminate them by imposing all the political, economic, and social means and restrictions'" (para 14-15).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Myanmar's president has signed off on a law requiring some mothers to space their children three years apart despite objections by a visiting senior U.S. diplomat and rights activists, who worry it could be used not only to repress women, but also religious and ethnic minorities. The Population Control Health Care Bill — drafted under pressure from hard-line Buddhist monks with a staunchly anti-Muslim agenda — was passed by parliamentarians last month" (para 1-2). "The population law — which carries no punitive measures — gives regional authorities the power to implement birth-spacing guidelines in areas with high rates of population growth. Though the government says the law is aimed at...more
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:06 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The country already offers income tax exemptions and £7,000 towards a new seven-seat car to mothers with four or more children. And Orban said he was considering extending the offer to families with just three children" (para 4-5). "Hungary announced plans to give income tax breaks and cash towards new seven-seat cars for mothers with four children last February and the policy came into forcec this month" (para 15). "The country is also offering low-interest loans of 10 million forints (£27,286) for women under the age of 40 who are marrying for the first time" (para 16).
Sept. 27, 2020, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"In May, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with disabilities expressed concern about...forced sterilizations and abortions imposed on women and girls with disabilities" (para 7).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, FSCB-LAW-1

“The couple already have one son. Zhou Junfeng is 10. After Zhou Junfeng was born his mother underwent a state-proscribed procedure to insert a contraceptive coil into her body. She says that this 'forced sterilisation' must have failed, allowing her to fall pregnant for a second time” (para 28-30).
Aug. 19, 2020, 2:19 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"In November 2018, Fujimori was charged for his alleged role in forced sterilizations of mostly poor and indigenous women during his presidency. The case was pending at time of writing. More than 5,000 victims of forced sterilizations committed between 1995 and 2001 had registered in a government registry, at time of writing" (para 8).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"In April, the Japanese parliament enacted legislation to compensate people forcibly sterilized under the Eugenic Protection Act between 1948 and 1996. Under the law, approximately 25,000 people were sterilized. In May, a district court in Sendai ruled that the plaintiff’s constitutional right to pursue happiness, including reproductive rights, had been violated under the now-defunct act. The court, however, rejected compensation sought by the plaintiff, citing the 20-year statute of limitations" (para. 5).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (25).
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1, ABO-DATA-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods." (35).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1, ABO-DATA-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods." (34).
April 14, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Female sterilization is one of four long-term methods of contraception recommended by the KKBPK Program. This method is mainly intended for high-risk women, that is, women older than age 35, women with more than three children, and women with certain medical conditions associated with pregnancy and delivery. The 2017 IDHS asked women for their age when the procedure was performed. Because the survey includes all married women age 15-49, the experience of sterilized women age 50 and over is not included. The median age at sterilization was age 35, consistent with the program’s recommendation of age 26 or older (Affandi 2011). Four in ten (42%) women were sterilized at age...more
March 18, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

“There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization."
March 18, 2020, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

“The European Court of Human Rights, in the French city of Strasbourg, ruled that the [German] sterilization requirement was a violation of Article Eight of the European Convention on Human Rights”
March 11, 2020, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"In the former Czechoslovakia, a Public Decree on Sterilisation from 1971, in force from January 1972, ena- bled public authorities to take programmatic steps to encourage the sterilisation of Romani women and women with disabilities placed in mental institutions in order to control their birth-rate. This legal provision resulted in giving public authorities more or less free reign to systematically sterilise Romani women and women with disabilities without their full and informed consent. In 1979, Czechoslovakia also initiated a programme provid-ing financial incentives to Romani women for undergoing sterilisations motivated by the need “to control the highly unhealthy Roma population through family planning and contraception”. Sterilisations were a recognised state...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1, ACR-DATA-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods." (33).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"In May the Spisska Nova Ves district court awarded compensation of 16,000 euros ($19,200) to a Romani woman involuntarily sterilized while giving birth" (p. 2).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"In June an Edirne judge petitioned the Constitutional Court to revoke a provision in the Civil Code requiring the compulsory sterilization of transgender persons prior to the formal gender reassignment, asserting it was a human rights violation. In December the Constitutional Court supported the request and annulled the provision for the case before it. Nonetheless, the sterilization requirement remained in force at year’s end" (page 57-58).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"It is against the 1997 Abortion Law to force any woman to have an abortion against her will" (27).
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals generally had the right to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of their children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, and violence. There continued, however, to be periodic media reports that the government directed doctors to sterilize women without their informed consent, purportedly to control the birth rate and reduce infant and maternal mortality. Contacts in the human rights and health-care communities confirmed there was anecdotal evidence suggesting that sterilizations without informed consent occurred, although it was unclear whether the practice was widespread and whether senior government officials directed it" (Pg...more
June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 18).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"There were reports of coerced and involuntary sterilization. Some women reportedly were pressured to have tubal ligations, hysterectomies, or other forms of sterilization because of the payment structures for health workers and insurance payments for private facilities. This pressure appeared to affect disproportionately poor and lower-caste women. In September 2016 the Supreme Court ordered the closure of all sterilization camps within three years" (40). "The country continued to have deaths related to unsafe abortion, maternal mortality, and coercive family planning practices, including coerced or unethical sterilization and policies restricting access to entitlements for women with more than two children. Policies and guideline initiatives penalizing families with more than two children...more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The law, as implemented, requires each woman with an unauthorized pregnancy to abort or pay the social compensation fee, which can reach 10 times a person’s annual disposable income" (54). "The law maintains that 'citizens have an obligation to practice birth planning in accordance with the law' and also states that 'couples of child-bearing age shall voluntarily choose birth planning contraceptive and birth control measures to prevent and reduce unwanted pregnancies.' After the transition to a two-child limit, the available mix of contraceptives shifted from mainly permanent methods like tubal ligation or IUDs toward other reversible methods" (55) "Forced abortion is not specifically listed as a prohibited activity" (56). "The...more
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (34).
May 30, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were reports government doctors pressured women to accept birth control or employ medical measures, such as sterilization purportedly to control the birth rate and reduce infant and maternal mortality. Contacts in the human rights and health-care communities confirmed there was anecdotal evidence suggesting that sterilizations without informed consent occurred, although it was unclear whether the practice was widespread and whether senior government officials directed it" (26).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the alleged practice of the forced sterilization of women recognized as legally incapable, with the sole consent of their guardian and without their free, prior and informed consent or an impartial examination by a court" (11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of interference by the government-in- exile in the right of couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of children, to have the information and means to do so, and to attain the highest standard of reproductive health, free from discrimination, coercion, and violence" (37).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (26).