The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The protection of employment relationships of women raising children is tantamount to the prohibition of giving termination notice and terminating the employment agreement from the day of requesting child care leave by the employee to the last day of such leave. During this time, the employment agreement may be terminated only if the employer declares bankruptcy or liquidation and if there are reasons for terminating the employment agreement without notice through the fault of the employee. Furthermore, if the employee entitled to a child care leave files a written request to reduce his/her working time to a minimum of half of the working time in the period when he/she would...more
April 30, 2021, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Expectant mothers will be allowed to take up to 20 weeks of maternity leave. The South Australian government passed the new laws on Thursday" (para 1). "Male and female MPs will be able to bring their young children to sittings, while expectant mothers have been granted 20 weeks of paid maternity leave without needing weekly authorisation from the House" (para 3).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"...the above Framework was...designed to encourage Regional Administrations, to reach the following quantified targets, by 2013: Increasing the percentage of municipalities offering child-care services, from the current 21% to 35%" (62). "In Italy, [maternity] leave lasts five months, to be shared in a flexible way before and after the child-birth...the indemnity is equal to 80% of the average wage (to be calculated on the basis of the last month wage before the beginning of the leave)" (65). "...parental leave, as introduced in Italy, in 2000, may be requested by both parents, if employees and when their child is within the age of 8 and for a term not exceeding ten...more
April 22, 2021, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

The most recent iteration of this debate happened last year when the Reproductive Healthcare Bill 2019 sponsored by Senator Susan Kihika was proposed to consolidate the 'right to the highest attainable standard of health, including the right to reproductive healthcare' enshrined in Article 43 of the Kenyan Constitution. Much more ambitious than the 2014 bill that preceded it, this piece of legislation proposed to make prenatal, delivery and postnatal services free for every woman in Kenya, outlaw forced sterilization, regulate surrogacy and provide a more solid framework for sex education (para 7).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Al-Kabbaj also said the number of families benefiting from the state's social safety net programme Takaful and Karama (Solidarity and Dignity) rose to 14.3 million in 2020 from 12 million, with women comprising over 75 per cent of beneficiaries" (para 16). Takaful and Karama is a conditional cash transfer program to families (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"the adoption of the Work and Families Act (2006), which...provides for flexible working arrangements, and extending the statutory maternity pay and maternity allowance from 26 to 39 weeks" (11).
March 4, 2021, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"It's illegal to pay a surrogate in the UK, except for medical expenses" (para. 23).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"It occurs due to the fact that women have more vacations, child care leaves, sick leaves, have the child care leave from 3 to 6 years and lose their professional qualification therefore have slow career progression etc. The consequence is absence of labour experience, sick leave payments, annual vacations and other types of social security. During the 2012 inspection of the State Inspection of Ukraine on Labour (of 2.5 thousand of the enterprises), more than 900 violations were detected in the sphere of employed women’s rights late payment of child care leave pays, engagement of pregnant women and mothers of the children under 3 years old in work prohibited by...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, ABO-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

“P. and S. v. Poland (no. 57375/08) (30 October 2012): The applicants were a daughter and her mother. In 2008, at the age of fourteen, the first applicant became pregnant after being raped. The applicants complained in particular about the absence of a comprehensive legal framework guaranteeing the first applicant’s timely and unhindered access to abortion under the conditions set out by the applicable laws, and about the disclosure of information about the case to the public. They further complained that the first applicant’s removal from the custody of her mother and placement in a juvenile shelter and later in a hospital had been unlawful, and submitted that the circumstances...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the...Introduction of the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana maternity benefit scheme in 2010" (2). This scheme provides financial assistance to pregnant women (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Under Australia's minimum National Employment Standards (NES), all employees with 12 months continuous service are entitled to 12 months unpaid parental leave. Where mothers do not have 12 months service, their employment is often terminated. Paid parental leave is essential to address the gendered wealth gap. The current Federal paid parental leave scheme provides employees with an entitlement to 18 weeks of leave funded by the Government at the minimum wage. Strict eligibility requirements mean that many mothers in the workforce do not meet the work test, and thus cannot access the scheme" (10). "While the NES include a right for parents to request flexible work arrangements, there is no...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

“With a view to preventing such practices, on 29 July 2015 the Ministry of Family and Promotion of Women launched a national campaign to prevent early pregnancy and marriage in Angola. Campaign activities have included awareness-raising talks in schools, training events and the distribution of information cards on the causes and consequences of early pregnancy at youth rallies held in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights and civil society. A proposed national strategy for the prevention of early pregnancy and marriage 2018–2022 is currently in the approval phase, and priority activities are being planned to discourage these practices and promote the rights of children and adolescents; these...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-1

"Yayoi Kimura, a Liberal Democratic member of the House of Representatives who endorsed the letter, said that when she co-sponsored a bill to provide a tax break for unmarried parents, some of her male colleagues argued that most single mothers were either mistresses of rich men or hyperambitious career women who did not need government assistance. The measure passed, Ms. Kimura said, because women of all parties banded together to vote it through" (para 22-23).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"As India pushes on ahead with its aim of reducing family sizes, it’s going to need to consider the significant impact it’s having on gender dynamics" (para 6).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Myanmar's president has signed off on a law requiring some mothers to space their children three years apart despite objections by a visiting senior U.S. diplomat and rights activists, who worry it could be used not only to repress women, but also religious and ethnic minorities. The Population Control Health Care Bill — drafted under pressure from hard-line Buddhist monks with a staunchly anti-Muslim agenda — was passed by parliamentarians last month" (para 1-2). "The population law — which carries no punitive measures — gives regional authorities the power to implement birth-spacing guidelines in areas with high rates of population growth. Though the government says the law is aimed at...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"American women enjoy opportunities and status not available to most of the world’s women, but few would dispute that more progress is needed, as the Shriver report points out. Closing the pay gap and ending domestic violence and workplace discrimination should be priorities. We could start by providing paid family and sick leave. That alone would go a long way to stop the “backsliding” that American women are experiencing now" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Iran has moved to limit family planning services at government run medical centres in a bid to increase the population. Services such as vasectomies and female contraception will no longer be state-run under the new measures, but will still be available at private hospitals" (para 1-2).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"As for maternity leaves, employers cannot dismiss women that are pregnant or on maternity leave. In the private sector, women are entitled to 45 paid days of maternity leave, and 15 days of unpaid leave. 100 percent of the salary is paid to a woman in the first 45 days of maternity leave. In the public sector, women are entitled to 60 paid days of maternity leave" (7). "The law would increase benefits for women in the private sector, giving them access to...financial support for childcare" (8).
Oct. 16, 2020, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

“‘From January 2020, families with incomes below two subsistence minimums per person will receive monthly benefits for their first and second child. Moreover, these benefits will be paid until the child reaches the age of three rather than 18 months as was the case before. The benefit amount will depend on the subsistence minimum in a specific region. The nationwide average is over 11,000 rubles per child per month. Once again, this is an average and depends on a specific region’” (Para 19). “‘I would like to introduce new, additional decisions concerning the maternity capital, which should also come into effect on January 1, 2020. Even when the first child...more
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Poland pays parents 500 zloty (£100) a month per child under its 500+ policy" (para 21).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:06 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

Hungary will offer free IVF to childless couples in its latest bid to boost its declining population instead of welcoming more migrants. Right wing Prime Minister Viktor Orban announced the policy yesterday saying he wants 'Hungarian children instead of immigrants'. The government has already taken over six private fertility clinics to provide the free service from February 1 (para 1-3). "The country already offers income tax exemptions and £7,000 towards a new seven-seat car to mothers with four or more children. And Orban said he was considering extending the offer to families with just three children" (para 4-5). "Last month the government announced it was buying six private fertility clinics,...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, ABO-LAW-1

“[China’s one-child policy] is designed to keep the country's population in check. It prevents couples from having more than one child with a few exceptions in some rural provinces. The policy is supposed to be enforced through financial penalties and not forced abortions. But in some provinces, over-zealous local officials, keen to keep within their birth quotas, break the law and terminate pregnancies by force” (para 12-13).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 : The Act provides for insurance pension and maternity benefits to women workers” (para 1). “The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 : It provides for maternity benefit with full wages for women workers” (para 2). “In Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Female Workers (Muster Roll) (AIR 2000 SC 1274), the Supreme Court extended the benefits of the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 to the Muster Roll (Daily Wagers) female employees of Delhi Municipal Corporation. In this case, the Court directly incorporated the provisions of Article 11 of CEDAW, 1979 into the Indian Law” (para 8).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"During the late Huge Chavez's presidency, Venezuela's government expanded services aimed at helping poor mothers by providing monthly cash transfers…The 1999 constitution he advanced guarantees 'full family planning services' to women among a host of other benefits" (para 10-11). "President Nicolas Maduro has struggled to advance his predecessor's agenda amidst a cripppling economic contraction worse than the U.S. Great Depression. Few if any women get cash transfers except for occasional 'bonuses' equivalent to a dollar or two" (para 15).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Iceland has the best maternity/paternity policy in the world. The official law, created in 2000, is known as the Icelandic Act on Maternity/Paternity and Parental Leave. The law itself was amended in 2006 increasing parental leave from six to nine months. The government covers parental leave for birth, adoption, and foster care for all employees in Iceland, even those who are self-employed paying 80% of earned salary to new parents" (para 16).
July 26, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The public sector has also done better in promoting continued employment after childbearing and encouraging men to take up parental leave" (8). "As part of womenomics policy, Abe has proposed extending childcare leave from one year to three years. While this might appear progressive on the surface, in reality this will further reinforce the notion that women are responsible for caring for children before the age of three, make it even more difficult for men to ask for leave in a corporate culture that already frowns upon men opting for such leave, and make it even more difficult for women to return to the current rigidities of the workplace after...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Financial support to families with children is provided through co-financing of services intended for children or through additional benefits. The Law on Financial Support to Families with Children defines the rights to salary during maternity leave or absence from work to care for children, parental allowance, child allowance, compensation of costs of staying in preschool institutions for children without parental care and for children with developmental disabilities, refunding of costs of staying in preschool institutions for children from financially vulnerable families. Specific measures adopted for children in families, single-parent families and children in the most vulnerable groups include relief for the exercise of entitlement to child allowance and an increased...more
June 14, 2020, 8:43 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Pakistan's high abortion and low contraception rates reflect a family planning policy in shambles, says Abdul Ghaffar Khan, director general of Pakistan's population program wing. His office is meant to set the national family planning agenda, but Khan described the situation as 'a bureaucratic mess.' Family planning used to be the job of the federal government, but approval for a national policy languished for years. In 2011, national authorities passed the matter to provincial governments. But at the provincial level, family planning is not part of the health ministry's portfolio. It is part of a different office and has long been neglected and underfunded, Khan says" (para 13-15). "But changes...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Law on Labour Protection adopted on July 8, 2010 stipulates the obligations of the institutions, enterprises, organizations and individuals to provide working people with safe and hygienic working conditions and to protect their lives and promote their health (...) that women shall be given regular and additional holidays as well as maternity leave (art. 40)" (7) "The Law on Socialist Labour and the Law on the Protection and Promotion of Women’s Rights were amended on June 30, 2015 to extend the period of maternity leave from 150 days to 240 days. This new measure created better conditions for recovery of maternal health and nutritional care of newborns and further...more
April 30, 2020, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"While rural residents and ethnic minorities are permitted to have more than one child, urban residents like Feng are currently limited to a single child, according to family planning policies introduced in the 1970s to rein in China's surging population" (para 4). "China announced adjustments to its one-child policy in early November this year. According to the announcement, married couples will be allowed to have two children if at least one spouse is an only child. Previously, the rule applied to couples where both husband and wife were only children. The policy will be implemented in stages across the country" (para 6).