The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Amending provisions on maternity leave in both the private and public sectors, extending maternity leave to six months" (21).
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The first comprehensive and contributory social security scheme for the working-age population was officially adopted in 2016 (Law N° 12/2016) and began to operate in August 2017. It is mandatory for all workers in the private formal and public sectors and offers provisions for old age, invalidity (Decree-Law N° 17/2017), maternity, paternity (Decree-Law N° 18/2017) and death (Decree-Law N° 19/2017)" (31).
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Meanwhile, women employment has been boosted with regulations obligating the employers to provide access to maternity leave, lactation rooms and day care centres and flexible working hours for lactating women" (2). "Indonesia has also enacted national legal instruments to support women’s participation in the labour force... Such laws include among others: (a) Minister of Health Regulation No. 15/2013, which requires the provision of lactation rooms in public places; (b) MoWECP Regulation No. 5/2015 on Facilitating Child Friendly and Gender Responsive Working Environment" (29).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party:... Guarantee protections for paid maternity, menstruation and breastfeeding leave, and ensure that women will be protected from forced unpaid overtime hours, despite changes to overtime hours and wage laws in Law No. 11/2020 on job creation" (12-13). This indicates that these protections are not yet in place (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to expand the childcare entitlement for working parents in England, Scotland and Wales. However, the Committee is concerned that childcare costs remain excessive, in particular in Northern Ireland, which constitutes an obstacle for women in entering into and progressing in the workplace. In addition, while welcoming the introduction of flexible working arrangements in 2014, the Committee regrets that it can only be exercised after 26 weeks of employment. It also regrets that, notwithstanding the introduction of shared parental leave in 2014, uptake among men has been low" (12). "The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/GBR/CO/7, para. 62) and remains...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"A nationwide campaign to promote the use of parental leave by fathers runs in 2017–2020. It was developed in dialogue with companies, organizations and trade unions. Also, a charter with concrete actions was drafted and subsequently signed by a number of private sector actors. In 2019, a pool of DKK 1 mill. was distributed for activities to promote the use of fathers’ leave" (5). "Both mothers and fathers are entitled to state sponsored parental leave and entitlements. Mothers have 18 weeks of paid maternity leave and fathers have 2 weeks of paid paternity leave. Additionally, each parent has the right to 32 weeks of parental leave with a total of...more
June 8, 2022, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

Its policies look strikingly similar to those of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, who recently announced measures to help mothers by rewarding those who have multiple children with tax cuts and financial subsidies.
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The party also espouses what Sílvia Claveria, a politics professor at Carlos III University in Madrid, described to me as “modern sexism”: It advocates longer maternity leave and encourages women to be proud mothers, but once women want to separate from or divorce their partners, it shifts positions to take the man’s side..." (Para. 9).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Social Insurance, which was adopted in October 2010, came into effect in July 2011. The law stipulates that workers shall participate in maternity insurance and the maternity insurance premiums shall be paid by the employers in accordance with the provisions of the State. The workers need not pay the maternity insurance premiums. If the employing entity has paid the maternity insurance premium, its worker shall enjoy maternity insurance benefits, including the medical fees associated with giving birth and maternity subsidy. The spouse of the worker who is not employed will be paid the benefit of medical fees associated with childbirth, according...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In a 2012 analysis of the effects of maternity insurance, FSIO found that most female employees had maternity leave with pay before the introduction of compulsory maternity insurance. Compulsory maternity insurance is nonetheless important, as it recognizes the loss of earnings due to maternity and guarantees women proper social protection during that time; and its introduction has also enabled a minimum standard to be established" (35). "In a ruling dated 15 September 2014, the Federal Supreme Court defended the non-discriminatory character of the limitation to women only of the right to an earnings loss allowance during maternity, and dismissed the appeal of a father who was seeking an allowance for...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"[A] five-day paternity leave was granted to employees whose spouse give birth" (18). "[F]emale employees were entitled to work half-time for two months for the first child on condition of the survival of the child; four months for the second child, and six months for the third and more children without any pay reduction. In multiple births, one extra month shall be added to the aforementioned periods. In the event of a child with disability, the employee was entitled to work half-time for 12 months on usual salary" (18). "The employee shall be paid 'Part Time Employment Payment after Maternity and Adoption', following the maternity and adoption, throughout his/her unpaid...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"With regard to Article 45 paragraph 4 of this Act, in 2003 the Government Act on Pregnancy/ Maternity Leave was revised and made more flexible. Instead of the former compulsory 6 weeks before and 6 weeks after child birth, pregnant women can, after consultation with a doctor, continue to work up to two weeks prior to childbirth and resume service 10 weeks after childbirth" (9). "Paid maternity leave has been added to the draft civil code. Some companies have also included paid maternity leave in the company’s collective agreement on terms of employment. Women employed in the private sector by companies without a collective labour agreement have no legal coverage...more
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law provides for 20 days’ paid leave per year for employees and 12 months of partially paid maternity leave" (33).
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The state child allowance stops at the fourth child, and collection of child support orders from fathers is inefficient" (11).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Palestinians did not benefit from national sickness and maternity funds or the family allowances fund. UNRWA continued to bear the cost of any medical, maternity, or family health-care expenses (excluding worker’s compensation)" (24).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"...the above Framework was...designed to encourage Regional Administrations, to reach the following quantified targets, by 2013: Increasing the percentage of municipalities offering child-care services, from the current 21% to 35%" (62). "In Italy, [maternity] leave lasts five months, to be shared in a flexible way before and after the child-birth...the indemnity is equal to 80% of the average wage (to be calculated on the basis of the last month wage before the beginning of the leave)" (65). "...parental leave, as introduced in Italy, in 2000, may be requested by both parents, if employees and when their child is within the age of 8 and for a term not exceeding ten...more
March 6, 2022, 11:49 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Women from lower-income families are continuing to demand government assistance as coronavirus restrictions in the Central Asian state are eased. Some 20 women on June 9 resumed their so-called 'silent protest' after spending the night in front of the Ministry of Labor and Social Support. The women were wearing sanitary masks marked with an 'X' on them, which they said symbolized 'the fact that we are not allowed to speak up.' They also held posters saying: 'Cheap mortgages for families in need,' 'Financial support for each child,' 'Amnesty for poor families' bank credits,' and 'We are on a hunger strike.' 'Rallies and pickets by poor women have been held regularly...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In August the Legislative Assembly approved an “equal job, equal pay” reform to the labor code that provides for equal pay for women and persons with disabilities who perform the same duties as others. The law, reformed in 2018, prohibits the dismissal of women returning from maternity leave for up to six months.On February 14, the Legislative Assembly reformed the labor code in order to grant employment stability to persons suffering from chronic diseases that require frequent medical checks and rehabilitation. The reform applies to women who are pregnant and ensures job security during pregnancy."(27).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government has promoted female sterilization as a form of family planning for decades and, as a result, it made up 86 percent of contraceptive use in the country... The government provided monetary compensation for the wage loss, transportation costs, drugs and dressing, and follow-up visits to women accepting contraceptive methods, including voluntary sterilization" (47). "Policies penalizing families with more than two children remained in place in seven states, but some authorities did not enforce them... Certain states maintained government reservations for government jobs and subsidies for adults with no more than two children and reduced subsidies and access to health care for those who have more than two" (47).more
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In the modern wage sector, women also received family benefits, including three months of paid maternity leave" (27).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women is responsible for promoting gender equality and may initiate lawsuits if it discovers violations of equality laws. Most complaints received during the year were work related and most concerned the termination of employment due to pregnancy. Economic discrimination against women continued. According to Eurostat, women’s hourly wage rates were 6 percent less than those of their male colleagues in 2017. The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women" (16). This suggests that there may not be effective pro-natal policies in place (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Observers asserted that discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to Roma, women, and persons with disabilities. According to NGOs, there was economic discrimination against women in the workplace, particularly against job seekers older than 50 and those who were pregnant or had returned from maternity leave..." (37). This indicates that women are able to take time off of work for maternity leave but that they have difficulty reentering the workforce (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates society, families, and all citizens implement 'the population and family planning program,' which allows couples or individuals the right to have one or two children, with exceptions based on government decree. There is no legal provision punishing citizens who have more than two children; however, there were reported instances where local authorities imposed administrative fees on families in Nghe An province who had more than two children. There were unsubstantiated reports this practice occurred in many localities across the country" (29). "The CPV and certain government ministries and local governments issued their own regulations on family size for their staff. A decree issued by the Politburo, for...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

" The Population and Family Planning Law permits married couples to have two children and allows couples to apply for permission to have a third child if they meet conditions stipulated in local and provincial regulations" (66). "State media claimed the number of coerced abortions had declined in recent years in the wake of loosened regulations, including the implementation of the two-child policy. Nevertheless, citizens were subject to hefty fines for violating the law, while couples who had only one child received a certificate entitling them to collect a monthly incentive payment and other benefits that vary by province--from approximately six to 12 yuan (one to two dollars) per month...more
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"There were reports of discrimination in employment, and the CPD adjudicated 44 cases through July. In one example, the CPD received a complaint against Philip Morris Albania, alleging the company fired a woman because she went on maternity leave. The CPD ruled the company had discriminated against the woman based on gender. The company appealed the decision to the administrative court, which upheld the CPD decision; the plaintiff can seek compensation in the trial court system" (p 19).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Although parental leave and even more importantly, the parental benefit is also accessible to men, the p ercentage of men using the opportunity has been relatively low, being 7, 5% in 2013. At the same time, as the system of parental benefit is based on previous salary of the parent, the cause for lack of men taking parental leave should not be a negative eff ect on the family s income only around one tenth of men say that the most important reason for their not taking leave was related to financial rationale" (11). "result of raising a child. According to the Act, the state will pay 4% on the...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The government effectively enforced applicable laws and regulations prohibiting employment discrimination. Authorities generally enforced the law in cases of sexual harassment, and there was no evidence of police or judicial reluctance to act. Companies may receive 'special sanctions' for infractions such as denying maternity leave. Such penalties were generally sufficient to deter violations..." (21).
Aug. 4, 2021, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"China has long promised to overhaul policies that affected families, but changes had been slow. The only real shift in the last five years, said Lu Hongping, a professor of population studies at Hebei University, had been a lengthening of statutory maternity leave to around 160 days in most areas. But even then, he said, it was too short" (Para 10). "On the same day that the government announced it would relax birth limits, Li Li, a middle-level manager at a technology company in Beijing, was approached by her boss. He anxiously asked Ms. Li, 35, who is pregnant with her second child, how long exactly she would be away...more
July 20, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"A 2019 UNICEF report found, however, that even when fathers are provided paid leave, they don't necessarily take it: 'In Japan, the only country that offers at least six months at full pay for fathers, only 1 in 20 took paid leave in 2017.'" (Para 10)
July 20, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The UNICEF report noted that among the 31 wealthy nations it studied, the United States was the only country that has no national paid leave policy for mothers or fathers." (Para 13)