The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-3

Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The law defines the standard workweek for both public- and private-sector employees as 40 hours: eight hours per day with one hour for lunch and noon prayers. The labor law makes no mention of day workers in the informal sector, leaving them completely unprotected. There are no occupational health and safety regulations or officially adopted standards. The law, however, provides for reduced standard workweeks for children ages 15 to 17, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and miners and workers in other occupations that present health risks. The law provides workers with the right to receive wages, annual vacation time in addition to national holidays, compensation for on-the-job injuries, overtime pay, health...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Both employees and public servants have a right to pregnancy and maternity leave for 140 calendar days. The leave becomes collectible from 70 calendar days before the estimated date of birth and is compensated by the state. According to the ECA, upon termination of pregnancy and maternity leave, in addition to her previous work position, a woman is entitled to use the improved working conditions which she would have been entitled to during her absence... In recent years the Gender Equality and Equal Treatment Commissioner has received several complaints concerning discrimination of employees returning from the child care leave. There are three types of cases. In the first type of...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The government effectively enforced applicable laws and regulations prohibiting employment discrimination. Authorities generally enforced the law in cases of sexual harassment, and there was no evidence of police or judicial reluctance to act. Companies may receive 'special sanctions' for infractions such as denying maternity leave. Such penalties were generally sufficient to deter violations..." (21).
Aug. 4, 2021, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"China has long promised to overhaul policies that affected families, but changes had been slow. The only real shift in the last five years, said Lu Hongping, a professor of population studies at Hebei University, had been a lengthening of statutory maternity leave to around 160 days in most areas. But even then, he said, it was too short" (Para 10).
July 9, 2021, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"For example, in January 2021, the Seoul city government uploaded guidance for pregnant women to make sure to check if there is plenty of toilet paper in the house, make meals for husbands, and to pay attention to their looks by hanging smaller size clothes to motivate themselves to lose weight after giving birth. And the discrimination against pregnant women begins long before the actual pregnancy. In hiring processes, interviewers routinely ask women invasive questions about their plans to get pregnant, with some openly telling female candidates it would be difficult to hire them because the company does not want to pay for maternity leave. According to a local survey,...more
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Saudi public care services (like childcare) are mediocre at best and, sometimes, non existent" (para 21).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The protection of employment relationships of women raising children is tantamount to the prohibition of giving termination notice and terminating the employment agreement from the day of requesting child care leave by the employee to the last day of such leave. During this time, the employment agreement may be terminated only if the employer declares bankruptcy or liquidation and if there are reasons for terminating the employment agreement without notice through the fault of the employee. Furthermore, if the employee entitled to a child care leave files a written request to reduce his/her working time to a minimum of half of the working time in the period when he/she would...more
April 30, 2021, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Expectant mothers will be allowed to take up to 20 weeks of maternity leave. The South Australian government passed the new laws on Thursday" (para 1). "Male and female MPs will be able to bring their young children to sittings, while expectant mothers have been granted 20 weeks of paid maternity leave without needing weekly authorisation from the House" (para 3). "In February 2016 changes were made in federal parliament to allow male and female MP's to bring children into the chamber, if they were their primary care-giver" (para 8).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The support entails the taking in charge of the children through various means and using resources more varied: from a baby-parking service performed by professionals or volunteers (Florence, Ivrea, Trepuzzi, Venice) to its more structured forms, involving the beneficiaries themselves in looking after children, by providing them with forms of remuneration (a sort of scholarship), payable in turn to each of them (city of Sezze)" (37). "...financial resources for 'non-State driven schools' were increased to 100 million Euros, to be allocated, on a priority basis, to kindergartens, in accordance with art. 1, para. 635, of the 2007 Budgetary Law" (63). "By dividing the Italian territory in three areas, namely North,...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"the adoption of the Work and Families Act (2006), which...provides for flexible working arrangements, and extending the statutory maternity pay and maternity allowance from 26 to 39 weeks" (11). "The Committee is also concerned about the lack of available and affordable childcare" (11).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"It occurs due to the fact that women have more vacations, child care leaves, sick leaves, have the child care leave from 3 to 6 years and lose their professional qualification therefore have slow career progression etc. The consequence is absence of labour experience, sick leave payments, annual vacations and other types of social security. During the 2012 inspection of the State Inspection of Ukraine on Labour (of 2.5 thousand of the enterprises), more than 900 violations were detected in the sphere of employed women’s rights late payment of child care leave pays, engagement of pregnant women and mothers of the children under 3 years old in work prohibited by...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“The Committee notes the information provided by the State party about the implementation of development and economic plans in Rakhine State but regrets the absence of participation of Rohingya women and girls in the preparation and implementation of development and investment projects. It also notes the implementation of the maternal and child cash transfer programme in Rakhine State, the establishment of the case management system and the provision of cash assistance to survivors and the opening of the one-stop women support centres to provide social, including psychological, support to survivors in all states and regions, but it regrets the lack of information about how those social programmes will specifically benefit...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

Under Australia's minimum National Employment Standards (NES), all employees with 12 months continuous service are entitled to 12 months unpaid parental leave. Where mothers do not have 12 months service, their employment is often terminated. Paid parental leave is essential to address the gendered wealth gap. The current Federal paid parental leave scheme provides employees with an entitlement to 18 weeks of leave funded by the Government at the minimum wage. Strict eligibility requirements mean that many mothers in the workforce do not meet the work test, and thus cannot access the scheme (10).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

The General Labour Act (Act No. 7/15 of 15 June) establishes, in its article 272, the protection of maternity as one of the special rights of working women and sets out the following provisions relating to women’s employment during pregnancy and after childbirth: Employers may not require women to perform, or reduce their salaries for failing to perform, tasks that are contraindicated for their condition or that would require them to work in uncomfortable or harmful positions, and must ensure that they have jobs that are suited to their condition. Employers may not require women to work overtime or transfer them to another job or workplace, unless it is located...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Generous parental leave policies, subsidised childcare and a commitment to work-life balance mean young working mothers are the norm here rather than the exception" (para 11). "He sees the national commitment to family life – ensuring that work stays within limits, and families can afford childcare – as one of Finland’s greatest strengths, and the reason it comes near the top of a wide range of global social rankings" (para 13). "While men are entitled to parental leave, they account for only about 10% of the total, leaving mostly women caring for young children in their first year of life, with knock-on effects for careers, earnings and pensions" (para 23).more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-3

"But many women still struggle to find adequate child care, even after Mr. Abe promised to eliminate waiting lists for public day-care centers by 2020. As of earlier this year, there were still nearly 12,500 children on waiting lists, even as the number of babies born in Japan fell to the lowest level in close to a century and a half" (para 12).
Dec. 31, 2020, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The president has also angered feminists by cutting the budget for day care centers" (para 20).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"As for maternity leaves, employers cannot dismiss women that are pregnant or on maternity leave. In the private sector, women are entitled to 45 paid days of maternity leave, and 15 days of unpaid leave. 100 percent of the salary is paid to a woman in the first 45 days of maternity leave. In the public sector, women are entitled to 60 paid days of maternity leave" (7). "The law would increase benefits for women in the private sector, giving them access to...financial support for childcare" (8).
Oct. 16, 2020, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“‘We know from the experience of our own children and grandchildren that they often fall ill. Their mothers are therefore unable to work. In this connection, I suggest we introduce monthly payments for children aged between three and seven starting already from January 1, 2020...Families whose incomes do not exceed per-capita subsistence minimum will receive these payments. That is, it concerns families facing a very difficult situation. To obtain these payments, they will only have to file an application and list their official legal incomes. I would like to note that this procedure must become as convenient and simple as possible, so that people would be able to apply without...more
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 : The Act provides for insurance pension and maternity benefits to women workers” (para 1). “The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 : It provides for maternity benefit with full wages for women workers” (para 2). “In Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Female Workers (Muster Roll) (AIR 2000 SC 1274), the Supreme Court extended the benefits of the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 to the Muster Roll (Daily Wagers) female employees of Delhi Municipal Corporation. In this case, the Court directly incorporated the provisions of Article 11 of CEDAW, 1979 into the Indian Law” (para 8).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Iceland has the best maternity/paternity policy in the world. The official law, created in 2000, is known as the Icelandic Act on Maternity/Paternity and Parental Leave. The law itself was amended in 2006 increasing parental leave from six to nine months. The government covers parental leave for birth, adoption, and foster care for all employees in Iceland, even those who are self-employed paying 80% of earned salary to new parents" (para 16).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Financial support to families with children is provided through co-financing of services intended for children or through additional benefits. The Law on Financial Support to Families with Children defines the rights to salary during maternity leave or absence from work to care for children, parental allowance, child allowance, compensation of costs of staying in preschool institutions for children without parental care and for children with developmental disabilities, refunding of costs of staying in preschool institutions for children from financially vulnerable families" (42).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The law establishes a 45-hour workweek, standardizes time-and-a-half pay for overtime, and authorizes four months of maternity leave for women" (39).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Law on Labour Protection adopted on July 8, 2010 stipulates the obligations of the institutions, enterprises, organizations and individuals to provide working people with safe and hygienic working conditions and to protect their lives and promote their health (...) that women shall be given regular and additional holidays as well as maternity leave (art. 40)" (7) "The Law on Socialist Labour and the Law on the Protection and Promotion of Women’s Rights were amended on June 30, 2015 to extend the period of maternity leave from 150 days to 240 days. This new measure created better conditions for recovery of maternal health and nutritional care of newborns and further...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Pregnant women are entitled to maternity leave. Job security, seniority or social allowances are also guaranteed by law (Act No. 45-75 of 15 March 1975, establishing the Labour Code of the Republic of the Congo, still in force)" (30).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In April 2012, the Special Regulations on Labor Protection for Female Employees was promulgated and put into effect, extending statutory maternity leave from 90 days to 98 days and increasing the level of maternity protection for women" (para. 16).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

The labor code does not define employment discrimination, although it sets out specific provisions with respect to… provisions related to maternity leave (27).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Women had six weeks pre- and post-maternity leave that could be extended for medical reasons. The law provides for two paid daily breaks of one hour each to breast feed" (27).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Employment, Parental Leave and Other Measures Act 2013, which extends maternity protection to the full duration of pregnancy… The Committee notes with appreciation the initiatives taken by the State party to promote gender equality and protect the rights of women, such as the introduction of two weeks of paid paternity leave" (2). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives introduced by the State party to reconcile the private and professional lives of women, such as the WorkPro scheme, which provides financial incentives to employers to implement... the establishment of more childcare facilities and the extension of maternity leave to unmarried women" (8).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Constitution (Article 46) recognizes maternity as a social function and guarantees women’s rights to leave and benefits, as outlined by measures to protect women’s maternity rights defined in the 1997 Labour Law. These rights include leave entitlements (90 days), wages (half pay) and perquisites, additional one hour per day for breastfeeding, and restrictions on heavy labor following return to work. Female public service officials are entitled to three-month maternity leave with full pay, and those with children under 1 year of age are entitled to leave work one hour early with full pay" (36):