The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-3

April 30, 2024, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"South Africa’s laws and regulations do cater for non-standard workers. They’re supposed to get health protection in the workplace, maternity leave and job security. But the policy framework is fragmented and employers don’t always comply. For instance, some women lose their income for the months they are on maternity leave" (para 16).
March 30, 2024, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"[T]he first two months of the parental leave quota, including leave for mothers and for fathers, [are] non -transferrable for both parents" (13). "[A] sufficient number of affordable and accessible childcare facilities [are not provided] in rural areas" (13).
March 15, 2024, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The assistance programme provides for access to health care (National Health Insurance and Social Protection Fund), microcredits for income-generating activities (National Fund for Social Action),[and] food aid, [as] assistance to girl mothers" (24). "[T]he State, through the National Health Insurance and Social Protection Fund, provides free care for pregnant women and provides training for [single mothers and girl-mothers]" (29).
Jan. 16, 2024, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Employment (Amendment) Act of 2010 has set a minimum pay of 50% salary for women on maternity leave as compared to the previous dispensation where it was left to the discretion of the employer" (19, 30).
Jan. 4, 2024, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Shared Parental Leave was increased from 1 to 4 weeks" (6). "In 2017, the Government legislated the second week of Government-Paid Paternity Leave, and increased Shared Parental Leave from one to four weeks. Childcare and Infant Care Leave entitlements are also extended equally to working fathers and mothers" (14). "Low-income working families will pay just S$3 a month for full-day childcare or S$1 a month for half-day kindergarten services at Government-supported preschools" (16).
Nov. 28, 2023, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The high cost of childcare is a major deterrent to having children in China" (pp 4). "China has been trying to encourage couples to have more children with tax breaks and cash handouts, as well as more generous maternity leave, medical insurance and housing subsidies" (pp 16).
Nov. 21, 2023, 5:44 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Prime Minister Anthony Albanese confirmed on Saturday that the government would boost paid parental leave from 18 to 26 weeks in a staged plan to be rolled out by July 2026" (para. 1). "Eventually, all families with a new baby will be able to access six months of leave shared between two parents and paid at the rate of the national minimum wage" (para. 2). "Single parents will be able to access the full 26 weeks, while the leave will be made more flexible with parents able to take it in blocks between periods of paid work" (para. 3). "The ACTU noted Australia currently had one of the lowest-paid parental...more
Nov. 6, 2023, 11:49 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Thirty-one provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country have refined their policies on additional leave as a reward for compliance with family planning requirements, to explicitly provide that women are entitled to such leave of one to nine months, in addition to the 98 days of statutory maternity leave, and that men are entitled to paid paternity leave of 7 to 31 days" (22).
Oct. 10, 2023, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Yet since assuming office in May, his administration has come up with few ideas for solving the problem other than continuing in a similar vein – setting up a committee to discuss the issue and promising yet more financial support for newborns. A monthly allowance for parents with babies up to 1-year-old will increase from the current 300,000 won to 700,000 won ($230 to $540) in 2023 and to 1 million Korean won ($770) by 2024, according to the Yoon administration" (para 9). "Government-funded nurseries are free but a handful of scandals in recent years involving caregivers striking infants has put many parents off. While the cases were minimal, they...more
Oct. 4, 2023, 6:58 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LO-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"[T]he approval of General Labour Act No. 7/15 on 15 June 2015, provides for maternity leave and the availability of microcredits for women" (11).
Sept. 30, 2023, 4 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the strategic development plan for the period up to 2025, but is concerned that the State party’s development efforts have not translated into substantive equality for women with increased social and economic benefits. In particular, it notes with concern the following: (a) The lack of access to social security benefits and childcare allowances for unemployed women and women employed in the informal sector; (b) The low social benefits and the lack of high-quality rented accommodation provided to large families living in poverty" (pp.14-15).
Sept. 18, 2023, 2 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan

"Writing the previous year, Wangdi pointed explicitly to gaps in economic and governmental participation, with far fewer women than men in the civil service workforce and women making up just 8.5 percent of the National Assembly and 24 percent of the National Council. On a personal level, female reproductive rights lag in certain aspects. While women in the public and private sectors receive three months’ maternity leave with 100 percent of their wages, abortion is illegal except in certain specific cases, leading many women to cross into India and seek abortions in unsafe conditions" (para.4).
Sept. 18, 2023, 2 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan

"Writing the previous year, Wangdi pointed explicitly to gaps in economic and governmental participation, with far fewer women than men in the civil service workforce and women making up just 8.5 percent of the National Assembly and 24 percent of the National Council. On a personal level, female reproductive rights lag in certain aspects. While women in the public and private sectors receive three months’ maternity leave with 100 percent of their wages, abortion is illegal except in certain specific cases, leading many women to cross into India and seek abortions in unsafe conditions" (para.4).
Aug. 24, 2023, 1:08 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"[G]ender stereotypes are [persistent and] a root cause of the assignment of a disproportionate burden of unpaid domestic work, child-raising and care of family members to women and the insufficient maternity leave afforded to women, thereby limiting their access to the labour market;" (9). "[T]he period of maternity leave [is] two [months]" (10). The CEDAW committee recommends this be increased to four months (MV- coder comment). "[P]aternity leave [is not established] to be taken within the first two weeks of the child's birth" (10)
Aug. 15, 2023, 6:17 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The prevalence of violations against women and girls working in the informal sector and in domestic work, particularly with regard to sexual harassment in the workplace and violations of the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value, the guarantee of the minimum salary, paid leave, maternity and paternity leave and the respect of maximum working hours (for domestic workers), the lack of implementation of relevant national legislation, and the concentration of women in the informal labour market and their exclusion from labour and social protection" (11-12).
Aug. 8, 2023, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"To ensure that these rights and freedoms are fulfilled and to strengthen their guarantees, the following laws have been adopted: Act No. 2015-15 of 16 July 2015 authorizing the President of the Republic to ratify the International Labour Organization (ILO) Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No. 183)..." (3)(NF - CODER COMMENT - The act states that all female workers, regardless of nationality, have the right to maternity leave). "Senegal also has a national action plan for the eradication of gender-based violence and the promotion of human rights. This multisectoral document, covering the period 2017–2021, is now being implemented and has led, among its initial results, to the formulation of regional action...more
July 25, 2023, 10:44 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"[A]dequate childcare facilities and providing parental leave for fathers [are not promoted]" (12).
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Law Number 8/2008 (Employment Act) prohibits direct and indirect discrimination, provides for equal pay for equal work, maximum hours of work, overtime, annual and sick leave, guidelines for workplace safety, maternity and additional parental leave. In 2018, the newly elected Administration of His Excellency President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, under the President’s 'One Hundred Day Pledge' committed to extending paid maternity leave from four months to six months; and paid paternity leave from three days to one month. This has been achieved as of 7th March 2019." (20).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"In 2014, the family law regime was updated with the enactment of the Family Code (Act No. 870).12 Articles 79 and 261 of the Code enshrine the right to take maternity and paternity leave upon the birth or adoption of a child. The spouse or partner in a stable de facto union is entitled to five days of paid leave following the birth, with no loss of social benefits. In the case of adoption, the mother is entitled to 12 weeks and the father to five days of leave, regardless of the age of the adopted child. Single male adopters are entitled to a paternity allowance equivalent to that of...more
June 14, 2023, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"[T]he Universal Maternal and Child Insurance scheme, which up until this year has been providing universal and free health benefits to women during pregnancy and up to six months after childbirth and to children under the age of 5" (24).
May 23, 2023, 11:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SMES-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"[C]hengdu, capital of the southwestern Sichuan province, which legalised registration of children by unmarried women in February, something China is considering implementing nationwide to address record low birth rates. The changes mean unmarried women can take paid maternity leave and receive child subsidies previously only available to married couples. Crucially, Chen could access in-vitro fertility (IVF) treatment legally in a private clinic" (Para.2-3).
May 2, 2023, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad/Tobago, Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

Table 7 titled “Policy and Practice,” lists the countries in the survey and information on accommodations made for women in the military. All military positions are open to women in Argentina, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, and Uruguay. All military positions are not open to women in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Paraguay. There are recruitment targets in Argentina for the military and it is unknown whether it is the same for the police. Brazil does not have recruitment targets since there are some caps in the military and local caps in the police. Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Paraguay, and Peru all have no recruitment target...more
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"A system has been set up in Uzbekistan to raise the standard of living and provide State support to socially vulnerable citizens and the population, including women. The following types of social assistance are provided:...(c) lump-sum maternity grants; (d) benefits paid to low-income mothers caring for children under 2 years old, and to low-income families with children under the age of 14..."(29). "Since 1 March 2019, mothers of children with disabilities since birth receive a social benefit that is paid until the children reach retirement age, in cases where they do not complete the necessary period of pensionable service." (29-30). "The Guarantees of Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and...more
March 31, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GIC-LAW-3, SAB-PRACTICE-1

"[There is] limited availability of affordable childcare facilities and breastfeeding arrangements, especially in the private sector" (10).
March 18, 2023, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The legal frameworks further provide for paid maternity leave and guarantee job security during pregnancy and immediately after delivery. In addition, the Civil Servants Proclamation provides for paid paternity leave for five working days at the time of delivery" (16). "[T]he Growth and Transformation Plan — GTP II — provides for the introduction of day care" (16).
March 15, 2023, 4:58 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“In June 2000, Bulgaria ratified selected Articles of Part II of the Social Charter of the Council of Europe, which included provisions for gender equality and some special protections for women, such as the right of women and men workers to equal pay for work of equal value, the right to maternity leave and the payment of adequate benefits” (50). “However, Bulgarian legislation is also lacking in several areas. Most important to the question of women in the labour force is that it does not comply with ratified ILO conventions, namely Convention 100, establishing the right to equal remuneration of women and men for work of equal value. This provision...more
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"A higher degree of protection of the rights of pregnant employees and employees using the right to maternity or parental leave is also provided in the context of protection against termination of employment and a more precise definition of restrictions related to terminating the employment contract (Article 123). In order to protect the rights of pregnant employees, i.e., employees who are breastfeeding, in connection with the medical advice and recommendations of the competent medical doctor, and to take into account the needs of the employer to maintain the work process, the Labour Law introduced the institute of temporary reassignment from jobs which may endanger the life and health of the...more
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The state party welcomes the recommendation and will consult with relevant stakeholders to develop modalities to better regulate the informal employment sector in order to ensure that issues of conditions of employment including maternity leave in terms of the Labour Act are adhered to." (17). "In terms of section 26 of the Labour Act, Act No.11 of 2007, a female employee who has completed six months’ continuous service in the employment of an employer is, with a view to her confinement (date of childbirth), entitled to not less than 12 weeks’ maternity leave, calculated as follows: a) Before her actual date of confinement - (i) she is entitled to commence...more
Feb. 3, 2023, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Tens of thousands of grandparents could be missing out on a little-known pension perk that would boost their income in retirement. The high cost of childcare means increasing numbers of parents rely on relatives to look after their children so they can return to work. But many carers do not realise they are entitled to valuable pension credits that could be worth thousands of pounds to compensate for their time" (para 1-3). "To claim the full new state pension, currently worth £185.15 a week, you need 35 years of National Insurance contributions....If you have children under the age of 12 and claim child benefit, you will automatically receive parents' credits....more
Feb. 2, 2023, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined seventh and eighth periodic reports... in particular the following:...(c) Adoption of amendments to the Maternity Protection Law and the Paternal Leave Law, which define a legal working time frame for part-time work of parents and extend the period for informing the employer about parental leave plans and which entered into force on 1 January 2016" (1-2). "Only a very low number of men avail themselves of parental leave in the State party and only for short periods...The Committee recommends that the State party:...(e) Strengthen measures aimed at facilitating the reconciliation of professional and private...more