The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, no provisions or instruments existed that would limit the legal capacity of women. Women and men had identical rights in respect of concluding all types of contracts, disposing of their fortune or executing a will or custody of an inheritance. As regards procedural rights, women – equally as men – possessed the judicial and procedural capacity (the right to sue and be a party to legal proceedings and the right to act in court proceedings). Women and men enjoyed equal access to free legal assistance" (81).
Feb. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Among the Igbo tribe of southern Nigeria, customary law says that only males may inherit and be involved in family decision-making. However, in August 2020, the Nigerian Supreme Court said this customary law was unconstitutional. It is very uncertain as to whether practice will change, despite the court's ruling.
Jan. 18, 2021, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In 2018, the presidentially appointed Commission on Individual Freedoms and Equality recommended, among other things, equality between men and women in inheritance. In November 2018, the presidency of the republic submitted a bill to parliament that would provide equality in inheritance. The bill did not advance in 2019" (para 21 - 22).
Jan. 8, 2021, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

“The Supreme Court has voided the Igbo law and custom, which forbid a female from inheriting her late father’s estate, on the grounds that it is discriminatory and conflicts with the provision of the constitution” (para. 1). “In its judgment last Friday, the Supreme Court held that the Court of Appeal, Lagos was right to have voided the Igbo’s native law and custom that disinherit female children” (para. 6). “’Consequently, the Igbo customary law, which disentitles a female child from partaking in the sharing of her deceased father’s estate is breach of Section 42(1) and (2) of the Constitution, a fundamental rights provision guaranteed to every Nigerian” (para. 8).more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"As for inheritance rights, women in Bahrain do not enjoy equal inheritance rights as wives and daughters. Shia women unlike Sunni women are eligible to inherit the full estates of their father in the absence of a direct male heir, and in the case of the husband's death, women do not inherit their property. Sharia law dictates that a woman's legal share is half that of her male siblings" (4).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Under inheritance provisions, female siblings receive half the amount their brothers get" (para 13).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

“Tunisia is viewed as being ahead of most Arab countries on women’s rights, but there is still discrimination in matters of inheritance. Daughters are entitled to only half the inheritance given to sons. Mainstream Muslim clerics almost universally see the inheritance rules as enshrined in the Quran, Islam’s holy book” (para 7-9).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws on...inheritance discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

“Hindu Succession Act, 1956: Section 14 of the Act provides for property of female Hindu to be her absolute property. Section 23 provides right of female legal heirs in the dwelling house. The earlier law entitled the daughter only to a minor share in inheritance as opposed to men. This amendment has brought wives, sisters and daughters of this country on an equal footing with men in economic terms” (para 6).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A group of aristocratic women are hoping the Duchess of Sussex's new baby is a girl, after parliament rejected at bill to change the law to allow firstborn daughters to inherit titles" (para 1). "Under current laws, they are denied the right to stand for election to the House of Lords, and the women argue that they are being discriminated against by the British Government" (para 4).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Law No. 27/2016 of 08 July 2016 governing matrimonial regimes, donations and successions, which explicitly prohibits discrimination between male and female children in successions" (2). "It notes with concern, however, that several discriminatory provisions, such as punishment for marital rape being lower than that for rape, remain in the law, that discriminatory customs continue to be applied, for example in the area of inheritance law, and that there is no comprehensive anti-discrimination law" (3).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law entitles female children to one-half the inheritance of male children" (42).
Feb. 22, 2020, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Children inherit without discrimination based on sex or origin of filiation (Art. 733)" (44)
Feb. 22, 2020, 10:40 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

“Art. 733. Les enfants et autres descendants succèdent à leur père et mère et autres ascendants, sans distinction d'origine de la filiation, ni de sexe. Ils succèdent par égales portions et par tête, quand ils sont tous au premier degré et appelés de leur chef” (72). Translation: The children and other descendants inherit, without distinction regarding their parentage or their sex, from their father or mother or other ascendants. They inherit equal shares, when they have the first degree of kinship and decide to fulfill their capacity as an heir… (LAR - CODER COMMENT)
Feb. 22, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CUST-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In accordance with the government’s interpretation of the Koran’s precepts, Muslim women and men are accorded different rights. Islamic family law considers women the 'most entitled person' to custody of children in the case of divorce, and requires that men receive twice the inheritance of women" (15)
Feb. 22, 2020, 9:20 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

“68. In Brunei Darussalam, in respect of religion, family, matrimonial and related matters, Muslims are governed by the Syariah law. Any issues relating to inheritance, custody, guardianship and maintenance of a Muslim child, including child who is born out of wedlock, fall under the governance of the Syariah law“ (22)
Feb. 22, 2020, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"A widow has no right to inheritance from her husband; all property passes to the eldest son. If the husband had no sons, his eldest daughter can inherit but in such case property is administered by her male guardian" (2)
Feb. 7, 2020, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women do not have equal inheritance rights in Egypt. The Inheritance Law (1943) is based on Sharia law, and has a complicated allocation system in regard to the division of property following death. Women may inherit only half the share of men when both have the same relationship to the deceased. The Inheritance Law applies to all Egyptians, regardless of faith" (2)
Feb. 7, 2020, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Inheritance legal mechanisms - Civil Code, 1960: - Art. 842: states that the children of the deceased are the first to be called to succeed. Each descendant receives equal shares of the succession. - Art. 837: declares that 'sex, age and nationality of the heir shall not affect in any way the ascertainment of rights to succession.' Proclamation to amend the Proclamation No. 56/2002, 70/2003, 103/2005 of Oromia Rural Land Use and Administration Proclamation (No. 130 /2007) - Strengthens inheritance rights in the form of use rights of land within the family, giving equal rights to inheritance for sons and daughters" (para 37-41)
Feb. 7, 2020, 11 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Although Article 35 of the Constitution grants women and men equal rights in matters of inheritance, traditional customs vary by region but usually pass land to sons, on the grounds that daughters eventually move to their husbands’ homes. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, sons and daughters have equal rights to inheritance in the Northern part of the country, where lineage is traced through both the mother and the father. However, in practice, women’s land rights are often ignored" (1-2)
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In matters of inheritance, she is not to be discriminated against. Both legitimate and illegitimate children are entitled to inherit. The Civil Code makes no other specific provision as regards inheritance" (52)
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Under the Civil Code, daughters have the same legal rights to inherit as sons" (2)
Jan. 31, 2020, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Under civil law, daughters have the same inheritance rights as sons" (2)
Jan. 31, 2020, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The legal status of relationships also impacts inheritance rules for children, since only ‘legitimate’ children are eligible to inherit under the law. Further, according to tradition, women are generally awarded smaller shares than men" (1)
Jan. 30, 2020, 10:26 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The Muslim population follows strict inheritance guidelines set out in Sharia: daughters, for example, inherit half as much as sons" (184)
Jan. 30, 2020, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Under Indonesian civil law, women and men have equal rights to inheritance" (2)
Jan. 30, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Article 901 - A share of one - eight belongs to the wife or wives, provided that the deceased husband has left children" (para 901)."Article 907 - If there are several children, but all are sons or all daughters, the estate will be divided equally among them. If there are several children and some are sons and some are daughters, each son takes twice as much as each daughter" (para 907)
Jan. 30, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Islamic law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (146)
Jan. 30, 2020, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"According to UNIFEM's 2004 report, it is common practice in Jordan for the head of the family to transfer his real assets legally to his sons during his lifetime to prevent women from receiving their inheritance share. If a father dies before making such a legal transfer, no laws can prevent a daughter from receiving her share as calculated under the Shari'a system. However, many women in rural areas may not be aware of such legal rights or know how to litigate such claims" (para 53)
Jan. 30, 2020, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Religious courts also handle all inheritance matters. Under Jordanian law, however, Shari’a law must be applied by all the courts with regard to inheritance. Thus, if the deceased is Greek Orthodox, the Greek Orthodox court will administer the inheritance but will apply Shari’a law which requires, among other things, the distribution of twice as many shares of property to each son as compared to each daughter" (para 15)