The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In the absence of a formal will stating otherwise, a daughter’s share of a deceased parent’s property is half the size of a son’s share" (p 17).
July 21, 2021, 10:44 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Sabah al-Qahtani, 36, was said to have been the victim of domestic abuse after she was violently forced by her siblings to sign a document dividing their inheritance" (Para 2).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Sharia governs family matters, including inheritance, divorce, and the right to own property. While civil law mandates equal rights in inheritance, women often received less due to interpretations of sharia law that favor men" (p 25).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law includes provisions to strengthen property rights for wives, According to an October report by CEDAW, despite the law, much of the country held to the traditions that married women are not entitled to their fathers’ property and that upon remarriage, a woman loses her claim to her deceased husband’s property" (p 35-36).
July 6, 2021, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The traditional mitakshara law which governed succession among Hindus only recognized sons as legal heirs of property. When inheritance rules were codified in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, the law divided the property into two types – first, the property vested in the joint Hindu family, and second, the self-acquired property of a person – and treated daughters’ rights in these property types differently. While the Hindu Succession Act provided that daughters possess the same rights as sons with regard to a person’s self-acquired property, the law excluded daughters from any right to property belonging to the joint Hindu family. The class of persons entitled to share in the property...more
June 25, 2021, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Years later, Ivana said, her mother visited both adult daughters 'to inform them that the family's house would be given to their younger brother' and to suggest that her daughters 'get married in order to acquire a house'" (Para 44). "'I would say that property ownership and inheritance as a gendered practice influences pregnancy and abortion for people in Montenegro,' Zenovich says. 'However, I would not claim that it is the only reason that one may terminate a pregnancy'" (Para 52). "'I think that the situation in Montenegro is changing,' Zenovich says. 'Some families do not have a traditional patriarchal preference for babies assigned male at birth, nor do they...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In a land where sons are more highly valued, since in the tribal culture usually only they can inherit the father’s wealth and pass down a name, families without boys are the objects of pity and contemp" (para 6).
Feb. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Among the Igbo tribe of southern Nigeria, customary law says that only males may inherit and be involved in family decision-making. However, in August 2020, the Nigerian Supreme Court said this customary law was unconstitutional. It is very uncertain as to whether practice will change, despite the court's ruling.
Jan. 7, 2021, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Some socio-cultural practices have led to the culture of male child preference: Preference for male children is a practice going on in Nigeria, Africa and other parts of the world. Some of the socio-cultural practices that have led to the male child preference are; tradition that forbids women from inheriting her father’s property, the tradition that forbids women from bearing their father’s names after marriage, the tradition that requires only males to perform certain cultural and religious rituals such as death rituals” (para. 25).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"As for inheritance rights, women in Bahrain do not enjoy equal inheritance rights as wives and daughters. Shia women unlike Sunni women are eligible to inherit the full estates of their father in the absence of a direct male heir, and in the case of the husband's death, women do not inherit their property. Sharia law dictates that a woman's legal share is half that of her male siblings" (4).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 30, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women, especially women from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, from inheriting or acquiring land and other property" (Article 32).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Inheritance: Under Muslim law, women receive smaller shares of inheritance and family property than their male counterparts" (para 11).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices such as early marriages in rural areas and about the persistence of traditional customs limiting women’s access to inheritance and land" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The law on division and distribution of assets and right to inheritance provides for equity between sons and daughters to inherit without discrimination, but customary law often leads to the infringement of this violation in favour of the eldest brother or to any brothers before a sister" (8-9).
Oct. 21, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is further concern about the lack of information on customary laws and practices in the area of inheritance and measures to ensure that customary law upholds women’s access to inheritance, including inheritance of land, as well as on measures taken to ensure recognition of unremunerated domestic work within the distribution of marital property" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:30 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There are also subtle discriminations in favour of women in traditional inheritance norms and also in the Amendment of certain sections (1995) of the Marriage Act of Bhutan (1980)... In general, women in Bhutan are privileged due to strong traditional norms of importance attached to women of the family" (2).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee expresses deep concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriages, polygamy, female genital mutilation, widowhood practices, levirate and sororate, purification rites for adulterous women and killings of so-called “witch children”, continue to be prevalent and go unpunished, the comprehensive legislative framework notwithstanding. The Committee is concerned that the customary practice of excluding women from inheriting agricultural land remains dominant in rural areas and that women continue to face practical difficulties in gaining access to both land and credit. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the persistence of customary laws and practices, including the prevalence of de facto polygamous marriages, although such laws are no longer valid...more
Oct. 21, 2020, 1:27 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Customary and religious laws are not considered valid sources of law, in regard to inheritance or any other matters" (3). No mention of customary law against women (CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 19, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

Special laws for Muslim women, regarding marriage, inheritance and 'maintenance', which puts them in a "humiliating condition" (7). (CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 19, 2020, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned that customary and traditional practices, prevalent in rural areas, prevent women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of land and other property" (Article 35).
Oct. 19, 2020, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"It is further concerned about the application of customary law that discriminates against women with regard to inheritance of land" (Article 25).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Under inheritance provisions, female siblings receive half the amount their brothers get" (para 13).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

“Tunisia is viewed as being ahead of most Arab countries on women’s rights, but there is still discrimination in matters of inheritance. Daughters are entitled to only half the inheritance given to sons. Mainstream Muslim clerics almost universally see the inheritance rules as enshrined in the Quran, Islam’s holy book” (para 7-9).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws on...inheritance discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Sons – especially in the context of some of the more traditionally male dominated communities in India – are perceived as assets and as breadwinners who will take care of the family, have the right over the family’s property, and the right to perform the last rites of the parents and continuing the family’s name after the parents’ time – both of which find a lot of importance and significance in specific cultural realms. As for daughters, they are most often considered liabilities, for whom families have to pay substantial wedding dowries, while protecting their chastity becomes a major concern in the face of rampant sexual violence and rape, besides...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Family Code discriminates against women with regard to inheritance" (para 20).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control have no claim on paternal inheritance rights or other assets" (pg 2).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"They believe Baby Sussex being born a girl will be the boost they need to reform the archaic discrimination laws against firstborn noblewomen, after Cabinet rejected the bill" (para 3). "Prince Edward's daughter, Lady Louise Windsor, 15, (pictured with her mother Sophie, Countess of Wessex, last year) will not inherit her father's title, The Earl of Forfar upon on his death despite being his firstborn. Instead it will go to her brother, James, Viscount Severn, 11" (para 6). "In the hope to change the law, five daughters of peers are taking the Government to the European Court of Human Rights on the grounds they are discriminated against on the basis...more