The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 17, 2022, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Practices related to inheritance represent an issue that reflects on gender equality, which is why there are few women who acquire property through inheritance. Although legally, there are no differences with regard to the sex of the heir, women often renounce inheritance in favour of their male relatives, in which way they are left without property and may end up in a situation of economic dependence on their partners, descendants and other male relatives, and not being able to participate in decision-making on household management" (13). "I renounced inheritance in favour of my brother because I thought this is how it should be done, I never thought I could make...more
Nov. 15, 2022, 11:08 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IAW-LAW-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Women experienced some difficulties pursuing property claims due to lack of knowledge, procedural bias against women in inheritance matters, multiple spousal claims due to polygyny, and the threat of gender-based violence" (34).
Nov. 15, 2022, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There do not seem to be any marked customary, religious, or traditional practices that discriminate against daughters’ or surviving spouses’ legal rights to inherit" (3).
Oct. 28, 2022, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In places such as Nyangezi, statutory law is ignored and, in practice, women and girls do not inherit land due to son preference. A respondent shared, 'My father had a lot of property when he died. My brother, who inherited it all, sold everything. I received nothing. I wonder if all the girls had experienced my same situation'" (para 10).
Oct. 28, 2022, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"I was a victim of the violation of my rights to the inheritance left to me by my father. After taking part in an activity organized by HJ, I went to see the head of my village, with knowledge that the Congolese law stipulates the equality of children, girls and boys in matters of inheritance. The leader called my brothers and showed them the risk of being brought to justice. My brothers decided to also give me a piece of land that I now cultivate. I am proud of myself, and I encourage other women to not be silent about violations of their rights. I have also participated in workshops...more
Oct. 28, 2022, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There are no customary, religious, or traditional practices or laws that discriminate against daughters and female surviving spouses’ legal rights to inherit" (4).
Oct. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The largest number of indigenous women managing farms can be found among the Bribri and Cabécar peoples. Map 1 shows that the indigenous territories with the largest number of indigenous women involved in agriculture are Chirripó, with 326 women, and Cabécar and Talamanca Bribri with 275 women. Other territories of the Cabécar group are also worthy of mention, such as Tayní, with 92 women, and Talamanca Cabécar, with 50 indigenous women producers. The Cabagra territory of the Bribri group also stands out, with 44 women. These groups operate under a matrilineal system, in which the successors of land are women. Women also pass on their ancestral lines to their sons...more
Sept. 30, 2022, 10:22 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for equal status for women and men, including under family, labor, property, and nationality. Women faced legal, economic, and societal discrimination, including regarding inheritance and marital property laws. Traditional practices continued to control distribution of assets in favor of men and boys. A woman does not inherit her father’s land and was expected to work on and benefit from the land of her husband" (39).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There is no information that indicate the existence of discriminatory practices towards women’s inheritance rights, as widows or as daughters" (4).
Sept. 29, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Similarly, in rural communities, sons tend to be favoured over daughters for land inheritance. In Quechuas districts, the system of ‘parallel inheritance’ prevails, within which sons inherit the property from the father, while daughter inherits the property from the mother. This system tends to favour the oldest child, regardless of gender (FAO, Gender and Land Rights Database)" (4).
Sept. 26, 2022, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. The government effectively enforced the law" (11).
Sept. 23, 2022, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In the Bhutanese family...most of the decisions are made by the women actually, because women are like the family bankers. Finance is kept with the women also. As far as property inheritance is concerned, Bhutan is more or less like a matriarchal society and the daughter inherits the property. And in our society, once we get married it is not that uncommon that the bride and bridegroom move to the brides house." This excerpt occurs at 0:25 (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 22, 2022, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Under national law, men and women share equal rights. Equal rights for inheritance to male and female children are stipulated through the 1980 Inheritance Act. However, customary practices may determine ground-level reality. This can benefit women, depending on whether they are part of matrilineal (western and central regions) or patrilineal (south and east) systems found in Bhutan. Nevertheless, in general women enjoy more freedom and equality than many other developing countries. This extends to land ownership, which is often registered in the names of women. In economic terms there are a couple of qualifications here. Firstly, the land market is small, and women are less likely than men to use...more
Sept. 22, 2022, 8 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution provides for equality before the law, and no person shall be discriminated against based on race, sex, language, religion, or politics. In some areas, however, traditional inheritance practices stipulate inheritance is matrilineal and that daughters inherit family land" (15).
Sept. 19, 2022, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides daughters with the same rights as sons to inherit land and non-land assets" (3).
Sept. 16, 2022, 7:16 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

" In Nicaragua, there is no evidence of discriminatory practices or law that discriminate against daughters and female surviving spouses’ legal rights to inherit property" (4).
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"...Muslim women are perpetually being deprived of an equal share of their inheritance, with daughters receiving only half the share of their male counterparts" (para 6). "Women’s property inheritance rights under Hindu law as practiced in Bangladesh are even more limited. Hindu daughters ordinarily do not inherit a share of their father’s property if there is a son. If there is no son, a daughter’s right to inherit depends upon her having a son or being capable of giving birth to a son" (para 31).
Sept. 16, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"According to research done by the International Organization of Migration, inheritance is highly influenced by patriarchy, with the ancestral property passing down the male line. As a result, there is still a significant gap between what the law provides for and what is actually practiced. Most communities across the country face substantial male opposition to women’s land ownership. There are several who are not willing to come to terms to women’s property ownership" (para 7). "The concept of sons being the only eligible figure to have hold of the family property is so deeply rooted in the minds of people that the law seems to have less impact within the...more
Sept. 16, 2022, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Both the Christian family law as well as the Muslim family law provide for inheritance by women and girls, but the Hindu family law does not. However, there are attempts being made to advocate with the Hindu community to accept this provision. The Islamic Foundation is promoting awareness of legal rights in Islam to inheritance. While this would not ensure equal right to inheritance it would ensure greater equity and justice. Also, with the passage of time this is being interpreted liberally at the family level as being 'at least half of the share' and in some families the parents are choosing to give their daughters equal shares or more....more
Sept. 16, 2022, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Most Mauritians say both genders have equal opportunities to get an education (98%), to inherit and own land (93%)" (2). "Mauritians overwhelmingly say that equal opportunity for both genders is already a reality when it comes to education, jobs, and land (Figure 10). Fully 98% say that girls and boys have an equal chance at getting an education,... and to own and inherit land (93%). Most Mauritians also support gender equality when it comes to owning and inheriting land, saying women should have the same right as men (92%)" (7)..
Sept. 16, 2022, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"These inheritance rights apply to all groups of women within Malta (Constitution of Malta, s. 45) and there is no evidence to suggest that women face discrimination in realising their rights to inherit" (4).
Sept. 15, 2022, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"[I]n Bangladesh, Muslim women generally inherit less than men, whereas as per Hindu law, not all daughters of a man are equally eligible to inherit, and the 1925 Succession Act allows Christians to benefit from equal inheritance rights for men and women" (para 3).
Sept. 13, 2022, 10:47 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The first factor, son preference, is deeply rooted in local traditions, with sons generally being seen as more valuable than daughters. In a patriarchal country whose citizens are insufficiently protected by social security, sons are a guarantee for ageing parents and earn more to contribute to the family’s income. They also handle religious rituals, carry on the family name and inherit land, which is handed down through the male line. Daughters, on the other hand, are perceived as less valuable. They leave home once they marry and integrate into their husband’s family. As a result, a daughter is often considered a burden, since parents may pay a dowry but get...more
Sept. 9, 2022, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In conclusion the discrimination women have historically faced in the religious family laws are gradually being addressed and a few areas remain such as equal inheritance rights for Muslim women, inheritance rights for the Hindu community making of the Hindu Marriage registration compulsory" (9).
Sept. 8, 2022, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality of persons without regard to gender, creed, belief, origin, race, or religion, and authorities generally enforced the law effectively. Nevertheless, inheritance and property rights practices favor women. Local cultures are traditionally matrilineal, and all inheritable property is in the legal possession of women" (12).
Sept. 3, 2022, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"By law, women have equal rights as men to inheritance as well as ownership and disposal of land and property. However, qualitative research suggests that local customs often lead to the sons inheriting property and money that women tend to have more limited access to" (37).
Sept. 2, 2022, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"...A progressive family law proactively provides for the rights of women in common law marriages and the inheritance rights of daughters. However, despite the mandates of the formal law, customary laws and traditional practices prevail…" (3). "...Under traditional succession practices, Angolan women generally do not have land access equal to men‘s, as family land passes to sons and male relatives of the deceased husband. Women generally move to her husband’s house upon marriage and often live on and cultivate land owned by the husband‘s family or granted by the family or soba (traditional authority) to the husband. If the women are subsequently widowed, abandoned, or divorced, the former husband or...more
Sept. 1, 2022, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"'Only 5 per cent of women in rural areas are owners of land and property, which shows how much they are fighting for their rights. According to the laws, they have the right to claim part of the land from their parents, but usually they do not, because of their belief that sons, not daughters, should inherit the property, and the trend continues to this day,” says Mojsovska" (para 6).
Sept. 1, 2022, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Albanian girls in Macedonia are still being excluded from family property inheritance, and this is a long-standing challenge that requires more appropriate legal, institutional and educational solutions" (1). "Female heirs are pressured to renounce their rights through family expectations and tradition, while legislation covering the inheritance issue lacks protective measures for persons who are forced to resign from their inheritance right" (7). "In rural areas, the inclusion of female heirs in inheritance is lower than in urban areas, though urban female heirs are considered to be inherited in small percentages compared to male heirs in the family...There is a connection between the education level of girls and the realization of...more
Sept. 1, 2022, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There are no customary, religious, or traditional practices that discriminate against daughters or female surviving spouse’ rights to inherit" (4).