The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In a land where sons are more highly valued, since in the tribal culture usually only they can inherit the father’s wealth and pass down a name, families without boys are the objects of pity and contemp" (para 6).
Feb. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Among the Igbo tribe of southern Nigeria, customary law says that only males may inherit and be involved in family decision-making. However, in August 2020, the Nigerian Supreme Court said this customary law was unconstitutional. It is very uncertain as to whether practice will change, despite the court's ruling.
Jan. 7, 2021, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Some socio-cultural practices have led to the culture of male child preference: Preference for male children is a practice going on in Nigeria, Africa and other parts of the world. Some of the socio-cultural practices that have led to the male child preference are; tradition that forbids women from inheriting her father’s property, the tradition that forbids women from bearing their father’s names after marriage, the tradition that requires only males to perform certain cultural and religious rituals such as death rituals” (para. 25).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"As for inheritance rights, women in Bahrain do not enjoy equal inheritance rights as wives and daughters. Shia women unlike Sunni women are eligible to inherit the full estates of their father in the absence of a direct male heir, and in the case of the husband's death, women do not inherit their property. Sharia law dictates that a woman's legal share is half that of her male siblings" (4).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 30, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women, especially women from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, from inheriting or acquiring land and other property" (Article 32).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Inheritance: Under Muslim law, women receive smaller shares of inheritance and family property than their male counterparts" (para 11).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices such as early marriages in rural areas and about the persistence of traditional customs limiting women’s access to inheritance and land" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The law on division and distribution of assets and right to inheritance provides for equity between sons and daughters to inherit without discrimination, but customary law often leads to the infringement of this violation in favour of the eldest brother or to any brothers before a sister" (8-9).
Oct. 21, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is further concern about the lack of information on customary laws and practices in the area of inheritance and measures to ensure that customary law upholds women’s access to inheritance, including inheritance of land, as well as on measures taken to ensure recognition of unremunerated domestic work within the distribution of marital property" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:30 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There are also subtle discriminations in favour of women in traditional inheritance norms and also in the Amendment of certain sections (1995) of the Marriage Act of Bhutan (1980)... In general, women in Bhutan are privileged due to strong traditional norms of importance attached to women of the family" (2).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee expresses deep concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriages, polygamy, female genital mutilation, widowhood practices, levirate and sororate, purification rites for adulterous women and killings of so-called “witch children”, continue to be prevalent and go unpunished, the comprehensive legislative framework notwithstanding. The Committee is concerned that the customary practice of excluding women from inheriting agricultural land remains dominant in rural areas and that women continue to face practical difficulties in gaining access to both land and credit. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the persistence of customary laws and practices, including the prevalence of de facto polygamous marriages, although such laws are no longer valid...more
Oct. 21, 2020, 1:27 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Customary and religious laws are not considered valid sources of law, in regard to inheritance or any other matters" (3). No mention of customary law against women (CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 19, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

Special laws for Muslim women, regarding marriage, inheritance and 'maintenance', which puts them in a "humiliating condition" (7). (CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 19, 2020, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned that customary and traditional practices, prevalent in rural areas, prevent women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of land and other property" (Article 35).
Oct. 19, 2020, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"It is further concerned about the application of customary law that discriminates against women with regard to inheritance of land" (Article 25).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Under inheritance provisions, female siblings receive half the amount their brothers get" (para 13).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

“Tunisia is viewed as being ahead of most Arab countries on women’s rights, but there is still discrimination in matters of inheritance. Daughters are entitled to only half the inheritance given to sons. Mainstream Muslim clerics almost universally see the inheritance rules as enshrined in the Quran, Islam’s holy book” (para 7-9).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws on...inheritance discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Sons – especially in the context of some of the more traditionally male dominated communities in India – are perceived as assets and as breadwinners who will take care of the family, have the right over the family’s property, and the right to perform the last rites of the parents and continuing the family’s name after the parents’ time – both of which find a lot of importance and significance in specific cultural realms. As for daughters, they are most often considered liabilities, for whom families have to pay substantial wedding dowries, while protecting their chastity becomes a major concern in the face of rampant sexual violence and rape, besides...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Family Code discriminates against women with regard to inheritance" (para 20).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control have no claim on paternal inheritance rights or other assets" (pg 2).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"They believe Baby Sussex being born a girl will be the boost they need to reform the archaic discrimination laws against firstborn noblewomen, after Cabinet rejected the bill" (para 3). "Prince Edward's daughter, Lady Louise Windsor, 15, (pictured with her mother Sophie, Countess of Wessex, last year) will not inherit her father's title, The Earl of Forfar upon on his death despite being his firstborn. Instead it will go to her brother, James, Viscount Severn, 11" (para 6). "In the hope to change the law, five daughters of peers are taking the Government to the European Court of Human Rights on the grounds they are discriminated against on the basis...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law entitles female children to one-half the inheritance of male children" (42).
March 2, 2020, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, POLY-LAW-1

"A Loboguiguia, au sein d’une famille polygame, les enfants de sexe masculin accèdent à la terre par la mère. En effet c’est la parcelle sur laquelle travaille ou a travaillé la mère qui fera l’objet de partage entre les fils de cette mère. Les enfants de sexe féminin, de manière générale sont exclues du partage d’héritage mais peuvent bénéficier de prêt de parcelles pour éventuellement cultiver du vivrier. Si la femme n’a pas eu d’enfant avec son mari, en cas de décès de ce dernier, elle perd totalement tous les droits sur la parcelle qu’elle exploite si elle retourne dans sa famille ou si elle se remarie hors de la...more
March 2, 2020, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Regarding succession, customary law grants privileges to girls in general and to the eldest girl in particular in Grande Comoro, where farmland and built-up areas are owned by women as private property. However, this matrilineal rule does not really bar male successors from gaining access to land because in Anjouan and Moheli, boys, just like girls, are entitled to a share of inheritance, and throughout the archipelago, they may even obtain 2/3 of family inheritance, in keeping with Islamic law. Problems pertaining to land are largely due to the absence of a land registry, poor land registration and the matrilineal system which affirms the indivisibility and inalienability of land, thus...more
Feb. 24, 2020, 11:03 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, the application of customary law by the courts in civil cases gives rise to a real problem of the protection of the rights of women and children, in particular the right of inheritance, and encourages discrimination between the children of a marriage. Articles 70 et seq. of Ordinance No. 6­67 on reform of the judicial system, partially abrogated by Act No. 04/PR/99, provide inter alia that 'when the parties are of different legal status, the succession shall be governed by the custom of the deceased'. The fact is that according to most such customs a woman does not inherit from her deceased husband or inherits only one quarter...more
Feb. 24, 2020, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, POLY-LAW-2

"En ce qui concerne l’accès à la terre et la gestion des ressources, la femme n’hérite pas autant que ses frères utérins. Elle n’a qu’un droit d’usage sur les ressources. Seuls les hommes ont le droit de posséder la terre, et dans le cas des ménages polygamiques, les femmes épousant le même homme sont appelées à cultiver les terres appartenant à leur époux" (para 4). Translation: With regard to access to land and management of resources, women do not inherit as much as their uterine brothers. It has only a right of use over resources. Only men have the right to own the land, and in the case of polygamous...more
Feb. 22, 2020, 11:48 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"En matière successorale, l'héritier coutumier est choisi nécessairement parmi les descendants ou parents mâles du défunt et généralement parmi les descendants premiers-nés" (559). Translation: In customary law, the principal heir is chosen from the male descendants of the deceased, or the male parent, and generally he is among the first male born descendants (LAR – CODER COMMENT)