The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, no provisions or instruments existed that would limit the legal capacity of women. Women and men had identical rights in respect of concluding all types of contracts, disposing of their fortune or executing a will or custody of an inheritance. As regards procedural rights, women – equally as men – possessed the judicial and procedural capacity (the right to sue and be a party to legal proceedings and the right to act in court proceedings). Women and men enjoyed equal access to free legal assistance" (81).
Jan. 18, 2021, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In 2018, the presidentially appointed Commission on Individual Freedoms and Equality recommended, among other things, equality between men and women in inheritance. In November 2018, the presidency of the republic submitted a bill to parliament that would provide equality in inheritance. The bill did not advance in 2019" (para 21 - 22).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Civil society activists are hopeful that this can pave the way for further dialogue to address the other rights of half-widows, including their rights to inherit property under Islamic law" (para 2). "While widows are entitled to some compensation under civil law, half-widows are uncertain about their future and are entitled to compensation only on production of death certificates. Under Islamic jurisprudence, a widow with children gets one eighth of her husband’s property. A widow without children gets one fourth. A half-widow gets nothing" (para 9)
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"As for inheritance rights, women in Bahrain do not enjoy equal inheritance rights as wives and daughters. Shia women unlike Sunni women are eligible to inherit the full estates of their father in the absence of a direct male heir, and in the case of the husband's death, women do not inherit their property. Sharia law dictates that a woman's legal share is half that of her male siblings" (4).
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The legislature in July passed new laws on marriage and inheritance that establish co-ownership of martial property. The laws also give a widow the right to one- quarter of the husband’s estate, with the remaining three-quarters going to the children. Under the old law, widows often received nothing" (para 27).
Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Personal status laws discriminate against women with respect to marriage, divorce, and inheritance" (para 31).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws on...inheritance discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

“Hindu Succession Act, 1956: Section 14 of the Act provides for property of female Hindu to be her absolute property. Section 23 provides right of female legal heirs in the dwelling house. The earlier law entitled the daughter only to a minor share in inheritance as opposed to men. This amendment has brought wives, sisters and daughters of this country on an equal footing with men in economic terms” (para 6).
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"There is no legal concept of matrimonial assets for both Sunnis and Shias, and inheritance rights between women and men are unequal for both Sunnis and Shia, although there are exceptions to the general rule. The Civil Code and the SPSL details the inheritance shares of beneficiaries. In many instances, women are entitled to half the share of the estate as compared to man. According to the Afghan government, it is relatively difficult for a woman to exercise her inheritance rights because: a) Men often deprive women of their inheritance rights; b) Women in turn do not ask for their inheritance because such requests are deemed ‘dishonourable’ and not socially...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Wives inherit one-eighth of their husbands’ estates. Women often received far less than their legal entitlement" (42).
March 2, 2020, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The system of inheritance rights is somewhat unusual. In the case of a spouse’s death, the surviving spouse ranks fifth among those eligible to inherit, and is excluded from inheritance if the couple had children" (214)
March 2, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Many Congolese women have difficulties accessing inheritance, largely because their inheritance rights depend on the property arrangements associated with the type of marriage. If the couple married under 'community of property', the husband’s estate is divided between the wife and his family and children. If the marriage is based on a 'separation of property' contract, the widow has no right to ownership, but does retain the right of usufruct. In reality, wives often lose all rights of inheritance upon the death of a spouse, especially in traditional or common-law marriages" (210-211)
Feb. 22, 2020, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The surviving spouse is among the intestate heirs, entitled to a share varying according to whether or not there are descendants (Arts. 742-744)" (44)
Feb. 22, 2020, 10:40 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Art. 472. Lorsque le défunt laisse des enfants ou descendants d'eux, le conjoint survivant à droit au quart de la succession” (72). Translation: When the deceased leaves children or grandchildren, the surviving spouse has the right on a quarter of the heritage (LAR – CODER COMMENT)
Feb. 22, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CUST-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In accordance with the government’s interpretation of the Koran’s precepts, Muslim women and men are accorded different rights. Islamic family law considers women the 'most entitled person' to custody of children in the case of divorce, and requires that men receive twice the inheritance of women" (15)
Feb. 22, 2020, 9:20 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

“68. In Brunei Darussalam, in respect of religion, family, matrimonial and related matters, Muslims are governed by the Syariah law. Any issues relating to inheritance, custody, guardianship and maintenance of a Muslim child, including child who is born out of wedlock, fall under the governance of the Syariah law“ (22)
Feb. 22, 2020, 9 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Muslim women have the same rights as their husbands to dispose of property especially their own property without requiring consent from their husbands. With regards to inheritance, women are not denied of their rights to inheritance even though their share will not be equal to that of men, but it is not absolute. It is opened to the heirs to mutually agree on equal shares. Syariah law also encourages making a will or gift for women. Whatever property a wife possesses or owns absolutely and unconditionally will not be affected by the bankruptcy of the husband according to Syariah law and she cannot be deprived of her property" (39)more
Feb. 22, 2020, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"[The Administration of Estates Act 1979] governs the administration of estates under civil law. If a deceased person was married under the ‘in community of property’ regime, in her/his will, she/he may only dispose of her/his half of the joint estate — thus the surviving spouse is legally (though not always in reality) protected. However, if married ‘out of community of property’, major problems may arise, for under this marriage property regime, a spouse is free to completely omit her/his spouse from the will" (43)
Feb. 22, 2020, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"A widow has no right to inheritance from her husband; all property passes to the eldest son. If the husband had no sons, his eldest daughter can inherit but in such case property is administered by her male guardian" (2)
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"By law women may own property, but they often ceded control of it to male relatives due to cultural reasons and family pressure" (29).
Feb. 7, 2020, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women do not have equal inheritance rights in Egypt. The Inheritance Law (1943) is based on Sharia law, and has a complicated allocation system in regard to the division of property following death. Women may inherit only half the share of men when both have the same relationship to the deceased. The Inheritance Law applies to all Egyptians, regardless of faith" (2)
Feb. 7, 2020, 11 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Although Article 35 of the Constitution grants women and men equal rights in matters of inheritance, traditional customs vary by region but usually pass land to sons, on the grounds that daughters eventually move to their husbands’ homes. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, sons and daughters have equal rights to inheritance in the Northern part of the country, where lineage is traced through both the mother and the father. However, in practice, women’s land rights are often ignored" (1-2)
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In matters of inheritance, she is not to be discriminated against. Both legitimate and illegitimate children are entitled to inherit. The Civil Code makes no other specific provision as regards inheritance" (52)
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:12 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Although the Civil Code provides for equal inheritance rights for male and female surviving spouses, Gabon’s inheritance laws are discriminatory towards widows in practice. This is because, for the 50% of the country’s population in unofficial customary marriages, legal inheritance rights do not apply. In most cases, widows cannot inherit property from their husbands without written authorisation of the family of the deceased. Moreover, they are deprived of their right to live and work on the land or property if they remarry into a family other than that of their deceased spouse. Therefore, widows are obliged to marry within their deceased husband’s family if they wish to receive any benefits...more
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"By law, widows cannot inherit property from their husbands without written authorisation of the family of the deceased. Currently, they are deprived of their right of usufruct if they remarry into a family other than that of their deceased spouse" (222)
Jan. 31, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"There is no specific inheritance code, although under the country’s Civil Code, widows are entitled to receive one-eighth of the total inheritance; the bulk of the estate is distributed to the couple’s children and first-degree descendants" (2)
Jan. 31, 2020, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Married Haitian women do not face any legal discrimination in the matter of inheritance, but women whose unions are not officially recognised are deprived of inheritance rights, even to property acquired jointly − a significant issue given the high number of women living in such relationships (85% of all relationships in Haiti are ‘de facto’ or plasaj)" (1)
Jan. 30, 2020, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Under Indonesian civil law, women and men have equal rights to inheritance" (2)
Jan. 30, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Article 901 - A share of one - eight belongs to the wife or wives, provided that the deceased husband has left children" (para 901)."Article 907 - If there are several children, but all are sons or all daughters, the estate will be divided equally among them. If there are several children and some are sons and some are daughters, each son takes twice as much as each daughter" (para 907)
Jan. 30, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Islamic law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (146)