The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-LAW-2

July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law includes provisions to strengthen property rights for wives, According to an October report by CEDAW, despite the law, much of the country held to the traditions that married women are not entitled to their fathers’ property and that upon remarriage, a woman loses her claim to her deceased husband’s property" (p 35-36).
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:12 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Although the Civil Code provides for equal inheritance rights for male and female surviving spouses, Gabon’s inheritance laws are discriminatory towards widows in practice. This is because, for the 50% of the country’s population in unofficial customary marriages, legal inheritance rights do not apply. In most cases, widows cannot inherit property from their husbands without written authorisation of the family of the deceased. Moreover, they are deprived of their right to live and work on the land or property if they remarry into a family other than that of their deceased spouse. Therefore, widows are obliged to marry within their deceased husband’s family if they wish to receive any benefits...more
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"By law, widows cannot inherit property from their husbands without written authorisation of the family of the deceased. Currently, they are deprived of their right of usufruct if they remarry into a family other than that of their deceased spouse" (222)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2, IAD-LAW-1

"The Law of Succession Act (Cap. 160, Laws of Kenya) has tried to redress these imbalances and the statute provides that both girls and boys share equal rights in succession. However this law is subject to several qualifications: …Persons professing the Muslim faith are exempted from the Succession Act. They can however apply the Islamic law which does not apportion equal shares in the estate to daughters and wives. This is based on the principals in Islamic law that require a man to take care of his sister and on this basis awarding men twice the portions of property inherited from the father and widows an eighth. Widows do not...more
Jan. 28, 2020, 10:59 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-2

"According to the law on inheritance, sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights to property, as do female and male surviving spouses. In addition, the Lesotho Land Act of 1997 allows widows to stay in the matrimonial home provided they do not remarry, thereby giving the widow usufruct rights and not ownership rights. Under customary law, however, it is reported that daughters do not have the same inheritance rights as their brothers. First-born sons are typically considered to be the heirs to land and other property. In cases where there is no male heir, the (senior) wife is expected to consult the family of her deceased husband" (2)more
May 16, 2019, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The ceremonies are carried out mainly in rural areas. The marriages have no legal standing in the country. Under Kyrgyzstan family code, women and men have equal property rights in marriage, with couples signing a contract stating the division of property between them. But in unregistered marriages, there is no such contract and women lose out on these benefits" (para 2).
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"The law protects a widow’s right to remain on the land of her deceased husband, even if she remarries" (11).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:09 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"The slow loosening on restrictions for women mirrors Iran's neighbour and arch-enemy Saudi Arabia, which has begun rolling back its own religious laws under the leadership of Mohammed bin-Salman.Women will be allowed to drive for the first time in the Arab kingdom from this month, while they have already been allowed into cinemas and sports stadiums" (para. 32 - 33).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"[There are] Discriminatory inheritance laws, including rules governing intestate succession that directly discriminate against women and girls, and the fact that the Law of Succession Act of 1981 renders a widow’s inheritance rights void if she remarries, with no parallel provision for widowers" (14)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Furthermore, a woman’s inheritance rights are made void should she remarry following the death of her husband" (37).
April 21, 2017, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"If a widow remarries, she yields rights to all property inherited from the marriage” (482).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"A widow who inherits some of her husband’s property may lose it if, at some point after his death, she marries another man” (866).
Dec. 7, 2016, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"If the widow chooses to remarry, she informs and sometimes seeks the approval of her late husband’s family. At that time she must move into her new husband’s household and cannot remain or keep the previously held land or other assets, which would then be administered by the family of the deceased husband or until the children come of age"(12)
Nov. 17, 2016, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Women have the same legal rights as men, including rights under family, property, labor, nationality, and inheritance laws" (11).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Forty-two percent of widows were dispossessed of their property, the same figure reported in the 2008 NDHS. There is no urban-rural difference in the proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property” (339). “Women in the South West (62 percent) are most likely to be dispossessed of their property, followed by women in the North Central (59 percent) and South South (51 percent) zones. Women living in the North West (14 percent) are least likely to be dispossessed of their property. Lagos has the highest proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property (71 percent)” (341). “It is notable that widowed women with no...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:55 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Forty-two percent of widows were dispossessed of their property, the same figure reported in the 2008 NDHS. There is no urban-rural difference in the proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property” (339). “Women in the South West (62 percent) are most likely to be dispossessed of their property, followed by women in the North Central (59 percent) and South South (51 percent) zones. Women living in the North West (14 percent) are least likely to be dispossessed of their property. Lagos has the highest proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property (71 percent)” (341). “It is notable that widowed women with no...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:47 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Forty-two percent of widows were dispossessed of their property, the same figure reported in the 2008 NDHS. There is no urban-rural difference in the proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property” (339). “Women in the South West (62 percent) are most likely to be dispossessed of their property, followed by women in the North Central (59 percent) and South South (51 percent) zones. Women living in the North West (14 percent) are least likely to be dispossessed of their property. Lagos has the highest proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property (71 percent)” (341). “It is notable that widowed women with no...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"One Law for All, Southall Black Sisters, the Centre for Secular Space, Nari Diganta and the Iranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation have welcomed the Law Society’s withdrawal of their sharia wills practice note. The practice note advised solicitors on how to draw up ‘Sharia-compliant’ wills, stating that '… illegitimate and adopted children are not Sharia heirs … The male heirs in most cases receive double the amount inherited by a female heir … Non-Muslims may not inherit at all … a divorced spouse is no longer a Sharia heir…'" (1,2, 3)
July 27, 2016, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"The Interim Constitution expressly states that women have the right to own property and to share in the estates of their deceased husbands. Customary law differs on this point, however, focusing instead on ensuring that property remains within families. Although property is owned by a family, it is held by the man, as the head of the household—an arrangement that is often confused with that of ‘ownership’. According to the customary laws of many tribes, women cannot own property in their own capacity, nor may they keep their own income. On leaving a family through divorce, a woman forfeits all of her belongings, which continue to be owned by the...more
July 27, 2016, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Third book On Succession, Second Title On Succession Determined by a Will, Chapter III On the Capacity to Inherit Art.1313 All the inhabitants of the federal district, of all ages, can inherit and can't be completely denied of their inheritance; but only in relation to certain people and certain goods, the inheritance can be lost for one of the following reasons: I. Lack of personality II. Crime III. Presumption of negative influence on the freedom of the author of the will, or the truth or integrity of the will. IV. Lack of international reciprocity. V Public use. VI Renounce or dismissal of any charge conferred in the will Art.1316. Following...more
July 27, 2016, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

Chapter IV On forced designations Section II On the conjugal portion Art.874 The conjugal portion is a part of the estate from the deceased spouse that the law assigns to the surviving spouse who lacks the means to support themselves. Art. 875 Even separated spouses have a right to the conjugal portion (art. 148) unless they have been declared to be at fault for the separation. 881-1. If once the debts of succession are settled, an inhabitable urban or rural real estate property were to remain and if this property was the conjugal home, being property of the deceased, common property of the marriage and with other heirs, the surviving...more
July 26, 2016, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Art 146 If a woman who did not become pregnant were to remarry before 300 days after the annulment or dissolution of her marriage have passed, she will lose legacies or any other liberty or benefit that her husband had made for her on his will" (13). Please note that this was translated from Spanish to English by CCR. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT). "Art.146.- La mujer que no habiendo quedado embarazada volviere a casarse antes de transcurrido los trescientos días de disuelto o anulado su matrimonio, perderá los legados o cualquier otra liberalidad o beneficio que el marido le hubiera hecho en su testamento" (13).
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda in its articles 10, 11, 16, 25, 28, 37 and 40. In all those articles…. All citizens enjoy equal legal protection, and right for private ownership of property and others are equally guaranteed for men as well as women…” (26)
June 19, 2016, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

Wives have equal inheritance rights to husbands (96).
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Unable to offer such information with certainty/accuracy. Please note that all citizens residing in Cyprus whether they are minorities or not, are obliged to obey and follow the rules and laws of Cyprus Republic" (2)
March 4, 2016, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"In case of remarriage widow of deceased will get the inheritance. If dower (Mehar) was not paid will be paid from inheritance first. If a man gave revocable divorce, wife will get inheritance. If a man gave irrevocable divorce, wife will not get her share. If a woman gets khula before husband,s death, she is not entitiles for her share. In case of dowery given woman will be entitles to inheritance" (4)
March 1, 2016, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The Zimbabwe Administration of Estates Act No. 6 of 1997 stipulates that if a spouse dies without a will, the surviving partner inherits their immovable property. Prior to this act, a husband’s estate was dissolved if he died intestate. However, Zimbabwe Women Lawyers Association director Emilia Muchawa told IPS that although 86 percent of the country’s women earn a living farming communal land allocated to their husbands by traditional chiefs, legislation is silent on the issue of women’s rights to inherit this land. “Customarily chiefs allocate land to male heads of households, but women do not automatically inherit this upon their husband’s death. “They may be evicted from the land...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The law invests women with the same legal status and rights as men. Discrimination against women, however, continued to be widespread, especially in rural areas. Many customary laws discriminate against women in adoption, marriage, divorce, and inheritance. Under local customary law in many areas, women may not own or inherit property or retain custody of their children. Traditional divorce law in many areas requires women to meet stricter evidentiary standards than men to prove adultery. Polygyny is legal under both customary and Islamic law. In some ethnic groups, men can “inherit” the widows of their deceased brothers" (1).