The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for IAW-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 10, 2021, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

The two-month old wriggled in her arms, snug in a pink and white baby-grow, and her mother's love. But her husband is threatening to take the child away, as the price of her freedom (para 15).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The two-month old wriggled in her arms, snug in a pink and white baby-grow, and her mother's love. But her husband is threatening to take the child away, as the price of her freedom" (para 15).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Together, they spoke to their youngest daughter, she said. They made it an alluring proposition: 'Do you want to look like a boy and dress like a boy, and do more fun things like boys do, like bicycling, soccer and cricket? And would you like to be like your father?' Mehran did not hesitate to say yes" (para 32). This implies that as a girl she could not do these activities (JCE CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"As for inheritance rights, women in Bahrain do not enjoy equal inheritance rights as wives and daughters. Shia women unlike Sunni women are eligible to inherit the full estates of their father in the absence of a direct male heir, and in the case of the husband's death, women do not inherit their property. Sharia law dictates that a woman's legal share is half that of her male siblings" (4).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 30, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women, especially women from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, from inheriting or acquiring land and other property" (Article 32).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Inheritance: Under Muslim law, women receive smaller shares of inheritance and family property than their male counterparts" (para 11).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices such as early marriages in rural areas and about the persistence of traditional customs limiting women’s access to inheritance and land" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is further concern about the lack of information on customary laws and practices in the area of inheritance and measures to ensure that customary law upholds women’s access to inheritance, including inheritance of land, as well as on measures taken to ensure recognition of unremunerated domestic work within the distribution of marital property" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:30 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There are also subtle discriminations in favour of women in traditional inheritance norms and also in the Amendment of certain sections (1995) of the Marriage Act of Bhutan (1980)... In general, women in Bhutan are privileged due to strong traditional norms of importance attached to women of the family" (2).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee expresses deep concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriages, polygamy, female genital mutilation, widowhood practices, levirate and sororate, purification rites for adulterous women and killings of so-called “witch children”, continue to be prevalent and go unpunished, the comprehensive legislative framework notwithstanding. The Committee is concerned that the customary practice of excluding women from inheriting agricultural land remains dominant in rural areas and that women continue to face practical difficulties in gaining access to both land and credit. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the persistence of customary laws and practices, including the prevalence of de facto polygamous marriages, although such laws are no longer valid...more
Oct. 21, 2020, 1:27 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Customary and religious laws are not considered valid sources of law, in regard to inheritance or any other matters" (3). No mention of customary law against women (CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 19, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

Special laws for Muslim women, regarding marriage, inheritance and 'maintenance', which puts them in a "humiliating condition" (7). (CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 19, 2020, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned that customary and traditional practices, prevalent in rural areas, prevent women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of land and other property" (Article 35).
Oct. 19, 2020, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"It is further concerned about the application of customary law that discriminates against women with regard to inheritance of land" (Article 25).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, CUST-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination includes inequality in access to divorce, child custody, and inheritance and property rights" (para 17).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws on...inheritance discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Despite this fact, on average widows experience difficulties in the access to property and inheritance, due to its belonging to the husband’s family" (4).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Family Code discriminates against women with regard to inheritance" (para 20).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Wives inherit one-eighth of their husbands’ estates. Women often received far less than their legal entitlement" (42).
March 2, 2020, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, POLY-LAW-1

"A Loboguiguia, au sein d’une famille polygame, les enfants de sexe masculin accèdent à la terre par la mère. En effet c’est la parcelle sur laquelle travaille ou a travaillé la mère qui fera l’objet de partage entre les fils de cette mère. Les enfants de sexe féminin, de manière générale sont exclues du partage d’héritage mais peuvent bénéficier de prêt de parcelles pour éventuellement cultiver du vivrier. Si la femme n’a pas eu d’enfant avec son mari, en cas de décès de ce dernier, elle perd totalement tous les droits sur la parcelle qu’elle exploite si elle retourne dans sa famille ou si elle se remarie hors de la...more
March 2, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Many Congolese women have difficulties accessing inheritance, largely because their inheritance rights depend on the property arrangements associated with the type of marriage. If the couple married under 'community of property', the husband’s estate is divided between the wife and his family and children. If the marriage is based on a 'separation of property' contract, the widow has no right to ownership, but does retain the right of usufruct. In reality, wives often lose all rights of inheritance upon the death of a spouse, especially in traditional or common-law marriages" (210-211)
Feb. 24, 2020, 11:03 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, the application of customary law by the courts in civil cases gives rise to a real problem of the protection of the rights of women and children, in particular the right of inheritance, and encourages discrimination between the children of a marriage. Articles 70 et seq. of Ordinance No. 6­67 on reform of the judicial system, partially abrogated by Act No. 04/PR/99, provide inter alia that 'when the parties are of different legal status, the succession shall be governed by the custom of the deceased'. The fact is that according to most such customs a woman does not inherit from her deceased husband or inherits only one quarter...more
Feb. 22, 2020, 11:48 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"En matière successorale, l'héritier coutumier est choisi nécessairement parmi les descendants ou parents mâles du défunt et généralement parmi les descendants premiers-nés" (559). Translation: In customary law, the principal heir is chosen from the male descendants of the deceased, or the male parent, and generally he is among the first male born descendants (LAR – CODER COMMENT)
Feb. 22, 2020, 11:06 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Government reported in 2007 that according to customary law, men and women are granted equal rights to inheritance, and claimed that there is no discrimination between men and women, husbands and wives, widows and widowers, sons and daughters, or grandsons and granddaughters. However, women’s NGOs report that discriminatory inheritance practices persist. For example, an example is provided of the Palaung traditions from the rural areas of Shan State that if a man dies, his property goes to his male relatives rather than his wife...In the Chin State and Shan State, inheritance laws are clearly benefiting men and discriminating women. The succession right of property in case of the death...more
Feb. 22, 2020, 8:14 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"For the most part, Botswanan customary law is based on a system of primogeniture, whereby the eldest son inherits the bulk of his father’s estate. Along with that property, however, the child inherits certain obligations, such as the duty to support dependents including his mother and his siblings, regardless of their sex. The eldest male thus maintains control, although ideally he should support the dependents in consultation with his mother. Under the primogeniture system, eldest daughters only have the right to maintenance from the estate: they are not entitled to receive any actual property from the estate" (44)
Feb. 7, 2020, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Islamic law is applied to inheritance matters. In general, according to Shari’a, the woman´s share of the inheritance is less than half of the man's share" (2)
Feb. 7, 2020, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Although the Shari’a-base succession law entitles women to inherit land, in practice, many women do not enjoy their inheritance rights. Not only Muslim but also Christian women are often denied their rightful claims to own part or the entirety of property such as cultivable lands and buildings, including family homes" (para 16)
Feb. 7, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"According to Islamic law regarding inheritance, women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (144)