The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 17, 2022, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In Sierra Leone, the 2007 Devolution of State Act gave women the legal right to inherit land, but in reality only few women inherit land" (para 13).
Nov. 15, 2022, 11:05 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Across Rwanda, about one-third of marriages are not registered by the state. In case of separation or death of the spouse, this usually means that the women have no rights to the land they share. [4]" (para 2).
Nov. 15, 2022, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There do not seem to be any marked customary, religious, or traditional practices that discriminate against daughters’ or surviving spouses’ legal rights to inherit" (3).
Oct. 28, 2022, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In places such as Nyangezi, statutory law is ignored and, in practice, women and girls do not inherit land due to son preference. A respondent shared, 'My father had a lot of property when he died. My brother, who inherited it all, sold everything. I received nothing. I wonder if all the girls had experienced my same situation'" (para 10).
Oct. 28, 2022, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There are no customary, religious, or traditional practices or laws that discriminate against daughters and female surviving spouses’ legal rights to inherit" (4).
Oct. 26, 2022, 9:17 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In accordance with sharia, men inherit a larger proportion of estates than do women" (19).
Oct. 21, 2022, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Rules and norms of customary law govern the bulk of Côte d’Ivoire’s rural land; less than 2% of the country’s rural land is formally registered (PRINDEX 2019). Under this customary system, land in rural Côte d’Ivoire is typically delineated along the lineage of a specific area’s original inhabitants. In patrilineal communities, land is passed from father to son. For matrilineal groups, including the Baoulé and Agni groups in the Southeast and center of the country, land is passed from maternal uncles to their nephews. Whether patrilineal or matrilineal, women have very limited access to property ownership and have less secure land tenure than men" (2).
Oct. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The largest number of indigenous women managing farms can be found among the Bribri and Cabécar peoples. Map 1 shows that the indigenous territories with the largest number of indigenous women involved in agriculture are Chirripó, with 326 women, and Cabécar and Talamanca Bribri with 275 women. Other territories of the Cabécar group are also worthy of mention, such as Tayní, with 92 women, and Talamanca Cabécar, with 50 indigenous women producers. The Cabagra territory of the Bribri group also stands out, with 44 women. These groups operate under a matrilineal system, in which the successors of land are women. Women also pass on their ancestral lines to their sons...more
Oct. 7, 2022, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s right to property is a complicated issue in Albania. Although the Albanian civil and family law recognize women’s equal right to land and property, only a small percentage of women—8 per cent—own land, because the laws are not implemented and women continue to be marginalized in matters of inheritance. When it comes to informal settlements, properties are often registered under the name of the 'head of household'—a role reserved for men, effectively leaving women out. Women also lack information and awareness about their property rights and justice sector professionals often look the other way, or are equally misinformed" (para 5).
Sept. 30, 2022, 10:22 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for equal status for women and men, including under family, labor, property, and nationality. Women faced legal, economic, and societal discrimination, including regarding inheritance and marital property laws. Traditional practices continued to control distribution of assets in favor of men and boys. A woman does not inherit her father’s land and was expected to work on and benefit from the land of her husband" (39).
Sept. 30, 2022, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"On the other hand, there is a regrettable persistence of discriminatory laws and harmful traditional practices that continue to perpetuate gender inequality. First, inheritance is still governed by discriminatory patriarchal traditions that prevent women from enjoying the same land rights as men" (para 14).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There is no information that indicate the existence of discriminatory practices towards women’s inheritance rights, as widows or as daughters" (4).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"By law women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men, including property and inheritance rights and religious and personal status, but regime officials did not enforce the law. Communities around the country implemented customary law to address matters of marriage, property, and inheritance that differed from the provisions of statutory law and which was often discriminatory against women" (33).
Sept. 29, 2022, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Although the law provides equal property and inheritance rights for women and men, land tenure practices emphasized family and communal land requirements more than individual ownership rights. As a result, authorities often denied women the right to own property, particularly real estate. Many citizens, particularly in rural areas, held to traditional beliefs that did not recognize inheritance rights for women and regarded a woman as property that could be inherited upon her husband’s death" (27).
Sept. 29, 2022, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In the Centre-Est and Nord Regions, primarily in rural areas, self-proclaimed traditional healers performed rituals in which participants denounced others as 'witches' whom they held responsible for their misfortune. Those accused, often elderly women, and less frequently men, were sometimes tied up, humiliated, beaten, brutalized, banned from their villages, or killed. Widows were disproportionately accused of witchcraft by male relatives, who then claimed their land and other inheritance. The law, which was seldom enforced, makes the conviction of physical or moral abuse of women or girls accused of witchcraft punishable by one to five years in prison, a substantial monetary fine, or both" (25-26).
Sept. 29, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Besides, customary law tends to favour men, and gives priority to sons over widows for land inheritance" (4).
Sept. 28, 2022, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Meanwhile, Pengiran Izad-Ryan presented the topic on ‘Inheritance and Succession Rights of Women to Land and Properties in Brunei Darussalam’. He emphasised that women in general have all rights to acquire, hold and dispose of landed and other property freely. He also reiterated that there may be issues with the ability to pass on or receive property in the case of intestacy (no will) 'but what is important is that people are given access to the correct information and advice and are provided the opportunity to make informed decisions in respect of their property rights'" (para 12-13).
Sept. 26, 2022, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. The government effectively enforced the law" (11).
Sept. 23, 2022, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Because local customs have traditionally considered women to be their husband’s property, the deceased husband’s inheritance would usually pass down to a male relative, leaving the widow without any land to live or work on. Widows usually faced the threat of becoming social outcasts and typically had no choice but to be inherited by their dead husband’s relatives in order to get some form of security. Now that the changes in the law give women equal land ownership, widows are able to support themselves and remain independent" (para 11).
Sept. 23, 2022, 8:43 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In practice, different patterns of inheritance exist according to ethnicity. While in the altiplano inheritance practices tend towards patrilineal patterns, in the Andes' valley, gender neutral practices in relation to inheritance will be more commonly found. Patrilineal patterns impact widows’ and divorced women’s access to land" (3).
Sept. 22, 2022, 8 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution provides for equality before the law, and no person shall be discriminated against based on race, sex, language, religion, or politics. In some areas, however, traditional inheritance practices stipulate inheritance is matrilineal and that daughters inherit family land" (15).
Sept. 19, 2022, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The law bans all discrimination against women in marriage and provides for the right to equal inheritance. The government and NGOs educated the public on women’s inheritance and property rights and their increased rights in marriage, including prohibitions on forced marriage, child marriage, and polygamy. The government did not enforce the law effectively, however" (19).
Sept. 19, 2022, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Benin face clear disadvantages in gaining access to land. It is possible to obtain access to land through inheritance, purchase, donation, lease and borrowing. Because women, unlike their husbands and older relatives, are excluded from inheriting land and lack adequate financial resources, they have very limited access to land" (21).
Sept. 19, 2022, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"There is no legal discrimination regarding inheritance and it appears that there are no practices which may restrict those rights" (3).
Sept. 16, 2022, 7:16 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

" In Nicaragua, there is no evidence of discriminatory practices or law that discriminate against daughters and female surviving spouses’ legal rights to inherit property" (4).
Sept. 16, 2022, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"...Muslim women are perpetually being deprived of an equal share of their inheritance, with daughters receiving only half the share of their male counterparts" (para 6).
Sept. 16, 2022, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Widows remain vulnerable to evictions and land grabbing at the expense of their deceased husbands’ families" (6). The studies were carried out in Ohangwena Region (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "The survey results revealed that the majority (83%) [of widows interviewed] - had not been evicted from the respective lands they occupied with their late husbands. The high proportion of widows remaining on their matrimonial land and home is a significant reflection of the improved protection of widows’ land rights in post-independent Namibia. It also reflects the fact that statutory laws... [are] yielding positive results. However, a sign of vulnerability to eviction from matrimonial land, as well as the occurrences of...more
Sept. 16, 2022, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Most Mauritians say both genders have equal opportunities to get an education (98%), to inherit and own land (93%)" (2). "Mauritians overwhelmingly say that equal opportunity for both genders is already a reality when it comes to education, jobs, and land (Figure 10). Fully 98% say that girls and boys have an equal chance at getting an education,... and to own and inherit land (93%). Most Mauritians also support gender equality when it comes to owning and inheriting land, saying women should have the same right as men (92%)" (7).
Sept. 16, 2022, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"These inheritance rights apply to all groups of women within Malta (Constitution of Malta, s. 45) and there is no evidence to suggest that women face discrimination in realising their rights to inherit" (4).
Sept. 15, 2022, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"[I]n Bangladesh, Muslim women generally inherit less than men, whereas as per Hindu law, not all daughters of a man are equally eligible to inherit, and the 1925 Succession Act allows Christians to benefit from equal inheritance rights for men and women" (para 3).