The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

Aug. 3, 2021, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The proposed law also reportedly stipulates that a single mother who has guardianship over her children from a previous marriage must receive written permission from her ex-husband if she wishes to travel"(para 20).
July 30, 2021, 1:49 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The women are among more than a dozen activists, including men, arrested in the weeks before a ban on women driving cars in the conservative kingdom was lifted" (para 7).
July 27, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In June, women celebrated taking the wheel for the first time in decades as the kingdom overturned the world's only ban on female motorists. The kingdom has also allowed women to enter sports stadiums, previously a male-only arena..." (para 16-17).
July 21, 2021, 11:03 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"But in spite of the reforms which allow women to work, drive and travel independently, women's rights are still a major issue amid a recent crackdown on dissenters" (Para 8). "The harsh crackdown against women who had pressed for the right to drive before the kingdom lifted the ban in mid-2018 came to symbolize the dual strategy of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman" (Para 19).
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Women in the UAE are allowed to drive, vote, work, and own and inherit property. A report from the In the World Economic Forum ranked the UAE second-best in the Middle East and North African (Mena) region for gender equality" (Para 5). "Then, while women do have rights, under the Personal Status Law some of these are dependent on the formal approval of a male 'guardian' - that is a man, often a spouse or other male relative, who grants a woman permission to do certain things. Although the UAE's guardianship laws aren't as strict or wide-reaching as neighbouring Saudi Arabia's, they do impact women's lives. At other times, where...more
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Women in the UAE are allowed to drive, vote, work, and own and inherit property. A report from the In the World Economic Forum ranked the UAE second-best in the Middle East and North African (Mena) region for gender equality" (Para 5). "Then, while women do have rights, under the Personal Status Law some of these are dependent on the formal approval of a male 'guardian' - that is a man, often a spouse or other male relative, who grants a woman permission to do certain things. Although the UAE's guardianship laws aren't as strict or wide-reaching as neighbouring Saudi Arabia's, they do impact women's lives. At other times, where...more
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In March, the director of the Khartoum state police, Lieutenant General Eisa Ismail, came under fire after calling for the Public Order Law - in place under deposed President Omar al-Bashir - to be reinstated in order “to combat crime”. The law, repealed in late 2019, notably forbade women from wearing trousers, dancing, or mixing with men outside of their family" (Para 8).
July 16, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Dubai: Saudi Arabia has officially allowed single, divorced or widowed women to live independently in a house without permission from father or any other male guardian, the Makkah newspaper reported. The landmark rule gives Saudi women the freedom to stay on their own in a separate accommodation without seeking approval from their male guardians. The Kingdom recently introduced a legal amendment allowing an adult and rational woman to live by herself in a separate house without permission from her father or male guardianship. Judicial authorities scrapped Paragraph B under article No. 169 of the 'Law of Procedure before Sharia Courts' which states that an adult single, divorced, or widowed woman...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"There were also multiple reports of women who could not depart from the country’s western airports controlled by pro-GNA militias because they did not have “male guardians,” which is not a legal requirement in the country" (p 18). "On February 16, LNA commander Khalifa Haftar and the military governor of the region that extends from Derna to Ben Jawwad, Abdelrazeq al-Nadhouri, issued an order requiring women who wished to travel abroad by land, air, or sea to be accompanied by a male guardian. On February 23, al-Nadhouri repealed the order and expanded the travel restriction to all men and women ages 18 to 45. The PC issued a statement in...more
July 15, 2021, 11:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"But the changes driven by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the kingdom’s de facto ruler, have complicated that image over the last few years, codifying for women the right to drive, attend sporting events and travel without a man’s permission, among others. As the social codes that long governed their lives relax their grip, more women are wearing their hair uncovered and mingling openly with men — at least in larger cities" (Para 6).
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi culture and guardianship policy requires women to have permission from a male relative to work, travel, marry, and even get some medical treatment. The deeply conservative Muslim country lifted a ban on women drivers last year"(para 15)."The kingdom[Saudi Arabia] has granted women greater rights in recent years, like the right to drive, run and vote in local elections and play sports in school. Ultimately, however, male guardianship laws remain in place. Under these laws, a woman must have her male guardian's permission in order to obtain a passport, travel abroad or marry"(para 50,51)."Saudi Arabia's so-called guardianship system places the legal and personal affairs of women in the hands of...more
June 29, 2021, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Both Madeleine and Shahed were detained under a controversial ‘male guardianship’ system in Jordan that has locked up women and girls for many months at a time without charge or trial, for activities like leaving the family home without permission" (para 3).
June 25, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Under the hardline group’s [Taliban] interpretation of Islam, women and girls were banned from public life, including going to school and working, and had to wear a full-body burqa when venturing outside" (para 6).
June 25, 2021, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"One woman begged for mercy and another sobbed uncontrollably as Indonesia's Aceh arch-conservative province flogged 11 people for getting too close to members of the opposite sex. The six men and five women were rounded up by religious officers who caught them behaving amorously in public, a crime under local Islamic law" (para 1-2).
June 18, 2021, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Foreign visitors may drive in Haiti with their valid driver licenses and International driving permits for three months" (para 1). As women can obtain an international driving permit, this article suggest women are legally allowed to drive in Haiti (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 18, 2021, 4:58 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"FOR Loraine Fernandes, it is quite challenging being a female taxi driver; a job dominated by men, but she is not made of only sugar and spice – she has sass and possesses a very competitive edge" (para 1).
June 18, 2021, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Guinea-Bissau highly recommends an International Driving Permit" (para 2). Since an International Driving Permit can be held by women, it can be assumed that women have the ability to legally drive in this country, although it is not specifically mentioned (CAT - CODER COMMENT)
June 18, 2021, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"One of the few female taxi drivers in the country, Bintou Saho has encouraged women to venture into the taxi business" (para 1). This insinuates that it is legal for women to drive in Gambia (CAT - CODER COMMENT)
June 18, 2021, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"You would need an International Driver's Permit for Eritrea to be able to drive around the country" (para 13). According to this travel website, you just need an International Driving Permit to drive in this country, and since women are eligible to hold those, women in Eritrea are legally not restricted in movement (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 18, 2021, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"While driving around, the police might ask for your International Driver’s License in Timor-Leste, in the district or cities of the country" (para 18). According to this travel website, you just need an International Driving Permit to drive in this country, and since women are eligible to hold those, women in Timor-Leste are legally not restricted in movement (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 18, 2021, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"An International Driving Permit is recommended, although not legally required. A temporary licence to drive is available from local authorities on presentation of a valid British or Northern Ireland driving licence" (para 11). Since an international driving permit is accessible to women, this suggests that women are allowed to drive in Djibouti (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 18, 2021, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Don’t forget to get your International Driving Permit in Comoros to drive legally in the country" (para 11). According to this travel website, you just need an International Driving Permit to drive in this country, and since women are eligible to hold those, women in Comoros are legally not restricted in movement (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 18, 2021, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"When driving in CAR, always carry your native driver’s license and your international driver’s license for the Central African Republic" (para 24). Since an international driving permit is accessible to women, this suggests that women are allowed to drive in Central African Republic and are legally mobile (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 18, 2021, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In Cape Verde, driving without a permit is unlawful. The Cape Verde driving law states that when a person is not eligible, it is illegal for a person to work or drive a car. For travelers going to Cape Verde Island, ensure you have an International Driver’s License Cape Verde Island address, passed the requirements on the International Driver’s License Cape Verde Island website, and paid the cost for the International Driver’s License Cape Verde Island tour" (para 37). Since an international driving permit is accessible to women, this suggests that women are allowed to drive in Cape Verde and are legally mobile (CAT - CODER COMMENT).more
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In January, the Egyptian cabinet approved a personal status law that would require women to get the consent of a male guardian to…travel abroad. The draft law also…allows fathers to prevent mothers from traveling with their children" (para 2).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The president also called for changes to the personal status law in order to be balanced and to maintain the interests of both fathers and mothers on an equal footing. The president's initiative came amid much controversy over many of the draft law's articles which regulate marriage, divorce, alimony, and guardianship and custody issues" (para 10).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions on women travelling alone domestically" (para 21).
Dec. 17, 2020, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, SRACE-LAW-1

“Since 1979 and the Iranian Revolution the country's Islamic government has banned women from attending sporting events” (para. 7).
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

“The ultra-traditional rabbis have refused to allow [women to pray near the wall]...” (Para 5).
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

“A. v. Croatia (no. 55164/08) (14 October 2010): The applicant’s now ex-husband (suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, paranoia, anxiety and epilepsy) allegedly subjected her to repeated physical violence causing bodily injury and death threats over many years and also regularly abused her in front of their young daughter. After going into hiding, the applicant requested a court order preventing her ex-husband from stalking or harassing her. It was refused on the ground that she had not shown an immediate risk to her life. The Court found a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life) in that the Croatian authorities had failed to implement many of...more