The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

April 30, 2021, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law mandates prison terms of five months to three years and modest to substantial fines for sexual harassment, but the problem was widespread. The government did not effectively enforce the law" (Page 6).
April 30, 2021, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for penalties for conviction of six months’ to one year’s imprisonment and fines from 100,000 to 200,000 Rwandan francs ($110 to $220). The penalties are increased when the offender is an employer or other person of authority and the victim is a subordinate" (Page 6).
April 27, 2021, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law contains a general provision against compelling a person to perform actions of a sexual character by means of blackmail, threats, or by taking advantage of the victim’s economic or other dependence on the perpetrator. There is no legal definition of harassment, however, and no comprehensive guidelines on how it should be addressed. Sexual harassment was reportedly widespread, but courts often rejected victims’ claims due to lack of sufficient evidence" (Page 56).
April 24, 2021, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (para 59).
April 24, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but the government did not effectively enforce the law in the areas controlled by armed groups, and sexual harassment was common. The law prescribes no specific penalties for the crime" (pg 18).
April 23, 2021, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The penal code criminalizes sexual harassment. Penalties for conviction include up to one year in prison and a fine equal to up to two years of the perpetrator’s salary. Although authorities generally enforced the law, sexual harassment was common and widely accepted in the culture" (pg 12).
April 22, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"There is no comprehensive legal framework in Kosovo* regarding sexual harassment. Instead, Kosovo* has a plethora of laws that can be considered applicable in relation to sexual harassment. Three different laws address sexual harassment and establish different definitions of it. The Criminal Code, Art 239 addresses 'Sexual abuse by abusing position, authority or profession' but does not contain a specific definition of sexual harassment per se. It imposes imprisonment of one to five years on any person who, by abusing his or her position forces a subordinate or dependent to engage in sexual intercourse. Criminal provisions also provide further protections for vulnerable victims (Criminal Code, Art 239). However, the fact...more
April 22, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Kosovo* did not ratify any international convention combating violence against women. While there is no comprehensive legal framework or national policy specifically addressing violence against women, domestic violence, rape and sexual harassment are addressed by the Law on Protection against Domestic Violence, the Criminal Code and the Law on Gender Equality respectively" (pg 4).
April 22, 2021, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[D]espite this public support, last year Georgia’s parliament rejected a bill providing administrative penalty for sexual harassment at workplaces. Since then the Women’s Movement, a local rights group, has addressed parliament with a petition to put penalties in the administrative code for sexual harassment in public and workspaces. Parliament has promised to discuss the initiative, but it’s been put on hold ever since" (para 20).
April 22, 2021, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal. Penalties for sexual harassment depend on the severity of the act and whether the harassment involved blackmail. The law provides that victims may follow the progress on their cases through a computerized system and information call center" (Para 6).
April 22, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although there is no law against sexual harassment, it has been effectively prosecuted using statutes prohibiting offensive language and behavior" (Page 15).
April 22, 2021, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides that “employees shall not be subjected to harassment or other unseemly behavior,” and the government effectively enforced this provision. Employers who violate this law are subject to fines or prison sentences of up to two years, depending on the seriousness of the offense. The costs and resources needed to bring such cases to court have been barriers to victims seeking redress in all but the most egregious cases" (Page 10).
April 22, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No statutes prohibit sexual harassment, but assault statutes provide for prosecution of violent harassment. The law criminalizes stalking, but it does not explicitly criminalize sexual harassment. The law also criminalizes emotional, verbal, and psychological abuse and acts of intimidation" (Page 6)
April 22, 2021, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime punishable by prison sentences of three to six months and fines. If the violator is in a position of authority over the victim, the prison sentence is three months to one year and the fine is doubled" (Page 20).
April 22, 2021, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and those convicted face one- to three-year sentences in prison, or three to five years if the victim is younger than 18" (Page 6).
April 22, 2021, 2:27 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is not defined as a crime under the law. According to the Center for Women’s Rights, sexual harassment, including street harassment, of women occurred often, but few women reported it" (Page 23)."
April 21, 2021, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides criminal penalties for sexual harassment ranging from a fine to a maximum of three years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits sexual advances that affect a person’s dignity or create an unpleasant, hostile, degrading, or humiliating environment in a workplace or educational institution" (Page 22).
April 21, 2021, 10:35 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Federal law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for fines from 250 to 5,000 times the minimum daily wage, but the law was not effectively enforced. Of the 32 states, 16 criminalize sexual harassment, and all states have provisions for punishment when the perpetrator is in a position of power" (Page 6).
April 21, 2021, 10:26 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, which is punishable by up to two years’ imprisonment" (Page 6).
April 21, 2021, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"There are no laws against sexual harassment" (Page 6).
April 21, 2021, 8:10 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Persons who sexually harass other persons shall be guilty of an offence against this article and shall, without prejudice to any greater liability under any other law, be liable on conviction to a fine (multa) of not more than two thousand and three hundred and twenty-nine euro and thirty-seven cents (2,329.37) or to imprisonment of not more than six months or to both such fine and imprisonment" (Para 3).
April 20, 2021, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Whoever repeatedly harassed a person when he knew or should have known that by this behaviour seriously affect the tranquillity of the person, shall be punished with imprisonment of fifteen days to two years and a fine of 251 to 3,000 euros, or one of these penalties" (Para 2). This is not a law about sexual harassment as a whole, but only an anti-stalking law (BRC - CODER COMMENT).
April 20, 2021, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Based on a 2017 study on the trends concerning the criminalisation of stalking in the European Union, most EU states (21) have criminalised stalking, with Lithuania being one of the last countries that hasn't" (Para 4).
April 20, 2021, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Article 12 of the Labour Relations Law prohibits employees from performing or inciting acts of sexual harassment. Articles 368–398 of the Penal Code criminalize physical and sexual assaults in public (Page 9)."
April 20, 2021, 1 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The Decent Work Act prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, but it remained a significant problem at work and in schools" (Page 25). This prohibits sexual harassment only in the workplace, thus leaving it legal in public places (BRC - CODER COMMENT).
April 20, 2021, 12:51 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment. Victims rarely reported sexual harassment. Penalties for those convicted of sexual harassment are at the discretion of the court. Police believed sexual harassment to be widespread in the workplace and elsewhere. In March media reported a government human rights report that cited sexual harassment as one of the major causes of female students dropping out of school(Page 13)."
April 13, 2021, 10:42 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"He solicited sexual contact when the woman stopped and asked what he wanted, the public prosecutor added. The charges stem from section 615(a) of the 2014 penal code. Each offence specified in the section is a class three misdemeanour and carries a jail sentence of one month and six days. But the prosecution only sought two counts to avoid double jeopardy, Shifaza explained. The defendant would face a maximum jail term of 54 days if he confesses" (Para 5-7).
Jan. 1, 2021, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"In 2014, an anti-sexual harassment law was passed as an amendment to the Penal Code following a surge in reported sexual assault incidents in the country, many of which were committed by security forces” (para. 17).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"According to UAE panel code (Article 359) Shall be sentenced to detention for a maximum period of one year and/or to a fine not in excess of ten thousand dirhams, whoever molests a female in an indecent way by words or acts in a public road or in a frequented place" (para 17).
Sept. 6, 2020, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"In May, the government proposed changes to the law on rape and sexual assault to introduce a requirement for consent, and to criminalize sexual harassment, to bring Dutch law into line with the Istanbul Convention. At time of writing no legislation had been introduced" (para 3).