The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum prison sentence of 14 years. In July the HRC released an updated guide on making a complaint about sexual harassment, which includes access to the HRC’s free, informal, and confidential service for questions or complaints about sexual harassment and unlawful discrimination. The HRC also published fact sheets on sexual harassment and made regular sexual harassment prevention training available to schools, businesses, and government departments" (10).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment against women; however, there is no clear legal definition of sexual harassment. Offenders are subject to a penalty of up to 15 days in detention, according to the Beijing Public Security Bureau. It remained difficult for victims to file a sexual harassment complaint and for judges to reach a ruling on such cases. Many women remained unwilling to report incidents of sexual harassment, believing the justice system was ineffectual, according to official media. Several prominent media reports of sexual harassment went viral on social media, helping to raise awareness of the problem, particularly in the workplace" (65). "The law [in Hong Kong] prohibits sexual harassment...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The Antiharassment Law criminalizes all forms of harassment of women and children, including physical, verbal, psychological, and sexual. By law all government ministries are required to establish a committee to review internal harassment complaints and support appropriate resolution of these claims. Implementation and enforcement of the law remained limited and ineffective. The AIHRC reported more than 85 percent of women and children faced various forms of harassment. Women who walked outside alone or who worked outside the home often experienced harassment, including groping, catcalling, and being followed. Women with public roles occasionally received threats directed at them or their families. Businesswomen faced myriad challenges from the traditional nature of society...more
Sept. 5, 2021, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Marital rape is still legal, and women say restraining orders are rarely enforced" (para 7).
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but officials rarely enforced it. The commissioner for protection from discrimination (CPD) generally handled cases of sexual harassment and could impose fines of up to 80,000 leks ($720) against individuals or 600,000 leks ($5,400) against enterprises" (p 18).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The penal code criminalizes sexual harassment, imposing penalties of six days’ to three months’ imprisonment and fines of 100,000 to 500,000 riels ($24 to $122)" (22).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment, but the law was not always effectively enforced. It is unlawful to make unwanted sexual advances, repeatedly follow or pursue others against their will, initiate repeated and unwanted communications with others, or engage in any other “menacing” behavior. Conviction of sexual harassment is punishable by a fine not exceeding 14.3 million leones ($1,960) or imprisonment not exceeding three years. No reliable data was available on the prevalence of sexual harassment" (p 19).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime punishable by prison sentences of three to six months and fines of 10,000 to 100,000 CFA francs ($18 to $180). If the violator is in a position of authority over the victim, the prison sentence is three months to one year and the fine is increased to 20,000 to 200,000 CFA francs ($36 to $360). Nevertheless, sexual harassment was common. Courts enforced applicable laws in the small percentage of cases reported" (p 16).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The penal code defines sexual harassment as a crime, with penalties including fines and sentences of six months’ to five years’ imprisonment if convicted"(44).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"On May 3, a law modifying the criminal code to define sexual harassment in public spaces as a crime went into effect. The law defines any verbal or gesticular act of a sexual nature designed to intimidate or humiliate another person as harassment, and it includes audiovisual recordings of an individual’s genital area or private parts without consent. Depending on the severity of the crime, sentences can range from 61 days’ to five years’ imprisonment and fines up to 20 UTM (an indexed amount, updated monthly) (approximately $1,400 as of November)" (10).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and those convicted face one- to three-year sentences in prison, or three to five years if the victim is less than 18 years old. No data was available on government efforts to prevent or prosecute complaints of sexual harassment" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is against the law, and penalties range from one to three years’ imprisonment and a fine of one to four million ariary ($310 to $1,240). The penalty increases to two to five years’ imprisonment plus a fine of two to 10 million ariary ($620 to $3,100) if criminals forced or pressured the victim into sexual acts or punished the victim for refusing such advances. Authorities did not enforce the law, and sexual harassment was widespread" (p 21).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment, but there were no reports on how or whether it was enforced. According to civil society organizations, there was widespread harassment and intimidation of women by militias and extremists, including accusations of “un-Islamic” behavior" (p 25).
July 12, 2021, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The directions were issued in a judgment setting aside the Madhya Pradesh High Court’s July decision that had granted bail to a man accused of outraging the modesty of his neighbor on the condition that he request the survivor to tie a rakhi on his wrist. A rakhi is a thread bracelet that a sister ties on her brother’s wrist during the Hindu festival of Raksha Bandhan, which celebrates the bond between a brother and a sister or any similar relationship" (para 2-3).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment. Sexual harassment was often not reported, and victims rarely filed charges" (p 35).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (p 40).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment and provides for penalties of up to 14 years’ imprisonment, but authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (p 29).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"No single law, including laws against sexual violence, deals directly with sexual harassment, although several laws refer to it. Human rights organizations reported sexual harassment was widespread" (p 17).
June 18, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Minor cases of verbal sexual harassment in public are punishable by up to six months’ incarceration and a fine. By law gender-based emotional abuse is a crime. The government effectively enforced the law. Police investigated reports of harassment" (pg 14).
June 18, 2021, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibiting indecent public acts serves as the basis for criminal complaints stemming from sexual harassment. Violations are punishable by imprisonment of up to two years and eight months and a small fine. Civil society and NGOs reported sexual harassment was a problem countrywide" (pg 24).
June 18, 2021, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes various forms of sexual harassment. Violators face penalties of one to three years in prison and possible suspension of their professional licenses, but the government did not effectively enforce the law" (pg 17).
June 18, 2021, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment, although it states that men and women have the same rights and obligations. Observers stated sexual harassment occurred frequently. Although authorities stated the government was opposed to sexual harassment, there were no formal governmental programs to combat it on a national scale" (pg 17).
June 18, 2021, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Acts of sexual harassment involving physical assault are prosecuted under relevant criminal statutes. While reports of sexual harassment were common, no cases had been filed as of September" (pg 9).
June 18, 2021, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No law prohibits sexual harassment, and it was widespread. The government undertook no initiatives to combat the problem" (pg 11).
June 18, 2021, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law penalizes sexual harassment. Sentences range from three months to two years in prison and the payment of a fine, depending on the gravity of the harassment. Authorities rarely enforced the law" (pg 21).
June 18, 2021, 4:48 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although several laws refer to sexual harassment, no single law, including laws against sexual violence, address it in a direct manner. Human rights organizations reported sexual harassment was widespread" (pg 20).
June 18, 2021, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Under the new penal code, enforced since 2019, penalties may be as high as three years in prison for sexual harassment, with longer terms applied to perpetrators who take advantage of their position of authority or the victim’s need for employment. The previous penalty ranged from two months to five years" (pg 29-30).
June 18, 2021, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits sexual harassment, although authorities prosecuted some sexual harassment cases under provisions of the criminal code" (pg 17).
June 18, 2021, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment was widespread. The law prescribes penalties of 18 to 24 months’ imprisonment, but authorities generally did not enforce the law" (pg 23).
June 18, 2021, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically criminalize sexual harassment" (pg 16).