The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, and anecdotal information suggested such harassment was widespread" (18).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"There are no laws against sexual harassment" (16).
Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes and provides for a maximum prison sentence of one year for sexual harassment of men and women; the law was generally enforced, although NGOs reported a lack of significant sanctions for perpetrators" (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"...The Women’s Department recognizes sexual harassment as a subset of sexual violence, but no cases have ever been brought under the sexual harassment provisions" (12).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment from one to six months, a fine of from 10,000 to 20,000 pesos ($187-$374), or both. Sexual harassment remained widespread and underreported, including in the workplace due to victims’ fear of losing their jobs. A 2016 Social Weather Stations study showed that 60 percent of women in Metro Manila were harassed at least once in their lifetime. In July, President Duterte signed the Safe Streets and Public Spaces Act to prevent and punish acts of sexual harassment in public places, online workplaces, and educational institutions..." (27).
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"For insults and defamation based on gender, an individual may be fined up to 60,000 dirhams for insults and up to 120,000 dirhams for defamation ($6,300 to $12,600)" (29). "Before the law on violence against women was passed in 2018, sexual harassment was only a crime if it was committed by a supervisor in the workplace. Under the 2018 law, sexual harassment is a crime punishable by up to six months in prison and a fine up to 10,000 dirhams ($1,000) if the offense takes place in a public space or by insinuations through texts, audio recording, or pictures... civil society leaders stat[ed] they did not observe efforts by the...more
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"There are no laws against stalking or harrassment of women in cyberspace in Somalia" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment. Complaints of sexual harassment can lead to criminal proceedings or disciplinary action against the defendant and compensation claims by the plaintiff... The penalties vary across states and territories" (12).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment" (12).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Holocaust denial, defamation, sexist remarks and attitudes that target a specific individual, and incitement to hatred are criminal offenses punishable by a minimum of eight days (for Holocaust denial) or one month (incitement to hatred and sexist remarks or attitudes) and up to one year in prison and fines, plus a possible revocation of the right to vote or run for public office" (5).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and prescribes penalties of between one and three years’ imprisonment and fines of 360,000 to one million CFA francs ($610 to $1,700). Nevertheless, the government rarely, if ever, enforced the law, and harassment was widespread and routinely tolerated" (19).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"By law harassment of a sexual nature constitutes a violation of the equal treatment principle but is not a crime" (26).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"There is no legal definition of harassment, however, and no comprehensive guidelines on how it should be addressed. Sexual harassment was reportedly widespread, but courts often rejected victims’ claims due to lack of sufficient evidence" (56).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime, with penalties ranging from one to eight years in prison. If perpetrated by a superior in the workplace, the penalty is up to two years in prison, or more in cases of 'aggravated coercion'" (10).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal and punishable by fines and a prison sentence of one to three years. Although allegedly common in the workplace, sexual harassment cases were rarely reported" (27).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law penalizes acts of sexual harassment throughout the kingdom and was enforced effectively. The penalty in the Netherlands is imprisonment not exceeding eight years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). The law requires employers to protect employees against aggression, violence, and sexual intimidation. In the Netherlands complaints against employers who failed to provide sufficient protection can be submitted to the NIHR. Victims of sexual assault or rape in the workplace can report the incidents to police as criminal offenses. In Curacao the Stichting Slachtofferhulp (Victims Assistance Foundation) assists the victims. In Sint Maarten no central institution handles sexual harassment cases. According to the law, substantive civil servant...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No PA law specifically relates to sexual harassment" (95).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal. Penalties for sexual harassment depend on the severity of the act and whether the harassment involved blackmail" (34).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Harassment is a crime and the law includes harassment within and outside the workplace, cyberbullying, and bullying of children. The law also prescribes mandatory caning and minimum of two years’ imprisonment on conviction on any charge of 'outraging modesty' that causes the victim to fear death or injury. The law also subjects persons convicted of using threatening, abusive, or insulting words or behavior to maximum fines of S$5,000 ($3,630). It also provides a range of self-help measures, civil remedies, and enhanced criminal sanctions to protect against harassment. Additionally, stalking is an offense punishable with a maximum fine of S$5,000 ($3,630), imprisonment for up to 12 months, or both" (22).more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years’ imprisonment. According to the Women’s Rights Center, sexual harassment continued to be a serious and underreported problem" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Minor cases of verbal sexual harassment in public are punishable by up to six months’ incarceration and a fine of up to 516 euros ($568). By law, gender-based emotional abuse is a crime. The government effectively enforced the law. Police investigated reports of harassment" (15).
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides penalties for sexual harassment, with potential prison sentences of three months to five years" (28).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides for up to five years’ imprisonment for sexual harassment. If the victim is a child, the recommended punishments are longer; however, women’s rights activists reported that authorities rarely enforced these laws" (54).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"In August 2018 parliament passed a law against 'sexual and sexist violences that provides for on-the-spot fines of 90 to 750 euros ($99 to $825) for persons who sexually harass others on the street (including wolf whistling), and up to 3,000 euros ($3,300) if there are aggravating circumstances. The law covers sexual or sexist comments and behavior that is degrading, humiliating, intimidating, hostile, or offensive. The bill also increases sanctions for cyberstalking and prohibits taking pictures or videos under someone’s clothes without consent, which is punishable by up to one year in prison and a fine of 15,000 euros ($16,500)" (20-21).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"During the first half of the year, Congress introduced more than 150 bills related to domestic violence and other issues concerning gender equality. The record number of proposals sought to strengthen criminal penalties, prohibit convicted abusers from taking public office or carrying firearms, and criminalize conduct such as stalking and psychological violence. On October 9, President Bolsonaro approved a law that allows authorities to seize firearms registered to those accused of domestic violence. Sexual harassment is a criminal offense, punishable by up to two years in prison, but it was seldom pursued. A law that went into effect in September 2018 broadens the definition of sexual harassment to include actions...more
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which routinely occurred, including in schools, without any government efforts to prevent it" (23).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum prison sentence of 14 years. In July the HRC released an updated guide on making a complaint about sexual harassment, which includes access to the HRC’s free, informal, and confidential service for questions or complaints about sexual harassment and unlawful discrimination. The HRC also published fact sheets on sexual harassment and made regular sexual harassment prevention training available to schools, businesses, and government departments" (10).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment against women; however, there is no clear legal definition of sexual harassment. Offenders are subject to a penalty of up to 15 days in detention, according to the Beijing Public Security Bureau. It remained difficult for victims to file a sexual harassment complaint and for judges to reach a ruling on such cases. Many women remained unwilling to report incidents of sexual harassment, believing the justice system was ineffectual, according to official media. Several prominent media reports of sexual harassment went viral on social media, helping to raise awareness of the problem, particularly in the workplace" (65). "The law [in Hong Kong] prohibits sexual harassment...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The Antiharassment Law criminalizes all forms of harassment of women and children, including physical, verbal, psychological, and sexual. By law all government ministries are required to establish a committee to review internal harassment complaints and support appropriate resolution of these claims. Implementation and enforcement of the law remained limited and ineffective. The AIHRC reported more than 85 percent of women and children faced various forms of harassment. Women who walked outside alone or who worked outside the home often experienced harassment, including groping, catcalling, and being followed. Women with public roles occasionally received threats directed at them or their families. Businesswomen faced myriad challenges from the traditional nature of society...more
Sept. 5, 2021, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Marital rape is still legal, and women say restraining orders are rarely enforced" (para 7).