The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

Jan. 16, 2024, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[T]he Government acknowledges that currently there is no specific legislation that addresses sexual abuse" (15). “The Education Policy clearly prohibits teachers and other school staff members from having sexual relationships with learners because of their custodial responsibilities and strict penalties are applied for those who violate this provision. Furthermore, the ongoing development of the GBV referral system is intended to strengthen implementation of the Penal Code provision on defilement through networking of key service providers for effective response to this issue” (18).
Jan. 4, 2024, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[T]he Protection from Harassment Act was amended in 2019 to better protect victims from harassment, intimate partner violence and related anti-social behaviour, such as cyberbullying, stalking and sexual harassment" (3). "POHA made unlawful stalking an offence" (36).
Nov. 6, 2023, 11:49 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[Amendment IX to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, adopted in August 2015] refined the provisions on crimes of forcible molestation and humiliation of women and imposed harsher penalties for such crimes (i.e., a minimum of 5 years and up to 15 years of imprisonment for cases with execrable circumstances)" (7).
Nov. 3, 2023, 4:52 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"'The separation of genders is not a fundamental solution," said Yun. "What women need more are robust laws and measures to tackle gender-based violence along with adequate protection measures'" (para 19).
Aug. 15, 2023, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits criminal quid pro quo sexual harassment and authorizes penalties of up to B$5,000 ($5,000) and a maximum of two years’ imprisonment" (12).
Aug. 15, 2023, 5:31 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"...Days before the attack, he had been released after being charged with stalking and sexual assault of unrelated women" (Para. 13).
July 25, 2023, 10:44 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[There is no] law that defines and effectively prohibits violence and harassment, including sexual harassment, in the workplace, which is reportedly prevalent in the State party, particularly in the garment industry and while commuting to and from work" (11).
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Law Number 16/2014 (Sexual Harassment Act) provides protection from all forms of sexual harassment at the place of employment and in public spaces. The Act further allows for investigation to be conducted within the organisation where a special committee is required to be established, and allows for redress mechanisms to be employed..."(5). "The Government has long identified the need for the adoption of legislatio which would prevent Sexual Harassment in public spaces." (9). "Bringing the above fears and realities into the public discourse, the Government’s adoption of Law Number 16/2014 (Prevention of Sexual Harassment Act) provides the necessary legal protections for women in both public spaces and in the work...more
June 27, 2023, 11:15 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The punishment for sexual harassment is one to two years’ imprisonment and a fine of dinars 50,000 to 100,000 ($425 to $850); the punishment doubles for a second offense" (29).
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[A]nd in 2019 the legislation adopted included:…the Personal Data Act of 2 July 2019…"(4)(NF - CODER COMMENT - This legislation protects the information of citizens, ensuring that their privacy and sensitive information is not disbursed without the consent of the individual in question. This can impact women's protection online by protecting their information which can curb instances of online stalking). "A significant contribution to the development of gender legislation adopted in Uzbekistan was made in 2019 by, inter alia:...[T]he Protection of Women from Harassment and Violence Act of 2 September 2019..."(4). "The Protection of Women from Harassment and Violence Act of 2 September 2019 defines the concepts of sexual, physical,...more
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Stalking is introduced as a new criminal offense with special forms of this offense committed against a former spouse or common-law partner, a minor, a pregnant woman, or a person with a disability" (11).
March 4, 2023, 7:01 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"As a result of the social resistance against this issue, the Egyptian government amended the country’s penal code in 2021 turning sexual harassment from a misdemeanor into a felony and increasing the severity of punishment" (Para. 10).
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual Harassment at Workplace (Offence and Punishment) Act, 2014 is being implemented to end all forms of sexual harassment against women at workplaces. In line with the SC’s order, Procedural Guidelines on the Prevention of Sexual Harassment against Working Women at Workplaces like cabin restaurants and dance bars is in operation with an aim to develop women employee’s capacity and confidence to be resilient against all forms of sexual harassment, awareness raising, utilizing a confidential and safe system for filing complaints, and facilitating delivery of justice at the workplace." (15).
Feb. 18, 2023, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"In June of this year, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport allowed taxi ride-sharing services for the first time after the practice was prohibited in 1982. However, except for van-type cabs which accommodate five passengers and more, ride-sharing is limited only between people of the same sex." (Para.9). " 'The separation of genders is not a fundamental solution,' said Yun. 'What women need more are robust laws and measures to tackle gender-based violence along with adequate protection measures.' " (Para.19) CC(statement indicates that the country does not have proper laws that could protect women from gender based violence).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Huang Simin, a mainland-based rights lawyer who has worked on cases related to gender violence ... said 'Because China has few laws that explicitly address gender-based violence...many people do not have the framework to understand the attack in terms of gender. The attackers were charged with 'picking quarrels and provoking trouble' and intentional assault." (Para.18-20).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Rape prosecutions fell nearly 60% in four years to 2,102 in 2019-20 even as the number of reports to police increased. Figures published last year showed the proportion of rape complainants dropping out of cases had risen from 25% to 43% over a five-year period to December 2020. Edwards said one of the reasons women were dropping out were because of intrusive information collection" (Para.6). (John Edwards, the UK information commissioner). "Jayne Butler, the CEO of Rape Crisis England and Wales, said the recommendations 'have the potential to drastically improve the experiences of victims and survivors going through the criminal justice process. If implemented, these changes could support the police...more
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"This Act includes a comprehensive list of detrimental actions that a whistle - blower should be protected from including dismissal, redundancy, demotion, transfer or refusal to transfer, disciplinary action, discriminatory treatment, and change in working conditions. The Act also recognises that detrimental action can also be taken against a person associated with or related to a whistle-blower. It is not only applicable to government and its officials but also covers the non-state sector." (5) (NF - CODER COMMENT - Though not explicitly stated, this act can also apply to sexual harassment and other forms of harassment within the work place and other public spaces). "However, several pieces of legislation are...more
Feb. 2, 2023, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: PRN-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"In many US states including New York, revenge porn laws are stronger today than they were just a few years ago" (para 5). "Nearly all 50 states now have laws that outlaw nonconsensual pornography, or revenge porn. Most states make it a criminal offense to disseminate intimate images of someone if the defendant acted with intent to harm. In New York City, a law passed in 2017 goes even further, making it a crime to even threaten to send revenge porn. Victims can also go to family court and get a civil restraining order directing offenders to destroy the victims’ intimate images in their possession, or face arrest if they...more
Dec. 28, 2022, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Indonesia has passed a landmark bill that for the first time outlaws…sexual harassment…[T]he House of Representatives passed the long-awaited legislation that criminialises nine forms of sexual violence, including physical and verbal assault, harrassment, forced sterilisation and exploitation. The new law includes 15-year prison sentences for sexual exploitation, nine years for forced marriage and four years for circulating non-consensual sexual content" (para 1, 2, 3).
Dec. 8, 2022, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sirajuddin Haqqani, Afghanistan's acting interior minister and Taliban co-deputy leader, joked his government will 'keep naughty women at home', referring to women who 'are controlled by other sides to question the current government' during an interview with CNN" (para 9). "Taliban leaders introduced regulations such as limiting women's movement without a male chaperone…The decree said that women should leave the home only when necessary" (para 19).
Nov. 30, 2022, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"As a result of the social resistance against this issue, the Egyptian government amended the country’s penal code in 2021 turning sexual harassment from a misdemeanor into a felony and increasing the severity of punishment" (Para. 10).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The adoption of Act No. 221/AN/17/8 L amending and supplementing Act No. 133/AN/05/5 L of 28 January 2006 on the Labour Code of 25 June 2018, which prohibits sexual harassment, which is now punishable by a fine of one to two million Djibouti francs and a term of one month of imprisonment. A repeat offence shall be punishable by a term of two months of imprisonment or a doubled fine, or both" (13).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The Government has taken initiatives to prevent sexual harassment in the digital realm, including with a package of initiatives against digital sexual abuse launched in 2017. For example, the maximum penalty for sharing intimate photographs or videos of others without consent has been increased from six months to a term not exceeding three years under aggravating circumstances. The maximum fine for indecent exposure such as unsolicited sharing of intimate photos of oneself has been doubled. Also, the Government has taken action to educate police personnel to better handle reports of digital sexual violations, and the police has recently launched a digital platform to make it easier to report digital sexual...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment of men and women is a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to six months in cases that do not involve domestic abuse or a power relationship" (26).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Adoption of the law on stalking (2012). According to this law preventive measures can be taken by the public prosecutor to protect a potential victim. Information about this law has been provided through the domestic violence networks that are installed by the foundation Stop Violence against Women in 5 districts. Furthermore, the text of this law has been disseminated to visitors of an information fair in the District of Commewijne. Apart from this specific legislation, the penal code has been simultaneously amended. A new provision regarding stalking has been added, which punishes the stalker with a maximum of 4 years of prison and a fine of maximum SRD 50.000" (8)....more
March 28, 2022, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law, as amended during the year, allows police to investigate domestic violence without a victim’s prior approval and criminalizes stalking" (12).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"While the criminal code includes the offense of sexual harassment, it does not contain a specific standard or definition" (24).
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"[T]he law addresses lewd acts and indecent behavior, it does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment" (30).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The government prosecutes harassment via the penal code. Conviction of 'disgracing or dishonoring' a person in public is punishable by a minimum of one year and up to 15 years in prison if the victim is younger than age 14. Conviction for 'infamous' acts against the rules of decency is punishable by a penalty of six months in prison, and 'dishonoring a woman by word or deed on a public roadway' is also a punishable offense. The government generally enforced this law" (28).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment. On February 18, the media reported that several female cyclists had endured years of sexual harassment by Antanas Jakimavicius, the coach of the national cycling team. In response, Minister of Education, Science, and Sport Algirdas Monkevicius, president of the Lithuanian National Olympic Committee Daina Gudzineviciute, and the heads of the Lithuanian Cycling Federation organized a discussion on how to prevent sexual harassment in sports" (12).