The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] is also concerned about the restrictions placed on the freedom of movement of women human rights defenders and the adverse effect of violence and intimidation on their work and on their right to participate meaningfully in processes relating to women’s rights" (11). "The Committee urges the State party to protect the life, personal liberty and security of women human rights defenders and journalists, to guarantee their freedom of movement and expression, to prosecute acts of murder or gender-based violence and intimidation committed against them and to adequately punish the perpetrators of such crimes. The Committee recommends that the State party work with civil society organizations to raise the...more
Sept. 21, 2021, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"We are looking at a situation where younger women are constantly modifying their behaviour in an attempt to avoid being objectified or attacked, and older women are reporting serious concerns about personal safety if they ever leave the house in the dark – even during the daytime in winter" (para 5). Although it is not required that a woman be accompanied by a man in public, women tend to feel unsafe being alone in public when it is dark. (JLR-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Using a woman's name in public is frowned upon and can be considered an insult. Many Afghan men are reluctant to say the names of their sisters, wives or mothers in public. Women are generally only referred to as the mother, daughter or sister of the eldest male in their family, and Afghan law dictates that only the father's name should be recorded on a birth certificate" (para 4).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Antigovernment elements continued to attack civilian targets, including NGOs offices and facilities. On May 8, for instance, the Taliban carried out a complex attack using a vehicle-borne IED, small arms fire, and mortars against Counterpart International, a NGO, resulting in eight civilian deaths and 27 injuries. While no Counterpart International staff were killed, three staff members of the neighboring CARE International NGO were among the dead. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, asserting that the organization 'promoted intermixing between men and women' and 'groomed Kabul administration security and other personnel in implementing pro-Western objectives.' On December 4, militants killed six individuals, including Japanese doctor Tetsu Nakamura who shortly before...more
Aug. 4, 2021, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Muntasir, along with eight other women filed a case against the man who called for flogging women on the streets for their appearances. 'We heard that he wants to travel so we filed an application to ban him from leaving the country before the trial,' she told The New Arab" (Para 17-18).
July 23, 2021, 12:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"But she had the inner strength to leave her rural home and move on her own to Chandigarh, the regional capital, to volunteer in the passport office. She knows she’s defying traditions back home, where married women don’t leave the house without male relatives or have a separate identity" (Para 25). "In Toosa, women don’t venture out at night and are rarely left home alone, even in walled family compounds" (Para 36).
July 21, 2021, 10:48 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"The teenager says the recent killings have amplified wider worries about women's safety in the area, where she rarely goes out alone. 'I am not so safe... Because there's so [many] people that kill around here'" (Para 6).
July 20, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"'The idea of separation segregation of sexes is okay in Israel. Parts of the potential [Netanyahu] coalition we might see here, like the ultra-Orthodox parties and Religious Zionism, either actively promote segregated hours at public places, segregated driving courses, academic studies, military units, etc., or have been indifferent [toward the practice], like [the [Yamina party of Naftali] Bennett and Likud,' she[Dr. Yofi Tirosh, a gender equality expert at the Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law] said"(para 18).
July 16, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"In July 2020, Saudi writer Mariam Al Otaibi, 32, won a historic ruling ending a three-year legal battle against her family, which sued her for living and traveling alone under the 'absenteeism' law. She was put on trial for living and travelling alone without her father’s permission. Mariam Al Otaibi won the battle after a court ruled that she had 'the right to choose where to live.' Saudi lawyer Abdul Rahman Al Lahem was Al Otaibi’s lawyer. He earlier said the court issued a historic decision that allows women to live independently. Al Lahem said it is not a crime for a woman to live separately on her own. He...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Militia checkpoints and those imposed by ISIS, Ansar al-Sharia, and other extremist organizations impeded internal movement and, in some areas, prohibited women from moving freely without a male escort. There were also multiple reports of women who could not depart from the country’s western airports controlled by pro-GNA militias because they did not have “male guardians,” which is not a legal requirement in the country" (p 18). "Women faced social forms of discrimination, which affected their ability to access employment, their presence in the workplace, and their mobility and personal freedom" (p 25). "On February 16, LNA commander Khalifa Haftar and the military governor of the region that extends from...more
July 15, 2021, 11:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"On the question of women working, the law of the land was crystal clear. Raghda and Rafaa Abuazzah’s parents had ruled otherwise. 'What will people say? You’ll be in public!' their father said after the sisters scandalized their parents by announcing that they wanted jobs at a coffee shop in Medina, the second-holiest city in Islam, where the Prophet Muhammad was said to have died. 'It’s fine to work in an office because no one can see you there. But how can you work with men?' Two years and much ado later, Raghda serves lattes filigreed with milk art at a strip-mall coffee shop and Rafaa hosts community gatherings at...more
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Rahaf[Mohammed al-Qunun] fled her 'abusive' family while travelling in Kuwait, and had flown to Thailand in the hopes of reaching Australia to seek asylum. But she was stopped in Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi airport by Kuwaiti and Saudi embassy officials, she said, and has since been held in an airport hotel awaiting deportation. She said a Saudi official in the Thai airport confiscated her passport after her father reported her for travelling without her male 'guardian'. He claimed she was mentally ill but failed to provide any evidence"(para 13,14)."There are no public statistics available for how many Saudi women try to flee abroad each year. The most recent statistics from the Ministry...more
June 30, 2021, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"She says that when she is filming on the streets, men often shout at her, telling her she should be indoors rather than embarrassing herself in public. 'I want it to become entirely normal for a woman like me to go out and about, filming and taking photos, without fear of harassment or worse'" (para 3-4).
June 30, 2021, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"The brochure [issued by 'authorities in Russia's mostly Muslim-populated North Caucasus region of Ingushetia'] calls on Ingush girls 'to remember women's honorable place in Ingush society' and instructs 'a woman of any age to defer to a man of any age'... 'Women's beauty is shyness, politeness, a calm tone and keeping a distance from strangers. Women cannot shout and laugh loudly in public,' the brochure says" (para 6). "The instructions also say that people must step aside when a person who is at least one day older is walking toward them... 'Women stand up in the presence of men, showing respect to them no matter how old they are. Even...more
June 29, 2021, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Both Madeleine and Shahed were detained under a controversial ‘male guardianship’ system in Jordan that has locked up women and girls for many months at a time without charge or trial, for activities like leaving the family home without permission" (para 3).
June 25, 2021, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"A masked sharia officer known as an 'algojo' rained down between eight and 32 strokes from a rattan cane on their backs after they were caught with members of the opposite sex. The six men and five women - all in their late teens and early twenties - were rounded up by religious officers who caught them behaving amorously, a crime under local law. Authorities gave few details, but couples have been whipped in the past for cuddling or holding hands in public" (para 6-8).
June 7, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Among the dozens of women on social media talking about violence at the hands of male relatives were those telling stories of being beaten for visiting friends, for wearing clothes deemed unsuitable and for taking part in the 2019 protests that toppled the former president Omar al-Bashir" (para 6).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In January, the Egyptian cabinet approved a personal status law that would require women to get the consent of a male guardian to…travel abroad. The draft law also…allows fathers to prevent mothers from traveling with their children" (para 2).
April 22, 2021, 4:31 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"North Korean citizens usually cannot freely travel around the country,let alone travel abroad.Emigration and immigration are strictly controlled.] Only the political elite may own or lease vehicles, and the government limits access to fuel and other forms of transport due to frequent shortages of gasoline/petrol, diesel fuel, crude oil, coal and other fossil fuels due to the severe sanctions placed on North Korea by the U.S. and other nations (satellite photos of North Korea show an almost complete absence of vehicles on all of its roads throughout the country, even in its cities).Forced resettlement of citizens and whole families, especially as punishment for political reasons, is said to be routine"...more
April 13, 2021, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Sharif said his biggest challenge was finding subjects willing to talk on camera. “"A lot more people want to share their stories now. But many of the people I talked to were reluctant to share their stories, they were afraid of being targeted again. It was important that their faces appear, because the objective is to overcome this fear. But the fear to talk about this reinforces how deep-rooted this issue really is,” he said (Para 5, 6). This is in reference to a film Sharif is putting together about street harrassment in the Maldives (BRC - CODER COMMENT).
April 6, 2021, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"The railway ministry on Saturday issued guidelines for the security of women across trains and stations and asked the Railway Protection Force (RPF) to analyse the data of crimes against women over the last five years and create a database of such criminals operating on railway premises" (para 2). "'All the Post Commanders (PC) should get details of the incidents of crime against women including rape reported during last five years and should analyse data thoroughly. The reasons for such offences, gaps in security procedure, failures of security apparatus, modus operandi of criminals involved, vulnerable section of women, places, duration day, month and year, status of investigation/prosecution of past cases,...more
March 31, 2021, 9:27 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"The parents were also tasked with accompanying their daughters when they are anywhere except for school or home" (para 10).
March 24, 2021, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"A Saudi man has been jailed for one year for calling for an end to the Muslim kingdom's guardianship system that gives men wide controls over women, local media said Tuesday" (para 1). "Saudi Arabia has some of the world's tightest restrictions on women, and is the only country where they are not allowed to drive. Under the guardianship system a male family member, normally the father, husband or brother, must grant permission for a woman's study, travel and other activities. Activists say that even female prisoners have to be received by the guardian upon their release, meaning that some have to languish in jail or a shelter beyond their...more
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"A judge can also deem a woman in breach of her spousal obligations if she leaves the house or takes a job deemed outside “the law, custom, or necessity,” or if the judge considers it against the family’s interests. This change was made gender neutral but prevailing social norms mean judges are more likely to consider it unnecessary for a woman to work than a man, resulting in discrimination against women" (para 9).
Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

“'A decent girl won't roam around at nine o'clock at night. A girl is far more responsible for rape than a boy’” (para 6). “These offences against women and girls are a part of the story, but the full story starts with a girl not being as welcome as a boy, from birth. When sweets are distributed at the birth of a boy, not of a girl. When the boy child is nourished more than the girl, when a girl's movements are restricted and her freedoms and choices are curtailed, when she is sent as a domestic slave to her husband's home… If a girl is accorded no value, if...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

“Prince Mohammed has sought to shake off his country's ultra-conservative image by allowing cinemas, mixed-gender concerts and greater freedoms for women, including the right to drive” (para 25).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

“She said she grudgingly complies with the dress code when she delivers lectures or sings in a mixed choir - activities she would otherwise be barred from” (para 44).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

“In Johannesburg, South Africa, one study noted that 31 per cent of rapes were perpetrated in open spaces such as rough ground” (pp. 26). “Initiatives such as the one in Khayelitsha, South Africa, address the risk factors and aim to make the city a safer place for women to live and travel, and reduce the effects of gender-based violence. Fewer initiatives address the underlying gendered power inequalities that underpin the occurrence of gender-based violence in the first place, primarily because trying to change gender ideologies, in the short-term at least, is difficult although certainly not impossible. None the less, many of these types of risk-reduction initiatives have proved successful in...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

“In a participatory map drawn by six young women in Bogotá, Colombia, the main areas identified as dangerous and where violence was most feared were an isolated park, a street where a lot of drug-dealing and consumption took place, and the area by the river bank which was also secluded McIlwaine, 2004). A similar map drawn in Cali, Colombia also identified parks, basketball courts and areas where gangs congregated and where drugs were sold as being dangerous” (pp. 25-26).
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"'A child widow's job is to repent and atone. They live a life virtually devoid of pleasure and must wear no other color but white. They must eschew jewelry, meat, fish, and social gatherings, even with family. Temples are off limits and they are not allowed to remarry. They must not leave the house or look men in the eye, as it is said that a widows gaze will bring bad luck,' Basu added" (para 10). "In Mamata’s case, she doesn’t know if it her life is better now or better when she was married, even though she had suffered at the hands of her husband. Indeed, so extreme is...more