The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Nur told him she was afraid of consecrating the marriage. She knew nothing about sex. When women gathered back in Syria to talk, she always excused herself, embarrassed. Eren promised he could wait, even ten days if needed" (para 21). "Eren found her in the bedroom and demanded, 'Take off your clothes,' and then again, louder, when she started shaking. He didn’t touch her, except to rip off each of the fake nails that she wore. He mounted her and penetrated her" (para 24). "The day after Nur’s wedding, Eren wanted sex again, but Nur was sore...After cussing at her, and telling her he’d send her back to her container...more
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"…and a woman can lose her right to maintenance if, for example, she refuses to have sexual relations with her husband without a lawful excuse" (para 17).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"The findings show that an overwhelmingly large proportion of women justified refusing sexual intercourse under the two situations: 92% if the husband has an STI and 83% if the wife knows her husband has sex with other women. The corresponding proportions among male respondents were 96% and 75%" (308). "To assess the ability of a woman to negotiate sexual relations, currently married women were asked whether they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they can ask their husband to use a condom. A large proportion of women said they can deny sex (90%) or ask their husband to use...more
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"A greater percentage of women (46%) than men (26%) age 15-49 agree that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife for at least one of the specified reasons. Approximately one in three women agree that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife if she argues with him (32%), neglects the children (31%), or refuses to have sexual intercourse with him (30%)" (288). "To assess attitudes toward negotiating safer sexual relations, women and men were asked whether they thought that a wife is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse with her husband if she knows he has sex with other women or asking that...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Only 1% of all women reported having two or more sexual partners in the past 12 months. Of those with more than one partner in the last 12 months, 7% reported using a condom during their last sexual intercourse. In the 12 months before the survey, 5% of women had sex with a non-marital/non-cohabitating partner (a person who neither was their husband nor lived with them), and only 18% of those women reported using a condom during their last sexual intercourse with such a partner. On average, women have had 1.7 lifetime sexual partners (Table 13.6.1). Eight percent of men reported having two or more sexual partners in the past...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Being able to negotiate safe sex is critical to the prevention of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. In NFHS-4, women and men age 15-49 were asked if a wife is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse with her husband if he has a sexually transmitted disease. Men were also asked if a wife is justified in asking her husband that they use a condom when they have sex if the husband has a sexually transmitted disease. Seventy-eight percent of women and 80 percent of men age 15-49 agree that a wife is justified in refusing to have sex with her husband if he has a sexually transmitted disease....more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately two-thirds of women (69%) and men (65%) agree that a wife is justified in refusing sex if her husband has other partners; 77% of women and 74% of men agree that she is justified in asking her husband to use a condom if he has an STI" (386). "To assess the ability of women to actually negotiate safer sexual relations with their husband, currently married women were asked whether they could say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they could ask their husband to use a condom. Fifty-six percent of women said that they can say no to their husband...more
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"81% of women and 76% of men believe that a wife is justified in asking her husband to use a condom if she knows that her husband has an STI" (pg 239). "Sixty-seven percent of women can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse, and 71% can ask their husband to use a condom" (pg 239).
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Fifty-eight percent of women believe that a wife is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse if she knows her husband has sex with other women. Similarly, 59% of women believe that a wife is justified in asking her husband to use a condom if she knows that her husband has an STI. The corresponding proportions among male respondents are 74% and 83%" (276-277). "To assess the ability of a woman to negotiate sexual relations, currently married women were asked whether they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they can ask their husband to use a condom. More than...more
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Eight in ten women (81%) and men (78%) age 15-49 believe that a woman is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse with her husband if she knows he has sex with other women. Similarly, 82% of women believe that a woman is justified in asking that a husband use a condom if she knows that he has an STI, compared with 83% of men" (203). "Patterns by background characteristics: 1) There is a clear tendency for positive attitudes towards women’s ability to negotiate safer sexual relations to increase with age, regardless of whether the respondent is a woman or a man. For example, the proportion of women who feel...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"41% of currently married women age 15-49 can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sex. 25% of currently married women can ask their husband to use a condom" (pg 269).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Fifty-five percent of women and 56 percent of men age 15-49 have 'comprehensive knowledge' about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention, as do 46 percent of young women and 47 percent of young men age 15-24" (237). "Knowledge of HIV or AIDS is almost universal in Zimbabwe—99 percent of women and men age 15-49 have heard of HIV or AIDS (Table 13.1). Eighty-four percent of women and 88 percent of men know that consistent condom use reduces HIV transmission. Similarly, 92 percent of women and 94 percent of men recognise that the risk of getting HIV can be reduced by limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner (Table 13.2)....more
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Seven percent of ever-married women have experienced one or more acts of sexual violence by their spouse: 6% have been physically forced to have sexual intercourse with their spouse when they did not want to, 5% have been physically forced to perform other unwanted sexual acts, and 4% have been forced with threats and in other ways to perform unwanted sexual acts" (277).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Eighty-six percent of currently married women age 15-49 can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sex, and 79% can ask their husband to use a condom" (275). "Just over three-quarters of women (76%) and men (77%) believe a wife is justified in refusing sex if her husband has other partners; 87% of women and 91% of men believe she is justified in asking her husband to wear a condom if he has an STI (Table 14.11)" (281). "Currently married women were also asked whether they could ask their husband to use a condom. Eighty-six percent of currently married women said they could say no...more
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"The majority of women and men in Malawi believe that a woman is justified in refusing sex if she knows her husband has sex with other women (66% and 74%, respectively). The majority also report that a woman is justified in asking her husband to use a condom if he has a sexually transmitted infection (STI) (82% and 88%, respectively) (Table 16.11)" (258). "In Malawi, 46% of women can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse, and nearly half (49%) can ask their husband to use a condom (Table 16.12)" (259).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Table 15.11 shows that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men age 15-49 agree that a woman can refuse to have sexual intercourse with her husband if she knows that he has sex with other women; also, 87 percent of women and 93 percent of men agree that a woman can ask that they use a condom if she knows that her husband has an STI" (249). "Overall, less than half of currently married women (48 percent in each case) report that they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and that they can ask their husband to use a...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of Curaçao, there are insufficient health-care specialists providing HIV/AIDS-specific care and, while antiretroviral medicines are available, it can be difficult to have access to them and they cost 17 times more than the internationally recommended prices" (12).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Most women age 15-49 (86%) believe that a wife is justified in refusing to have sex with her husband if she knows he has sex with other women. Eighty-three percent of women believe that a wife is justified in asking her husband to use a condom if she knows that her husband has an STI (Table 14.9). To assess the ability of women to actually negotiate sexual relations with their husbands, currently married women were asked whether they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they can ask their husband to use a condom. The majority of women (87%) can...more
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Half of currently married women age 15-49 (52%) stated they could say no to their husbands if they did not want to have sex, and 43% said they could ask their husband to use a condom" (253). "The majority of Albanian women age 15-49 believe a wife is justified in negotiating sexual relations with her husband. Just over three-quarters of women (80%) and half of men (50%) believe a wife is justified in refusing sex if her husband has other partners; 74% of women and 56% of men believe she is justified in asking her husband to wear a condom if he has an STI (Table 14.12)" (260).more
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"A majority of women believe that a wife is justified in negotiating sexual relations with her husband. Sixty percent of women agree that a wife is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse with her husband if her husband has other partners, and 58% agree that she is justified in asking her husband to wear a condom if he has an STI (Table 15.10). To assess the ability of women to actually negotiate safer sexual relations with their husbands, currently married women were asked whether they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they could ask their husband to use...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Seventy-three percent of women age 15-49 believe that a woman is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse with her husband if she knows he has sex with other women, compared with 82% of men. Similarly, 61% of women believe that a woman is justified in asking that a husband use a condom if she knows that he has an STI, compared with 80% of men (Table 14.14)" (264). "Forty-five percent of married women say that they can say no to their husbands if they do not want to have sexual intercourse, but only 30% said that they can ask their husband to use a condom (Table 14.15)" (264). "Only...more
Jan. 9, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"In secure spaces chosen in consultation with communities, Safe Space staff educates girls about sexual and reproductive health, self-esteem, their rights, money management, public speaking and literacy. In 2014 and 2015, over 10,000 girls completed the program" (para 13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Dowry System: . . . Kuki: According to Kuki tradition, dowry is given in the form of cash or mythun (a kind of cattle). If a man’s wife refuses to have sex with him because she is sick, a common attitude is “I bought you with money. You have to let me have sex or do anything to you whenever and wherever I want”. Source: Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organisation (KWHRO)" (page 32).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law also allows medical doctors to inform spouses of persons with HIV/AIDS of their partners’ status if the latter fail to do so after a reasonable time" (page 21).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"In 2011 the Supreme Court ruled that a woman could withhold sex from her husband if the husband refused to pay a personal maintenance allowance" (para 157). This implies that if a husband provides the personal maintenance allowance, the wive must give him sex (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"On the whole, 54% of women and 69% of men think that a woman is justified, when she knows that her partner is having sexual relations with other women, to refuse sex with him. This opinion is most frequently shared by women over 20 years old than by younger women (59% among those age 25-29 compared to 48% among those age 15-24), by sexually-active single women (75% compared to 43% among non-sexually-active single women), women in Moroni (72% compared to 45% in other cities) and by those in Ngazidja (70% compared to 39% at Mwali and at Ndzuwani). We note, furthermore, that even if the gaps are not very significant,...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

“The tactics employed by abusers may include not only sexual assault or rape but also reproductive or sexual coercion, including behaviors such as demanding unprotected sex, sabotaging a partner’s birth control, impregnating a partner who does not want to become pregnant, and injuring a partner in a way that can lead to miscarriage (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2013; Chamberlain and Levenson 2012). Analysis of the 2010 NISVS indicates that about nine percent of female survey respondents have had an intimate partner who tried to get them pregnant or stop them from using birth control” (248)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3, IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

“Domestic and sexual violence also puts women and girls at higher risk of sexually transmitted infections and HIV (Decker, Silverman, and Raj 2005; Sareen, Pagura, and Grant 2009; Wingood, DiClemente, and Raj 2000). One study analyzing data from ninth through twelfth grade girls participating in the Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Surveys found that among girls who have been diagnosed with HIV or another sexually transmitted infection, more than half reported having experienced physical or sexual intimate partner violence. Girls experiencing this violence were 2.6 times more likely than non-abused girls to report an STD diagnosis” (248)
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

" . . . criminalization of the transmission of HIV and the forced disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners under the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act (2008)" (page 13).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Respondents were asked if they agreed that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife under each of the following five circumstances: she burns the food, she argues with him, she goes out without telling him, she neglects the children, and she refuses to have sex with him. . . . In Tanzania, 58% of women believe that a husband is justified in beating his wife in at least one of the five specified circumstances" (page 330). Figure 15.5 shows that 31% of women believe wife-beating is justified if the wife refuses sex with her husband, compared to 14% of men (page 330).