The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-DATA-1

Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The latest research conducted by the National Population Council shows that the number of girls ages 13-17 subjected to the procedure dropped to 72 percent in 2018"(43).
July 12, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Nine out of 10 women and girls in Mali have undergone the ancient ritual, which usually involves the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and can cause serious health problems, according to the United Nations" (para 2).
April 26, 2021, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The Kenya Demographic Health Survey (KDHS, 2014) report observed that about 87 percent of Kenyan women who have undergone FGM had a cut and their flesh was removed while nine percent had their genital area sown. In addition, 28 percent of women aged 20-24 who have been subjected to FGM in Kenya were cut when they were between five to nine years old" (para 11).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"FGM, which affects 200 million girls and women globally, involves the partial or total removal of the external genitalia. In Somalia the vaginal opening is also often sewn up – a practice called infibulation" (para 5).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Every morning, a neighbour from the refugee community where she lives in Ogoja, in Nigeria's southeastern Cross River State, holds her legs firmly in place while her mother takes a burning hot pestle straight from the fire and presses it against her daughter's chest in an attempt to flatten her breasts. The procedure can be repeated for months, or even years, and is intended to either stop young girls developing breasts or to flatten them once they have" (para 3-4).
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Describing the type of wound inflicted on Christine, a six former cutters - who say the stopped the practice in 2012, shortly after it became illegal in Kenya - explained that it involves full removal of the labia and partial removal of the clitoris. The vulva is also sewed together to prevent sexual intercourse" (para 14-15).
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:57 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

“Taking on the religious arguments used to justify FGM – a procedure that can create lifelong mental and physical problems for the women subjected to it – was key to altering preconceptions and practices across the country, where almost 80% of girls were cut as children, Jaiteh said” (para 3).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The ensuing samba ritual involves cutting cruciform nicks into the girl's chest and hands with a razor to not only help cleanse her of her bad luck, but to make her more attractive to older men" (para 11)
July 24, 2020, 3:41 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

‘Female Genital Mutilation – A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide’ noted that FGM is reportedly not practised in Rwanda”.
July 24, 2020, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

The Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) stated that FGM is not traditionally practised in Madagascar.
July 24, 2020, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) stated that: “FGM is reportedly not practised in Equatorial Guinea”
July 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) stated that: “FGM is reportedly not practised in Cape Verde”
July 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

UNICEF in a statistical report on Child Protection in Burundi gave a nil return for the practice of FGM within the country.
July 24, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) stated that: “FGM is reportedly not practised in Angola”.
July 24, 2020, 3:26 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

Harmful practices such as female genital mutilation hardly exist in Algeria.
July 14, 2020, 5:04 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The United Nations estimates that nearly nine in 10 Sudanese women have been subjected to the most invasive form of the practice, which involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia and leads to health and sexual problems that can be fatal" (para 2). "Most Sudanese women undergo what the World Health Organization calls Type III circumcision, an extreme form of the practice in which the inner and outer labia, and usually the clitoris, are removed. The wound is then sewn closed in a practice known as reinfibulation that can cause cysts, lead to painful sex and prevent orgasm" (para 13).
July 10, 2020, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Karhu said that her studies have taught her that FGM is performed differently in different countries and cultures by either cutting or cauterising the clitoris has been removed and the labia have been removed and sutured so as to leave only a small opening for urinating and menstruation. This means that a reversal procedure is necessary for childbirth, she added" (para 18).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in Limpopo province were subjected to the practice. The government continued initiatives to eradicate the practice, including national research and sensitization workshops in areas where FGM/C was prevalent" (25).
June 14, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Increasing numbers of young girls in Britain are being subjected to a 'barbaric' practice of having their breasts 'ironed' to stop them growing, it is claimed" (para 6).
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"According to researchers, three major forms of FGM are practiced in Nigeria: female circumcision, hymenectomy (angurya), and gishiri cuts" (465). "The most common type of FGM in Nigeria is Type II (some flesh removed), with 41% of women undergoing this procedure. Ten percent of women underwent a Type I procedure (clitoris nicked, no flesh removed), and 6% underwent a Type III procedure (also known as infibulation)" (466). "40% of women who had been circumcised had angurya performed, while 13% had gishiri cuts and 7% experienced use of corrosive substances" (468). "Angurya is most common in the North East (91%) and North West (81%) and least common in the South West...more
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Anecdotal evidence suggests that in the Maldives, female circumcision mainly falls into the Type 4 category [other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes], consisting mostly of small cuts to the genitals" (265).
March 18, 2020, 3 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

“There are no reports to suggest that female genital mutilation is a concern or practiced in Kosovo" (6).
March 1, 2020, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"'At the tip of the clitoris is a black dot, this is what I cut off. This is what I was taught by my mother-in-law. She was experienced and did this for everyone in the village. But I do not do this on strangers, only on people I know,' [Amina Magomedova, a resident of Saruso] said. 'With boys it is more difficult, that is why a doctor should do the work. With girls only an incision is made. Yes, blood flows, but it is not terrible. They can put on their knickers right away and go,' Magomedova said" (para 13-14). "According to Legal Initiative for Russia researchers, there was no...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 3:17 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Type I or Type IV FGC are most likely practiced in Brunei, with reports discussing symbolic FGC and removal of the clitoral hood. The Ministry of Religious Affairs in Brunei has declared female circumcision to be ‘sunat’, or an obligatory religious rite for Muslim women, involving the removal of the clitoral hood" (para 2). "There are no statistics on the age at which FGC takes place, but the Brunei government has reported FGC is carried out within 40 days of birth" (para 3)
Feb. 14, 2020, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

After extensive research, no evidence of the existence of FGM in Afghanistan has been found (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Jan. 10, 2020, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Some women in Sudan are opting to undergo female genital mutilation (FGM) a month or two before their wedding to pretend to be virgins. This is even though most of them have already been circumcised as girls - something that usually happens between the ages of four and 10 years old. In the mainly Muslim country this can involve the removal of the clitoris and labia and often includes some stitching to narrow the vaginal opening - a process known as infibulation."
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The Ministry of Religious Affairs declared circumcision for Muslim girls (sunat) a religious rite obligatory under Islam and described it as the removal of the hood of the clitoris" (p. 15).
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"Prevalence of FGM/C demonstrates persistent gender inequality in Somalia. Although Article 15.4 of the PFC prohibits female circumcision, 98 percent of Somali girls are reported to have undergone the procedure" (9).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"The law and constitution prohibit FGM/C of women and girls and establish a maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment for convicted perpetrators--or life imprisonment if the victim dies during the act of FGM/C. The government, women’s groups, and international organizations combated the practice through education and livelihood skills training. These programs, which received some support from local leaders, emphasized close cooperation with traditional authority figures and peer counseling. Nevertheless, the Sabiny ethnic group in rural Kapchorwa District and the Pokot ethnic group along the northeastern border with Kenya continued the practice; the Sabiny practiced types I and II, and the Pokot practiced type III" (Pg 27).more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages15 to 19. The most common form of FGM/C was excision. Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from two months to five years in prison as well as substantial fines. The law was rarely enforced because most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs often took precedence over the...more