The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-DATA-2

Dec. 20, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire, Egypt, Guinea, Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

In Belgium, “The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt” (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C remained a serious problem" (19).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"NGOs in Dagestan reported FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages, estimating that 1,240 Dagestani girls are subjected to it every year" (55).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law. The State Secretariat for Citizenship and Equality reported that some immigrant communities practiced FGM/C on young girls, particularly among Bissau-Guinean immigrants. According to the Healthy Practices Project, established by the government in November 2018 to prevent and combat FGM/C, the country reported 63 cases of female genital mutilation in 2018 and 54 cases through mid-August, although none of the FGM/C procedures occurred in the country" (10).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Type I (a) (as classified by the World Health Organization) FGM/C was practiced among a small portion of the Muslim population" (22).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and it is punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment, even if the crime is committed abroad. Cases of FGM/C occurred in some immigrant communities. Experts estimated that between 60,000 and 80,000 women were victims of genital mutilation and that most mutilations were performed outside the country. The European Institute for Gender Equality estimated that 15 to 24 percent of girls originating from countries where FGM/C is practiced were at risk of FGM/C in the Italy. Prosecutors often depended on coverage by NGOs and self-reporting from the migrant community to identify and prosecute FGM/C" (15).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to the latest statistics available from the Ministry of Gender Equality and the Fight against Discrimination, between 40,000 to 60,000 FGM/C victims resided in the country. The majority were recent immigrants from sub-Saharan African countries where FGM/C was prevalent and where the procedure was performed. According to the Group against Sexual Mutilation, 350 excisions were performed in the country each year" (20). "On July 23, the National Public Health Agency released a report that estimated the number of victims of FGM/C rose from 62,000 in the early 2000s to 124,355 in the middle 2010s" (20).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison, even if performed abroad. Authorities can revoke the passports of individuals who they suspect are traveling abroad to subject a girl or woman to FGM/C; however, authorities have not taken this step since the law took effect in 2017. FGM/C affected segments of the immigrant population, in particular those from Eritrea, Iraq, Somalia, and Egypt, and their Germany-born children. A working group under the leadership of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth worked with other federal government bodies and all 16 states to combat FGM/C. While official statistics...more
Oct. 8, 2021, 11:48 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

Hanaa Edwar, head of the Iraq Women Network, stated in this interview that "The FGM cases occur in some remote areas of Kirkuk, Suleymania and some parts of Erbil in the Kurdish Autonomous Region. About 70 percent of women have reportedly suffered this aggression in the mentioned areas but hardly any in the rest of the country."
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C is legal in the country and, except in certain northern areas, all religious and ethnic groups practiced it widely, particularly in rural areas. Although FGM/C is legal, authorities prohibited the practice in government-funded health centers. Parents generally had FGM/C performed on girls between the ages of six months and nine years. The most recent comprehensive FGM/C survey, conducted by UNICEF in 2015, indicated that 83 percent of girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 were excised, and 74 percent of girls and women in the same age group had at least one daughter who was excised. Government information campaigns regarding the dangers of FGM/C reached citizens...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"UNICEF data from 2014, the most recent available, reported that nine of 10 women and girls had undergone the procedure" (p 18). "The FSU reported that of six recorded cases of FGM/C during initiation of girls under 18 years of age between January and August, four were investigated, but no charges were filed" (p 18).
July 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"It was when the phone started ringing with calls from worried mothers in Somalia that Ifrah Ahmed knew she was making an impact. The women told her their daughters had been bleeding for hours after undergoing female genital mutilation and asked what to do. Ahmed told them to seek medical attention, and probably saved lives by doing so. The mothers called because they had heard the story of a 10-year-old girl who had bled to death after being cut in central Galmudug state in July 2018. It was the first confirmed death in years in a country where any complications arising from FGM are generally denied and it gained worldwide...more
July 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Between 2007 and 2019, the prevalence of FGM in Sierra Leone – as a proportion of women and girls who have been subjected to the practice – dropped from 98% to 86%, she said, adding that the next generation, who are more informed, are starting to rebel against parents who say they should be cut. 'It’s a very serious issue here so that is why we are going on a rampage to let people know, so they don’t fall into the same trap as their elders.' There is still a long way to go. 'We are up against quite a huge and broad mandate with the sustainable development goals being...more
July 21, 2021, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"While Somalia has the world’s highest FGM prevalence, with 98% of women having been cut, Egypt has the greatest number of women who have undergone it, according to UNICEF" (Para 12).
July 21, 2021, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Nearly 90% of Egyptian women and girls aged between 15 and 49 have undergone FGM, according to a 2016 survey by the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the ritual is practised widely by both Muslims and Christians despite the 2008 ban" (Para 2). "While Somalia has the world’s highest FGM prevalence, with 98% of women having been cut, Egypt has the greatest number of women who have undergone it, according to UNICEF" (Para 12).
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to United Nations data, almost 90 percent of women and girls in Sudan have undergone FGM, usually involving the partial or total removal of the labia and the clitoris" (Para 18).
July 12, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Nine out of 10 women and girls in Mali have undergone the ancient ritual, which usually involves the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and can cause serious health problems, according to the United Nations" (para 2). "'We have made several calls to Mali for the past 18 years urging it to honour its national, regional and international obligations to protect girls and women from this harmful practice,' said Faiza Mohamed, Equality Now's Africa director. 'However, this remains to be done and we can no longer sit still as thousands of girls and women in Mali continue being subjected to FGM,' she added in a statement" (para...more
July 1, 2021, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Washington is the state with the highest number of women and girls estimated to be at risk or to have undergone the practice that still lacks a state-level FGM ban. The Population Reference Bureau estimates 25,000 women and girls in the state are at risk" (para 22).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF statistics from February 2016, 1 percent of women under age 50 had undergone FGM/C" (p 29).
June 23, 2021, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

The figure entitled "More than 5,000 new FGM cases a year in UK, stats suggest" reads "Figures produced by the NHS in 2017 suggested there may be more than 5,000 new victims of FGM in the UK each year. NHS Digital produced stats of cases which were spotted by nurses or doctors around the country. Around half of the recorded cases were in London, with a third involving girls or women born in Somalia. It is thought the majority of cases involved mutilation abroad" (para 20).
June 23, 2021, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Much of society remains permissive of FGM, which is widely practised by both Christians and Muslims. A 2016 survey by the U.N. Children's Fund showed an astonishing 87 per cent of Egyptian women and girls aged between 15-49 had undergone FGM" (para 9-10).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Still, Eltahawy finds encouragement in the new openness in discussing sexual pleasure and desire—subjects that, in a country where more than 87 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 59 have been subject to genital cutting, which deprives women of vaginal sensations, hardly warranted a mention in the past" (para 18).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Italy now holds the sad record of European country with the highest number of female infibulations, mostly among women of Somali or Nigerian origin" (94).
April 26, 2021, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The Kenya Demographic Health Survey (KDHS, 2014) report observed that about 87 percent of Kenyan women who have undergone FGM had a cut and their flesh was removed while nine percent had their genital area sown. In addition, 28 percent of women aged 20-24 who have been subjected to FGM in Kenya were cut when they were between five to nine years old" (para 11).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"A report prepared by the Senate's Health and Population Committee said 'the practice of female genital mutilation is still one of the worst crimes in Egypt and so laws should be amended to impose harsher penalties to this crime'" (para 18).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The Committee is also concerned that the number of women and girls who have undergone or are at risk of female genital mutilation is on the rise" (9).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Somalia’s coronavirus lockdown has led to a huge increase in female genital mutilation (FGM), with circumcisers going door to door offering to cut girls stuck at home during the pandemic, according to Plan International.The crisis is undermining efforts to eradicate the practice in Somalia, which has the world’s highest FGM rate, with about 98% of women having been cut, the charity warned" (para 1-2). "The UNFPA, which estimates 290,000 girls will be cut in Somalia in 2020, said the spike was also linked to Ramadan, which is a traditional time for girls to be cut" (para 12).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

“A 2015 government survey found that 87 per cent of Egyptian women and girls aged between 15 and 49 have been circumcised” (para 5).
Feb. 13, 2021, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

“Izevbekhai v. Ireland (17 May 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant and her two daughters claimed the girls risk female genital mutilation if the family was returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. They alleged that the mother’s eldest daughter died aged one from profuse bleeding after female genital mutilation was performed by an ‘elder’. The family left Nigeria for Ireland in the face of pressure from the father’s family to perform female genital mutilation on the two younger girls. Their request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It found in...more