The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No national law addresses the practice of FGM/C" (44).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls, and women age 18 and above, but it was a problem. The law also criminalizes those who fail to report a completed or planned FGM/C" (17). "The law sets punishment for conviction of FGM/C at five years’ imprisonment and a fine of one million DJF ($5,650), and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) may file charges on behalf of victims. The law also provides for up to one year’s imprisonment and a fine of up to 100,000 DJF ($565) for anyone convicted of failing to report a completed or planned FGM/C to the proper authorities" (17). "The government continued efforts to end FGM/C with a high-profile national...more
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 12,000 to 30,000 ouguiyas ($333 to $833)" (16).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law makes it illegal to practice FGM/C, procure the services of someone who practices FGM/C, or send a person out of the country to undergo the procedure.The law also makes it illegal to make derogatory remarks about a woman who has not undergone FGM/C"(37).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law specifically forbids FGM/C and provides penalties for practitioners of up to five years’ imprisonment and fines of 360,000 to two million CFA francs ($610 to $3,400). Double penalties apply to medical practitioners, including doctors, nurses, and medical technicians" (19).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C" (55).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law. The State Secretariat for Citizenship and Equality reported that some immigrant communities practiced FGM/C on young girls, particularly among Bissau-Guinean immigrants. According to the Healthy Practices Project, established by the government in November 2018 to prevent and combat FGM/C, the country reported 63 cases of female genital mutilation in 2018 and 54 cases through mid-August, although none of the FGM/C procedures occurred in the country" (10).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There was no legislation banning FGM/C" (22).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and it is punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment, even if the crime is committed abroad. Cases of FGM/C occurred in some immigrant communities. Experts estimated that between 60,000 and 80,000 women were victims of genital mutilation and that most mutilations were performed outside the country. The European Institute for Gender Equality estimated that 15 to 24 percent of girls originating from countries where FGM/C is practiced were at risk of FGM/C in the Italy. Prosecutors often depended on coverage by NGOs and self-reporting from the migrant community to identify and prosecute FGM/C" (15).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and authorizes courts to prosecute residents of the country who committed this crime in the country or anywhere in the world. Doctors must ask parents residing in the country who originate from countries that practice FGM/C to sign a declaration promising their daughter(s) will not undergo FGM/C when they visit countries where the practice is common. Once a family returns to the country, a doctor must examine the girl(s) again and may start legal action against the parents if examination finds that the minors underwent FGM/C during their trip. The State Plan against Gender Violence includes FGM/C as a form of gender- based violence" (16).more
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"[The new asylum and immigration bill] includes measures to strengthen the protection of girls and young men exposed to the risk of sexual mutilation" (14). "Various laws prohibit FGM/C and include extraterritorial jurisdiction, allowing authorities to prosecute FGM/C, which is punishable by up to 20 years in prison, even if it is committed outside the country, and up to 30 years if the FGM/C leads to the death of the victim. The government provided reconstructive surgery and counseling for FGM/C victims" (20). "On June 21, the junior minister of gender equality and the fight against discrimination, Marlene Schiappa, launched a national action plan to combat FGM/C, focusing on identifying risks,...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison, even if performed abroad. Authorities can revoke the passports of individuals who they suspect are traveling abroad to subject a girl or woman to FGM/C; however, authorities have not taken this step since the law took effect in 2017. FGM/C affected segments of the immigrant population, in particular those from Eritrea, Iraq, Somalia, and Egypt, and their Germany-born children. A working group under the leadership of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth worked with other federal government bodies and all 16 states to combat FGM/C. While official statistics...more
Oct. 11, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. It is also illegal to perform FGM/C on a Swedish citizen abroad"(9).
Oct. 4, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment"(12).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"According to the UN’s Panel of Experts’ reporting, the Gender-based Violence Information Management System reported 210 cases of conflict-related sexual violence from January to April, including cases of forced marriage, sexual slavery, castration, force
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is against the law. At Dublin Circuit Criminal Court, in November a jury found a married couple guilty of one count of carrying out an act of FGM on their one-year-old daughter at an address in Dublin" (10).
Sept. 5, 2021, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"President Goodluck Jonathan, this afternoon, passed the Violence Against Persons Prohibition (VAPP) bill into law. The new law prohibits female circumcision or genital mutilation, forceful ejection from home and harmful widowhood practices. It prohibits abandonment of spouse, children and other dependents without sustenance, battery and harmful traditional practices" (para 1).
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C from being performed on girls under the age 18, but it does not provide for protection to women ages 18 or older" (p 23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not prohibit FGM/C for women and girls" (p 18). "In July the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender, and Children’s Affairs signed a memorandum of understanding with the Soweis and other traditional leaders who practice FGM/C, whereby the traditional leaders committed not to initiate minors under 18 years of age" (p 18).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, which is punishable by six months to three years in prison. If an FGM/C victim dies, the practitioner may be sentenced to 10 to 20 years in prison" (p 15).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal, but it remained a serious problem"(43)."A 2016 amendment to the law designated FGM/C a felony, as opposed to a misdemeanor as it was previously, and assigned penalties for conviction of five to seven years’ imprisonment for practitioners who perform the procedure or 15 years if the practice led to death or “permanent deformity.” The law granted exceptions in cases of “medical necessity,” which rights groups and subject matter experts identified as a problematic loophole that allowed the practice to continue"(44).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C of women and girls and prosecutes the offense, including parents of minors, as aggravated assault with a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment"(9).
July 21, 2021, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Egypt’s cabinet has toughened a law banning female genital mutilation (FGM) - imposing jail terms of up to 20 years as part of efforts to stamp out the ancient practice" (Para 1). "Amendments to the FGM law approved by the cabinet on Wednesday include hiking the maximum sentence from the current seven years and banning doctors and other medical staff involved in FGM from practising their profession for up to five years. Under the changes, prison terms of between five and 20 years will be recommended depending on who performed the surgery and whether it caused permanent damage or death, a government statement said. The person requesting FGM will also...more
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Last year, Sudan outlawed female genital mutilation (FGM), a move that was hailed by women’s rights campaigners. The new law states that anyone who performs FGM, whether inside a medical establishment or elsewhere, will risk a fine and three years in prison" (Para 16-17).
July 12, 2021, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Most countries in West Africa, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo, have adopted laws prohibiting FGM" (para 16).
July 12, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Mali's failure to outlaw female genital mutilation (FGM) is being challenged in West Africa's highest court by rights groups, who accused the country on Monday of failing to protect girls and women from 'a grave and systematic violation'" (para 1). "The UN Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) said in June 2020 that the failure to criminalise FGM was putting the lives of girls and women in Mali, as well as from neighbouring states, at risk" (para 10). "Attempts by the Malian government to criminalise FGM in 2002 and again in 2009 failed due to opposition from religious leaders, CEDAW added in its latest...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes abuses that include early and forced marriage, FGM/C, forced wife “inheritance,” and sexual violence within marriage" (p 33). "The law makes it illegal to practice FGM/C, procure the services of someone who practices FGM/C, or send a person out of the country to undergo the procedure. The law also makes it illegal to make derogatory remarks about a woman who has not undergone FGM/C. Nevertheless, individuals practiced FGM/C widely, particularly in some rural areas. Government officials often participated in public awareness programs to prevent the practice" (p 34).
July 1, 2021, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Just this month, the STOP FGM Act of 2020 was signed into law, providing protection to thousands of women and girls around the country from female genital mutilation (FGM). While it is a critical step in helping those at risk, the best way to ensure the safety of women and girls is to back up the federal ban with state-level bans in all 50 states. Reestablishing the federal ban in the U.S. was one of our biggest legislative wins ever against the egregious act of FGM. The STOP FGM Act of 2020 is now one of the biggest shields protecting thousands of women and girls from undergoing FGM. Still, we...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law describes FGM/C as a form of sexual violence, provides a sentence of two to five years in prison, and levies fines of up to 200,000 Congolese francs ($125); in case of death due to FGM/C, the sentence is life imprisonment" (p 40).