The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law" (12).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Increasing the punishment for female genital mutilation, which has been a criminal offence since 2009. Setting up a mobile legal brigade to combat female genital mutilation" (11). "Specific measures adopted by the Government as part of a strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality between men and women, particularly in the areas of education, justice and decision-making, include the enactment of a new law on the protection and prevention of violence against women, as well as other measures to combat female genital mutilation, trafficking and prostitution" (12). "Since female genital mutilation is a major concern in Djibouti, the policy of eradicating all forms of female genital mutilation is part...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The government has revoked the MoH Regulation No. 1636/2010 on Female Circumcision by issuing MoH Regulation No. 6/2014. The latest regulation prohibits all medical practitioners from conducting FGM/C procedures" (19). "Raising awareness and advocacy are key in the effort to eliminate FGM/C. Indonesia has intensified efforts in conducting awareness programs among the medical and health workers, parents, community and religious leaders to prevent FGM/C practice on the ground. MoWECP has also intensified efforts to gather support to stop the practice of FGM/C by engaging community leaders, in particular religious communities, on the issue. A series of workshops in cooperation with NHRI has been done to formulate concrete strategies and programs...more
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that Ministry of Health Regulation No. 1636/2010 was replaced by Ministry of Health Regulation No. 6/2014, which explicitly states that female genital mutilation and circumcision are not medical treatments. However, the Committee notes with concern that Ministry of Health Regulation No. 6/2014 does not prohibit female genital mutilation or impose sanctions on those who perform it" (6). "[The Committee] recommends that the State party: (a) Criminalize all forms of female genital mutilation, ensuring that such criminalization cannot be overruled by fatwas or other rulings issued by religious or clerical authorities" (6). This recommendation indicates that such laws are not yet in place (SFR - CODER COMMENT).more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the introduction of a mandatory reporting duty, which came into force in October 2015, requiring health-care and social-care professionals and teachers to report all known cases of female genital mutilation in girls under 18 years of age to the police. It also welcomes the first conviction for female genital mutilation in February 2019" (8).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"A criminal provision on female genital mutilation came into force on 1 July 2012. Under article 124 of the Criminal Code, any person who mutilates the genitals of a female person, impairs their natural function seriously and permanently or damages them in some other way is liable to a custodial sentence not exceeding ten years. Paragraph 2 provides that any person who has committed the offence abroad but is now in Switzerland and is not extradited is liable to the foregoing penalties" (18).
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/RUS/CO/8, para. 24) and recommends that the State party: (b) Adopt legislation explicitly criminalizing female genital mutilation" (8). This indicates that the laws against FGM are not yet in place (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not address FGM/C, although the Ministry of Health prohibits hospitals and clinics from performing the procedure. FGM/C is practiced by some tribal groups and was reportedly declining as a traditional custom, yet little information was available. Foreign residents from countries where FGM/C is prevalent undertook the practice" (27).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Through Act of 9 January 2006, No. 7 on, 'Provisions concerning the prevention and prohibition of the practice of female genital mutilation', the Italian Legislator has introduced the necessary measures to prevent, contrast and punish the practice of female genital mutilation, as violation of the fundamental rights to integrity and to health of women and girls" (10). "in August 2006, the Department for Equal Opportunities launched a three-fold program on prevention of female genital mutilation, which included an awareness campaign for immigrants, a risks factors analysis, and cultural mediators training. By Act No. 7 of 9 January 2006 concerning the 'Prevention and the prohibition of female genital mutilation', the perpetrator...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. The law also requires health and social care professionals and teachers to report to police cases of FGM/C on girls less than 18 years of age. It is also illegal to take a British national or permanent resident abroad for FGM/C or to help someone trying to do this. The penalty is up to 14 years in prison. An FGM protection order, a civil measure that can be applied for through a family court, offers the means of protecting actual or potential victims from FGM/C under the civil law. Breach of an FGM protection order is a criminal offense carrying a sentence of up to five...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but isolated incidents were reported in several indigenous communities in different parts of the country. Two-thirds of women from the Embera community had undergone FGM/C, according to the UN Population Fund" (25).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law provides criminal penalties for the perpetration of FGM/C on women and girls" (15).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No specific law prohibits this practice [of FGM/C]" (32).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C. FGM/C existed in the country, but NGOs and the government stated the incidence was low. There were no reliable estimates of the numbers of girls and women subjected to FGM/C…" (15).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No national law addresses the practice of FGM/C" (44).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls, and women age 18 and above, but it was a problem. The law also criminalizes those who fail to report a completed or planned FGM/C" (17). "The law sets punishment for conviction of FGM/C at five years’ imprisonment and a fine of one million DJF ($5,650), and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) may file charges on behalf of victims. The law also provides for up to one year’s imprisonment and a fine of up to 100,000 DJF ($565) for anyone convicted of failing to report a completed or planned FGM/C to the proper authorities" (17). "The government continued efforts to end FGM/C with a high-profile national...more
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 12,000 to 30,000 ouguiyas ($333 to $833)" (16).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law makes it illegal to practice FGM/C, procure the services of someone who practices FGM/C, or send a person out of the country to undergo the procedure.The law also makes it illegal to make derogatory remarks about a woman who has not undergone FGM/C"(37).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law specifically forbids FGM/C and provides penalties for practitioners of up to five years’ imprisonment and fines of 360,000 to two million CFA francs ($610 to $3,400). Double penalties apply to medical practitioners, including doctors, nurses, and medical technicians" (19).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C" (55).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law. The State Secretariat for Citizenship and Equality reported that some immigrant communities practiced FGM/C on young girls, particularly among Bissau-Guinean immigrants. According to the Healthy Practices Project, established by the government in November 2018 to prevent and combat FGM/C, the country reported 63 cases of female genital mutilation in 2018 and 54 cases through mid-August, although none of the FGM/C procedures occurred in the country" (10).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There was no legislation banning FGM/C" (22).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and it is punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment, even if the crime is committed abroad. Cases of FGM/C occurred in some immigrant communities. Experts estimated that between 60,000 and 80,000 women were victims of genital mutilation and that most mutilations were performed outside the country. The European Institute for Gender Equality estimated that 15 to 24 percent of girls originating from countries where FGM/C is practiced were at risk of FGM/C in the Italy. Prosecutors often depended on coverage by NGOs and self-reporting from the migrant community to identify and prosecute FGM/C" (15).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and authorizes courts to prosecute residents of the country who committed this crime in the country or anywhere in the world. Doctors must ask parents residing in the country who originate from countries that practice FGM/C to sign a declaration promising their daughter(s) will not undergo FGM/C when they visit countries where the practice is common. Once a family returns to the country, a doctor must examine the girl(s) again and may start legal action against the parents if examination finds that the minors underwent FGM/C during their trip. The State Plan against Gender Violence includes FGM/C as a form of gender- based violence" (16).more
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"[The new asylum and immigration bill] includes measures to strengthen the protection of girls and young men exposed to the risk of sexual mutilation" (14). "Various laws prohibit FGM/C and include extraterritorial jurisdiction, allowing authorities to prosecute FGM/C, which is punishable by up to 20 years in prison, even if it is committed outside the country, and up to 30 years if the FGM/C leads to the death of the victim. The government provided reconstructive surgery and counseling for FGM/C victims" (20). "On June 21, the junior minister of gender equality and the fight against discrimination, Marlene Schiappa, launched a national action plan to combat FGM/C, focusing on identifying risks,...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison, even if performed abroad. Authorities can revoke the passports of individuals who they suspect are traveling abroad to subject a girl or woman to FGM/C; however, authorities have not taken this step since the law took effect in 2017. FGM/C affected segments of the immigrant population, in particular those from Eritrea, Iraq, Somalia, and Egypt, and their Germany-born children. A working group under the leadership of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth worked with other federal government bodies and all 16 states to combat FGM/C. While official statistics...more
Oct. 11, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. It is also illegal to perform FGM/C on a Swedish citizen abroad"(9).
Oct. 4, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment"(12).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"According to the UN’s Panel of Experts’ reporting, the Gender-based Violence Information Management System reported 210 cases of conflict-related sexual violence from January to April, including cases of forced marriage, sexual slavery, castration, force