The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is part of a long-held tradition and belief which has been passed down through generations of families and communities, which mostly done by tradition and is carried out symbolically. Even with the prohibition by ministerial decree and health workers and Health Service Facilities do not promote FGM/C, there are still demand for female circumcision in some society" (19).
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the introduction of a mandatory reporting duty, which came into force in October 2015, requiring health-care and social-care professionals and teachers to report all known cases of female genital mutilation in girls under 18 years of age to the police. It also welcomes the first conviction for female genital mutilation in February 2019" (8).
June 3, 2022, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Due to this, there has been an increase in women societal problems such as FGM, child marriages, sexual assault or rape cases, and so on" (27).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"For several years, Switzerland has been admitting an increasing number of women from countries where female genital mutilation (FGM) is practised. It may be supposed, therefore, that the number of women and girls affected by or threatened with excision is also increasing. According to a statistical estimate, the Swiss residents affected are mainly from Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia and Egypt" (18).
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices against women and girls in the North Caucasus region, including... female gentile mutilation [sic]. It notes with concern the lack of effective implementation of federal legislation on the investigation, prosecution and punishment of such crimes against women in the region" (7-8).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not address FGM/C, although the Ministry of Health prohibits hospitals and clinics from performing the procedure. FGM/C is practiced by some tribal groups and was reportedly declining as a traditional custom, yet little information was available. Foreign residents from countries where FGM/C is prevalent undertook the practice" (27).
March 19, 2022, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A UN report released today documents the negative impact on human rights of some traditional and cultural practices in Liberia, including female genital mutilation, forced initiation into secret societies, accusations of witchcraft, trials by ordeal and ritualistic killing" (para 1). "Some 58 per cent of Liberian women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), a practice widely used by a secret society called Sande, says the report. Women and girls from poor households are twice likely to experience FGM than those from wealthy ones.The report stresses the negative consequences of FGM, which is generally performed without anesthesia, on the health and physical integrity of these women and girls. 'In...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"the Ministry of the Interior...set up a toll free number...to receive reports from whoever becomes aware of cases of genital mutilation on the national territory, and to provide information on charity organizations, NGOs and health-care facilities that operate within those communities of immigrants, being from countries where such practice occurs" (95). "the Minister for Equal Opportunities issued a Public Notice in August 2007 for the financing of projects to prevent and combat...female genital mutilation in three different areas: Actions/research projects; Awareness-raising campaigns; Training and refresher courses...the amount of the resources made available...is...3.546,290,00 Euros, pursuant to Act No. 7/2006. Such resources are allocated as follows: 793,890.00 Euros for Action/research projects; 1,160,382...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is practiced in the country, particularly within some diaspora communities where FGM/C is prevalent. There were 298 FGM prevention orders issued to protect children perceived as at-risk of FGM/C. In March a court sentenced a Ugandan woman to 11 years for performing FGM/C on her three-year-old daughter in 2017. Her Ghanaian partner was acquitted of all charges. This was the first FGM/C conviction in the UK" (14).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but isolated incidents were reported in several indigenous communities in different parts of the country. Two-thirds of women from the Embera community had undergone FGM/C, according to the UN Population Fund" (25).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides criminal penalties for the perpetration of FGM/C on women and girls, but no cases were prosecuted during the year" (15).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that FGM/C occurred in the Muslim-majority south, although statistics were unavailable. There were no reports of governmental efforts to prevent or address the practice" (32).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In July 2018 the Supreme Court heard a public interest case seeking to ban the practice of FGM/C" (44).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Per government officials, new cases of FGM/C were rare in the country’s urban areas, but they also noted a small subsection of the population travels to surrounding countries to have FGM/C performed... The law also provides for up to one year’s imprisonment and a fine of up to 100,000 DJF ($565) for anyone convicted of failing to report a completed or planned FGM/C to the proper authorities; however, the government had prosecuted no one under this statute by year’s end" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 12,000 to 30,000 ouguiyas ($333 to $833). Nevertheless, authorities seldom applied the law, since the accompanying implementing law remained provisional" (16). "On February 11, the Ministry of Social Affairs, Childhood, and Family confirmed that more than 2,000 traditional health providers publicly abandoned the practice of FGM/C in the areas of the Hodh El Chargui, Braknah, Gorgol, and Taghant" (16).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual and gender-based violence against refugees and asylum seekers remained a problem, particularly for vulnerable populations including women, children, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) refugees and asylum seekers. Reported incidents included domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, physical assault, psychological abuse, female genital mutilation mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and early and forced marriage, particularly of Sudanese, South Sudanese, and Somali girls"(24)."In December, as part of the government’s initiative to end FGM/C by 2022, the Ministry of Public Service Youth and Gender began consultative meetings with county commissioners and chiefs from the 22 counties with the highest rates of FGM/C to improve enforcement of the FGM/C law.Media reported arrests of perpetrators...more
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire, Egypt, Guinea, Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

In Belgium, “The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt” (9).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and it was not a widespread practice in the country. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C. According to 2017 estimates, there were more than 17,000 female minor and adult victims of FGM/C in the country, while more than 8,000 were at risk. The vast majority of potential victims were asylum seekers from Guinea, Somalia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Egypt" (9).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs in Dagestan reported FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages, estimating that 1,240 Dagestani girls are subjected to it every year. In November 2018 Meduza reported that a private clinic in the Best Clinics network was offering FGM/C procedures to girls between ages five and 12, which the Federal Service for Health Supervision (Roszdravnadzor) later confirmed. The Best Clinics case was referred to the Investigative Committee in February" (55).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law. The State Secretariat for Citizenship and Equality reported that some immigrant communities practiced FGM/C on young girls, particularly among Bissau-Guinean immigrants. According to the Healthy Practices Project, established by the government in November 2018 to prevent and combat FGM/C, the country reported 63 cases of female genital mutilation in 2018 and 54 cases through mid-August, although none of the FGM/C procedures occurred in the country" (10).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Type I (a) (as classified by the World Health Organization) FGM/C was practiced among a small portion of the Muslim population. Referred to locally as 'ceremonial' female circumcision, it was undertaken as a standardized procedure by designated doctors under the supervision of the Muslim Healthcare Professionals Association" (22).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and it is punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment, even if the crime is committed abroad. Cases of FGM/C occurred in some immigrant communities. Experts estimated that between 60,000 and 80,000 women were victims of genital mutilation and that most mutilations were performed outside the country. The European Institute for Gender Equality estimated that 15 to 24 percent of girls originating from countries where FGM/C is practiced were at risk of FGM/C in the Italy. Prosecutors often depended on coverage by NGOs and self-reporting from the migrant community to identify and prosecute FGM/C" (15).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C was practiced in the country, particularly within diaspora communities" (20).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison, even if performed abroad. Authorities can revoke the passports of individuals who they suspect are traveling abroad to subject a girl or woman to FGM/C; however, authorities have not taken this step since the law took effect in 2017. FGM/C affected segments of the immigrant population, in particular those from Eritrea, Iraq, Somalia, and Egypt, and their Germany-born children. A working group under the leadership of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth worked with other federal government bodies and all 16 states to combat FGM/C. While official statistics...more
Oct. 8, 2021, 11:48 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

Hanaa Edwar, head of the Iraq Women Network, stated in this interview that "The FGM cases occur in some remote areas of Kirkuk, Suleymania and some parts of Erbil in the Kurdish Autonomous Region. About 70 percent of women have reportedly suffered this aggression in the mentioned areas but hardly any in the rest of the country."
Oct. 4, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"While FGM/C was not a practice in the country, approximately 14,700 women and girls, primarily from Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt, were affected by, or at risk of, FGM/C. The first-ever criminal sentence under the anti-FGM/C law was handed down in 2018.Federal Court rejected an appeal by a Neuchatel-based Somali woman whom the cantonal court of Neuchatel sentenced to an eight-month suspended prison sentence in July 2018 for ordering the full or partial removal of her six- and sevenyear-old daughters’ genitalia while in Somalia and Ethiopia between 2013 and 2015"(12).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C is legal in the country and, except in certain northern areas, all religious and ethnic groups practiced it widely, particularly in rural areas. Although FGM/C is legal, authorities prohibited the practice in government-funded health centers. Parents generally had FGM/C performed on girls between the ages of six months and nine years. The most recent comprehensive FGM/C survey, conducted by UNICEF in 2015, indicated that 83 percent of girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 were excised, and 74 percent of girls and women in the same age group had at least one daughter who was excised. Government information campaigns regarding the dangers of FGM/C reached citizens...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is against the law. At Dublin Circuit Criminal Court, in November a jury found a married couple guilty of one count of carrying out an act of FGM on their one-year-old daughter at an address in Dublin" (10).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The FSU reported that of six recorded cases of FGM/C during initiation of girls under 18 years of age between January and August, four were investigated, but no charges were filed" (p 18). "A renewed call to end the practice began following international attention to the death of 19-year-old Fatmata Turay after she underwent FGM/C" (p 18).
Aug. 10, 2021, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Despite reports that migrant and refugee women residing in the country underwent FGM/C prior to their arrival in Greece, there was no concrete evidence FGM/C was practiced in the country. On February 2[2019], the European Institute for Gender Equality issued a study estimating that 25 to 42 percent of migrant and refugee girls living in the country but originating from states in which FGM/C is practiced were at risk of FGM/C"(22).