The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, prostitution was not a punishable act in Poland. Using the services of prostitutes was not punishable either. However, this concerned using the services of adults, upon mutual consent (of the client and the prostitute) and excluding the cases of sexual abuse. On the other hand, article 199, paragraph 1 of the Penal Code penalizes subjecting another person to sexual intercourse or making him/her submit to another sexual act or perform such an act by abusing a relationship of dependence or by taking advantage of his/her critical situation. Forcing to prostitution is also punishable (art. 203 of the Penal Code – whoever subjects another person to practise...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits pimping, brothels, and similar commercial enterprises. In conformity with article 3 of Act No. 75 of February 20, 1958, being in force, the exploitation and the abetting of prostitution are to be considered as crimes" (43). "At the end of the year 2008, the Council of Ministers approved Bill (A.S. 1079) containing 'Measures against the prostitution'... The crime of prostitution in public places or in a place open to the public has been introduced; and the arrest from five to fifteen days with a fine from 200,00 to 3000, and 00 Euros is provided for whoever offers sexual performances or for whoever requests it....Whoever is prostituted, by...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Prostitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina was illegal and peacekeepers were explicitly told it was illegal. However, this did not prevent UN personnel from visiting the bars and brothels that sprang up all over Bosnia and Herzegovina. Internationals believed that frequenting the brothels was a natural part of 'being boys.' To participate was taken for granted" (para 5).
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"One measure addresses what many law enforcement experts say is among the most urgent problems in prosecuting sex trafficking — the arrest of victims of forced prostitution, rather than customers or pimps. The Stop Exploitation Through Trafficking Act would encourage states to offer victims social and protective services, rather than prosecution, and provide job opportunities through the federal Job Corps program" (3). It should be noted that it hasn't become a law yet (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

“In Italy, prostitution is not illegal, nor is it regulated as an official occupation, making the country’s 70,000 sex workers largely ineligible to receive economic relief. Many have been forced to take their chances by returning to work in order to avoid poverty” (para. 7). “Last month, Antonio Guadagnini, a Conservative councilor in the Veneto region, said reopening brothels — illegal in Italy since 1958 — and regulating prostitution would protect society. In Sicily, Ruggero Razza, the top regional health official, said that authorities should reflect on how to prevent the spread of the coronavirus in high-risk, unregulated occupations such as sex work” (para. 17).
Oct. 31, 2020, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Madagascar recently introduced laws targeting prostitution, which prohibits consorting with female prostitutes. Avoid engaging with any sex-workers in Madagascar. In addition, a campaign against sexual abuse of underage children (under 18 years) is strictly enforced" (para 15).
Oct. 31, 2020, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Sex work is not illegal in Malawi, however related criminal offences are often used as a reason to target, harass, abuse and arrest sex workers. It is therefore important to know your rights (...) t is also an offence to recruit someone to become a sex worker (procurement) or to keep a place that is used for sex work (brothel). It is a crime to force someone to become a sex worker or to keep someone in a brothel without their consent." (2)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Sex work is illegal in the Republic of Armenia. Article 1791 of the RA Code of Administrative Infringements stipulates administrative responsibility in the amount of fine of twenty or forty fold of minimum salary for a sex worker94, which contributes to more vulnerability of sex workers. There is no state policy to comprehensively address the issue of prostitution in Armenia. State authorities act based on the discretion granted to law enforcement bodies to punish women involved in prostitution. While the relevant article of the RA Code of Administrative Infringements stipulates legal responsibility for being a prostitute in general, this legally neutral norm is applied exclusively to women, i.e. only women...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

“The Northern Territory state government [of Australia] passed new laws fully decrimialising sex work on Tuesday, becoming the third jurisdiction in the world to do so…Sex work is legal and regulated in Victoria, Queensland and New South Wales, which became a model for other jurisdictions such as New Zealand. Prostitution is not regulated [in] Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia, despite widespread debate and proposed legislative reforms” (para 2, 20-21).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Paying for sex is illegal in Iceland" (para 21). "So instead of penalizing victims of poor circumstances who are often forced into prostitution, the law places criminalization on those who pay for sex, and third parties involved" (para 22).
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In March 2019, Ramaphosa said his government was looking into decriminalizing sex work, which has been illegal in South Africa since at least the early 1900s. South African laws also prohibit other aspects of sex work, including running or owning a brothel, living off the earnings of 'prostitution,' and enticing a woman into 'prostitution.' Criminalization has undermined sex workers’ access to justice for crimes committed against them and exposed them to unchecked abuse and exploitation by law enforcement officials, including police officers. And although the Department of Health’s National Strategic Plan on HIV for Sex Workers is grounded in respect for the human rights of sex workers, criminalization hinders sex...more
July 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"South Australia (SA) and Western Australia (WA) have criminalised most activities associated with sex work, such as keeping and managing a brothel or escort agency, street-based sex work, working in pairs and the use of condoms as evidence against sex workers" (4)-
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"At present, the Criminal Code provides for punishment for the following acts of a violent nature: assault (art. 116), torture (art. 117), trafficking in persons (art. 130), recruitment of persons for the purpose of sexual or other exploitation (art. 132), rape (art. 138), sexual violence (art. 139), sexual coercion (art. 140), sexual intercourse or other sexual acts with a person under the age of 16 (art. 141), indecent acts (art. 142), bigamy or polygamy (art. 170), incitement to prostitution (art. 238), establishment or keeping of brothels, procurement or living off the earnings of prostitution (art. 239), among others" (8-9)."The legislation of Tajikistan does not provide for criminal liability for prostitution....more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"With regard to para 42 of the Concluding Comments, the Criminal Law defines prostitution as a crime and provides that whoever commits prostitution shall, in serious cases, be subject to reform through labour of not more than 5 years (art. 249). The Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women provides that whoever commits prostitution, or arranges for, forces or lures a woman into committing such act shall be subject to punishment in accordance with the Criminal Law (art. 40)" (12).
May 7, 2020, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Michael Herzig, a Zurich social services director who supervises the city’s sex workers, defended the move: “Prostitution is a business. We cannot prohibit it, so we want to control it in favour of the sex workers and the population,” he said. " (para 3).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"article 205 of the Penal Code criminalizes women in prostitution" (8).
March 24, 2020, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Prostitution is illegal in Thailand but the law is almost invariably ignored. Experts say it will be hard to rid Thailand of an industry that is so entrenched and that provides pay-offs to untold numbers of officials and policemen" (para 8).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 18, and statutory rape penalties include hard labor for a minimum of five years and a minimum of seven years’ imprisonment if the victim is younger than 15 years old. The government generally enforced the law" (30). "The penal code prohibits and punishes commercial sexual exploitation, child pornography, and forced prostitution" (30).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Prostitution is not legalized in the Republic of the Congo; it is practised informally" (15).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Article 161 of the Child Rights Law criminalizes the prostitution of children" (31).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the corruption of youth under 21, including prostitution, with penalties ranging from six months to three years of imprisonment for offenders. The law prescribes prison sentences of seven to 15 years of imprisonment and a fine ranging from 200,000 HTG (Haitian Gourdes) to 1.5 million HTG ($3,750 to $28,140)" (20).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal… Conviction of the commercial sexual exploitation of children is punishable by fines and imprisonment, but authorities generally did not prosecute offenders" (21-22).
Sept. 12, 2019, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Iranian and some foreign women and girls, as well as some men, are highly vulnerable to sex trafficking in Iran. Although prostitution is illegal in Iran, a local NGO estimated in 2017 that prostitution is endemic throughout the country, and reports estimate sex traffickers exploit children as young as 10 years old" (253)
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Although prostitution is legal, there were reports of police arresting prostitutes, including gay men, for alleged illegal activity" (8).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law prohibits the prostitution of children" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children" (p. 18).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-5

"The law prohibits the prostitution of children, with punishments of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines up to one million CFA francs ($1,766) for conviction. The law prohibits sexual relations with girls under age 14, even if married, but authorities rarely enforced the ban" (page 17).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law provides heavy penalties for persons who procure, lure, compel, or threaten children younger than 18 for the purpose of prostitution, with higher penalties for persons who purchase sexual intercourse with a child younger than 15. Authorities may punish parents who allow a child to enter into prostitution and revoke their parental rights" (page 31).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law provides for 14 years’ imprisonment for conviction of commercial sexual exploitation of children and five years for involvement in child pornography" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law provides for protection of women, girls, and boys from exploitation through prostitution and 'other immoral purposes,' including pornography" (p. 17).