The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-LAW-4

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Police officers, together with other entities, participate in periodic preventive activities, aimed chiefly at performing medical check-ups of prostitutes and inspecting escort agencies, massage parlours, clubs, hotels, motels, inns and companies offering 'short-term lease of premises'. National roads and expressways, distinguished by a high incidence of prostitution, are patrolled with a view to revealing minors and persons staying illegally in Poland" (27).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Greece, United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

“Scotland also included sex workers in its relief programs. In Greece, where prostitutionis legal and regulated, brothels were allowed to reopen on June 15, provided that sex workers kept their clients’ names and contact details for four weeks for tracing purposes” (para. 12).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Germany, Netherlands
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

“In May, organizations that promote the rights of Italian sex workers sought to draw the government’s attention and get support, arguing that the pandemic showed the harm of forcing sex work underground. In other European countries, such as the Netherlands and Germany, sex workers can enter formal contracts with their clients. During the lockdown, those who were officially registered with the government were eligible for economic relief” (para. 10-11).
Aug. 26, 2020, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

“The Northern Territory state government [of Australia] passed new laws fully decrimialising sex work on Tuesday… The new bill allows sex workers to withdraw consent without being liable for breach of contract but clients who pay upfront must be reimbursed under contract law. The changes passed on Tuesday allow the sex industry to operate within all existing laws that apply to other businesses including employment, occupational health and safety, workers compensation, taxation and discrimination” (para 2, 9, 14).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Plus, the country was the first to ban strip clubs for feminist reasons" (para 1). "The country also banned stripclubs in 2009 for feminist reasoning. The revised law states no business may profit from nudity of employees. The law passed with full support in parliament" (para 23).
May 7, 2020, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"'If we do not control it, organised crime and the pimps will take over,' he added. Just over 52 per cent of Zurich’s voters approved of plans to introduce sex-boxes in a referendum held in March last year. The boxes cost the equivalent of €1.7m (£1.4m) to install and €560,000 a year to run." (para 4).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In 2001 the government announced that buying and selling sex would not be crimes, but Article 170 of the Penal Code (known as the Lenocínio or Living off Immoral Earnings) makes it illegal to profit, promote, encourage or facilitate the prostitution of another and there are increased penalties when the offence is aggravated by violence, serious threat, deception, fraud or abuse of authority" (para. 82).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In New South Wales the Disorderly Houses Amendment Act 1995 require brothels to gain local government consent. Working as a sole operator is legal but subject to local government planning requirements. Use of premises as brothels is regulated by local government under the development control provisions of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.693 Street soliciting is illegal in some circumstances" (para. 5). "In the Northern Territory Prostitution Regulation Act, sex work is legal if delivered as part of a licensed escort service" (para. 5).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Belize, enforcement prostitution laws is weak and corrupt" (para. 9).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Sex work is regulated by article 227 of the Turkish Penal Code (Law No. 5237); Annexed Article 13 of the Social Security Law and regulated by Articles 128 and 129 of the Public Health Law and General Regulations regarding Brothels and Prostitution and the Fight Against Venereal Disease) No: 30/03/1961. These provisions entitle women to register as sex workers and allow brothels and strip clubs to be licensed and registered. Registered sex workers pay taxes and social security, and submit to regular STI and HIV tests" (para. 100).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is not illegal to buy sex" (para. 32).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Poland, It is not illegal to buy or sell sex. Despite selling sex not being illegal, prostitution is not recognized as legitimate work so sex workers can neither pay tax or claim social benefits. This has created a legal anomaly whereby large numbers of people have reported their occupation as 'prostitute'" (para. 81).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is illegal to have carnal connection with a woman by tricking or lying to her but it does not apply if the woman is a 'common prostitute.' It is not illegal to buy sex" (para. 39).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Procuring a woman for prostitution, brothel keeping, aiding and abetting prostitution and living off immoral earnings are illegal. (S294 Cameroon Penal Act)" (para. 16).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Bosnia Herzegovena, buying sex is not illegal" (para. 11).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is illegal to solicit in public to sell sex, to live on the earnings of a prostitute and to maintain a brothel. In practice, police tolerate and monitor a limited number of brothels including requiring workers in them to undergo periodic health checks and carry a ‘health card’. It is an offence under the Infectious Disease Act for a person living with HIV to engage in activities that could pass on HIV to another person. The law is not used in respect of male sex work but is used against transwomen who sell sex. It is not illegal to buy sex" (para. 86).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Article 174 of the Law No. 09/001 on the Protection of Children [Law No. 09/001 on Child Protection] criminalises both selling sex and operating sex businesses. It states 'who, to gratify the passions of others, will be hired, abducted or enticed, to the debauchery and prostitution, even with his consent, a person older than eighteen years of age...' and those who operate a house of prostitution or debauchery or lives wholly or partly on the earnings of prostitution. These laws are not implemented because the necessary decrees from several ministries have not been issued which means that funds are not available to conduct prosecutions ... It is not illegal to...more
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Article 9(c) of Law No. 10/1961 (on Combating Prostitution, Incitement and its Encouragement) makes the 'habitual practice of debauchery [fujur] an offence. This makes both organising commercial sex and selling sex illegal. The same law could also make buying sex illegal but convictions of clients in lower courts have been overturned in higher courts. There are reports that police release clients after they have made a statement against the sex worker. Law enforcement is allegedly inconsistent and corrupt and sex workers have claimed that arrests are frequently violent and unlawful" (para. 30).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Macedonia, there is no law against buying sex but having sex in a public space is illegal" (para. 61).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Street-based workers are mroe likely to be arrested than establishment based sex workers" (para. 33).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Buying sex is not illegal except insofar as it may contravene Sharia law" (para. 58).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Procuring for prostitution; knowingly living on the earnings of the prostitution of others; habitually being in the company of a prostitute or exercising control, and direction over a sex worker; keeping or managing a brothel or being the tenant, lessee, or occupier of a place used for purposes of habitual prostitution are illegal. (Sections 220-225 Criminal Code of Nigeria 1990)" (para. 74).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Mongolia, buying sex is not illegal" (para. 68).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"No law criminalizes selling sex or brokering sexual services provided by adults. The only legal document that mentions prostitution is the National Health Code of Ecuador which states that sex work inside of 'closed establishments' should be monitored by the Ministry of Health" (para. 29).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Both buying and selling sex are criminalised by laws forbidding sex outside of marriage and adultery by married people." But In some places large formal brothel complexes exist despite the law. They are reported to be controlled by police and local business interest" (para. 76).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is illegal to live off the earnings of a sex worker or to operate a brothel" but "buying sex is not illegal" (para. 62).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Sex work is recognized as an occupation which means that sex workers can claim pensions and other benefits. The Federal Labour and Employment Ministry Primer on Sex Professional offers advice for those who wish to become sex workers on its website. Sex worker groups say law enforcement is generally corrupt and violent. Local authorities and state police have closed brothels and evicted sex workers from some areas while tolerating brothels in others" (para. 13).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Although prostitution is legal, there were reports of police arresting prostitutes, including gay men, for alleged illegal activity" (8).
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Prostitution is legal and regulated in Germany. The government did not make efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex" (216).
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Germany’s Prostitute Protection Act of 2016 mandated individuals in prostitution register for a license and required counseling sessions, including on health and legal rights. The law required officials across all states to screen for trafficking indicators during registration, during which officials identified numerous individuals subjected to force, fraud, or coercion" (215).