The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-LAW-4

Feb. 11, 2024, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Prostitution is legal in Switzerland, with sex workers expected to pay taxes, register with local authorities and undergo regular health checks. And business is booming" (para 8).
Dec. 18, 2023, 10:41 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The unregulated nature of the industry meant that working conditions were often difficult even before the pandemic" (para 9). "'Since sex work is not recognised as work and since labour relations in sex work venues are not recognised as labour relations, sex workers were not protected in any way by this [programme]. They did not get any state support,' Dziuban explains" (para 15). The government doesn't seen to provide any kind of oversight or provide any services to sex workers since they are not part of a recognized profession (MCP - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 16, 2023, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Is there mandatory registration? Not in national law although there are some reports of local ordinances that require mandatory registration - see p.150 of Sex Work and the Law in Asia" (para 6).
Dec. 16, 2023, 12:52 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Selling sex is legal in Peru but only by following regulations - mandatory health checks and registration and working in a licensed brothel. Street walking is illegal. Most sex workers work illegally" (para 1). "Is there mandatory registration? Yes to work legally sex workers must register" (para 5).
Dec. 12, 2023, 12:23 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Is there mandatory registration? No" (para 6).
Nov. 21, 2023, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-4

"Vulnerable sex workers are being forced to service clients day and night out of seedy hotel rooms as international sex traffickers operate with impunity in Australia by abusing the nation's weak visa rules" (para. 1). We can assume that since they are operating with impunity, the victims are not getting any help (MD - CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Is there mandatory registration? No" (para. 5). "Is sex work recognised as work? No" (para. 6). "Is sex work decriminalised with limited regulation? No" (para. 7).
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Is there mandatory registration? No" (para. 5). "Is sex work recognised as work? No" (para. 6). "Is sex work decriminalised with limited regulation? No" (para. 7).
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Is there mandatory registration? No" (para. 5). "Is sex work recognised as work? No" (para. 6). "Is sex work decriminalised with limited regulation? No" (para. 7)
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The Integrated Bio-behavioral Surveillance Survey among female sex workers, conducted in 2011-2012 by the Ministry of Health, estimated a total of 27 285 sex workers (FSW) in three main cities of Mozambique. Sex work is not specifically criminalised by Mozambican law. However, the legal framework also does not provide any protection for sex workers" (2). "Even though sex work is not a crime, it is not considered a legal activity nor is regulated by the Labour Law due to the belief that on an ethical, social and moral level sex work is at odds with the constitutional principles moral, economic and social order of the country are based (art. 1...more
Oct. 28, 2023, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Is selling sex criminalised? Selling sex is legal in Switzerland. Working on the streets however is regulated with certain zones where it is legal and others where it is not. If sex workers work outside designated areas they can be fined. Some cities (e.g. Zurich) have special facilities for street sex work, drive through "sex boxes" although NGOs report that these are not really being used and so many sex workers working illegally in the city. Is buying sex criminalised? No Is organising/managing criminalised? Brothel-keeping is legal although licensing systems can be quite onerous meaning difficult for small businesses and sex worker collectives to run brothels. Is there mandatory HIV/STI...more
Oct. 28, 2023, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"A 1997 UN report noted that Suriname is one of the few countries that also issues temporary work permits for migrant prostitutes allegedly en route to other countries" (para 1).
Oct. 28, 2023, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IRP-LAW-4, IRP-LAW-6

"Senegal is the only African country where sex work is legalised, having passed its current law in 1969. Under Senegal's Penal Code (articles 318 to 327) sex workers must be at least 21 years old, register with the police, carry a valid health card, and test negative for sexually transmitted infections in order to be allowed to work legally. Sex workers must also report to designated registration sites for regular health check-ups, and the law requires sex workers to acquire keep current health books in order to avoid arrest. Police monitor sex workers to ensure that they attend these regular health check-ups. Identification cards confirm they are sex workers and...more
May 11, 2023, 10:27 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"'This is a crucial leap forward. We are finally giving sex workers what they are entitled to: recognition and protection. Something they have been asking for decades,' Minister of Justice Vincent van Quickenborne said in a statement to The Brussels Times" (Para. 1). "At the moment, voluntary prostitution is not prohibited in Belgium. However, organising prostitution is. At the same time, sex work has been tolerated for a long time. According to news website Knack, the current law dates back to the nineteenth century" (Para. 2). "The new bill, which the House Justice Committee approved on Tuesday, aims to remove prostitution from that grey zone. For example, it will no...more
Feb. 5, 2023, 8 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"'The fully decriminalised system that was adopted in New Zealand in 2003 is held up by many people in the UK as the best system.' The full decriminalisation model decriminalises people bought in prostitution and also decriminalises the buyers and pimps, and any kind of profiteering. It isn’t a regulated system like legalisation might be – it’s more of a ‘turn the other way’ system. It’s easy to get a brothel license – you just have to fill out a brief form." (para 7-8).
July 8, 2022, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Sex workers are free to operate on Victoria's streets, as new laws kick in with a view to making those in the industry safer. The rules came into effect on Tuesday, making street-based sex work legal except for in a small number of circumstances. The government said workers would feel more confident reporting crimes against them and accessing support because of the change" (Para. 1-3). "The change falls under the Sex Work Decriminalisation Act 2021. Under the reforms, people and organisations are also prohibited from discriminating against or refusing someone service on the basis they are a sex worker. The legislation makes it an offence for sex work to be...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Bindel argues that the grave mistake being made at the moment is to view the decriminalisation of prostitution, for example, as something separate to, and unrelated to, the business of human trafficking. “There are also those determined to hold on to the view that trafficking exists on a different planet to local prostitution. I can only assume that these people do not realise that many European brothels are already full to bursting of women trafficked from countries such as Romania and Thailand. 'The idea that ‘sex work’ is good and trafficking bad ignores the huge amount of evidence of harm in accepting the buying and selling of women’s bodies for...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution than other types of forced labor. The government had an insufficient number of inspectors to enforce the law effectively. The government did not implement new forced labor awareness campaigns. Penalties were sufficiently stringent to deter violations" (23). While this does not completely describe government facilitation of prostitution, it indicates that the government seeks to facilitate to some degree by removing women in situations of forced prostitution from such circumstances (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
June 26, 2021, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Now it would appear that the New Zealand immigration service has added “sex work” (as prostitution is increasingly described) to the list of “employment skills” for those wishing to migrate" (para 2). "[New Zealand's] sex trade was decriminalised in 2003, and has since been hailed by pro-prostitution campaigners as the gold standard model in regulating prostitution" (para 2).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Police officers, together with other entities, participate in periodic preventive activities, aimed chiefly at performing medical check-ups of prostitutes and inspecting escort agencies, massage parlours, clubs, hotels, motels, inns and companies offering 'short-term lease of premises'. National roads and expressways, distinguished by a high incidence of prostitution, are patrolled with a view to revealing minors and persons staying illegally in Poland" (27).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Germany, Netherlands
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

“In May, organizations that promote the rights of Italian sex workers sought to draw the government’s attention and get support, arguing that the pandemic showed the harm of forcing sex work underground. In other European countries, such as the Netherlands and Germany, sex workers can enter formal contracts with their clients. During the lockdown, those who were officially registered with the government were eligible for economic relief” (para. 10-11).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Greece, United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

“Scotland also included sex workers in its relief programs. In Greece, where prostitutionis legal and regulated, brothels were allowed to reopen on June 15, provided that sex workers kept their clients’ names and contact details for four weeks for tracing purposes” (para. 12).
Aug. 26, 2020, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

“The Northern Territory state government [of Australia] passed new laws fully decrimialising sex work on Tuesday… The new bill allows sex workers to withdraw consent without being liable for breach of contract but clients who pay upfront must be reimbursed under contract law. The changes passed on Tuesday allow the sex industry to operate within all existing laws that apply to other businesses including employment, occupational health and safety, workers compensation, taxation and discrimination” (para 2, 9, 14).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Plus, the country was the first to ban strip clubs for feminist reasons" (para 1). "The country also banned stripclubs in 2009 for feminist reasoning. The revised law states no business may profit from nudity of employees. The law passed with full support in parliament" (para 23).
May 7, 2020, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"'If we do not control it, organised crime and the pimps will take over,' he added. Just over 52 per cent of Zurich’s voters approved of plans to introduce sex-boxes in a referendum held in March last year. The boxes cost the equivalent of €1.7m (£1.4m) to install and €560,000 a year to run." (para 4).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Poland, It is not illegal to buy or sell sex. Despite selling sex not being illegal, prostitution is not recognized as legitimate work so sex workers can neither pay tax or claim social benefits. This has created a legal anomaly whereby large numbers of people have reported their occupation as 'prostitute'" (para. 81).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Article 174 of the Law No. 09/001 on the Protection of Children [Law No. 09/001 on Child Protection] criminalises both selling sex and operating sex businesses. It states 'who, to gratify the passions of others, will be hired, abducted or enticed, to the debauchery and prostitution, even with his consent, a person older than eighteen years of age...' and those who operate a house of prostitution or debauchery or lives wholly or partly on the earnings of prostitution. These laws are not implemented because the necessary decrees from several ministries have not been issued which means that funds are not available to conduct prosecutions ... It is not illegal to...more
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is illegal to have carnal connection with a woman by tricking or lying to her but it does not apply if the woman is a 'common prostitute.' It is not illegal to buy sex" (para. 39).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In Bosnia Herzegovena, buying sex is not illegal" (para. 11).
April 19, 2020, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is illegal to solicit in public to sell sex, to live on the earnings of a prostitute and to maintain a brothel. In practice, police tolerate and monitor a limited number of brothels including requiring workers in them to undergo periodic health checks and carry a ‘health card’. It is an offence under the Infectious Disease Act for a person living with HIV to engage in activities that could pass on HIV to another person. The law is not used in respect of male sex work but is used against transwomen who sell sex. It is not illegal to buy sex" (para. 86).