The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-LAW-5

Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The law establishes penalties for child prostitution, child pornography, child sexual exploitation, and indecent exhibition of a child. It defines a 'child' as anyone younger than age 18. The law stipulates that the offense of child prostitution does not apply to persons exploiting 16- and 17-year-old children through exchanging sexual activity for remuneration, gifts, goods, food, or other benefits. The legal age for consensual sex is 16, but prostitution is not legal under age 18. Sexual intercourse with a minor younger than age 14 is punishable by 12 years’ to life imprisonment. Unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor age 14-16 is punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (13).more
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Child prostitution is illegal, with penalties including prison sentences or fines. Statutory rape laws criminalize sexual intercourse with a girl younger than age 13, notwithstanding her consent. The penalty for statutory rape is not less than three years’ imprisonment with mandatory labor. The law was enforced. Additionally, national law and local ordinances address sexual abuse of minors..." (20).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Prostitution is not legal" (1).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Buying sexual services from a child younger than 18 is a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. Forcing a child into prostitution is a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. The law prohibits child pornography. The statute of limitations does not apply to sexual crimes against children. The government generally enforced the law. The minimum age for consensual sex is 12, provided the older partner is 18 or younger. Persons older than 18 who engage in sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 12 and 14 may be punished by one to five years’ imprisonment. By law statutory rape is a felony...more
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRCM-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-5, PRN-LAW-1

"By law sexual relations with a minor younger than 13, with an 'especially vulnerable' person, or with a minor younger than 16 when the perpetrator is a relative or guardian, are punishable with a mandatory sentence of 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits the forced prostitution and corruption of minors. Penalties range from 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment in cases of forced labor and some forms of sex trafficking of women and girls. The law requires a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute child sex trafficking. The law prohibits the production and sale of child pornography and establishes penalties of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment" (28).more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-5, IRP-DATA-2

"Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Independent observers and the government estimated at least 5,000 foreign minors were victims of sexual exploitation. On April 3, a Bari court convicted two men respectively to six year and six months and five years and six months in prison for exploiting at least four minors as sex workers between 2010 and 2017. According to the Department of Equal Opportunity, the number of assisted minor victims of trafficking increased from 199 in 2017 to 215 in 2018" (16).
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Prostitution is legal for individuals 16 and older" (29).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-5

"The penalty for recruiting children or persons with disabilities into prostitution is imprisonment from one to five years. The penalty for subjecting children to prostitution is imprisonment from four to six years" (17).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: IRP-LAW-5, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, the offering or procuring of a child for child prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Authorities enforced the law, and cases were rare. Penalties for the sexual exploitation of children range from five years’ to life imprisonment" (10).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-LAW-5, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for child prostitution, and practices related to child pornography…" (45).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The law criminalizes all acts of sale or deprivation of liberty of children as well as all acts related to the exploitation of children in prostitution and forced child labor for children under 16. The exploitation of children in prostitution is not fully criminalized for 16- and 17-year-old children" (32).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The law also criminalizes the commercial sexual exploitation of children. The minimum penalty for sexual exploitation of children is 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 1.5 million euros ($1.65 million)" (23). The specific criminalization of the sexual exploitation of children indicates at least a partial legalization of prostitution for adults (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"...The country has a statutory rape law that defines 18 as the minimum age for consensual sex. The law, which was inconsistent with the legal minimum marriage age of 15 for girls, was not enforced. Sexual exploitation of children occurred. The Division for Protection of Children and Morals of the National Police conducted sweeps of brothels to assure that individuals in prostitution were of legal age and arrested brothel owners found to be holding underage girls. Between January and April, 60 percent of the more than 1,000 victims of gender-based violence (including rape, sexual assault, and physical and psychosocial violence) were girls" (26).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-5

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Persons who forced girls younger than 14 into prostitution could be sentenced to 10 years to life in prison in addition to a fine or confiscation of property. In especially serious cases, violators could receive a life sentence or death sentence, in addition to having their property confiscated. Those who visited girls forced into prostitution younger than 14 were subject to five years or more in prison in addition to paying a fine" (70-71). "The law [in Hong Kong] prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and procuring children for prostitution" (126). "The law [in Macau] specifically provides for criminal punishment for... procurement involving minors.... The law forbids procurement for...more
June 29, 2021, 8:10 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"In the Netherlands, which legalised its sex trade in 2000, it is perfectly legal for driving instructors to offer lessons in return for sex, as long as the learner drivers are over the age of 18" (para 7).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Children and young people are covered by particular legal protection in this respect. The Police monitors and combats prostitution of people under 18 years of age, as pursuant to the provisions of the Act of 26 October 1982 on juvenile delinquency proceedings" (27).
Aug. 15, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

“In Croatia, sex work is regulated by three acts – Misdemeanors against Public Peace and Order Act, Criminal Code, and the Misdemeanor Act. The Misdemeanors against Public Peace and Order criminalizes all the persons involved, while the Criminal code and the Misdemeanor Act criminalize helping, solicitation and organisation of sex work.”
Aug. 15, 2020, 12:44 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

In Burkina Faso, "Procuring (defined to include the buying and selling of sex), soliciting sex work in public and pandering are criminalized."
Aug. 15, 2020, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

In Burkina Faso, "Procuring (defined to include the buying and selling of sex), soliciting sex work in public and pandering are criminalized."
Aug. 15, 2020, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

In Bulgaria, "Sex work itself is not criminalised, but a number of activities around it are, e.g.: to persuade an individual to practise prostitution; to act as procurer/ess for the performance of “indecent touching or copulation”; and to put premises at disposal for sexual intercourse or acts of lewdness... Punishment for the abovementioned acts is increased if committed by an individual acting on behalf of an organised criminal group; if the victim is below 18 years old."
Aug. 15, 2020, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

Prostitution is criminalized in Botswana.
Aug. 9, 2020, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

In Barbados, "selling sex is illegal."
Aug. 2, 2020, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

Armenia prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of persons under the age of 18.
Aug. 2, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

In Argentina, "The Criminal Code criminalizes the prostitution of minors of eighteen years of age or younger, but it only sanctions those who “promote or facilitate” prostitution, and not the client who exploits the minor."
Aug. 2, 2020, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"All forms of prostitution, including child prostitution, are illegal" in Angola.
Aug. 2, 2020, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

In Albania, "Prostitution is punishable by a fine or up to three years of imprisonment. Giving remuneration for personal benefit of prostitution is sentenced by fines or up to three years imprisonment...Encouragement, mediation, or receipt of compensation for exercising prostitution shall be punishable by two to five years of imprisonment. When the same offence is committed with minors, with some persons, with persons who are close kin, close kin of the spouse, who have custodial relationships or availing themselves of their official relationship, or when committed in collaboration or more than once, or by state and public officials, shall be punishable by seven to fifteen years imprisonment."
Aug. 2, 2020, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"Selling and buying sexual services [are] criminalized" in Afghanistan. "While prostitution is not directly addressed by Afghan law, Article 427 disallows 'unlawful sexual relations'; courts may 'impose punishments on any participants in commercial sex under Hanafi principles of sharia law.'"
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"By law the age of consent is 16" (27).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 18…" (30).