The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-1

July 15, 2024, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Human Rights Watch’s research in numerous countries, including South Africa and Tanzania, has shown that criminalization leaves sex workers extra vulnerable to violence, including rape, assault, and murder. Their attackers see sex workers as easy targets, because they are stigmatized and unlikely to receive help from the police" (para 5).
July 13, 2024, 11:39 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-6

"In Latvia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine sex workers reported being tested for HIV or STIs against their will after being picked up by the police. They felt that the threat of such testing was an additional tool that was sometimes used by police officers to claim extortion money."
July 9, 2024, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"This has sparked a series of conversations amongst citizens in the country. Some could suspect that the recent reports of notorious sex work activity could be a result that sex work is no longer considered as a criminal activity" (para 3).
July 9, 2024, 8:28 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Welcome to liberal Switzerland, where prostitution is legal and paying for sex has become as simple as ordering an Uber" (para 3).
July 9, 2024, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Sex workers told Amnesty they feared reporting violence to the police due to concerns they could be left homeless if their landlord was alerted and they subsequently face eviction" (para 16).
July 9, 2024, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Detective Chief Superintendent Declan Daly said 'A physical or sexual assault on a prostitute is a serious crime and an attack on a vulnerable person in the community. Any person who commits such an attack can expect to be subject to a criminal investigation. Those persons who seek out and purchase sexual services also commit a criminal offence and will be prosecuted'" (para 6).
July 8, 2024, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The entertainment venues in suburban Pak Ngum district must by law close at midnight but instead stay open until near dawn and have a reputation of secretly offering sex services" (para 2).
July 8, 2024, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Although the situation 'is what it is', Bole says prostitution is not very topical in the context of violation of the law. Considering the aforementioned, it is unlikely Latvia will see a situation when people start engaging in prostitution on a large scale after 1 July, she said" (para 12).
July 3, 2024, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Prostitution is the exchange of sex for money; it is very common in Liberia. The act takes place openly on street corners in Monrovia and many other cities in Liberia. Mostly involved are teenage and adolescent girls between the ages 20 and 30. During the night hours, they can be seen posted at entertainment centers attracting and calling the attention of men who come to transact with them" (para 1). "Women involved in prostitution normally are not respected in their community; many persons look down upon them and consider them foolish. So most of them would rather leave their communities and go to a distant place where they are not...more
July 3, 2024, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"ECPAT International added that poverty was the main driver of the practice and that some families even pushed their children into vice, the majority being girls, although the prostitution of boys has increased in recent years" (para 7).
July 3, 2024, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Sex workers in Malawi have routinely complained of being targeted in police sweeping exercises where police conduct mass arrests using petty offence laws such as those of being idle and disorderly" (para 3).
July 3, 2024, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"However, one of the ironical things about Malaysia, with its conservative Islamic leaning, is that the fleshtrade is thriving, as is the casual sex scene" (para 1). "Deeper underground, according to a documentary, there are many underage girls forcibly held in secret brothels and pubs in Malaysia. According to reports, many of these girls have been sold or kidnapped from their countries and have been to be brought into the country due to lax border enforcement of people smuggling" (para 13).
July 3, 2024, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Known for his uncompromising stance against perceived moral decadence, Magufuli's administration has intensified efforts to enforce public morality and combat social vices" (para 10). "Nearly 500 individuals suspected of involvement in sex work and approximately 300 alleged customers have been detained across the country as part of this campaign, drawing international scrutiny and condemnation from human rights organizations" (para 16).
May 23, 2024, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Prostitution, in all its forms, is legal in Germany, and has been since the end of the Second World War. Recently, though, attitudes have been changing. People and politicians are demanding that the government take notice of the 'pimp state' and consider the terrible toll prostitution takes on its women and girls" (para 2). "There is no shame attached to being a john in Germany, which is a large part of the problem. Legalisation is supposed to reduce trafficking, violence, and the underground sex trade, but, as the report highlights, the opposite has happened, with illegal activities burgeoning alongside the legal ones" (para 16).
May 23, 2024, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-2

"Some officials in this nascent democracy have a relatively progressive attitude to sex work, and a number of NGOs work hard to offer support to sex workers" (para 3).
May 23, 2024, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Officially, visitors’ guests are not allowed to sleep at the hotel, but if tourists slip some money to the receptionist, they turn a blind eye. In the majority of cases, their guests leave that night. 'But sometimes, girls come to the front desk crying,' the guard says, sighing. And although the girls say that they’ve been treated rudely, or worse, they hardly ever call the police. 'The hotel’s customers pay them not to talk, and it’s over. It doesn’t feel good, but we have to be on our customers’ side. If we aren’t, they’ll fire us,' says the guard" (para 3). "The sex tourism that attracts some of these European...more
April 30, 2024, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The consumption of prostitution in Israel is on the decline, while the number of Israelis who perceive the profession in a negative light has increased, according to a new study published Tuesday" (para 1). "'The State of Israel has conveyed a clear educational message in the enactment of the law prohibiting the consumption of prostitution: This is an immoral phenomenon and is therefore prohibited,' said Adv. Nitzan Kahana, who advocated for the law" (para 4) The emphasis on the immorality of prostitution from a prominent advocate of anti-prostitution law likely echoes the predominant negative attitude towards prostitution (MCP - CODER COMMENT). "The study - conducted by the Brookdale Institute for...more
April 28, 2024, 11:37 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Speaking at the Farnborough airshow, Wallace said he could not immediately explain why the policy had taken so many years to implement. He said: 'Don’t ask me, I’m the defence secretary who’s now taken it over, and life’s moved on. It’s a different generation. I was in the army in 1991 in Germany, and things are different. You know, we want more and more women to be in our forces, we have to bear in mind all that means in different environments, and we have to set parameters for those environments and be very clear what is acceptable'" (para 4-5). "Two years ago soldiers of the 3rd Battalion, the Parachute...more
March 19, 2024, 1:06 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Apart from such challenges, sex workers also face stigma and lack of privacy from health-care workers" (para 4).
March 19, 2024, 12:28 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Sex workers face many challenges in Zambia because of the perceptions and myths surrounding the existence of the profession and choice of work" (para 8). "All sex workers experience stigma and discrimination, though this manifests differently for the different ‘sub groups’ of sex workers from the communities where they live and places of work. Parallel programming that aims to ‘reform’ sex workers further stigmatises and makes sex workers more vulnerable to abuse, beatings and hate speech. This seems to be most hostile towards the street and bar-based sex workers. Families of sex workers are also highly discriminated by association and living with them" (para 9).
March 18, 2024, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Geneva-based SAM organisation for rights and liberties, al-Hammadi told the visiting delegation that the Houthi security officials passed her and other girls between several homes, 'forced them to drink alcohol and sleep with the people'. When she confronted the Houthis with these accusations of prostitution, they responded, 'it’s ok as long as it’s for the service of the homeland'" (para 4). "Women aged between 13 and 55 - regardless of whether they are homemakers, teachers, humanitarian workers and medical staff - have not been spared by the Houthis in their efforts to silence dissent. The Houthis broke the pelvis of al-Hammadi’s friend, tortured another woman until she...more
March 17, 2024, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There are many extremely poor neighbourhoods that lack viable work options and where enslavement for physical labour is not rare" (para 3). "From this, you can imagine the desperation, lack of education, and the power dynamics in these areas. These areas are the main source of people who are sexually victimized and trafficked by the greed of criminals – some of whom are even relatives of the victim" (para 5). "In Hungary there are generations who have little choice but to follow their parents and become pimps or prostitutes themselves. Municipal workers in rural areas report frequently hearing this. It is an indication of the dynamics that perpetuate the system...more
March 17, 2024, 12:14 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In the midst of the pandemic, hyperinflation accelerated sharply in the last two months, which aggravated the already precarious living conditions of the 32 million Venezuelans, according to official records. As a consequence of the crisis, 96% of the population is in a situation of income poverty and 74% of households have moderate and severe food insecurity, according to the National Living Conditions Survey 2019-2020 of the Andrés Bello Catholic University. one of the main ones in the country. The complex situation has forced the migration of more than 10% of the population in recent years" (para 16).
March 16, 2024, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The UAE is a major destination for sex trafficking, where African women are forced into prostitution by illicit networks operating within the country, an investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and Reuters has found" (para 8). "The UAE follows Islamic law, yet prostitution and sex trafficking are open secrets. Business cards with photos and WhatsApp numbers for brothels disguised as massage parlors litter many areas of Dubai. Spas, dance clubs and bars are filled with sex workers" (para 26).
March 16, 2024, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"But several sex workers, interviewed on condition of using their first name out of concern for their families and fear of the police, said they needed the work to survive" (para 8).
March 16, 2024, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The East African nation criminalizes 'sexual intercourse or other sexual gratification for monetary or other material gain' in its penal code, but the stigma alone is enough to enforce a culture of secrecy" (para 1). "Many sex workers have retreated into hiding, no longer attending support groups or seeking health care services like STI testing, birth control, and PrEP for HIV prevention" (para 10).
March 16, 2024, 4:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Procurers encourage many females to come to Turkey and promise to provide them with good jobs. They cover transportation expenses and allow repaying the debt from the first salary. However, women fail to find jobs, the debt grows and as a result they are forced to engage in prostitution" (para 11).
March 16, 2024, 4:33 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Even though sex work is legal, Istanbul has only one legal brothel, in the Karaköy district near the Galata tower. This has left women vulnerable to violence and exploitation on the streets, consigned to plying their trade in the rougher neighbourhoods of this city" (para 2). "The status of sex workers is a controversial matter in Turkey, where conservative values and public piety clash with the secular principles on which the republic was founded" (para 6).
March 16, 2024, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Sex workers in Thailand confront a range of difficulties, facing both social biases and legal complexities. The associated social stigma leads to exclusion, discrimination, and restricted access to essential services, leaving sex workers more vulnerable to exploitation and abuse" (para 9).
March 16, 2024, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Prostitution is illegal in Tanzania but young women selling sex are a common sight in Dar es Salaam, where prostitutes ask for as little as 10,000 Tanzanian shillings ($4.58) from their clients. As part of the new crackdown, Tanzanian authorities are targeting men who pay for sex from prostitutes as well as the women selling it, according to a report by German broadcaster DW" (para 3).