The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-1

July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Specific measures adopted by the Government as part of a strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality between men and women, particularly in the areas of education, justice and decision-making, include the enactment of a new law on the protection and prevention of violence against women, as well as other measures to combat female genital mutilation, trafficking and prostitution" (12).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) The exploitation of women and girls in prostitution in the State party, including during the COVID-19 pandemic; (b) The social stigma and widespread discrimination and violence experienced by women in prostitution, including transgender women" (9). "The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Address the root causes of prostitution, such as poverty and structural gender inequalities, as well as the demand for prostitution, and adopt targeted measures to prevent women in vulnerable situations from being exploited in prostitution... Investigate and prosecute cases of gender-based violence and discrimination against women in prostitution, bring perpetrators to justice, and de-stigmatize women and girls in prostitution through gender-sensitive...more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee expresses concern about reports of the increasing number of women who are turning to prostitution due to poverty and of the practice of male landlords offering accommodations to women in return for sex (known as “sex for rent”). It is also concerned that existing services provided to women in prostitution are focused on harm reduction, rather than on exiting prostitution, which may have the effect of prolonging the exploitation of women in prostitution. While noting that it is an offence to pay for the sexual services of a child, the Committee is concerned that the prosecution is required to prove that the accused believed the child to be...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"New projects that support the broad social service system have been initiated and implemented in cooperation with NGOs. These include an initiative of DKK 7 mill. with funding and counselling for persons, including non-nationals, as recommended in concluding observation 22, who wish or is about to leave prostitution launched in 2017. The aim is to provide support for the transition to a life without prostitution. In 2018, a new initiative of DKK 10 mill. aiming at preventing young people from establishing prostitution-like relationships was developed. Prostitution-like relationships, such as 'sugar-dating' may for some young people be an unintended road into prostitution, and the purpose is thus to prevent young people...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Industries like prostitution and surrogacy – which are both flourishing in Ukraine – commodify and exploit women and children, exacerbate their vulnerability, and create the markets that people traffickers fill. Without the entrenched exploitation of women in Ukrainian society and the ready market for vulnerable women and children both inside Ukraine and in neighbouring countries, traffickers would not have the same success or incentive" (4). "Ukraine has a particularly dark history when it comes to human trafficking. Its poor economic conditions create high levels of unemployment and consequent vulnerability to exploitation. Corrupt officials turn a blind eye to the growing illicit domestic sex trade, and commercial surrogacy is legal. All...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"For upwards of 40 years, cabaret dancers from third countries have been admitted to Switzerland to engage in gainful employment. That status, created in 1995 with the explicit aim of protecting cabaret performers from exploitation, constitutes an exception to the admission of unskilled workers from third countries (excluding the EU and EFTA). FOM concluded in 2010 that the case had altered. Despite the plethora of directives in this area, cabaret performers’ working conditions seem, in the main, quite precarious. Though explicitly prohibited, prostitution is very widespread in the establishments in question, aggravating the risk of human trafficking...Opinion was divided. The cantons, cities and communes lined up behind the Federal Council’s...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"...Several MICS Suriname studies have shown a close relation between women’s educational level, wealth of household and their sexual and reproductive health behaviour. Poor and low educated women tend to have higher fertility rates, relatively low use of contraceptives, are more at risk to become a teen mother, to get involved in high risk sex work, and to get infected with HIV (National Review BPfA+20, Suriname, May 2014)" (39).
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee notes] [r]eports of gender-based violence and discrimination against women in prostitution, including harassment, threats, intimidation, beatings and rape" (8).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The prostitution is a hidden and unknown phenomenon and the recent trend to exercise it in closed places, like private apartments – so as to abandon the unsecure streets, makes more difficult its disclosure. The girls live irregularly and their dependency from traffickers is psychological and physical. This is true above all for girls from Eastern Europe and Latin America and, recently from China, while the Nigerian prostitution still occurs mainly in the streets" (43). "Among major problems [with immigrant women], it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 for boys and girls. The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. Authorities partially enforced the law, but exploitation of children and child prostitution remained a problem. Girls were exploited in prostitution in bars, roadside clubs, and restaurants. Child prostitution appeared to be most prevalent in Maputo Province and the provinces of Nampula, Beira and Manica, border towns, and at overnight stopping points along key transportation routes. Some NGOs provided health care, counseling, and vocational training to children, primarily girls, engaged in prostitution" (17). "...Mothers who did not complete secondary school were more likely to have children involved...more
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Despite government efforts to keep at-risk children off the streets and to warn businesses against permitting children to enter bars and clubs, children were vulnerable to prostitution on the streets and in brothels" (19).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The society views prostution very negatively. However, there are few cases where women go to hotels for as little as $100 just for a living. While this is not seen as normal work for Somali women, poverty pushes these women to do the unthinkable. Men are not shamed, women are" (1).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Local police and private security forces allegedly prevented LGBTI persons from entering malls, public parks, and recreational areas. NGOs reported the former Maduro regime systematically denied legal recognition to transgender and intersex persons by preventing them from obtaining identity documents required for accessing education, employment, housing, and health care. This vulnerability often led transgender and intersex persons to become victims of human trafficking or prostitution" (32).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to government officials and NGOs, some Eritrean women entered prostitution or survival sex arrangements in which a woman lives with several men and receives shelter in exchange for sex" (27).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced labor laws, although some children were exploited in the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation" (33).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-DATA-2

"...90 percent of transgender women survived through prostitution because they could find no other employment alternative" (26).
Sept. 9, 2021, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"'Festivities like Valentine's Day usually attract youth,' he added. 'That's when they are out of control and doing things which violate our norms and traditions, like consuming drugs and engaging in free sex. 'We want to prevent that here'" (para 12-14). A negative view of free sex indicates a probable societal disapproval of prostitution (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
July 29, 2021, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents.' Such vulnerable women often fall into the hands of traffickers in Africa and get passed along a far-reaching network until they eventually land in Germany. There,...more
July 29, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents.' Such vulnerable women often fall into the hands of traffickers in Africa and get passed along a far-reaching network until they eventually land in Germany. There,...more
July 22, 2021, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In 2008, the MP Zehava Galon (Meretz) first proposed a Sex Buyers Act. At first, the bill seemed unlikely to ever pass. The left-wing parties that backed the law did not have enough support in the Parliament, and the public saw the Nordic Model as something very extreme. So we put our efforts into public education and establishing support and rehabilitation services for those in prostitution" (Para 9). "Gradually governmental, municipal and private funding was secured for NGOs that provided these services and our efforts in education and advocacy started to bear fruit. Female journalists began to cover the issue in the mainstream media, and the public gradually learned what...more
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Dammam is a prostitution hub" (para 11). "Lots of women who are employed as domestic workers are mistreated. Often, they can’t stand the treatment and the terrible working conditions and so they run away. They end up without papers. The madams recruit them and keep them in homes in secluded areas, where they are guarded with firearms" (para 13). A woman may choose to be a prostitute to have work when she has no papers and is hiding from past empoyers (SR - CODER COMMENT).
June 26, 2021, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-DATA-2

"Trafficking of women into New Zealand into legal and illegal brothels is a serious problem, and for every licensed brothel there are, on average, four times the number that operate illegally" (para 3).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The prostitution is a hidden and unknown phenomenon and the recent trend to exercise it in closed places, like private apartments – so as to abandon the unsecure streets, makes more difficult its disclosure. The girls live irregularly and their dependency from traffickers is psychological and physical. This is true above all for girls from Eastern Europe and Latin America and, recently from China, while the Nigerian prostitution still occurs mainly in the streets" (43). "Among major problems [with immigrant women], it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights in the UAE have recently come under heightened scrutiny following the emergence of new videos of Sheikha Latifa, daughter of the Dubai ruler, in which she describes the conditions of her forced confinement following her abduction and forcible return to the UAE in 2018" (para 4).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The major form of discrimination, at the prevention of which the courts, MIA institutions, and social workers are targeted, is domestic violence. Due attention is not paid to other problems, in particular, to the problem of exploitation of prostitution by third parties" (14).
Feb. 26, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

“In Johannesburg, South Africa, one study noted that 31 per cent of rapes were perpetrated in open spaces such as rough ground” (pp. 26).
Feb. 26, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

“In Tanzania, growing numbers of young girls in early adolescence (12–13 years old) migrate to the cities. They move seeking education or work, but also in many cases to escape abusive family relations and forced marriage. This is a group particularly at risk: research in Tanzania shows that for one-fifth of them, the first sexual encounter is forced, and ‘sexual abuse is so prevalent that it is hardly even noticed or is treated as “normal”’ (Mabala and Cooksey, 2008: 2). The corollary to this is the high incidence of HIV/AIDS. In Tanzania, infection rates are 12 and 9.6 per cent for females and males in urban areas, against 5.8 and...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In BiH and other post-conflict countries this economic sphere includes 'the creation of a new market for prostitution in response to the arrival of the UN peacekeeping forces'. Formal employment opportunities are limited in the post-conflict transition period and there is almost always a need for women to sell sex as a means to their own and their families’ survival" (para 3). "The local population was trying to overcome the ravages of conflict and remained largely ignorant of the brutal reality of sex trafficking. They believed that the evolving situation was simply one of international prostitution providing necessary services for international workers" (para 4). "Prostitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina was...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

“B.S. v. Spain (no. 47159/08) (24 July 2012): This case concerned a woman of Nigerian origin who was stopped by the police while working as a prostitute on the outskirts of Palma de Mallorca. The applicant complained in particular that the national police officers had verbally and physically abused her when stopping her for questioning. She further alleged that she had been discriminated against because of her profession as a prostitute, her skin colour and her gender. The Court found that the Spanish State had not conducted an adequate and effective investigation into the applicant’s allegations of ill-treatment on two occasions when she was stopped and questioned in the street,...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The refugee families' fears for their daughters are not unfounded. Female refugees and displaced people in Nigeria are at high risk of sexual harassment and exploitation. The UN has said it is aware of a high level of 'survival sex' - women turning to prostitution out of desperation - in camps housing Cameroonian refugees in Cross River State" (para 20).