The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-3

Feb. 11, 2024, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"'I have a regular client and he asked me to meet him at Davos as he was attending. I told him I was in Germany, but he arranged flights and a car for me. We stayed in a beautiful hotel in Davos, drinking champagne and eating fabulous meals. I gave him what he required and he was very satisfied'" (para 10-11). "'I don't up [our] rates for Davos, as I like to remain transparent obviously. I expect the travel and any incidental accommodation expenses to be met by the clients'" (para 23). "'We cater for anything a client desires, within reason, and the feedback I have had from my girls...more
Jan. 16, 2024, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"[A] Mapping, Size Estimation & Behavioural and Biological Surveillance Survey (BBSS) of HIV/STI Among Select High-Risk Sub-Populations in Botswana survey showed FSWs [female sex workers] as a sub-population most affected by HIV in Botswana. The FSWs population size was estimated at 4,000 in the three districts surveyed (Gaborone, Kasane and Francistown). High HIV prevalence (62.1%) and incidence (12.5%) were also reported amongst this group in the surveyed districts" (26). This indicated that prostitutes are not able to require condom use (VMH - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 16, 2023, 9:52 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Many of my interviewees pointed to instances of everyday extortion: Police officers would approach them and demand money, sex, or both in exchange for not arresting them. In one particularly egregious case, cops engaged in ritual humiliation by urinating on two sex workers who were waiting for clients on a street corner. Many experienced having a gun casually pointed at them by patrolling cops. Some of their worst clients were also policemen. In a context where sex work is criminalised, it is dangerous to demand payment from a client who is also a cop. Many street workers are unwilling to report abusive clients or managers to the police after having...more
Dec. 16, 2023, 12:51 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"'Women and girls are recruited with false promises of work and then forced to have sex with miners. The younger they are the better as they can charge more,' said Mercedes Arce, coordinator at the anti-trafficking group CHS Alternativo" (para 15). Women and girls who are trafficked and forced to become prostitutes likely have no bargaining power vis a vis her clients or pimps (MCP - CODER COMMENT). "The women and girls are also fined if they disobey rules that range from leaving the bar without permission to going to bed early and arguing with co-workers, said Luz Amelia Saavedra, who heads the human trafficking office of the local prosecutor"...more
Dec. 16, 2023, 12:49 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"A wave of murders of trans women in Peru — six since the beginning of the year, after eight all of last year — has exposed a country unable or unwilling to protect trans people. And it has triggered protests demanding urgent action against gender violence" (para 1). The six murders that are described here are six transgender women who were sex workers. Since trans women generally operate outside of the legal constraints of prostitution in Peru, they don't enjoy some of the protections of registered prostitutes and have largely less leverage vis a vis their male clients (MCP - CODER COMMENT). "Since the beginning of 2023, six trans women...more
Dec. 14, 2023, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"An estimated 47,000 Paraguayan children work in situations of criadazgo; many of these children are highly vulnerable to sex and labor trafficking. Although the practice mainly affects young girls, boys represent 30 percent of children in criadazgo. Traffickers exploit children from rural areas in sex trafficking and forced labor in urban centers. Child sex trafficking cases often involve a familial trafficker" (para 23). Since we know thousands of victims of trafficking are forced into sexual labor, and that these victims are oftentimes children, we can assume that the child sex slaves have no bargaining power vis a vis their clients (MCP - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2023, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"An isolated case? Far from it. As Amnesty International details in its report, sex workers are amongst some of the most marginalized and vulnerable citizens in this Pacific island nation experiencing high levels of sexual and gender-based violence, and gender inequality" (para 3). "Such failures in justice, combined with a toxic mix of widespread stigma and discrimination against sex workers, is creating an environment in which others in society feel able to commit crimes against them with impunity. We received several consistent reports of two sex workers who had recently been killed by clients. One was murdered outside Mt Hagen police station in 2013. Another was raped and killed in...more
Dec. 13, 2023, 11:46 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"It has left many of the countless numbers involved as paraiahs in their own society, vulnerable to abuse, violence and rampant diseases such as HIV infections" (para 9). A high rate of HIV infections can be an indicator that prostitutes have little to no bargaining power in how their interactions with clients are conducted (MCP - CODER COMMENT). "The same survey showed almost 80 per cent of sex workers had been sexually abused in the previous year, 70 per cent had been raped in the few months leading up to the survey and about half had been raped multiple times in that period" (para 12). "While the rate of HIV/AIDS...more
Dec. 12, 2023, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Some Pakistani traffickers lure women and girls away from their families with promises of marriage, create fraudulent marriage certificates, and exploit women and girls in sex trafficking, including in Iran and Afghanistan. Traffickers target impoverished Christian communities to send women and girls to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) for arranged marriages. Upon arrival in the PRC, hundreds of Pakistani women reported their 'husbands' forced them into commercial sex" (para 32). Since these women are tricked and trafficked to another country, it's unlikely that they have any bargaining power vis a vis their husbands or even the clients that the husbands force these women to see (MCP - CODER COMMENT).more
Dec. 12, 2023, 12:27 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"When I asked her if there was any way of verifying if these people could be trusted, she told me, 'Women like us have to take a leap of faith; manager saab does background checks, but at the end of the day, he has a family to feed too, people would do anything to not go hungry, whether that means taking risks themselves or putting others at risk.' Then she went on to add that sometimes these women become very successful and come back richer than before, but more often than not, once you’re gone, you’re gone, never to be heard of again" (para 8). Despite attempting to run checks...more
Dec. 11, 2023, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"She was 26 years old and forced into prostitution. They are not allowed to call home and are forced to live in inhumane conditions, at times sold from one household to another by the local agents, he said" (para 11).
Dec. 11, 2023, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Some female North Koreans in the PRC working in restaurants or coffee shops are forced by their minders to engage in commercial sex acts with PRC national customers" (para 20). If these women are forced into sex acts with customers in their normal place of work, it's unlikely that they have any bargaining power with their clients (MCP - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 11, 2023, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Lee So-yeon, a North Korean military musician who escaped the country in 2008, explained that, 'it might seem like a fancy show on the outside. However, they also have to go to parties and provide sexual services, that sort of pain also follows. They go to the central Politburo party’s events, and have to sleep with the people there, even if they don’t want it'" (para 6). Young women who are forced into prostitution in this way likely have no grounds to demand that elite clients wear condoms or set the ground rules for a sexual encounter (MCP - CODER COMMENT). "One defector describes teenagers being pulled out of school...more
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:52 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Ideas of manhood that equate ‘being a man’ with sexual risk-taking and being in control (of women) have been shown to be associated with more negative attitudes towards condoms and less use, more sexually transmitted infections, more partners, including more casual partners, more frequent sex, more abuse of alcohol and more transactional sex [6–11]" (1). Transgender sex workers may be at an escalated risk for HIV (MD - CODDER COMMENT). "The stigmatization of men who have nonheterosexual identities or practices has resulted in neglect in prevention programming in most countries and huge barriers to access to services [12]. Lesbian women face widespread ‘corrective’sexual violence that increases their vulnerability to HIV...more
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Sex workers' rights are not respected by health providers in health units (Article 11f) The majority of sex workers who go to health units seeking health services are discriminated against and suffer verbal and psychological violence. Few sex workers receive comprehensive services to which they are entitled under various health protocols" (2). "With regard to HIV prevention in Mozambique, female sex workers are recognized as a key population in the global and national HIV response" (2). "28% of sex workers were HIV positive or did not want to disclose their status" (3). "The Hands Off! Needs Assessment shows that sex workers in Mozambique experience high levels and multiple forms of...more
Nov. 8, 2023, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"With the continued stigma and discrimination, some sex workers are still struggling to access sexual and reproductive health services and HIV services freely. However, through different initiatives from relevant partners and stakeholders, sensitisation and capacity building programs targeted at health professionals are beginning to yield fruitful results" (para. 10). "[W]e realised that some of the new sex workers are not aware of their human rights, free sexual and reproductive health services and HIV services" (para.17).
Oct. 24, 2023, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"When Survivors began its work in 1999, police regularly harassed and detained sex workers, arresting them under municipal bylaws like “loitering with the intention of prostituting,” and making them pay bribes or provide sexual favors in order to be released. In custody, officers sometimes took sex workers to their homes to rape them, often without condoms. Survivors members recount instances in which HIV positive officers said they were intentionally trying to infect sex workers because they deserved HIV" (p 31).
Feb. 5, 2023, 8 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"If buyers were criminalised, I’d be able to call the police on them if they crossed my boundaries. The threat of that would act as a deterrent for their worse behaviours. But under decriminalisation there’s absolutely nothing I could do. Men are larger and stronger than me and I’d have to fight them off basically. It’s against the law to not wear a condom in prostitution in New Zealand and I think there’s up to a $2,000 fine but that penalty is applied equally to the sex buyers and the prostituted person as if it were an equal decision. Whereas we know that it’s the buyers who press for no...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"If she insists on using a condom, the client would not even pay Rs 300-Rs 500 that they, despite her disfigurement, agree to shell out. Other women in the massage parlour earn as much as Rs 5,000 'per sitting'" (para 6).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Almost half of men (48%) who had paid for sex in the last 12 months reported using a condom during the last paid sexual intercourse" (229).
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Among men who paid for sex in the last 12 months, almost three quarters (74%) reported using a condom during the last paid sexual intercourse… Condom use during last paid sexual intercourse increased from 66% to 74% [between 2013 and 2018]" (348).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Eighteen percent of men age 15-49 reported ever having paid for sex, and 4 percent paid for sex in the past 12 months. Among those who paid for sex in the past 12 months, 9 in 10 said that they used a condom the last time they paid for sex (Table 13.8)" (242).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"As a result of multiple prevention, screening, treatment and care interventions including the 100 per cent condom use for entertainment establishments, Prakas 066, the HIV prevalence rate for female entertainment workers decreased to 3.2 per cent in 2016 from 45.8 per cent in 1998" (27).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Among men who paid for sex in the past 12 months, almost three quarters (73%) reported using a condom during the last paid sexual intercourse" (251).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Threequarters of men who had reported paying for sex in the last 12 months reported using condoms during the last sexual intercourse (Table 13.6)" (206).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Ten percent of men said they had paid for sexual intercourse in the past 12 months; among these men, 84 percent reported using a condom during their most recent paid sexual intercourse" (189).
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Among men who paid for sex in the past 12 months, 65% reported using a condom during the last paid sexual intercourse (Table 13.7)" (229).
March 11, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Rupa would would like to use condoms, she says, but the 10 to 12 customers she sees daily tend to object. While condom usage in Kandipara used to hover at about 40 per cent 20 years ago, following free distribution and peer awareness programmes, their popularity now appears to be on the decline. Meanwhile, the last NGO-run medical clinic closed its doors in the brothel in 2014 due to funding cuts, and Rupa hasn’t been tested for any STIs since despite multiple studies claiming HIV and other STD are steadily increasing" (para 24).
March 11, 2019, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"They contain nothing but a panic button and a waste bin for customers to dispose of condoms and tissues once they have had sex in their cars" (27).
Feb. 26, 2019, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

A woman workin in postitution would "like to use condoms, she adds, but the 10 – 12 customers she sees daily tend to object. While condom usage in Kandipara used to hover at about 40 per cent 20 years ago, following free distribution and peer awareness programmes, their popularity now appears to be on the decline" (para. 12).