The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-4

July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Until 2018, the government has shut down 151 localized prostitutions [sic] sites out of 168 sites, as well as reinstitutionalize [sic] 17,760 sex workers and return [sic] them to their families. Rehabilitated sex workers enrol in empowerment program, usually economic, provided by local governments. An example, in East Java the local government transformed brothels into handcraft centres, leading to a source of income for former sex workers. MoSA targets zero localized prostitution by 2019" (23).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee recommends that the State party: ...adopt targeted measures to prevent women in vulnerable situations from being exploited in prostitution, including by providing women who wish to leave prostitution with exit programmes and alternative income opportunities" (9). This indicates that these programs do not yet exist (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The National Board of Social Services (NBSS) and various NGOs also provide counselling to people engaged in prostitution as well as institutions working with especially young people. Activities targeted women engaged in prostitution are funded by the state, municipalities or private donations. NBSS conducts nationwide social outreach work on the indoor prostitution scene in order to provide counselling and support to women involved in prostitution. NBSS also provides support to municipalities and institutions on handling of individual cases as well as developing skills and local guidelines for professionals working in the field. New projects that support the broad social service system have been initiated and implemented in cooperation with NGOs....more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Women and children must make calculations every day about which actions will result in the least harm and risk to them and their children. One account about Elżbieta Jarmulska, founder of the 'Women Take the Wheel' initiative, which is working to help women travel safely from Ukraine, observes: 'I accompany Elżbieta, better known as Ela, to a refugee centre where she makes a point of showing her ID card and proof of residence to officials, before she asks if anyone wants a lift to Warsaw. Her car was full in moments. The passengers: refugee Nadia and her three children. Ela settled the family into her thoughtfully stocked car, offering the...more
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"[The Committee notes] the absence of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (8).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 for boys and girls. The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. Authorities partially enforced the law, but exploitation of children and child prostitution remained a problem. Girls were exploited in prostitution in bars, roadside clubs, and restaurants. Child prostitution appeared to be most prevalent in Maputo Province and the provinces of Nampula, Beira and Manica, border towns, and at overnight stopping points along key transportation routes. Some NGOs provided health care, counseling, and vocational training to children, primarily girls, engaged in prostitution" (17). "...The government provided training on child prostitution and abuse prevention to police officers and...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution than other types of forced labor. The government had an insufficient number of inspectors to enforce the law effectively. The government did not implement new forced labor awareness campaigns. Penalties were sufficiently stringent to deter violations" (23). While this datum does not describe a reintegration policy, it helps to identify women forced into prostitution. Enforcement of penalties to deter such acts coupled with prevention efforts may indicate the presence of reintegration policies (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 9, 2021, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The unlucky lovers were quickly released after a lecture about the evils of pre-marital sex, but five sex workers caught in the dragnet would be sent to a rehabilitation centre, he added" (para 6).
July 22, 2021, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Gradually governmental, municipal and private funding was secured for NGOs that provided these services and our efforts in education and advocacy started to bear fruit. Female journalists began to cover the issue in the mainstream media, and the public gradually learned what was happening in the backyard of Israeli society. Gradually, the attitude towards prostitution changed. The women in prostitution were no longer seen as promiscuous and greedy, but as hurt and exploited" (Para 10). "The move was unsuccessful, but until the last moment, supporters and opponents argued whether an additional NIS 30 million a year, more than doubling the existing budget, was enough to provide adequate services to those...more
June 26, 2021, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-2

"Under legalisation in Germany, one government-funded NGO, described on its website as a 'counselling centre for sex workers', offers training for women to become 'sexual assistant surrogate partnerships' when they decide to leave prostitution. The training focuses on how 'sex workers' can help disabled people to explore their sexuality" (para 8).
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Nationally, safe housing for exploited youngsters remains 'a systemic problem,' with trafficked girls often placed with foster parents who lack awareness of the issue, said Nola Brantley, who was trafficked herself and co-founded Missey, an Oakland-based nonprofit group that helps girls in crisis, provides mentoring and offers links to therapy and other services" (para 28).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"(d) The lack of information about exploitation of prostitution in the State party and the relationship thereof with trafficking in persons, as well as the lack of prevention and rehabilitation measures for victims of sexual exploitation and the insufficient support for women and girls who wish to leave prostitution" (6-7).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Identities of the victims of sexual exploitation-related crimes were kept in strict confidence, who were compensated in accordance with the Law on Compensation for Damages, which provides that a person who did harm to another’s health shall be liable to pay him/her the expenses for medical treatment or the amount of money equal to the wages he/she lost while staying away from work" (13).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee notes with concern that poverty continues to compel many women to resort to prostitution and that article 205 of the Penal Code criminalizes women in prostitution. The Committee appreciates the establishment of exit programmes for women in prostitution but is concerned that those are insufficiently funded" (8).
March 24, 2020, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Those trying to promote the welfare of sex workers say Kobkarn’s goal is unrealistic" (para 9). "'The police presence already drives off a number of clients who come to relax or drink at bars,' said Surang Janyam, director of Service Workers in Group (SWING), which provides sex workers with free medical care and vocational training" (para 18). "NightLight and SWING said they would welcome the sex industry’s closure if the government had a plan to ensure that sex workers could support themselves without falling back into the business" (para 23).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Prostitution is not legalized in the Republic of the Congo; it is practised informally. However, in the absence of a strategy for a comprehensive approach to combating prostitution, or to implementing support programmes for women and girls who wish to leave prostitution, awareness-raising and outreach activities are being undertaken by the Ministry and NGOs, associations and religious denominations. Some associations organized by female sex workers or prostitutes (ACO in Pointe-Noire, UAFPA in Brazzaville) are making efforts to regulate prostitutes by providing them with specialized health and safety services;3 they are also helping those who want to leave prostitution by providing ways to develop income-generating activities (...) Expanded programmes aimed at...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Neary Rattanak IV includes a number of key activities to address discrimination against marginalized women and girls, including those engaged in prostitution. These include coordinating the revision of regulations, formulating guidelines and building the capacity of relevant actors to provide legal protection for women engaged in prostitution and women working in the men’s entertainment sector. MoWA, in collaboration with other agencies, is committed to undertaking studies to identify the root causes of women working in prostitution in order to design effective interventions and programs for women seeking new employment opportunities outside the sex industry. This includes identifying solutions and discussions on punishing purchasers of sex services" (20-21).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The absence of policies and programmes addressing the prevention of exploitation in prostitution and protection, of assistance and legal support for women who are victims of such exploitation and of specific support for women who wish to leave prostitution" (8).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Some NGOs provided health care, counseling, and vocational training to children, primarily girls, engaged in prostitution" (p. 17).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"It is further concerned at the absence of specific services and programmes for women in prostitution, including exit programmes for women wishing to leave prostitution" (7).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Several of these incidents have focused on shelters, with the Ministry of Women’s Affairs seeking to take control of and impose strict new rules on shelters in 2011 and the minister of justice in 2012 denouncing shelters as the site of immoral behavior and prostitution" (2).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"It notes the initiative by the Ministry of Labour to provide alternative income-generating opportunities for women who wish to leave prostitution" (8).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Congregation of Sisters Adorers implemented in São Vicente a centre for women in prostitution or at risk of entering prostitution (Project Kreditá na Bo / Believe in Yourself), with support from the Ministry of Justice. Since the start of the project in February 2016, the Project supported 92 women in prostitution. In the context of HIV/AIDS projects, NGO such as MORABI, VERDEFAM and Red Cross work with sex workers since 2008. Their prevention and care activities on STI/HIV/AIDS are complemented by income generating activities, enabling them to achieve some reintegration of women and men from prostitution" (16). ""Prevalence rates in vulnerable and marginalized groups are also known: in 2013...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"On 1 January 2016, new provisions for medical examinations of sex workers were introduced. While health tests previously took place weekly, they are now conducted every six weeks. Furthermore, public health officers are required to inform sex workers during the first examination about infection risks, ways to avoid infections, contraception, gynaecological screenings and protective vaccinations. Sex workers must also be informed about existing support and counselling institutions in this initial conversation. The provisions also clearly state that examinations are free of charge. The Working Group on Prostitution published a multilingual brochure containing information for sex workers about essential rights and obligations, infection prevention and important points of contact. It was...more
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is particularly concerned about: (c)Reports of discrimination and gender-based violence against women in prostitution, which result in various forms of abuse, the limited assistance available to victims, and the absence of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (6-7).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The reports of widespread violence and discrimination against women in prostitution, enabled by the penalization of prostitution as an administrative offence under article 6.11 of the Code of Administrative Offences, which results in various forms of abuse, including extortion, beatings, rape and even killing of women in prostitution, the limited assistance available to them and the absence of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (7).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is concerned, however, at the lack of systematically organized protection, rehabilitation and reintegration measures for victims of trafficking as well as of disaggregated data to determine the scale of the phenomenon. It is also concerned at the limited availability of programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (9).
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

""The Committee notes as positive that the State party has begun consideration of draft legislation on regulating prostitution, but notes with concern: (...) (c) The inadequacy of long-term support for victims of forced prostitution and the lack of exit programmes for women wishing to leave prostitution" (5)
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee notes that prostitution is legal in the State party. Nevertheless, it is concerned by the lack of precise information on the existing programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution and the specific policy measures for prosecuting so-called 'lover-boys' who exploit women and girls in prostitution" (8).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The CROG recognizes that both prostitution and trafficking in persons are primarily rooted in poverty, entrenched inequality and exacerbated by anti-social family life, abuse, sexism, and class prejudices. Efforts to eliminate trafficking and exploitation of victims of prostitution as recommended in paragraph 25 are ongoing. Programmes such as the Hinterland Scholarship Programme, the universal school uniform programme, economic assistance to single mothers and skills training for youths are all aimed at reducing poverty, creating equality of opportunities and access to the delivery of services to reduce the vulnerabilities of women, children, in general and specifically within Indigenous communities. These programmes complemented the counter-trafficking action plan (2014) developed by the National...more