The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-PRACTICE-1

April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“These offences against women and girls are a part of the story, but the full story starts with a girl not being as welcome as a boy, from birth. When sweets are distributed at the birth of a boy, not of a girl. When the boy child is nourished more than the girl, when a girl's movements are restricted and her freedoms and choices are curtailed, when she is sent as a domestic slave to her husband's home… If a girl is accorded no value, if a girl is worth less than a boy, then it stands to reason there will be men who believe they can do what they...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“Indeed, in a rapidly growing country such as Vietnam, a concerning recent trend is sex-selective abortion, resulting in an increasingly skewed sex ratio at birth” (pp. 10).
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The risk of a baby girl dying after a typhoon doubles if she has older sisters in the home, and the risk doubles again if the she has older brothers – suggesting that the competition for resources among siblings may play a key role in these deaths. The researchers did not find a spike in the mortality rates for baby boys, but they uncovered an elevated mortality risk among baby girls that lasts up to two years after a typhoon" (para 4). "'It seems unlikely that the households in which female infants die are intentionally allowing these infants to perish,' the researchers report. 'It is more plausible that parents believe...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage is rampant in this part of Nepal. Girls are seen as a burden and an additional mouth to feed. Villagers often marry off their girls before their menstruation starts — it is believed that if they do so, the immediate family will go to heaven" (para 12).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In a land where sons are more highly valued, since in the tribal culture usually only they can inherit the father’s wealth and pass down a name, families without boys are the objects of pity and contemp" (para 6). "It is a commonly held belief among less educated Afghans that the mother can determine the sex of her unborn child, so she is blamed if she gives birth to a daughter. Several Afghan doctors and health care workers from around the country said that they had witnessed the despair of women when they gave birth to daughters, and that the pressure to produce a son fueled the practice" (para 11)....more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the…Declining girl child sex ratio from 962 per 1,000 in 1981 to 914 per 1,000 in 2011" (3, 4). "It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (7-8).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The decline in the female child ratio all over the country leads to an irresistible conclusion that the practice of eliminating female foetus by the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques is widely prevalent in this country" (para 2).
Feb. 4, 2021, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"UPA Government has decided to discontinue the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) NGO scheme" (para 1). "Now the ministry has advised the state governments that they are at the liberty to propose schemes for enforcement of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, including grants to NGO’s in their project implementation plans (PIPs). The ministry also suggested that states should select the district where the child sex ratio is very low and may initiate the scheme in such districts" (para 2). "The civil societies and the NGOs have been playing crucial role in fighting against the evil of selective abortions through generating awareness among communities" (para 3). If information campaigns...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Among families with one to four children, more boys are born than girls. The unnatural advantage for boy babies is particularly sharp among families with two children -- half of such families have one boy and one girl, a third have two boys and just one-sixth have two girls. Even given the slight birth advantage that boys enjoy (in nature, there is a slightly higher likelihood of males being born than females), such sharply skewed sex ratios are a clear indication of unnatural processes, most likely pre-natal sex selection. Among families with more than four children, a sudden reversal begins to take place, as girls become more common than boys....more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"A woman’s existence is linked to reproduction; ‘Woman is created (by God) for reproduction’. Women are 'respected' on becoming pregnant, considered 'supreme' on delivering a male child, and their worth is closely linked to the number of children they reproduce; ‘A woman’s worth is gauged through 'number of pregnancies' and 'number of sons delivered'" (para 18). A strong son preference suggests the possibility of sex-selective abortions (CAT - CODER COMMENT). "Except the post-delivery period in case of the male baby, when higher allowances are given so that boy can be breastfed, generally meager nutritional allocation and repeated pregnancies make them malnourished" (para 35). This indicates a son preference which could...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In the Human Development Report, 2012, India performs more poorly than neighbouring Pakistan in the GII despite having a higher per capita income and a democratic government" (para 14, para 32). More poorly in regards to gender equality due to practices such as infanticide (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The worsening sex ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) in countries such as India and China reflected the gross neglect of women" (para 5, para 22).
Nov. 18, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is also concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, son preference, polygamy, widows accused of witchcraft, and such practices as c haupadi, j huma, d euki and d han- k haane" (Article 17). Chhaupadi is a form of menstrual taboo which prohibits Hindu women and girls from participating in normal family activities while menstruating, as they are considered impure. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 6, 2020, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“A newborn girl has been deserted in southern China by her parents who ‘wanted to have a son’ instead, says local media. The infant was abandoned by her father next to a filthy rubbish bin just hours after she was born because the family already had two daughters” (para 1-2). “The 21-year-old mother, Ms Li, gave birth to the baby in the wee hours of July 29 at a rented flat. They were said to be disappointed after discovering the newborn to be a girl. The father, 24, known by his surname Zhang, told the police that ‘his dream of having a son was shattered’ when their third daughter was...more
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Sex-selective abortion is often perceived as normal in Armenian society and many view the phenomenon as preserving tradition117. Numerous studies have provided evidence that women possess low decision-making power in this regard and are pressured by their husbands and mothers-in-law to abort female fetuses, which is linked to wider social norms that seek to control women’s personal decisions about their bodies and sexuality and a prescribed higher relative value of male children" (37-38).
Sept. 4, 2020, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“The land of missing daughters, Punjab now has tales of horror from little girls not killed in the womb. Like foeticide, the perpetrator of sexual abuse too is lurking in their homes” (para 6).
Sept. 2, 2020, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Respondents who had live children were asked about their last pregnancy, and whether their husband or partner had a preference for a son or daughter. Of 1153 respondents, more than 1 in 3 (38%) said that their husband preferred a son, about 1 in 3 (31%) said that he preferred a daughter, and 31% said that their husband or partner had no preference for either a son or daughter (Table 8.12). In general, the cultural preference is for the first child to be a boy; if this does not occur, a woman is expected to keep trying until at least one child is a boy. Table 8.12: Men's preference for...more
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“While her mother was pregnant with [Fawzia] Koofi, her father took a seventh wife, a 14-year-old. That depressed her mother terribly, and her pregnancy was troubled. ‘She was pale, sick and exhausted’, Koofi wrote. Her mother prayed she would give birth to a boy. After a 30-hour labor in a countryside shack, and falling semi-conscious, someone told Koofi's mother disappointing news. The woman turned away from her newborn and refused to hold her child. ‘No one cared if the new girl lived, so while they focused on saving my mother, I was wrapped in cloth and placed in the baking sun,’ Koofi wrote. After nearly a day left alone, screaming,...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"However, the sex-selective abortions are increasing in Armenia and are skewing the gender balance" (para 18). "Resort to pre-natal sex-selection, i.e. selective abortions of female foetuses, is especially likely in families who already have three or four girls" (para 18). "The sex-selective abortions are closely related to the violation of women's rights (Article 39 of the Istanbul Convention), as many women, if they are expecting girls, are forced to do abortion by husband or other family members. Among the reasons for son preference in Armenia is a patriarchal culture, 'based on a patrilineal kinship system'. Prenatal sex selection is deeply embedded in cultural norms, which attributes a lower value to...more
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“Three little girls crowd around a dust-bin in rural Central India. Anyone can tell you from just a glance at them that they are excited at something. In their minds, as it appears, they have found a doll. It doesn’t matter that their much coveted doll is sitting nestled in a pile of rotting garbage: what counts is that the doll is amazingly life-like. Its skin is just like ours, they think to themselves as they see the gray-pink skin on the doll. It’s got hair and nails too! They admire the lifelike wispy hair and half-moon nails. They take turns carrying it, playing mother couldn’t have been more fun....more
July 24, 2020, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Health authorities have ordered medical staff not to reveal the gender of foetuses to pregnant mothers, sources told Gulf News on Sunday. They made the decision after doctors discovered that information they supplied about the gender led several pregnant women of Arab origin to abort their female foetuses. "These pregnant women became anxious after doctors treating them told them that they had female foetuses. They were very concerned about the reactions of their husbands who wanted to have sons," the sources said. Several Arab countries prefer the birth of sons to daughters for economic and cultural reasons. Sons are viewed as more able to provide for their families, particularly in...more
July 24, 2020, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

The skewed sex ratio at birth observed in the [Afghanistan Health Survey, conducted in 2006] has several possible explanations. Preference for sons manifests itself before birth in the form of sex-selective abortions, and after birth as female infanticide or abandonment and unequal treatment or neglect of girls, which lead to higher female mortality. Sex-selective abortion as a cause of the skewed sex ratio is discarded as an explanation for Afghanistan, where few ultrasound machines exist and antenatal care is uncommon. There is little evidence (either from the literature or anecdotally) that infanticide is practiced in Afghanistan. Thus, the skewed sex ratio may stem from a combination of intentional misclassification of...more
June 14, 2020, 8:43 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"When at 19 Mehnaz became pregnant for the fifth time, she panicked. She already had four daughters, and her husband was threatening to throw her out if she had another. So she did what millions of Pakistani women do every year: She had an abortion" (para 1). "Like many of those women, her abortion was partly self-administered. 'I kept taking tablets--whatever I laid my hands on,' she says. 'I lifted heavy things'--like the furniture in her tiny living room. She drank brews of boiled dates--many Pakistanis believe the beverage triggers labor. Mehnaz says she felt 'a terrible pain in my stomach'. Her husband took her to a midwife, who told...more
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Another former Boko Haram captive who preferred to be called Halima says male children born through sexual slavery are being breed to be the new generation of Boko Haram fighters. Halima, who gave birth to twins (a boy and a girl), tells IPS how Boko Haram members always celebrate when a baby boy is born in their camps. 'Once they realise it is a male baby they will start shooting their guns into the air in happy mood saying that a new leader has been born,' she says. 'After I delivered the babies, they carried the male in jubilation and were chatting Allah Akbar, in contrast, they did not show...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"A preference for sons over daughters meant there were only 856 females to 1,000 males in Baghpat, according to the 2011 Indian government census" (para 6). "'In our region, especially in middle and lower-class families, if you go to houses you'll notice that you don't see any girls there,' said Devendra Dhama, who heads another NGO Navodya Lok Chetna Kalyan Samiti" (para 9). "Under Indian law the sex selection of foetuses and abortion of babies because of their gender is illegal. However, these practices have become so commonplace that men from the poorest and least education families in Baghpat now cannot find brides to marry" (para 11-12). "Her new husband's...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"China has conducted social studies of the relationship between women, marriage and family to improve the social support system for women. It has initiated “Care for Girls Action” to challenge the tradition of favoring boys" (para. 39).
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:09 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In Nepal, son preference has been documented, but it has primarily manifested in women’s contraceptive use and preferential care for male children, including more and higher quality food and better medical care, consistent with the ‘femineglect’ in health and education seen elsewhere in Asia" (2). "Though sex-determination tests and sex-selective abortion are illegal in Nepal, punishable by imprisonment from 3 months to 6 months, evidence suggests that it does occur. Abortion providers report difficulty ascertaining whether families are seeking abortion for sex-selection purposes and fear that women will resort to unsafe abortion if they are under pressure to bear sons but unable to access safe abortion services. A comparison of...more
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the amendment of the Law on Human Reproductive Health and Reproductive Rights in August 2016, prohibiting sex-selective abortions, introducing counselling, as well as a three-day period of reflection, before the final decision for women who have applied for abortion and defining procedures for medical staff who refuse to comply with this legislation. The Committee also notes the recent decrease in the sex-ratio bias. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned by the widespread practice of sex-selective abortion" (11).