The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-PRACTICE-1

June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In December 2005, the Chinese Government issued the Circular on the Wide-Ranging Implementation of the Action Plan for the “Care for Girls” Campaign and the Imperative to Comprehensively Deal with the High Sex Ratio at Birth, and carried out extensive and in-depth “Care for Girls” activities across the country. Meanwhile, education activities aimed at bringing about a change in the stereotyped conceptions that value boys over girls, sponsored jointly by thirteen ministries, have been unfolding at the national level for the thirteenth consecutive year. These activities have served to further clarify the responsibilities of relevant ministries and to guide people in changing stereotypes and prejudices such as “male superiority”, “having...more
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Despite legislative changes banning such practices and related public-awareness campaigns, data on newborns continued to indicate a skewed sex ratio... Women’s rights groups considered sex-selective practices as part of a broader problem of gender inequality in the country" (30).
March 15, 2022, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"With a sex ratio that is skewed in favour of men, India has had a problem of missing women for a long time. Last year, a government report found that 63 million women were "missing" from India's population because the preference for sons led to sex-selective abortions and more care was given to boys. Separately, economists Shamika Ravi and Mudit Kapoor estimated that more than 65 million women - some 20% of the female electorate - were missing. This included women who were not registered to vote and women 'who were not in the population because of gross neglect' (worsening sex ratio, which reflected the gross neglect). So elections, they...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"On August 16, Evelyn Hernandez was released from prison after serving two years on charges that she attempted to kill her baby in 2016. The court opined that the evidence presented by the prosecution was insufficient to support the charges, relying heavily on an autopsy of the baby that showed it had died because of swallowing meconium. The prosecutor had requested a 40-year prison sentence. On September 6[2019], the Attorney General’s Office filed an appeal of the order acquitting her. Between January 1 and September 13[2019], the justice system released nine women accused or convicted of infanticide of their unborn or newborn children. Sixteen other women remained in custody for...more
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Media reports documented several deaths of newborns abandoned in gutters and dumpsters. A traditional taboo in the southeast against giving birth to twins also contributed to the problem" (23).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Certain states maintained government reservations for government jobs and subsidies for adults with no more than two children and reduced subsidies and access to health care for those who have more than two. According to the NGO Lawyers Collective, such policies often induced families to carry out sex selection for the second birth to assure they have at least one son without sacrificing future eligibility for political office" (47). "The Ministry of Finance, also in 2018, issued a report that indicated 63 million women were statistically 'missing' due to sex-selective abortions" (48). "According to media reports, the taboo and fear of giving birth to a girl child drove some women...more
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Abortions are on the rise in Somalia because of secret/temporary marriages, rapes, and/or intercourse before marriage. Secret marriages are referred to secret/temporary marriages" (1).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"[T]here are many gender issues in the society that ought to get due space in the media, such as gender discrimination, female foeticide and violation of women's rights" (para 6). This is in reference to the region of Kashmir (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Some prostitutes and domestic workers practiced infanticide, mainly due to lack of access to and knowledge about contraception. Authorities prosecuted at least five infanticide cases during the year" (27).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Defectors and media also reported that the government carried out infanticide or required mothers to commit infanticide if they were political prisoners, persons with disabilities, raped by government officials or prison guards, or forcibly repatriated from the People’s Republic of China" (2).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Gender-biased abortions and the abandonment and neglect of baby girls were believed to be in decline but continued to be a problem in some circumstances due to the traditional preference for sons and the birth-limitation policy" (71).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Miranda et. al. study pointed out the outcomes of scholarly studies that demonstrate the preference for girls over boys across Scandinavian countries with strong gender equality policies, particularly Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, though not Finland..." (para 4). "The Miranda et. al. study linked its findings to the continued progress of gender revolution in Scandinavia, where women are given greater opportunities to develop their potential as actors in the public sphere. It underscored that daughters are deemed more valuable to parents in terms of socially desirable traits, including wage-earning and dutiful caring" (para 5).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In the Philippines, while preference for sons is a traditionally accepted fact, sex-selective abortion remains an overlooked research theme due to the illegality of abortion in the country, along with the moral and religious underpinnings in a predominantly Catholic country. Preference for male births coincide with demography as more boys than girls are born..." (para 7).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"...Sweden is often ranked in the top 5 of gender-equal countries, yet there is a little-known fact about Sweden: Parents prefer to give birth to female children than males, according to a study. A 2018 study by Vitor Miranda et. al. ('Parents’ Preferences for Sex of Children in Sweden: Attitudes and Outcomes') attributes this to the Swedish context that is based on individualism and a generous welfare system. In many parts of the world, male children are seen as income generators of the family, while girls are regarded as domestic labor supply for the household. The dynamics of birth preferences change according to social context. In Sweden, the main factors...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"Infanticide occurred, and a sizeable proportion of the female prison population was incarcerated for this crime, which was often committed to hide pregnancies out of wedlock" (p 18).
Aug. 4, 2021, 11:38 p.m.
Countries: China, India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Such procedures -- along with postnatal abandonment or worse -- are notoriously common in China and India, where cultural and other biases encourage the preference for a son" (Para 23).
Aug. 4, 2021, 11:38 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Still, Montenegro was flagged by UN and European experts nearly a decade ago as suffering more than most from a birth imbalance, with indicators also high among regional neighbors Albania, Kosovo, and parts of what is now North Macedonia" (Para 26).
June 25, 2021, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Associated Press at the time, 'The decision is the most significant easing of family-planning policies that were long considered some of the party's most onerous intrusions into family life and which the party had gradually been undoing in recent years. The restrictions had led to an imbalanced sex ratio because of a traditional preference for boys, and draconian enforcement that sometimes included forced abortions.'" (Para 7)
June 25, 2021, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Women's Rights Center, an NGO in Podgorica that has fought for tighter enforcement to stop what are known as sex-selective abortions, called the nonexistent 'right' Ivanovic was describing a violation of the constitution and antidiscrimination laws. 'A member of the Montenegrin parliament should know that,' it said" (Para 8). "More recently, a slew of sociological, anthropological, and ethnographic studies suggest that Montenegro remains stubbornly susceptible to sex-selective abortion. Diana Kiscenko, a lecturer in social anthropology at Riga Stradins University, published an ethnographic study in April on a Montenegrin 'son preference and inheritance practices' in the country. In the report featuring the study, the authors sought to avoid reiterating 'balkanizing...more
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"'Rural families, conscious of China's one-child policy, abort female fetuses before birth and abandon newborn girls,' Professor Yao said" (Para 27).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“These offences against women and girls are a part of the story, but the full story starts with a girl not being as welcome as a boy, from birth. When sweets are distributed at the birth of a boy, not of a girl. When the boy child is nourished more than the girl, when a girl's movements are restricted and her freedoms and choices are curtailed, when she is sent as a domestic slave to her husband's home… If a girl is accorded no value, if a girl is worth less than a boy, then it stands to reason there will be men who believe they can do what they...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“Indeed, in a rapidly growing country such as Vietnam, a concerning recent trend is sex-selective abortion, resulting in an increasingly skewed sex ratio at birth” (pp. 10).
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The risk of a baby girl dying after a typhoon doubles if she has older sisters in the home, and the risk doubles again if the she has older brothers – suggesting that the competition for resources among siblings may play a key role in these deaths. The researchers did not find a spike in the mortality rates for baby boys, but they uncovered an elevated mortality risk among baby girls that lasts up to two years after a typhoon" (para 4). "'It seems unlikely that the households in which female infants die are intentionally allowing these infants to perish,' the researchers report. 'It is more plausible that parents believe...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage is rampant in this part of Nepal. Girls are seen as a burden and an additional mouth to feed. Villagers often marry off their girls before their menstruation starts — it is believed that if they do so, the immediate family will go to heaven" (para 12).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In a land where sons are more highly valued, since in the tribal culture usually only they can inherit the father’s wealth and pass down a name, families without boys are the objects of pity and contemp" (para 6). "It is a commonly held belief among less educated Afghans that the mother can determine the sex of her unborn child, so she is blamed if she gives birth to a daughter. Several Afghan doctors and health care workers from around the country said that they had witnessed the despair of women when they gave birth to daughters, and that the pressure to produce a son fueled the practice" (para 11)....more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the…Declining girl child sex ratio from 962 per 1,000 in 1981 to 914 per 1,000 in 2011" (3, 4). "It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (7-8).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The decline in the female child ratio all over the country leads to an irresistible conclusion that the practice of eliminating female foetus by the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques is widely prevalent in this country" (para 2).
Feb. 4, 2021, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"UPA Government has decided to discontinue the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) NGO scheme" (para 1). "Now the ministry has advised the state governments that they are at the liberty to propose schemes for enforcement of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, including grants to NGO’s in their project implementation plans (PIPs). The ministry also suggested that states should select the district where the child sex ratio is very low and may initiate the scheme in such districts" (para 2). "The civil societies and the NGOs have been playing crucial role in fighting against the evil of selective abortions through generating awareness among communities" (para 3). If information campaigns...more