The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Gender-biased abortions and the abandonment and neglect of baby girls were believed to be in decline but continued to be a problem in some circumstances due to the traditional preference for sons and the birth-limitation policy" (71).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Miranda et. al. study pointed out the outcomes of scholarly studies that demonstrate the preference for girls over boys across Scandinavian countries with strong gender equality policies, particularly Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, though not Finland..." (para 4). "The Miranda et. al. study linked its findings to the continued progress of gender revolution in Scandinavia, where women are given greater opportunities to develop their potential as actors in the public sphere. It underscored that daughters are deemed more valuable to parents in terms of socially desirable traits, including wage-earning and dutiful caring" (para 5).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In the Philippines, while preference for sons is a traditionally accepted fact, sex-selective abortion remains an overlooked research theme due to the illegality of abortion in the country, along with the moral and religious underpinnings in a predominantly Catholic country. Preference for male births coincide with demography as more boys than girls are born..." (para 7).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"...Sweden is often ranked in the top 5 of gender-equal countries, yet there is a little-known fact about Sweden: Parents prefer to give birth to female children than males, according to a study. A 2018 study by Vitor Miranda et. al. ('Parents’ Preferences for Sex of Children in Sweden: Attitudes and Outcomes') attributes this to the Swedish context that is based on individualism and a generous welfare system. In many parts of the world, male children are seen as income generators of the family, while girls are regarded as domestic labor supply for the household. The dynamics of birth preferences change according to social context. In Sweden, the main factors...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"Infanticide occurred, and a sizeable proportion of the female prison population was incarcerated for this crime, which was often committed to hide pregnancies out of wedlock" (p 18).
Aug. 4, 2021, 11:38 p.m.
Countries: China, India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Such procedures -- along with postnatal abandonment or worse -- are notoriously common in China and India, where cultural and other biases encourage the preference for a son" (Para 23).
Aug. 4, 2021, 11:38 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Still, Montenegro was flagged by UN and European experts nearly a decade ago as suffering more than most from a birth imbalance, with indicators also high among regional neighbors Albania, Kosovo, and parts of what is now North Macedonia" (Para 26).
June 25, 2021, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Associated Press at the time, 'The decision is the most significant easing of family-planning policies that were long considered some of the party's most onerous intrusions into family life and which the party had gradually been undoing in recent years. The restrictions had led to an imbalanced sex ratio because of a traditional preference for boys, and draconian enforcement that sometimes included forced abortions.'" (Para 7)
June 25, 2021, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Women's Rights Center, an NGO in Podgorica that has fought for tighter enforcement to stop what are known as sex-selective abortions, called the nonexistent 'right' Ivanovic was describing a violation of the constitution and antidiscrimination laws. 'A member of the Montenegrin parliament should know that,' it said" (Para 8). "More recently, a slew of sociological, anthropological, and ethnographic studies suggest that Montenegro remains stubbornly susceptible to sex-selective abortion. Diana Kiscenko, a lecturer in social anthropology at Riga Stradins University, published an ethnographic study in April on a Montenegrin 'son preference and inheritance practices' in the country. In the report featuring the study, the authors sought to avoid reiterating 'balkanizing...more
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"'Rural families, conscious of China's one-child policy, abort female fetuses before birth and abandon newborn girls,' Professor Yao said" (Para 27).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“These offences against women and girls are a part of the story, but the full story starts with a girl not being as welcome as a boy, from birth. When sweets are distributed at the birth of a boy, not of a girl. When the boy child is nourished more than the girl, when a girl's movements are restricted and her freedoms and choices are curtailed, when she is sent as a domestic slave to her husband's home… If a girl is accorded no value, if a girl is worth less than a boy, then it stands to reason there will be men who believe they can do what they...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“Indeed, in a rapidly growing country such as Vietnam, a concerning recent trend is sex-selective abortion, resulting in an increasingly skewed sex ratio at birth” (pp. 10).
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The risk of a baby girl dying after a typhoon doubles if she has older sisters in the home, and the risk doubles again if the she has older brothers – suggesting that the competition for resources among siblings may play a key role in these deaths. The researchers did not find a spike in the mortality rates for baby boys, but they uncovered an elevated mortality risk among baby girls that lasts up to two years after a typhoon" (para 4). "'It seems unlikely that the households in which female infants die are intentionally allowing these infants to perish,' the researchers report. 'It is more plausible that parents believe...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage is rampant in this part of Nepal. Girls are seen as a burden and an additional mouth to feed. Villagers often marry off their girls before their menstruation starts — it is believed that if they do so, the immediate family will go to heaven" (para 12).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In a land where sons are more highly valued, since in the tribal culture usually only they can inherit the father’s wealth and pass down a name, families without boys are the objects of pity and contemp" (para 6). "It is a commonly held belief among less educated Afghans that the mother can determine the sex of her unborn child, so she is blamed if she gives birth to a daughter. Several Afghan doctors and health care workers from around the country said that they had witnessed the despair of women when they gave birth to daughters, and that the pressure to produce a son fueled the practice" (para 11)....more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the…Declining girl child sex ratio from 962 per 1,000 in 1981 to 914 per 1,000 in 2011" (3, 4). "It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (7-8).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The decline in the female child ratio all over the country leads to an irresistible conclusion that the practice of eliminating female foetus by the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques is widely prevalent in this country" (para 2).
Feb. 4, 2021, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"UPA Government has decided to discontinue the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) NGO scheme" (para 1). "Now the ministry has advised the state governments that they are at the liberty to propose schemes for enforcement of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, including grants to NGO’s in their project implementation plans (PIPs). The ministry also suggested that states should select the district where the child sex ratio is very low and may initiate the scheme in such districts" (para 2). "The civil societies and the NGOs have been playing crucial role in fighting against the evil of selective abortions through generating awareness among communities" (para 3). If information campaigns...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Among families with one to four children, more boys are born than girls. The unnatural advantage for boy babies is particularly sharp among families with two children -- half of such families have one boy and one girl, a third have two boys and just one-sixth have two girls. Even given the slight birth advantage that boys enjoy (in nature, there is a slightly higher likelihood of males being born than females), such sharply skewed sex ratios are a clear indication of unnatural processes, most likely pre-natal sex selection. Among families with more than four children, a sudden reversal begins to take place, as girls become more common than boys....more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"A woman’s existence is linked to reproduction; ‘Woman is created (by God) for reproduction’. Women are 'respected' on becoming pregnant, considered 'supreme' on delivering a male child, and their worth is closely linked to the number of children they reproduce; ‘A woman’s worth is gauged through 'number of pregnancies' and 'number of sons delivered'" (para 18). A strong son preference suggests the possibility of sex-selective abortions (CAT - CODER COMMENT). "Except the post-delivery period in case of the male baby, when higher allowances are given so that boy can be breastfed, generally meager nutritional allocation and repeated pregnancies make them malnourished" (para 35). This indicates a son preference which could...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In the Human Development Report, 2012, India performs more poorly than neighbouring Pakistan in the GII despite having a higher per capita income and a democratic government" (para 14, para 32). More poorly in regards to gender equality due to practices such as infanticide (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The worsening sex ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) in countries such as India and China reflected the gross neglect of women" (para 5, para 22).
Nov. 18, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is also concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, son preference, polygamy, widows accused of witchcraft, and such practices as c haupadi, j huma, d euki and d han- k haane" (Article 17). Chhaupadi is a form of menstrual taboo which prohibits Hindu women and girls from participating in normal family activities while menstruating, as they are considered impure. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 6, 2020, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“A newborn girl has been deserted in southern China by her parents who ‘wanted to have a son’ instead, says local media. The infant was abandoned by her father next to a filthy rubbish bin just hours after she was born because the family already had two daughters” (para 1-2). “The 21-year-old mother, Ms Li, gave birth to the baby in the wee hours of July 29 at a rented flat. They were said to be disappointed after discovering the newborn to be a girl. The father, 24, known by his surname Zhang, told the police that ‘his dream of having a son was shattered’ when their third daughter was...more
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Sex-selective abortion is often perceived as normal in Armenian society and many view the phenomenon as preserving tradition117. Numerous studies have provided evidence that women possess low decision-making power in this regard and are pressured by their husbands and mothers-in-law to abort female fetuses, which is linked to wider social norms that seek to control women’s personal decisions about their bodies and sexuality and a prescribed higher relative value of male children" (37-38).
Sept. 4, 2020, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“The land of missing daughters, Punjab now has tales of horror from little girls not killed in the womb. Like foeticide, the perpetrator of sexual abuse too is lurking in their homes” (para 6).
Sept. 2, 2020, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Respondents who had live children were asked about their last pregnancy, and whether their husband or partner had a preference for a son or daughter. Of 1153 respondents, more than 1 in 3 (38%) said that their husband preferred a son, about 1 in 3 (31%) said that he preferred a daughter, and 31% said that their husband or partner had no preference for either a son or daughter (Table 8.12). In general, the cultural preference is for the first child to be a boy; if this does not occur, a woman is expected to keep trying until at least one child is a boy. Table 8.12: Men's preference for...more
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“While her mother was pregnant with [Fawzia] Koofi, her father took a seventh wife, a 14-year-old. That depressed her mother terribly, and her pregnancy was troubled. ‘She was pale, sick and exhausted’, Koofi wrote. Her mother prayed she would give birth to a boy. After a 30-hour labor in a countryside shack, and falling semi-conscious, someone told Koofi's mother disappointing news. The woman turned away from her newborn and refused to hold her child. ‘No one cared if the new girl lived, so while they focused on saving my mother, I was wrapped in cloth and placed in the baking sun,’ Koofi wrote. After nearly a day left alone, screaming,...more