The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"health policy programmes between 2003 and 2010 focused...on improving women’s reproductive health [include]...Programme for antiretroviral therapy in an HIV-positive population in Poland for 2007–2009...; Implementation schedule for the National Programme for Fighting AIDS and Preventing HIV Infections" (68). "'These actions are carried out through social campaigns, publications, educational programmes, Advisory and Diagnostic Points, guides for doctors and trainee doctors, printing leaflets and posters, broadcasting radio and television spots, internet websites, etc. The national policy on preventing HIV infections and taking care of people living with HIV and AIDS patients has been implemented since 1996. The actions taken are largely directed at women and girls" (69).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Among major problems, it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84). "Regarding HIV/AIDS, the data show that the phenomenon is growing among immigrants. There is a change in the characteristics of people with AIDS. Foreigners are increasing (over 20% of cases reported last year). In contrast, although increasing the average age for both men (43 years) and women (40 years), it is decreasing the number of HIV cases among drug users" (96). "With regard to women with HIV, the Italian Authorities have launched several monitoring campaigns, especially on the situation of pregnant women living with HIV" (96). "The population of...more
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Very often HIV positive women are drug users and commercial sex workers who suffer from violence. Besides, the specialists identify pregnant women and women with children as the categories most vulnerable to violence" (25). "Ukraine is currently implementing a programme 'Reproductive Health of the Nation'. At present, the family planning system includes regional (city) centres for family planning and human reproduction and family planning offices in each region. Activities of family planning system are to prevent the main factors of reproductive health disorders infections, sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS and unwanted pregnancies interrupted by abortion" (36). "Since 2003, the rate of voluntary HIV testing among pregnant women has been consistently...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned about 6,097 incidents of sexual and other forms of gender-based violence reported from late August 2017 to late March 2018 and that, between 22 and 28 October 2017 alone, 306 cases of gender-based violence were reported, 96 per cent of which involved emergency medical-care services. The Committee notes that those figures can only be indicative of the overall dire situation, given that many victims/survivors do not report such crimes. The Committee regrets that: Rohingya women and girls in refugee camps in Bangladesh did not have adequate access to post-rape care, including emergency contraception, HIV/AIDS post-exposure prophylaxis, safe abortion and counselling services; Access to sexual and reproductive...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The programmes established under the Strategy have yielded visible positive results and made it possible to achieve objectives such as… controlling the spread of HIV/AIDS and mitigating the impact on people living with AIDS and their families;…” (pp. 23). “Angola has a significant number of non-governmental associations, which attests to the openness to such organizations and to the capacity of women, including: the Angolan Women’s Organization, the Association of Women Entrepreneurs, the League of Angolan Women, the Angolan Association of Women Lawyers, the Women’s Network, the Association of Women Police, the Association of Women Parliamentarians, the Forum of Women Journalists for Gender Equality, the Association of Women Journalists, the Women...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Armenia is increasing at an alarming rate. The majority of the HIV carriers in Armenia (54%) belong to the age group of 20-39. While almost half of all the HIV- infected males are intravenous drug users, the main transmission mode for women is heterosexual contact (97%).119 The epidemic is very much connected with male’s labor migration to Russia (75% of registered HIV cases).120The inability of women to negotiate safe sex as well as lack of knowledge about the HIV epidemic makes women vulnerable to HIV infection. Women often prefer not to raise the issue to avoid stigma in the community. According to NGOs there are cases...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"An amendment to the penal code, approved by parliament would criminalize 'promotion' or 'approval' or sexual activity by minors, putting teachers and sex educators at risk of imprisonment and limiting children's rights to health information and care" (para 8).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased five-fold since since 2007 from 5 to 25 percent, and arbitrary and unlawful police raids on private LGBT gatherings in recent years, often assisted by militant Islamists, have effectively derailed public health outreach efforts to vulnerable populations" (para 19).
Aug. 24, 2020, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Therefore, the health programs are focusing only in one part of the LGBTIQ acronym, and since in Angola LB women are not consider key population, there is no specific response for access to HIV and STI servicers for them" (3).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In September, the UN special rapporteur on the right to health visited Ecuador. The special rapporteur noted that…people living with HIV/AIDS…still face specific challenges in realizing their right to health" (para 32).
Aug. 8, 2020, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since December 2018, the Justice Ministry added 12 organizations to its list of 'foreign agents', including…a group working on HIV/AIDS prevention" (para 14). The crackdown on NGOs working in HIV/AIDS prevention suggests a barrier to access and information about AIDS and treatment (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
July 31, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"President Bolsonaro has tried to prevent children from accessing comprehensive sexuality education. He ordered the Health Ministry to remove from circulation a health booklet for adolescents about pregnancy and sexually-transmitted diseases because he objected to its images" (para 22).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Eighty-one percent of women and 98% of men age 15-49 are aware of AIDS. Overall, 72% of women and 92% of men know that using condoms is a way to prevent HIV transmission. Seventy-seven percent of women and 93% of men recognize that the risk of getting HIV can be reduced by limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner. A greater proportion of men (89%) than women (70%) are aware of both of these prevention methods. Trends: After steady increases from 1996 to 2001, knowledge of AIDS has remained constant over the past 5 years, at more than 80% among women and 98% among men. Similarly, after increases in previous...more
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, general awareness of HIV among the population is nearly universal, as 98% of women and 99% of men interviewed have heard of the disease" (223). "Men tend to have greater knowledge of HIV prevention than women. Eighty-four percent of men age 15-49 know that HIV can be prevented by using condoms and limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner, as compared with 80% of women in the same age range. Ninety-one percent of men mentioned abstinence as an HIV prevention method, compared with 85% of women" (223-224). "Less than half (46%) of both women and men age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about HIV. Eighty-three percent of women and 90%...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The incorporation of gender issues in the efforts being carried out in the Republic of Tajikistan to combat the HIV epidemic is one of the priorities in the work of the country’s public health system. Gender issues are at the heart of many strategic initiatives, such as the national health strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2010–2020 and the national programme to combat the HIV epidemic in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2017–2020. The strategic areas of the national programme in the gender context include HIV prevention, testing, treatment and care, as well as legal aspects to combat stigma and discrimination against people affected by...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The 2015 Narrative Serbia Global HIV/AIDS Progress Report and the Report on Activities implemented in the Republic of Serbia in Response to the HIV Epidemic in 2015 with a Comparative Analysis for the Period 2011–2015 are available on the website of the Institute for Public Health of Serbia. The DUGA association, in collaboration with the Institute for Public Health of Serbia, conducted a counselling and testing action during the Fashion week titled ‘Testing is in: test for HIV!’" (17).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"...The DCS conducted HIV prevention programs in prisons, including condom distribution, and awareness sessions throughout the country. NGOs such as the Aurum Institute, Society for Family Health, and South Africa Partners provided correctional centers with HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy. According to its 2015-2016 annual report, 21,722 inmates were placed on anti-retroviral treatment, and 199,750 inmates were voluntarily tested for HIV and informed of their status" (4). "The social stigma associated with HIV/AIDS remained a problem, especially in rural communities" (33). "A joint body composed of government, academic, and civil society representatives released a landmark People Living with HIV Stigma Index. The council surveyed more than 10,000 HIV-positive individuals about...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There has been an effective national response in Papua New Guinea to this epidemic, a response supported by international donors. Key initiatives addressing the epidemic include the establishment of the National AIDS Council in 1997 under the Prime Minister’s Department, prohibition of discrimination on the basis of HIV infection via the HIV and AIDS Management and Prevention Act 2003, development of a National HIV Prevention Strategy (NHPS) (2010-2015), and rapid scaling up of voluntary counselling and testing, surveillance, and antiretroviral therapy (National Department of Health 2010; Coghlan et al. 2011)" (225). "Eighty-two percent of women and 90% of men age 15-49 are aware of AIDS (Table 13.1). Overall, 52% of...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In India, 76 percent of women and 89 percent of men have heard of HIV or AIDS. Forty-five percent of women and 72 percent of men in the lowest wealth quintile have heard of HIV or AIDS, compared with 94 percent of women and 97 percent of men in the highest wealth quintile. However, only 55 percent of women and 77 percent of men age 15-49 know that using condoms consistently can reduce the risk of getting HIV/AIDS. About three-fifths (58%) of women and three-fourths (74%) of men age 15-49 know that limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner who has no other partners can reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS....more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to para. 48 of the Concluding Comments, no HIV/AIDS case have been reported so far in the DPRK. National Mid-term Plan and National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS Control were developed and the objectives set for 2009-2012 were achieved. New Multi-Sectoral National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS has been developed and the function of the National HIV/AIDS Committee has been strengthened accordingly. This strategic plan highlights HIV/AIDS preventive interventions for mothers and children" (30). "The regular testing system against the risks of HIV/AIDS transmission from outside has been established and epidemiological surveillance teams organized at points of entry such as international airports, border railway stations...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (MSPAS), which directs HIV/AIDS prevention launched the ‘Get yourself tested’ campaign, pursuant to Government Decision No. 827-2010. Between 2011 and 2013, the test was administered in 21 departments in Guatemala" (32).
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since 1991, the Government of Nigeria has employed a sentinel surveillance system among pregnant women age 15-49 attending antenatal care to track HIV prevalence" (343). "Seventy-one percent of women and 74% of men know that consistent use of condoms and limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner can reduce the risk of HIV. The percentage of respondents who know that using condoms and limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner who has no other partner can reduce the risk of HIV has increased since 2013, from 54% to 71% among women and from 70% to 74% among men. The percentage of women who know that using condoms and limiting sexual...more
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Only 9% each of ever-married women and all men age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (pg 219). "Only 7% of ever-married women age 15-24 and 8% of all men age 15-24 have comprehensive knowledge of HIV" (pg 219). "More than 9 in 10 ever-married women age 15-49 (95%) and 89% of all men age 15-49 have heard of HIV or AIDS" (pg 219). "Twenty percent of women and 19% of men know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV and reject the misconceptions that HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bites and that a person can become infected by sharing food with someone...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Thirty-two percent of ever-married women and 67% of men are aware of HIV/AIDS. Overall, 18% of women and 46% of men know that using condoms is a way to prevent HIV transmission. Twenty-five percent of women and 58% of men recognise that the risk of getting HIV can be reduced by limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner. However, only 16% of women and 42% of men are aware of both of these prevention methods. Trends: Knowledge about HIV/AIDS has gradually decreased over time. In 2006, 44% of women were aware of HIV/AIDS; this percentage dropped slightly in 2012-13 to 42% and then decreased sharply to 32% in 2017-18. Women’s...more
April 14, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In the 2017 IDHS, women age 15-49 and married men age 15-54 were asked if they had ever heard of HIV/AIDS. Those who were aware of HIV/AIDS were asked the source of their information. The results are presented in Table 12.1 for women age 15-49 and married men age 15-54 according to background characteristics. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS is relatively high; 82% of women and 83% of married men had heard of HIV/AIDS (Table 12.1 and Figure 12.1)). More than half of women (54%) and 61% of married men know that using a condom consistently during sexual intercourse can reduce the risk of HIV transmission, and 68% of women and 70%...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"For all key populations, stigma and discrimination by the general population and by health-care providers in particular remained a significant barrier to treatment access" (46).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Only 41% of both women and men age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (179). "Forty percent of women and 32% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding" (179). "Sixty-five percent of women and 72% of men know where to obtain an HIV test, and 36% of women and 33% of men have ever been tested for HIV and received the test results. In the 12 months before the survey, 11% of women and 13% of men had been tested for HIV and received the test results" (179). "Sixty-eight percent of women and 76% of men age 15-49...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Former prisoners, detainees, and local human rights groups reported abuse that included physical and psychological pressure, forced HIV testing, and threats of prolonged detention among others" (4). "HIV/AIDS is stigmatized due to sensitivities about extramarital relations. Few who contracted the disease did so in the course of homosexual relations, which are also taboo. The main challenge facing AIDS patients, in addition to stigma and discrimination, was that many were unable to pay for regular follow-up tests that the Ministry of Public Health does not cover. The law requires the government to offer treatment to all residents who are AIDS patients rather than deporting foreigners who carry the disease" (33).more
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The prevention of HIV has been prioritised in the 4th National Strategic Plan for HIV, TB and STIs (SANAC 2017). Adopting the 90-90-90 strategy to end the spread of the epidemic, the plan has the target of 90% of all people living with HIV knowing their HIV status. Thereafter, 90% of all receiving antiretroviral therapy should be virally suppressed. This initiative is critically important, as South Africa continues to have the largest number of people living with HIV of any country in the world. In Septembe 2016, the Universal Test and Treat guidelin was implemented. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV continues to be a critical component of the...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"47% of women and 66% of men age 15-49 have heard of HIV or AIDS (Table 13.1)" (pg 229). "The 2009-10 TLDHS assessed that 44% of women and 61% of men age 15-49 had heard of HIV or AIDS, compared with the 47% and 66% in 2016 (Figure 13.1)" (pg 229). Educated, wealthy, urban residents are more likely to have heard of HIV or AIDS (MM - CODER COMMENT) "Few respondents (7% of women and 26% of men age 15-49) know where to get an HIV test (Tables 13.8.1 and 13.8.2)" (pg 234).