The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[A]n HIV-positive woman was thrown out of her in-laws’ home after the death of her husband or when the wife of an HIVpositive man was forced to leave her small cocoa farm after the death of her husband by his family. The NGO reported these cases were resolved with help from the village or township’s social center" (25).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[S]ex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies. Economic migrants also concealed their HIV status and avoided treatment due to fear of deportation. By law foreign citizens who are HIV-positive may be deported. The law, however, bars the deportation of HIV-positive foreigners who have a Russian national or permanent resident spouse, child, or parents" (66).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Being arrested and detained in compulsory rehabilitation centers for continued use of heroin or methamphetamine also prevented drug users from accessing HIV and health services, although such treatment is considered a basic right of such patients" (36).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS occurred. The government implemented campaigns to increase awareness of the condition and reduce discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (30).
Aug. 3, 2021, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Fellow student Lylia Djellal, 19, points to the fact that sex education in school is 'all about the mechanics of reproduction, nothing on the psychological, emotional aspect. We have lots of lessons about contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, all that, but things to do with consent, respect… not at all.' Farrès adds that 'there’s so much social pressure. If a boy hasn’t had sex by a certain age, he’s a loser. If a girl’s done it too young, she’s a slut'" (para 18).
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"...For widowed women living with HIV there is still the stigma associated with HIV despite over 100 percent awareness on HIV. Rural areas are different from urban setting when one talks about HIV. In rural areas HIV is still shrouded in stigma, many people still equate HIV infection with death. Sometimes the widows are accused of being witches or a source of bad omen in a bid to make living in their matrimonial homes unbearable" (para 3).
July 29, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"Several women and girls, including pregnant women, were raped, more often than not in the presence of their children, and many contracted HIV after these experiences and yet they were yet to obtain any justice for the recurring SRHR violations in the camps. Ensuring accountability and the provision of SRH information and services is central not only to an effective humanitarian response but also for fulfilling fundamental human rights obligations. The report calls on the Nigerian Government to comply with its international and regional human rights obligations in regarding access to maternal health care services to ensure women and girls affected by conflict-related violence access comprehensive medical and support services,...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports the government denied persons with HIV/AIDS permission to marry. There were reports the government segregated detainees suspected of having HIV/AIDS from the rest of the detainee population, often in overcrowded spaces, and they were the last to receive medical treatment" (p 28).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Indigenous populations also reported high instances of rape by members of outside groups, which contributed to HIV/AIDS infections and other health complications" (p 44). "The 2013-14 DHS captured a proxy indicator measuring the level of tolerance of respondents towards an HIV-positive person (either family member, businessperson, or teacher) and the necessity of hiding the HIV-positive status of a family member. A total of 72 percent of respondents said they were ready to take care of an HIV-positive parent, but only 47 expressed willingness to purchase produce from a HIV-positive seller. A total of 49 percent of respondents would accept having an HIV-positive teacher teach their children, and 26 percent said...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"health policy programmes between 2003 and 2010 focused...on improving women’s reproductive health [include]...Programme for antiretroviral therapy in an HIV-positive population in Poland for 2007–2009...; Implementation schedule for the National Programme for Fighting AIDS and Preventing HIV Infections" (68). "'These actions are carried out through social campaigns, publications, educational programmes, Advisory and Diagnostic Points, guides for doctors and trainee doctors, printing leaflets and posters, broadcasting radio and television spots, internet websites, etc. The national policy on preventing HIV infections and taking care of people living with HIV and AIDS patients has been implemented since 1996. The actions taken are largely directed at women and girls" (69).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Among major problems, it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84). "Regarding HIV/AIDS, the data show that the phenomenon is growing among immigrants. There is a change in the characteristics of people with AIDS. Foreigners are increasing (over 20% of cases reported last year). In contrast, although increasing the average age for both men (43 years) and women (40 years), it is decreasing the number of HIV cases among drug users" (96). "With regard to women with HIV, the Italian Authorities have launched several monitoring campaigns, especially on the situation of pregnant women living with HIV" (96). "The population of...more
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Very often HIV positive women are drug users and commercial sex workers who suffer from violence. Besides, the specialists identify pregnant women and women with children as the categories most vulnerable to violence" (25). "Ukraine is currently implementing a programme 'Reproductive Health of the Nation'. At present, the family planning system includes regional (city) centres for family planning and human reproduction and family planning offices in each region. Activities of family planning system are to prevent the main factors of reproductive health disorders infections, sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS and unwanted pregnancies interrupted by abortion" (36). "Since 2003, the rate of voluntary HIV testing among pregnant women has been consistently...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned about 6,097 incidents of sexual and other forms of gender-based violence reported from late August 2017 to late March 2018 and that, between 22 and 28 October 2017 alone, 306 cases of gender-based violence were reported, 96 per cent of which involved emergency medical-care services. The Committee notes that those figures can only be indicative of the overall dire situation, given that many victims/survivors do not report such crimes. The Committee regrets that: Rohingya women and girls in refugee camps in Bangladesh did not have adequate access to post-rape care, including emergency contraception, HIV/AIDS post-exposure prophylaxis, safe abortion and counselling services; Access to sexual and reproductive...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The programmes established under the Strategy have yielded visible positive results and made it possible to achieve objectives such as… controlling the spread of HIV/AIDS and mitigating the impact on people living with AIDS and their families;…” (pp. 23). “Angola has a significant number of non-governmental associations, which attests to the openness to such organizations and to the capacity of women, including: the Angolan Women’s Organization, the Association of Women Entrepreneurs, the League of Angolan Women, the Angolan Association of Women Lawyers, the Women’s Network, the Association of Women Police, the Association of Women Parliamentarians, the Forum of Women Journalists for Gender Equality, the Association of Women Journalists, the Women...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Armenia is increasing at an alarming rate. The majority of the HIV carriers in Armenia (54%) belong to the age group of 20-39. While almost half of all the HIV- infected males are intravenous drug users, the main transmission mode for women is heterosexual contact (97%).119 The epidemic is very much connected with male’s labor migration to Russia (75% of registered HIV cases).120The inability of women to negotiate safe sex as well as lack of knowledge about the HIV epidemic makes women vulnerable to HIV infection. Women often prefer not to raise the issue to avoid stigma in the community. According to NGOs there are cases...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Poland

"An amendment to the penal code, approved by parliament would criminalize 'promotion' or 'approval' or sexual activity by minors, putting teachers and sex educators at risk of imprisonment and limiting children's rights to health information and care" (para 8).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) have increased five-fold since since 2007 from 5 to 25 percent, and arbitrary and unlawful police raids on private LGBT gatherings in recent years, often assisted by militant Islamists, have effectively derailed public health outreach efforts to vulnerable populations" (para 19).
Aug. 24, 2020, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Therefore, the health programs are focusing only in one part of the LGBTIQ acronym, and since in Angola LB women are not consider key population, there is no specific response for access to HIV and STI servicers for them" (3).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In September, the UN special rapporteur on the right to health visited Ecuador. The special rapporteur noted that…people living with HIV/AIDS…still face specific challenges in realizing their right to health" (para 32).
Aug. 8, 2020, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since December 2018, the Justice Ministry added 12 organizations to its list of 'foreign agents', including…a group working on HIV/AIDS prevention" (para 14). The crackdown on NGOs working in HIV/AIDS prevention suggests a barrier to access and information about AIDS and treatment (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
July 31, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"President Bolsonaro has tried to prevent children from accessing comprehensive sexuality education. He ordered the Health Ministry to remove from circulation a health booklet for adolescents about pregnancy and sexually-transmitted diseases because he objected to its images" (para 22).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Eighty-one percent of women and 98% of men age 15-49 are aware of AIDS. Overall, 72% of women and 92% of men know that using condoms is a way to prevent HIV transmission. Seventy-seven percent of women and 93% of men recognize that the risk of getting HIV can be reduced by limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner. A greater proportion of men (89%) than women (70%) are aware of both of these prevention methods. Trends: After steady increases from 1996 to 2001, knowledge of AIDS has remained constant over the past 5 years, at more than 80% among women and 98% among men. Similarly, after increases in previous...more
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, general awareness of HIV among the population is nearly universal, as 98% of women and 99% of men interviewed have heard of the disease" (223). "Men tend to have greater knowledge of HIV prevention than women. Eighty-four percent of men age 15-49 know that HIV can be prevented by using condoms and limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner, as compared with 80% of women in the same age range. Ninety-one percent of men mentioned abstinence as an HIV prevention method, compared with 85% of women" (223-224). "Less than half (46%) of both women and men age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about HIV. Eighty-three percent of women and 90%...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The incorporation of gender issues in the efforts being carried out in the Republic of Tajikistan to combat the HIV epidemic is one of the priorities in the work of the country’s public health system. Gender issues are at the heart of many strategic initiatives, such as the national health strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2010–2020 and the national programme to combat the HIV epidemic in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2017–2020. The strategic areas of the national programme in the gender context include HIV prevention, testing, treatment and care, as well as legal aspects to combat stigma and discrimination against people affected by...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The 2015 Narrative Serbia Global HIV/AIDS Progress Report and the Report on Activities implemented in the Republic of Serbia in Response to the HIV Epidemic in 2015 with a Comparative Analysis for the Period 2011–2015 are available on the website of the Institute for Public Health of Serbia. The DUGA association, in collaboration with the Institute for Public Health of Serbia, conducted a counselling and testing action during the Fashion week titled ‘Testing is in: test for HIV!’" (17).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"...The DCS conducted HIV prevention programs in prisons, including condom distribution, and awareness sessions throughout the country. NGOs such as the Aurum Institute, Society for Family Health, and South Africa Partners provided correctional centers with HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy. According to its 2015-2016 annual report, 21,722 inmates were placed on anti-retroviral treatment, and 199,750 inmates were voluntarily tested for HIV and informed of their status" (4). "The social stigma associated with HIV/AIDS remained a problem, especially in rural communities" (33). "A joint body composed of government, academic, and civil society representatives released a landmark People Living with HIV Stigma Index. The council surveyed more than 10,000 HIV-positive individuals about...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There has been an effective national response in Papua New Guinea to this epidemic, a response supported by international donors. Key initiatives addressing the epidemic include the establishment of the National AIDS Council in 1997 under the Prime Minister’s Department, prohibition of discrimination on the basis of HIV infection via the HIV and AIDS Management and Prevention Act 2003, development of a National HIV Prevention Strategy (NHPS) (2010-2015), and rapid scaling up of voluntary counselling and testing, surveillance, and antiretroviral therapy (National Department of Health 2010; Coghlan et al. 2011)" (225). "Eighty-two percent of women and 90% of men age 15-49 are aware of AIDS (Table 13.1). Overall, 52% of...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In India, 76 percent of women and 89 percent of men have heard of HIV or AIDS. Forty-five percent of women and 72 percent of men in the lowest wealth quintile have heard of HIV or AIDS, compared with 94 percent of women and 97 percent of men in the highest wealth quintile. However, only 55 percent of women and 77 percent of men age 15-49 know that using condoms consistently can reduce the risk of getting HIV/AIDS. About three-fifths (58%) of women and three-fourths (74%) of men age 15-49 know that limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner who has no other partners can reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS....more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to para. 48 of the Concluding Comments, no HIV/AIDS case have been reported so far in the DPRK. National Mid-term Plan and National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS Control were developed and the objectives set for 2009-2012 were achieved. New Multi-Sectoral National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS has been developed and the function of the National HIV/AIDS Committee has been strengthened accordingly. This strategic plan highlights HIV/AIDS preventive interventions for mothers and children" (30). "The regular testing system against the risks of HIV/AIDS transmission from outside has been established and epidemiological surveillance teams organized at points of entry such as international airports, border railway stations...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (MSPAS), which directs HIV/AIDS prevention launched the ‘Get yourself tested’ campaign, pursuant to Government Decision No. 827-2010. Between 2011 and 2013, the test was administered in 21 departments in Guatemala" (32).