The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Intervention for the mitigation of HIV/AIDS, especially for the women, is conducted through the Mother to Child HIV Infection Prevention Program. The program consists of 4 focuses: infection prevention for women on reproductive age, unplanned pregnancy prevention for HIV-positive women, HIV infection prevention from HIV-positive mothers to unborn children, and psychological and social support and care for HIV-positive mothers and their families. The program has been integrated into the Mother and Child Health/Kesehatan Ibu Anak (KIA) program, Planned Parenthood/Keluarga Berencana (KB) program and child counselling services in every level of health service and has involved the private sector, CSOs and the community" (33). "Indonesia also planned to eliminate the HIV,...more
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Eliminate discrimination, violence and stigma against women in rural areas, women living with HIV/AIDS... and ensure that they have access to adequate health services, including sexual and reproductive health services and HIV and drug treatment" (13). This indicates that these women with HIV/AIDS do not yet have adequate access to health care (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Every citizen has equal access to information, treatment and care in the field of HIV and AIDS. In 2015, 273 new cases of HIV were reported of which 70 were women. In collaboration with the NGO AIDSfondet, the health authorities have established free checkpoints in Copenhagen, Odense and Aarhus where vulnerable groups directly off the street can get tested anonymously and receive counselling. AIDSfondet receives yearly funds from the Government, which also covers other prevention, information and counselling activities targeting vulnerable groups. Hence, these initiatives address the concerns of concluding observation 34. Since 2009, all girls aged 12–18 are offered the HPV vaccine against cervical cancer free of charge as...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

The State has provided funds to support the implementation of the Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Project. By 2010, the project had expanded to 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), 1,156 counties (cities and districts), and gradually integrated the prevention of AIDS, syphilis, and hepatitis B mother-to-child transmissions. The project is committed to providing free screening for pregnant women, and providing free of charge integrated intervention, care and support services to all pregnant women living with HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B as well as their infants, thus improving access to PMTCT services" (46).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In general, Suriname reports progress with regard to combating HIV/AIDS: ARV are available free of charge since 2005, Production of 3 HIV treatment guidelines in 2009, Increased access to HIV/AIDS testing and possibilities for Early Infant Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS (available free of charge), NGOs are involved in providing HIV/AIDS services" (31). "Improved registration of HIV/AIDS diagnosed persons at national level, resulting in more reliable data regarding the burden of disease, disaggregated by sex and age" (31). "Screening of pregnant women: pregnant women constitute a cross section of the general, sexually active population and therefore provide a reasonable estimation of the extent to which HIV has spread among the population. Screening...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In September the NGO PROBIDSIDA published concerns about a shortage of antiretroviral medications for treating patients with HIV/AIDS. PROBIDSIDA claimed that bureaucracy and lack of interest from administrative offices at the Ministry of Health and the Social Security clinics led to late purchase orders and late payment of providers, implying systematic prejudice against HIV-positive individuals within the health-care system" (18).
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[P]ersons regarded as vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, such as sex workers... faced discrimination and violence from society as well as mistreatment by police. Such discrimination was especially noticeable when HIV-positive persons sought medical care. On August 14, the local NGO Real World, Real People reported the case of a clinic in the Shirak region that refused to register a pregnant woman who was HIV positive... women living with HIV/AIDs faced double discrimination and were more at risk of becoming the subject of physical and psychological violence in their families" (38).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Noncitizens and, to a lesser extent, citizens with HIV/AIDS and other diseases faced discrimination. Legal protections against employment and education discrimination for individuals with HIV/AIDS, as well as free access to HIV treatment and care programs, existed for citizens; however, noncitizens did not have these rights. The government does not grant residency or work visas to persons with certain communicable diseases including HIV/AIDS. Noncitizens who test positive for these diseases may be detained and deported. Doctors are required to inform authorities of HIV/AIDS cases, reportedly discouraging individuals from seeking testing or treatment" (33).
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"absence of special measures targeting women affected by the war and women living with HIV" (5).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons with HIV/AIDS faced discrimination and harassment, including societal discrimination, with respect to employment, housing, and social inclusion. The Ministry of Health implemented policies to combat discrimination based on HIV/AIDS status. HIV/AIDS affected transgender women disproportionately, and many of them could not obtain health care because they lacked national identification cards reflecting their gender and appearance" (19).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Among major problems, it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84). "Regarding HIV/AIDS, the data show that the phenomenon is growing among immigrants. There is a change in the characteristics of people with AIDS. Foreigners are increasing (over 20% of cases reported last year). In contrast, although increasing the average age for both men (43 years) and women (40 years), it is decreasing the number of HIV cases among drug users" (96). "With regard to women with HIV, the Italian Authorities have launched several monitoring campaigns, especially on the situation of pregnant women living with HIV" (96). "The population of...more
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV and HIV-related stigma and discrimination, social exclusion, and abuse were prevalent, including in employment, housing, access to education, and health care. Reports continued of many women expelled from their homes and abandoned by their husbands and relatives because they were HIV-positive. Family or community members accused some women widowed by HIV/AIDS of being witches who purposely killed their husbands to acquire belongings; as retribution, they deprived the women of all possessions" (20).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Health care providers subjected persons with HIV/AIDS to stigma and discrimination. HIV/AIDS patients have the right to free health care, and the law specifies sanctions against persons who discriminate against or marginalize persons with HIV/AIDS. Apart from the National Committee for the Fight against AIDS in Madagascar, national institutions--including the Ministries of Health and Justice--did not effectively enforce the law" (26). If health care providers discriminate against persons with HIV/AIDS, this may impede treatment (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The epidemic persisted among the most vulnerable and high-risk populations that include female sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender persons, and persons who inject drugs. UNAIDS 2018 data indicated that new HIV infections were declining among sex workers and men who have sex with men, although stigma related to key populations continued to limit their access to HIV testing and treatment. The data showed 79 percent of individuals were aware of their HIV status and that 71 percent living with HIV were on HIV treatment" (57).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[A]n HIV-positive woman was thrown out of her in-laws’ home after the death of her husband or when the wife of an HIVpositive man was forced to leave her small cocoa farm after the death of her husband by his family. The NGO reported these cases were resolved with help from the village or township’s social center" (25).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[S]ex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies. Economic migrants also concealed their HIV status and avoided treatment due to fear of deportation. By law foreign citizens who are HIV-positive may be deported. The law, however, bars the deportation of HIV-positive foreigners who have a Russian national or permanent resident spouse, child, or parents" (66).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Being arrested and detained in compulsory rehabilitation centers for continued use of heroin or methamphetamine also prevented drug users from accessing HIV and health services, although such treatment is considered a basic right of such patients" (36).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS occurred. The government implemented campaigns to increase awareness of the condition and reduce discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (30).
Aug. 3, 2021, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Fellow student Lylia Djellal, 19, points to the fact that sex education in school is 'all about the mechanics of reproduction, nothing on the psychological, emotional aspect. We have lots of lessons about contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, all that, but things to do with consent, respect… not at all.' Farrès adds that 'there’s so much social pressure. If a boy hasn’t had sex by a certain age, he’s a loser. If a girl’s done it too young, she’s a slut'" (para 18).
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"...For widowed women living with HIV there is still the stigma associated with HIV despite over 100 percent awareness on HIV. Rural areas are different from urban setting when one talks about HIV. In rural areas HIV is still shrouded in stigma, many people still equate HIV infection with death. Sometimes the widows are accused of being witches or a source of bad omen in a bid to make living in their matrimonial homes unbearable" (para 3).
July 29, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Several women and girls, including pregnant women, were raped, more often than not in the presence of their children, and many contracted HIV after these experiences and yet they were yet to obtain any justice for the recurring SRHR violations in the camps. Ensuring accountability and the provision of SRH information and services is central not only to an effective humanitarian response but also for fulfilling fundamental human rights obligations. The report calls on the Nigerian Government to comply with its international and regional human rights obligations in regarding access to maternal health care services to ensure women and girls affected by conflict-related violence access comprehensive medical and support services,...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports the government denied persons with HIV/AIDS permission to marry. There were reports the government segregated detainees suspected of having HIV/AIDS from the rest of the detainee population, often in overcrowded spaces, and they were the last to receive medical treatment" (p 28).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Indigenous populations also reported high instances of rape by members of outside groups, which contributed to HIV/AIDS infections and other health complications" (p 44). "The 2013-14 DHS captured a proxy indicator measuring the level of tolerance of respondents towards an HIV-positive person (either family member, businessperson, or teacher) and the necessity of hiding the HIV-positive status of a family member. A total of 72 percent of respondents said they were ready to take care of an HIV-positive parent, but only 47 expressed willingness to purchase produce from a HIV-positive seller. A total of 49 percent of respondents would accept having an HIV-positive teacher teach their children, and 26 percent said...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"health policy programmes between 2003 and 2010 focused...on improving women’s reproductive health [include]...Programme for antiretroviral therapy in an HIV-positive population in Poland for 2007–2009...; Implementation schedule for the National Programme for Fighting AIDS and Preventing HIV Infections" (68). "'These actions are carried out through social campaigns, publications, educational programmes, Advisory and Diagnostic Points, guides for doctors and trainee doctors, printing leaflets and posters, broadcasting radio and television spots, internet websites, etc. The national policy on preventing HIV infections and taking care of people living with HIV and AIDS patients has been implemented since 1996. The actions taken are largely directed at women and girls" (69).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Among major problems, it is worth recalling the prostitution, the poor knowledge of contraceptive methods, and the spread of AIDS" (84). "Regarding HIV/AIDS, the data show that the phenomenon is growing among immigrants. There is a change in the characteristics of people with AIDS. Foreigners are increasing (over 20% of cases reported last year). In contrast, although increasing the average age for both men (43 years) and women (40 years), it is decreasing the number of HIV cases among drug users" (96). "With regard to women with HIV, the Italian Authorities have launched several monitoring campaigns, especially on the situation of pregnant women living with HIV" (96). "The population of...more
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Very often HIV positive women are drug users and commercial sex workers who suffer from violence. Besides, the specialists identify pregnant women and women with children as the categories most vulnerable to violence" (25). "Ukraine is currently implementing a programme 'Reproductive Health of the Nation'. At present, the family planning system includes regional (city) centres for family planning and human reproduction and family planning offices in each region. Activities of family planning system are to prevent the main factors of reproductive health disorders infections, sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS and unwanted pregnancies interrupted by abortion" (36). "Since 2003, the rate of voluntary HIV testing among pregnant women has been consistently...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned about 6,097 incidents of sexual and other forms of gender-based violence reported from late August 2017 to late March 2018 and that, between 22 and 28 October 2017 alone, 306 cases of gender-based violence were reported, 96 per cent of which involved emergency medical-care services. The Committee notes that those figures can only be indicative of the overall dire situation, given that many victims/survivors do not report such crimes. The Committee regrets that: Rohingya women and girls in refugee camps in Bangladesh did not have adequate access to post-rape care, including emergency contraception, HIV/AIDS post-exposure prophylaxis, safe abortion and counselling services; Access to sexual and reproductive...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The programmes established under the Strategy have yielded visible positive results and made it possible to achieve objectives such as… controlling the spread of HIV/AIDS and mitigating the impact on people living with AIDS and their families;…” (pp. 23). “Angola has a significant number of non-governmental associations, which attests to the openness to such organizations and to the capacity of women, including: the Angolan Women’s Organization, the Association of Women Entrepreneurs, the League of Angolan Women, the Angolan Association of Women Lawyers, the Women’s Network, the Association of Women Police, the Association of Women Parliamentarians, the Forum of Women Journalists for Gender Equality, the Association of Women Journalists, the Women...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Armenia is increasing at an alarming rate. The majority of the HIV carriers in Armenia (54%) belong to the age group of 20-39. While almost half of all the HIV- infected males are intravenous drug users, the main transmission mode for women is heterosexual contact (97%).119 The epidemic is very much connected with male’s labor migration to Russia (75% of registered HIV cases).120The inability of women to negotiate safe sex as well as lack of knowledge about the HIV epidemic makes women vulnerable to HIV infection. Women often prefer not to raise the issue to avoid stigma in the community. According to NGOs there are cases...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"An amendment to the penal code, approved by parliament would criminalize 'promotion' or 'approval' or sexual activity by minors, putting teachers and sex educators at risk of imprisonment and limiting children's rights to health information and care" (para 8).