The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-DATA-1

Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women voted at rates equal to or higher than men. In all national elections since the late 1960s, women made up a majority of voters, according to data by the Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry. Women, however, have not been elected to any level of office at rates reflecting this. The law calls on political parties to make their best efforts to have equal numbers of male and female candidates on the ballot in national and local elections. Women held 47 of 465 seats in the Diet’s Lower House and 56 of 245 seats...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. At the national level, women comprised nearly 30 percent of the legislature. Participation by these groups did not change significantly compared with previous elections" (21).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Currently as of August 2021, there are 24 percent women as legislators. Some of these legislators have been selected because they are closely related to the clan elder or related to powerful man" (1).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In the new legislature, a record 38 percent of lawmakers were women" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Of 253 National Assembly (lower legislative body) members, 29 were women. Of 99 Senate (upper legislative body) members, 19 were women, including 11 of 33 appointed by President Ouattara on April 3 and eight of 66 elected in 2018" (16).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process. Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. The ODIHR report on the 2018 elections noted, 'Women are underrepresented in political life and there are no legal requirements to promote gender equality in elections.' Following the elections, women constituted 12.5 percent of members of parliament. As of September the 12-person cabinet included two women, and 16 percent of subcabinet-level government state secretaries were women. The UN Human Rights Committee’s Sixth Periodic Report also expressed concern that women were underrepresented in decision- making positions in the public sector, particularly in government ministries and parliament" (21).more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held approximately 17 percent of legislative seats during the year" (50).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"While at the beginning of the year the 120-member Knesset had 35 female members... at year’s end, following two elections, the Knesset had 28 women" (29-30).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of year’s end, there were 102 women in the 600-member parliament [17%]" (49).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Following the July parliamentary election, the proportion of women in the parliament increased from 12 percent to 20 percent" (40).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The 132 women in the National Assembly comprise 27 percent of the body" (27).
Oct. 8, 2021, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"According to a 2020 report of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the participation of women in decision-making positions is still limited compared to men, with data showing that 5% of Central Council members, 11% of National Council members, and 14% of Ministers Council members, are women" (para 20).
Oct. 4, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Nearly 1,900 women, or 40 percent of all candidates, ran for election to the National Council, 565 more than in the last federal elections in 2015"(10)."Women in political leadership roles, however, increased during the year. Following the federal parliamentary elections in October and runoff elections in November, women made up 43 percent of representatives in parliament’s lower house and 26 percent in parliament’s upper house"(13).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"The law requires parties and coalitions to have a minimum quota of 30 percent women on the list of candidates for Congress and municipalities. By law 20 percent of the political television and radio advertising must be used to encourage female participation in politics. Parties that do not comply with this requirement may be found ineligible to contest elections. In the 2018 elections, some parties fielded the minimum number of female candidates but reportedly did not provide sufficient support for them to campaign effectively. In 2018 the Superior Electoral Court ruled parties must provide a minimum of 30 percent of campaign funds to support the election of female candidates. Women...more
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s political participation in formal and informal roles. A law passed in 2015 requires that at least 30 percent of the slots on party election lists be reserved for female candidates and that 30 percent of high-level government appointees be women. The law was fully implemented in President Keita’s first cabinet of his second term, in which 11 of 32 ministers were women. In the second cabinet, formed in April, eight of the 38 ministers were women. There were only 14 women in the 147-member National Assembly. There...more
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women and minorities remained underrepresented in elected bodies.... Women make up 23 percent of the Chamber of Deputies and 15 percent of the Senate" (12).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"'Here, there is still the sexist attitude that women are not capable of making decisions, for example,' said Trujillo. 'That is why they earn a quarter less than their male colleagues and why there are just 10 women among the 340 mayors in Guatemala'" (para 11).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, VOTE-DATA-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. At the last general election in 2017, 46 women were elected to parliament, and this number has since grown: with a 2019 total of 49 female members of parliament, women comprise more than 40 percent of all members of parliament (MPs). Voter turnout in the general election was 79 percent, while turnout in designated Maori electorates was lower and ranged from 60 percent to 69 percent. In South Auckland electorates with a high percentage of Pacific Island voters, turnout was 69 percent" (8).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Among the 2,987 appointed delegates to the 13th NPC during the year, 742 (25 percent) were women" (60). "Fifteen percent of the [Hong Kong] Legislative Council’s members were women" (123). "Six of the 33 Legislative Assembly members were women [in Macau]" (139).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"As of 2020, only 15% of senior and leadership posts were held by women, according to the Global Gender Report. And with only 14% of seats in Japan's parliament occupied by women, and most lawmakers aged between 50 to 70, male boomers dominate political and business life in the country" (para 5). "And in Japan, only one in seven lawmakers is a women -- that's fewer than 14%, compared to a 25% global average and 20% average in Asia, as of January 2021, according to data from the Inter-Parliamentary Union, an organization that compiles data on national parliaments" (para 24).
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Following the 2017 elections, the share of Assembly members who were women increased to a record 29 percent. Following a government reshuffle in December 2018, the share of ministers who were women increased from 47 percent to 53 percent" (p 14).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"During the 2009 European Parliament elections 29,7% of candidates in Estonia were women (24% in 2004). Out of 6 elected member s 33,3% were women, but with replacements the actual gender balance after the elections was 50/50 (3 women and 3 men). During 2014 elections 3 of the winning candidates were women, 3 men, thereby granting once again gender balance among Estonian members of the EP...The biggest ratio of women among national parliament members was in 2007, when 24% of members were women (i.e. 24 of the 101 members were women). In 2011 the ratio of women in Riigikogu was 19. 8% (i.e. 20 of the 101 members were women)....more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"Women won election to 9.5 percent of constituent seats in parliament and few seats in the Zanzibar House of Representatives. There were special women’s seats in both parliament and the Zanzibar House of Representatives that brought total representation to 30 percent" (p 20).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

" Of the 124 parliamentarians, 14 were women" (p 15).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"There were eight female ministers in the 43-member cabinet (19 percent). Women held 28 of 171 National Assembly seats (16 percent)" (p 13).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Of 209 members of parliament (both houses), 38 were women and seven of 31 members of government/cabinet were women" (p 18).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of September 28, 41 of the 120 members of the parliament were women, and four women served as ministers in the president’s 25-member cabinet" (p 22).
July 20, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Following UTJ and Shas, Yamina is set to have the worst female representation, at some 14.1% of its delegation. Female representation is about 16.7% for both Yisrael Beitenu and the Arab Joint List. The United Arab List includes 20% female representation, Blue and White 25% and Likud has about 26.7%.A third of the Religious Zionism, New Hope and Yesh Atid candidate lists are women.The two left-wing parties have the highest female representation, with Meretz at 40% and Labor at 57.1%"(para 22,23)."A record seven significant parties entered into the election[2021] with women at the No. 2 spot, and they almost all made it into parliament: Meretz, New Hope, Religious Zionism, Yamina,...more
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. There was one woman in the 11-seat Council of Ministers and 10 women in the 56-seat House of Representatives" (p 13). "(In 'TRNC')There were four women in the 50-seat 'parliament'" (p 37).