The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-DATA-1

July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The overall rate of representation of women in the realm of political decision-making was 15 per cent for the period 2006–2011, compared to 26 per cent for 2012–2019, an increase of 11 percentage points. At the National Assembly level, the 2018 law setting a minimum quota of 25 per cent of elected legislative positions for women has had a significant impact" (17).
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The current quota mechanism for the parliamentarian elections established in 2011 facilitated the elections in 2018 of 25 women (38 per cent), surpassing 35 per cent of women in Parliament for the third legislature in a row" (20).
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women have been elected into 17.23% seats in Parliament in 2014 General Election" (24).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"...At the local government elections in 2017, the proportion of women in the municipality councils increased to 32.9 percent (29.7 percent in 2013). The number of female mayors rose to 14 out of 98 (12 in 2013). At the regional government elections in 2017, 38 percent of the elected were women, which is a minor decrease in the number of elected women in comparison to the election in 2013 (39.5 percent). After the general elections in 2015, women accounted for 37.1 percent of the national parliament (65 out of 175 seats). This is a minor decrease in the number of women in comparison with the latest general elections in 2011,...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Various measures have been taken to ensure that female members are elected into the villagers committee (see article 4 on temporary special measures), including a seat reserved for female candidates and a second round of elections for female candidates. The proportion of rural women in villagers committees has increased significantly, from 15.1 per cent in 2004 to 21.5 per cent in 2009" (31). " Changes in women’s political participation are reflected by relevant statistics. The total number of female deputies at the Tenth Session of the National People’s Congress (2003) was 604 (20.3 per cent), compared to 638 (21.4 per cent) at the Eleventh Session (2008). Among the 27 candidates...more
June 3, 2022, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In 2012, women in parliament were 14%. They gained their position through a selection process, done by tribal elders. Out of the 275 members in parliament, 14% were women and were appointed by an elder" (Para. 3). "In 2016, women participation increased from 14% to 24%, but the new administration began to change the system by appointing delegates instead. No longer were tribal leaders allowed to appoint individuals into the parliament" (Para. 4). "The 51 delegates were comprised of both women and men from the same clan. They were now responsible for choosing members of the parliaments..." (Para. 5). "In 2021, the number of delegates increased from 51 to 101...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"A unit of the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA), the Federal Office for Gender Equality (FOGE) undertakes, as part of its mandate, the ongoing task of promoting gender equality in all spheres of life and eliminating all forms of discrimination, during the 2012–2015 period, women hold 31 percent of the seats overall. Men account for at least 30 per cent of the membership of the 120 commissions, while women are underrepresented on 55 of them" (9-10). "A detailed analysis of results of the 2011 elections to the federal Parliament published by EKF shows that the proportion of women elected to the National Council has stagnated, at 29 per cent,...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Th[e] law brought greater gender balance to parliament, where 34 percent of legislators were women" (21).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Contrary to the position of women members of parliament and women ministers, there is a notable increase in the position of women in the High Organs of State" (20). "During ten years (2000 2010) the State Advisory Council counted only one woman (6 per cent). In 2010, the number increased from one to three (20 per cent) and since July 2012 to four (25 per cent). From 2000 2005 there were no women members of the Independent Electoral Council. The proportion of women increased from 0 per cent to 40 per cent during 2005 2010 and in 2010 to 57 per cent. In the National Electoral Office, the proportion of...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In October an appointed electorate of more than 330,000, representing just under a quarter of the total citizen population, elected 20 members of the Federal National Council (FNC), a 40-member consultative body with some legislative authority. The size of the electorate increased by approximately 50 percent from the 2015 election. Each emirate receives seats in the FNC based on population. In a nontransparent process, each emirate ruler appoints that emirate’s portion of the other 20 FNC members. Approximately 35 percent of eligible voters participated, electing seven women to the council. In December 2018 the government decreed that women’s representation in the FNC would be raised to 50 percent during the...more
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Only six of 128 members of parliament were women, and several of the female members of parliament were close relatives of prominent male politicians" (28).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Under the current Legislature, women sitting at the Senate amount to 17.85 per cent, while those at the Chamber of Deputies amount to 21.27 per cent, whereas Italian women parliamentarians reach 19.2 per cent. As at December 2008, at the governmental positions level, the rate of women amounted to approximately 11 per cent" (50).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The electoral code requires that at least 20 percent of each party’s candidates in internal party primaries be women. Although the parties met this requirement, they placed the majority of female candidates toward the end of the closed party lists, effectively limiting their chances of being elected. Women served in both the legislature and the Supreme Court; however, there were only 19 women in congress (eight of 45 senators and 11 of 80 national deputies). There were no female governors" (10).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of December 1 [2019], there were 72 women in the 329-seat Chamber of Deputies and 19 women in the 136-seat Senate" (19).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"There are 81 female members of parliament in the elected Lower House out of 500 members" (28).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"Of the 214 members of parliament (both houses), 39 were women; six of the 22 members of the cabinet were women. Some observers claimed cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life in the same way as men" (16).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In the 2018 legislative elections, the number of women elected to the legislature more than doubled from eight to 18" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Following the 2018 legislative elections, 30 women held seats in the 157-member National Assembly" (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women voted at rates equal to or higher than men. In all national elections since the late 1960s, women made up a majority of voters, according to data by the Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry. Women, however, have not been elected to any level of office at rates reflecting this. The law calls on political parties to make their best efforts to have equal numbers of male and female candidates on the ballot in national and local elections. Women held 47 of 465 seats in the Diet’s Lower House and 56 of 245 seats...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. At the national level, women comprised nearly 30 percent of the legislature. Participation by these groups did not change significantly compared with previous elections" (21).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Currently as of August 2021, there are 24 percent women as legislators. Some of these legislators have been selected because they are closely related to the clan elder or related to powerful man" (1).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In the new legislature, a record 38 percent of lawmakers were women" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Of 253 National Assembly (lower legislative body) members, 29 were women. Of 99 Senate (upper legislative body) members, 19 were women, including 11 of 33 appointed by President Ouattara on April 3 and eight of 66 elected in 2018" (16).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process. Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. The ODIHR report on the 2018 elections noted, 'Women are underrepresented in political life and there are no legal requirements to promote gender equality in elections.' Following the elections, women constituted 12.5 percent of members of parliament. As of September the 12-person cabinet included two women, and 16 percent of subcabinet-level government state secretaries were women. The UN Human Rights Committee’s Sixth Periodic Report also expressed concern that women were underrepresented in decision- making positions in the public sector, particularly in government ministries and parliament" (21).more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held approximately 17 percent of legislative seats during the year" (50).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"While at the beginning of the year the 120-member Knesset had 35 female members... at year’s end, following two elections, the Knesset had 28 women" (29-30).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of year’s end, there were 102 women in the 600-member parliament [17%]" (49).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Following the July parliamentary election, the proportion of women in the parliament increased from 12 percent to 20 percent" (40).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The 132 women in the National Assembly comprise 27 percent of the body" (27).