The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In 2013, the Law of Ukraine on Introduction of Amendments into Certain Laws of Ukraine on Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men introduced changes to the Law of Ukraine on Political Parties in Ukraine, according to which the amount of quotas determining the minimal level of women’s representation in the electoral list of parliamentary candidates of Ukraine on behalf of a party in the nationwide district should make at least 30 per cent of the total quantity of the candidates in the electoral list. The law does not include provisions for single member districts, does not clarify numerical order of female candidates in the party lists, does...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Council of Ministers has approved legislation that would allow Saudi women to vote and stand as candidates in upcoming municipal council elections" (para 1, 5).
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

“Judges in Germany have told a Muslim law clerk that she can be prevented from wearing a head scarf during court proceedings… Germany's highest bench, the Federal Constitutional Court, ruled that the judiciary's obligation to complete neutrality outweighed her freedom of religion rights” (Para 1-2). This directly implies that women who, because of their religious affiliations/convictions, would not be able to wear the usually mandatory religious head covering during court proceedings therefore, a direct hindrance to these women becoming judges (BC - CODER COMMENT). “She was allowed to wear her head scarf, but was prohibited from following court proceedings from the bench while wearing it, and instead had to sit...more
Oct. 12, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, LBHO-LAW-1

"United Nations and government data from 2008 to 2010 illustrate ‘single digit percentages of women as lawyers (about 6%), prosecutors (6.4%- 9.4%), and judges (4.7%-5.4%). Data from 2013 show that women are still underrepresented, although they have made some gains, particularly in the number of female lawyers and judges (19.3% and 8.4%, respectively)’".
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"They can run for office, and they hold seats in the Parliament and cabinet" (para 12).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Under current laws, they are denied the right to stand for election to the House of Lords, and the women argue that they are being discriminated against by the British Government" (para 4).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Socialist Constitution gives all citizens who have reached the age of 17 the right to vote and to be elected, irrespective of sex, race, occupation, length of residence, property status, education, party affiliation, political views or religion (art. 66). The Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women provides that women have equal rights with men to vote and to stand for election, and the State shall encourage women to take an active part in political and public life and raise the proportion of women deputies to people’s assemblies at all levels (art. 12)" (14).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Female leadership of political parties is limited, although three parties introduced voluntary quotas for their membership and one party (Lebanese Forces) appointed a woman as its secretary general in 2016, the first woman ever to hold the post in a major Lebanese political party" (25). "On September 19, parliament approved a law that allows women to run in municipal elections in their native towns instead of the municipality of their spouses" (25).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they participated in the 2012 one-candidate election" (26).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit women’s or minorities’ political participation as voters or candidates" (21).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (page 7).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"The electoral code requires at least 30 percent of candidates for any party competing for seats in the National Assembly to be women. Not every party adhered to this rule, which was not enforced" (p. 14).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or members of minority groups in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s political participation" (page 14).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (Pg 42).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In November the HRA reported that women in the southeast were disproportionately affected by the state of emergency and cited restrictions on freedom of movement, the shuttering of women’s NGOs by emergency decree, and the impact of the arrest and removal of female DBP/HDP elected representatives" (page 25). "No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, although Kurdish politicians representing the HDP and the DBP remained under disproportionate government pressure relative to other politicians" (page 45).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or minorities in the political process, and they did participate in local, provincial, and national elections" (Pg 22).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process" (Pg 23).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, VOTE-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Five of the 34 cabinet members were women, as was the senior presidential advisor for national reconciliation. There were 12 women among the 140 members of parliament. Some observers believed traditional attitudes and cultural practices limited the ability of women to participate in political life on the same basis as men. In November 2016 the National Assembly passed a gender equality law. The law outlaws gender discrimination and establishes quotas for women’s representation in elective offices, and public and private institutions. It also establishes an independent National Observatory for Male/Female Equality to...more
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"There are no laws preventing women or members of minority groups from voting, running for office, and serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life" (Pg 22).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process; however, their participation was limited" (page 26).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 18).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GP-DATA-1

"There were no laws or cultural or traditional practices preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens. The Zambia National Women’s Lobby 2014 Gender Audit Report on the private and public sectors revealed low participation of women in decision-making positions within several government and quasi-government institutions and political parties. For instance the report revealed women’s participation in national executive committees of all political parties was very low, with the highest level of participation being 40 percent" (Pg 17).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 12).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"Electoral laws require that at least onethird of the candidates on party lists be women. Women hold 24 of the 65 seats in Parliament and several ministerial, vice-ministerial, and secretary of state positions. At the local level, at least three women must serve on every village council, which generally include 10 to 20 representatives, depending on the size of the village. Meaningful participation by women at the national and local levels, even when elected, may sometimes be constrained by traditional attitudes and stereotypes" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 15).
June 28, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no laws that prevent women or minorities from participating in political life on the same basis as men or majority citizens. Some cultural and social barriers to women’s participation include financial constraints and the sometimes violent nature of local politics. There was no provision for, or allocation of, a set number or percentage of political party positions for women or minorities" (Pg 24).
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women were granted the right to vote and run for office in 2005" (p. 17).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws prevent women or minority members from voting, running for office, or serving as electoral monitors, but cultural and traditional practices inhibited women’s ability to do so" (Pg 27-28).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (26).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities in, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (35).