The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, VOTE-DATA-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. At the last general election in 2017, 46 women were elected to parliament, and this number has since grown: with a 2019 total of 49 female members of parliament, women comprise more than 40 percent of all members of parliament (MPs). Voter turnout in the general election was 79 percent, while turnout in designated Maori electorates was lower and ranged from 60 percent to 69 percent. In South Auckland electorates with a high percentage of Pacific Island voters, turnout was 69 percent" (8).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No law limits participation of women in the political process {in Hong Kong], and they did participate. Fifteen percent of the [Hong Kong] Legislative Council’s members were women" (123).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(19).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate.The law reduces government funding to parties unless 30 percent of their candidates at general elections were women" (8).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minority groups in the political process. The October 2018 parliamentary election produced approximately the same level of female voter turnout as in the 2010 parliamentary election; however, there was an increase in the participation of female candidates. Absent reliable data, civil society, think tanks, and election monitoring organizations assessed that women’s participation across the country varied according to the security conditions and social norms. There was lower female voter turnout in provinces where communities purposely limited female participation in the democratic process, where lack of security was a concern, or both. Conflict, threats, financial constraints, corruption, conservative family members, and a...more
Aug. 30, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(9).
Aug. 11, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(7).
Aug. 11, 2021, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(6).
Aug. 10, 2021, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(19)."Legislation passed on March 26 requires a minimum of 40 percent distribution of male and female candidates in local, regional, national, and European Parliament elections"(19).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or, members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(38)."The House of Representatives law grants the president the authority to appoint House of Representatives members, not to surpass 5 percent of the total number of elected members. If the president opts to use this authority, one-half of his appointments must be women, according to the law. Parliament included 89 women and 38 Christians"(39).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The government of New Brunswick provided financial incentives to political parties to field female candidates in provincial elections"(6).
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"The kingdom[Saudi Arabia] has granted women greater rights in recent years, like the right to drive, run and vote in local elections and play sports in school"(para 50).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process" (p 21).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In 2013, the Law of Ukraine on Introduction of Amendments into Certain Laws of Ukraine on Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men introduced changes to the Law of Ukraine on Political Parties in Ukraine, according to which the amount of quotas determining the minimal level of women’s representation in the electoral list of parliamentary candidates of Ukraine on behalf of a party in the nationwide district should make at least 30 per cent of the total quantity of the candidates in the electoral list. The law does not include provisions for single member districts, does not clarify numerical order of female candidates in the party lists, does...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Council of Ministers has approved legislation that would allow Saudi women to vote and stand as candidates in upcoming municipal council elections" (para 1, 5).
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

“Judges in Germany have told a Muslim law clerk that she can be prevented from wearing a head scarf during court proceedings… Germany's highest bench, the Federal Constitutional Court, ruled that the judiciary's obligation to complete neutrality outweighed her freedom of religion rights” (Para 1-2). This directly implies that women who, because of their religious affiliations/convictions, would not be able to wear the usually mandatory religious head covering during court proceedings therefore, a direct hindrance to these women becoming judges (BC - CODER COMMENT). “She was allowed to wear her head scarf, but was prohibited from following court proceedings from the bench while wearing it, and instead had to sit...more
Oct. 12, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, LBHO-LAW-1

"United Nations and government data from 2008 to 2010 illustrate ‘single digit percentages of women as lawyers (about 6%), prosecutors (6.4%- 9.4%), and judges (4.7%-5.4%). Data from 2013 show that women are still underrepresented, although they have made some gains, particularly in the number of female lawyers and judges (19.3% and 8.4%, respectively)’".
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"They can run for office, and they hold seats in the Parliament and cabinet" (para 12).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Under current laws, they are denied the right to stand for election to the House of Lords, and the women argue that they are being discriminated against by the British Government" (para 4).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Socialist Constitution gives all citizens who have reached the age of 17 the right to vote and to be elected, irrespective of sex, race, occupation, length of residence, property status, education, party affiliation, political views or religion (art. 66). The Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women provides that women have equal rights with men to vote and to stand for election, and the State shall encourage women to take an active part in political and public life and raise the proportion of women deputies to people’s assemblies at all levels (art. 12)" (14).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Female leadership of political parties is limited, although three parties introduced voluntary quotas for their membership and one party (Lebanese Forces) appointed a woman as its secretary general in 2016, the first woman ever to hold the post in a major Lebanese political party" (25). "On September 19, parliament approved a law that allows women to run in municipal elections in their native towns instead of the municipality of their spouses" (25).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they participated in the 2012 one-candidate election" (26).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit women’s or minorities’ political participation as voters or candidates" (21).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (page 7).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"The electoral code requires at least 30 percent of candidates for any party competing for seats in the National Assembly to be women. Not every party adhered to this rule, which was not enforced" (p. 14).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or members of minority groups in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s political participation" (page 14).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (Pg 42).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In November the HRA reported that women in the southeast were disproportionately affected by the state of emergency and cited restrictions on freedom of movement, the shuttering of women’s NGOs by emergency decree, and the impact of the arrest and removal of female DBP/HDP elected representatives" (page 25). "No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, although Kurdish politicians representing the HDP and the DBP remained under disproportionate government pressure relative to other politicians" (page 45).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or minorities in the political process, and they did participate in local, provincial, and national elections" (Pg 22).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process" (Pg 23).