The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In Denmark, women and men have the same rights and opportunities to stand for elections and to join politics..." (16). "Women and men have equal political rights. Women and men have the same right to vote and can be elected to the municipal councils, Inatsisartut and Naalakkersuisut, as well as the Danish Folketinget, which currently has two female representatives from Greenland in two seats" (33-34).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Requirements for electing legislative bodies (the National Assembly, the Resort Council, the District Council) are not discriminatory (Constitution, Art. 57), nor are women considered to be among the groups excluded from participation. There are no provisions in the Decree Political Organizations (Bulletin of Acts and Decrees 1987 no.61) which directly impede or restrict entry of women into politics. This decree states, among others, that political parties must be open to everyone, irrespective of race and religious beliefs" (18).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (10).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1

"Although some traditional practices discouraged women from engaging in political life, no laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process. The government prioritized women’s participation in government. There were nine female ministers in the 31-member cabinet, an increase of two women from the previous cabinet, and 20 women in the FNC (seven elected)" (25).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (9).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. In July, Congress approved a gradual increase of the gender quota in congressional lists (lists of candidates presented by political parties for district elections) from the existing 30 percent to 40 percent by 2021, 45 percent by 2026, and parity (50 percent) by 2031" (11).
March 6, 2022, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women were banned by the Foreign Office from holding ambassadorships until 1946. Up until 1976, they were required to leave the role if they decided to marry. The UK named its first married female ambassador in 1987"(para 10,11).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No law limits participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural attitudes about gender roles restricted political participation by most indigenous women..." (13).
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(15).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The share of female officials in the cabinet was more than 50 percent" (22).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The electoral code requires that at least 20 percent of each party’s candidates in internal party primaries be women. Although the parties met this requirement, they placed the majority of female candidates toward the end of the closed party lists, effectively limiting their chances of being elected. Women served in both the legislature and the Supreme Court; however, there were only 19 women in congress (eight of 45 senators and 11 of 80 national deputies). There were no female governors" (10).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, GP-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women and members of many ethnic groups held key political positions. Nevertheless, only seven of 23 ministers in the president’s cabinet were women. Frelimo used quotas to provide for female representation on its central committee" (13).
Feb. 4, 2022, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (9).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (16).
Jan. 27, 2022, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(10).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (8).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate"(29)."The constitution provides for parliamentary representation by women, youth, persons with disabilities, ethnic minorities, and marginalized communities"(29).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and minorities in the political process, and they did participate...The law calls on political parties to make their best efforts to have equal numbers of male and female candidates on the ballot in national and local elections..." (14).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. At the national level, women comprised nearly 30 percent of the legislature. Participation by these groups did not change significantly compared with previous elections" (21).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no legal barriers against women holding office in any of the three branches. Article 88 of the Provosional Constitution states that 'as long as he or she meets the eligibility requirements for Presidency.' While there are no legal barriers, there are cultural barriers for women to run for Presidency or appointed as Prime Minister" (1).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (8).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process. Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. The ODIHR report on the 2018 elections noted, 'Women are underrepresented in political life and there are no legal requirements to promote gender equality in elections.' Following the elections, women constituted 12.5 percent of members of parliament. As of September the 12-person cabinet included two women, and 16 percent of subcabinet-level government state secretaries were women. The UN Human Rights Committee’s Sixth Periodic Report also expressed concern that women were underrepresented in decision- making positions in the public sector, particularly in government ministries and parliament" (21).more
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (8).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1

"No law limits participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The former regime had high-level female politicians and ministers, while the opposition lacked high-level female and minority representation" (24).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (10).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (13).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (13).
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws prevent women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life, and they did so"(15).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (12).