The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-1

April 30, 2024, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"There are fewer women in government than just a year ago. Two of the ultra-Orthodox parties in the governing coalition effectively ban women from running for office, ignoring a 2019 Supreme Court ruling saying that they had to end the practice" (para 19).
April 19, 2024, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[U]nder the new draft gender equality law, a 40 per cent quota for the representation of women in the areas of social life [was introduced]" (6).
March 30, 2024, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[T]emporary special measures [are not adopted], including quotas for female candidates of political parties and heads of municipalities, to increase the participation of women, in particular rural women, women belonging to ethnic minority groups and women with disabilities, in political and public life" (9-10).
March 15, 2024, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he quotas for women and young people as candidates for political elections and for women as candidates for senior government positions are now regulated by Act No. 09/2016 of 5 September 2016. The quotas are intended to increase the direct and active participation of women and young people in political life and public administration" (4). "Parliament adopted Act No. 9/2006 of 5 September 2016 establishing quotas for women and young people as candidates for political elections and for women as candidates for senior government positions. Nonetheless, despite the enactment of this legislation, women remain poorly represented in decision making positions" (7).
Jan. 29, 2024, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[There is] the minimum quotas of 40 per cent for the representation of women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties" (9). "[A] quota of 50 per cent for the representation of women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties, and the draft amendments to the law on the Council of Ministers, introducing a minimum quota of 40 per cent for both sexes, have still not been adopted" (9).
Jan. 21, 2024, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[S]audi Arabia prosecutes women (and men) as terrorists for so much as dabbling in politics. Just last week, Salma al-Shehab, a Ph.D. student and mother of two, was sentenced to 34 years in prison for using her Twitter account in support of dissidents" (para 5). Even though there's no mention of a prohibition, if they're being prosecuted, there might be some kind of law against it. (MD - CODER COMENT)
Jan. 19, 2024, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he 35-per-cent quota for women in functions filled by election or appointment covers a period of 10 years from the date of passage of the Act [No. 16.004]" (18). "Two seats for persons with disabilities, one of them for a woman representative, were allocated in the 2013–2015 National Transitional Council. As new institutions are established, two seats in the national Economic and Social Council have been allocated for persons with disabilities, including one for a woman" (19). "[A]n indigenous woman holds a seat on the economic and social council" (20).
Jan. 18, 2024, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Significant gaps still exist in the political and public participation of women in the Central African Republic. The quota for the participation of women in all the institutions referred to in the Parity Act (35 per cent) is not yet applied in all sectors of society" (33).
Jan. 16, 2024, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"One of Botswana’s greatest challenges is reaching the desired numbers of women in decision making positions, particularly in politics" (7). This suggests that any incentives are ineffective (VMH - CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 21, 2023, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Today under Xi, the CCP took a step back, also eliminating women from the next level of power too, the now 24-member Politburo. The new all-male line-up was revealed the day Xi formally extended his rule for a further five years, after the closing of the 20th Communist party congress in Beijing" (para. 4). "Since 1997, there had always been at least one female Politburo member, and briefly two. A quota system required at least one woman in senior leadership at each level below that, contributing a small but steady stream of candidates" (para. 5). Even though this quota existed, it's not been respected anymore (MD - CODER COMMENT). "The...more
Nov. 3, 2023, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Upon entering office, President Yoon scrapped government gender quotas, declaring people would be hired on merit, not sex. He appointed just three women to his 19-member cabinet" (para 10). “Hoping to fight this was 28-year-old Park Ji-hyun, a women's rights campaigner, who, following the divisive election, was asked to lead the liberal opposition party. The party told her they needed her help to reform politics and represent young women. And so, despite having never been a politician, she agreed” (para 11). Voter incentive encourages parties to run with female members (ET - CODER COMMENT). “But when Park pushed to investigate allegations of sexual assault within her party, she was labelled...more
Nov. 2, 2023, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

“‘Undoubtedly we cannot, in light of the data seen so far, not attribute the victory to the right dragged by Giorgia Meloni. It is a sad evening for the country,’ Serracchiani told reporters” (para 15). Incentives and quotas often presume that mostly men are in leadership positions, intentionally distributing some of their power to women. In this case, however, Meloni is valiently leading her party without requiring sanction by men (ET - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 30, 2023, 4 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the increased representation of women in the judiciary and at different levels of the executive branch and the increased participation of women in political parties. The Committee is concerned, however, about the following: (c) The low representation of women in the Senate (10.6 per cent), which is presided over by a woman, and at the head of local representative bodies (maslikhat)" (p.10).
Sept. 25, 2023, 8:02 a.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (7).
Sept. 22, 2023, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (15).
Sept. 18, 2023, 2 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-3, AFE-DATA-1

"In 2016, more girls attended school than boys, with 98 percent vs. 97 percent enrolled at the primary level. Bhutan’s first woman Dzongda (District Governor), was elected to office in 2012, and its first woman minister in 2013, ushering in a wave of successful woman candidates in 2016: that year witnessed a 68 percent increase in female representation compared to the previous election in 2011" (para.7).
Sept. 18, 2023, 2 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-3, AFE-DATA-1

"In 2016, more girls attended school than boys, with 98 percent vs. 97 percent enrolled at the primary level. Bhutan’s first woman Dzongda (District Governor), was elected to office in 2012, and its first woman minister in 2013, ushering in a wave of successful woman candidates in 2016: that year witnessed a 68 percent increase in female representation compared to the previous election in 2011" (para.7).
Aug. 24, 2023, 1:08 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[T]emporary special measures, such as outreach or support programmes, the allocation and/or reallocation of resources, preferential treatment, targeted recruitment, hiring, training and promotion and statutory quotas, to redress gaps in participation in political and public life [are not currently implemented and promoted]" (4). "[Ther is a] delay in the finalization of the draft parity law, which provides for parity of women and men in elected bodies and in leadership positions in the public administration" (8).
Aug. 15, 2023, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (10).
Aug. 8, 2023, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-2

"[S]tatutory quotas and a gender parity system in the public and foreign services [are not instilled in Bulgaria]" (8).
Aug. 8, 2023, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Efforts in the field of women’s rights have focused on empowering women and combating sexual and marital violence. The Government has therefore set up gender units within the various ministries in order to develop a culture of women’s rights within the Administration. However, obstacles remain, in the form of cultural, religious and economic pressures, including the following: High proportion of women in the sector in question; Scattered initiatives; Lack of legislation to guide initiatives that are already successful but need to be consolidated...Insufficient representation of women in community consultation frameworks involving decision-making; Access to information for women; Lack of information on land purchases and the relevant notary procedures; Inadequate funding...more
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"On the Committee’s CO regarding temporary special measures (TSMs) in the Gender Equality Act and implementation of these, including measures to address the disadvantages and inequalities faced by women outside Male and in remote islands, migrant women, women with disabilities and women heads of household, since 2008, under the leadership of the MOGFSS, efforts have been made to establish TSMs among political parties to increase women’s leadership, but with no success. There is no specific study or finding however, below are some challenges that women face in competing and winning: Women find in difficult to get funds and lack of support they receive from families and community in participating politics;...more
June 27, 2023, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and women and minorities did participate. The law requires parties to ensure that at least 30 percent of the candidates on their electoral lists are women" (24).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"In relation to the gender gap index in general, Nicaragua’s scores improved substantially from 2006 to 2017, as shown in the table below."(3). Table 1 has no title, but is a breakdown of the gender gap suing different indicators between 2006 to 2017. Translated from Spanish into English, these indicators include political empowerment, health and survival, education, economic participation and opportunities, and the global gender gap. For the global gender gap, Nicaragua was 62 with 0.657 on the point scale in 2006 and was able to get to 6 in 2017 with 0.814 points. For the economic indicator, it was 101 (0.463) in 2006 and lowered it to 54 (0.702)...more
June 18, 2023, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"In one recent study, 20% of respondents said that rape can be provoked. Women continue to be largely absent from public life. Even after the implementation of a mechanism to enable political parties to appoint women directly to parliament, only 27.8% of Maltese MPs are female" (Para.20).
March 31, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[A] quota of 25 per cent of the House of Representatives, 10 per cent of the Senate and 25 per cent of the local councils for the representation of women in the parliament [was introduced], as well as the establishment of equal opportunity units in ministries to support the access of women to leadership positions" (5). "The Committee notes with appreciation the introduction of minimum quotas and reserved seats for women, which has led to an increased representation of women in the House of Representatives, the Senate, the executive branch and in the foreign service... [W]omen are still underrepresented in the judiciary, the civil service and local councils" (8).more
March 18, 2023, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"[There is] affirmative action targeting the goal of having 30 per cent of election candidates and members of the national parliament to be women. The Election Board provides special campaign funds for women candidates with the aim of achieving the target" (8). "In the national election held in 2015, the Board allocated 15 per cent of the total budget for political parties that meet the threshold of 30 per cent women representation" (12). "[T]he [Electoral] Board has allocated special fund to support female candidates. In the most recent national election conducted in 2015 the Board increased the budget allocated for female candidates from 10 per cent to 15 per cent...more
March 15, 2023, 4:58 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“As this working paper has shown, women entrepreneurs are an emerging force in Bulgarian social and economic life. However, women are not often found in key political decision-making positions. Most women-oriented NGOs generally focus on advocacy and lobbying, and only scattered and small-scale interventions have been made in the fields of support for women’s entrepreneurship (e.g. networking, legal advice, and business strategy advice); education and training; and the provision of advisory services and research on women’s issues. A great deal remains to be done in all of these areas in order to improve the situation of Bulgarian women in general, and women entrepreneurs in particular” (61).
March 3, 2023, 11:58 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

Meanwhile, Rwanda, much smaller and with fewer resources than Nigeria, tops the global list with almost 50 percent of its lawmakers being female. South Africa, a major regional player like Nigeria, has the 11th most equal legislature.
March 3, 2023, 11:28 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda, South Africa
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-DATA-1

Meanwhile, Rwanda, much smaller and with fewer resources than Nigeria, tops the global list with almost 50 percent of its lawmakers being female. South Africa, a major regional player like Nigeria, has the 11th most equal legislature.