The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-2

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Gminas also obtained support for stimulating the local population to action as well as assistance in appointing local male and female leaders, motivating them to take action and in encouraging residents to actively contribute to resolving social problems. Under the Project, action was taken to create local leaders. Nearly 90 per cent of them are women who discovered that active inclusion in community activities gives them the possibility of self-realization and self-development" (74).
March 13, 2021, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Although women played an important role in the protests, women’s rights groups expressed disappointment that few women were included in a transitional government" (para 4).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Over the reporting period, for the first time two court cases of discrimination against women were examined in Ukraine, submitted by the public organization 'La Strada Ukraine' against the Prime Minister Azarov due to his discriminatory statement that there is no place for women in the Government; and against the MIA for discrimination against young girls when entering the Institutions of Higher Education. In both cases, the courts of the first instance did not reveal gender discrimination; the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court left the decisions unchanged" (11). "Notwithstanding the evident achievements, the main problems remain the same, i.e., lack of political will to implement gender transformations at...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Across all levels of State and Federal government and in other areas of public life, women continue to be underrepresented in leadership and decision-making roles" (6).
Jan. 15, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“Public opinion also strongly favors allowing women to rule. In a poll conducted by The Asahi Shimbun, Japan’s second largest daily newspaper, more than three-quarters of those surveyed said they would support a female emperor” (Para. 17).
Jan. 1, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"But this government feels to some in Finland and beyond like a new landmark; the coming of age of a generation that grew up with gender equality as a reality rather than an ideal. 'If I look at how it has been for me growing up, it was the time when Finland had Tarja Halonen as female president, she was quite an important icon, at least in terms of people doing politics,' said Li Andersson, who at 32 heads the Left Alliance in the coalition and serves as education minister. 'There are all these stories in Finland about children who were asking their parents if a man can be president...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"All three of the lawmakers vying to replace Mr. Abe as prime minister are men. Two women initially indicated they would be interested in running, but quickly dropped out after failing to gain support" (para 17).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“Greek female MPs voiced optimism that the president-elect could serve as a role model to younger generations in a nation still getting to grips with the idea of gender equality” (para. 12) “Despite protests from some in the opposition that Sakellaropoulou lacked political clout, the rare consensus with which MPs supported her nomination in the first round of what could have been a five-round vote buttressed optimism on Wednesday” (para. 14).
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“Her first day in her new job as a lawmaker was the first time [Fawzia] Koofi had been inside Afghanistan's parliament building. On her second day, she put her name in for deputy speaker. She knew her chances were slim. Several male members of Parliament practically sneered at her. It was an audacious move” (Para 83-86). This seems to indicate that because it was such an unprecedented action, that society tends to elect male leaders because generally, they view them to be more capable leaders (BC - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom

“Kaavya Kaushik is co-chair of Liberal Youth, the youth and student wing of the Lib Dems. She referred to ‘men who end up not taking women politicians seriously.’ She also said sometimes men can be so scared of causing offence that they become highly patronising, which can be equally off putting” (para 20-21) Some men do not take women in politics seriously, implying that they see politics as more of a male’s job (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland

"After the shocking corruption and financial collapse in 2009, the government made an effort to include more women in seats of power to reduce corruption" (para 12).
July 12, 2020, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"One 2017 study showed that over 40 percent of citizens believe that “men make better political leaders than women and should be elected rather than women.” And a UN Women Public Perceptions survey confirmed that the stereotype that women belong in the domestic sphere is widespread" (para. 18).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The perception of gender equality is the highest in the fields of education and economy and the lowest with regard to political participation and decision-making" (16).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Perhaps more pervasive and damaging on a practical level than social conservatism was the apparently widespread scepticism of male voters toward female candidates and their campaigns. This appeared to be driven in part by a perception that because female candidates lacked resources, they would be unable to be as effective service-providers as their male counterparts, and in part by the assumption that women would make ineffective representatives in the “man’s world” of national-level politics" (pg 40).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers attributed fewer leadership opportunities for women in major parties and government, particularly in the North, to religious and cultural barriers. Women occupied approximately 5 percent of National Assembly seats, and six of the 36 cabinet members were women. Few women ran for elected office at the national level: in the most recent federal elections in 2015, women constituted just 128 of the 746 total candidates (17 percent) for the Senate, and 270 of the 1,772 candidates for the House of Representatives (15 percent)." (29).
April 23, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"India chose well to confer the Indira Gandhi peace prize on the president of Liberia, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, who was also awarded the Nobel prize for peace in 2011. I could not help recalling the earlier painful history of Liberia, where the former president, Charles Taylor, was known for his cruelty and corruption in diamond mining. Sirleaf turned the war around, and managed to begin addressing corruption in war-stricken Liberia. A striking feature of this turnaround and of Sirleaf's political success that needs to be highlighted in India and the rest of the world is that she was elected by a majority vote of women petty vendors: women who sold anything...more
Feb. 11, 2020, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Iraq

"Politically, Iraqi women have very limited influence and power to contribute to decision-making. To some extent, this is a direct consequence of the re-emergence of political authoritarianism under Prime Minister Al-Maliki: all political actors experience the systematic side-lining of political opposition, the lack of rule of law and widespread political violence. However, women are particularly marginalized in a context where they are perceived as incapable of leading and strategizing, where social attitudes have shifted towards more conservative gender norms, and where armed violence, political intimidation, attacks on political opponents as well as rampant corruption are shaping politics" (para. 4).
Dec. 21, 2019, 6:56 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The president of Austria has appointed the country’s first female chancellor to lead an interim government until elections later in the year… Referring to her appointment, she told gathered journalists: 'If this is surprising for you, it is for me as well'" (para 1, 4).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Other East African countries certainly have issues in terms of how women politicians are viewed and treated by their male peers. There are many who argue that leaders like Paul Kagame in Rwanda and Yoweri Museveni in Uganda court women as a political bloc, because they view them as more malleable or susceptible to influence. But the fact remains that these leaders interact with women as a political force to be reckoned with. Women are part of the conversation in these countries in a way that they are not in Kenya and Somalia" (6).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Other East African countries certainly have issues in terms of how women politicians are viewed and treated by their male peers. There are many who argue that leaders like Paul Kagame in Rwanda and Yoweri Museveni in Uganda court women as a political bloc, because they view them as more malleable or susceptible to influence. But the fact remains that these leaders interact with women as a political force to be reckoned with. Women are part of the conversation in these countries in a way that they are not in Kenya and Somalia" (6).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Meanwhile, Anisa Hajimumin, minister for Women Development and Family Affairs in the semi-autonomous Puntland region, is emphatic that the 30 percent quota should just be the beginning. Hajimumin argues that women have always played a major role in keeping Somalia running, especially during the war years, and they deserve to have their concerns about development and social protection articulated in the legislature. 'By claiming that women will be no part of politics, [these politicians are saying] only men will rule and be ruled—an indirect denial of access to development for women and children,' the minister said. For Hajimumin, there is nothing un-Somali or un-Islamic about women in government: 'Neither the...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Kenya Women Parliamentary Association, women candidates in 2012 were forced to employ private security and pressured by senior men in their parties and ethnic groups not to stand for office. The men claimed their political participation went against traditional gender roles" (4).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo

"Some observers believed cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life to the same extent as men" (page 34).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria

"Women and minorities generally participated in the political system without formal restriction, although significant cultural and social barriers largely excluded women from decision-making positions" (Pg 42).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"It further notes with concern that women are excluded from full participation in traditional political functions" (9).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"Tradition and relative socioeconomic disadvantage limited the participation of women, some castes, and some ethnic groups in the political process, including as elected officials. The larger political parties had associated women’s wings, youth wings, trade unions, and social organizations. Women, youth, and minorities complained that party leaders, mostly upper-caste men from the central hills, prohibited meaningful political participation despite the existence of certain quotas for participation" (Pg 22).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Article 7: Elimination of discrimination against women in the political and public life. The aforementioned case of the RPO, 1972 and as well as the enactment of the Union Parishad Act (amended), 2010 and the Upazilla (sub-district) Act (amended), 2014 demonstrate the government’s commitment in this regard. However, what could be a legitimate criticism is its actual implementation or more precisely, the way these laws are implemented. Given the current politically intolerant climate in Bangladesh which endures for the best part of the last four decades of the country’s history, the deepening of grassroots governance with more women leaders remains a very long-term goal indeed" (14).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary

"Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. Women constituted 10 percent of members of parliament, and there were no female ministers. Only 13 percent of sub-cabinetlevel government state secretaries were women. In May 2016 the UN Working Group on the Issue of Discrimination against Women in Law and in Practice, in a statement following an official visit, noted 'pervasive and severe gender stereotyping of women which undoubtedly contributed to their low level of political participation.' The working group expressed concern over 'some public officials who legitimize and justify the low representation of women in politics'" (Pg 23).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore

"it remains concerned that female candidates face gender stereotypes in the media and among politicians" (7).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon

"Cultural and traditional factors, however, reduced women’s political participation compared to that of men. Women remained underrepresented at all levels of government, but their political participation continued to improve" (Pg 23).