The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-2

March 15, 2023, 4:58 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria

“As this working paper has shown, women entrepreneurs are an emerging force in Bulgarian social and economic life. However, women are not often found in key political decision-making positions. Most women-oriented NGOs generally focus on advocacy and lobbying, and only scattered and small-scale interventions have been made in the fields of support for women’s entrepreneurship (e.g. networking, legal advice, and business strategy advice); education and training; and the provision of advisory services and research on women’s issues. A great deal remains to be done in all of these areas in order to improve the situation of Bulgarian women in general, and women entrepreneurs in particular” (61).
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"During the 2020 parliamentary elections, the largest number of parties complied only with the legal minimum related to the number of women on the candidate lists, so that 18 women entered the Parliament of Montenegro, which is 22.2 per cent of the total number of MPs. After certain changes in parliamentary clubs, there are currently 22 women or 27.16 per cent of the total number of MPs in the Parliament" (16). "In 2017, politicians from 16 political parties, both ruling and the opposition ones, founded the Women’s Political Network (WPM) with the aim of working to promote gender equality in Montenegro. Their request to amend the Law on the Election...more
March 3, 2023, 11:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"One of the things the country needs to change most urgently is its dismal numbers on female representation in politics, Oyagbola tells me" (Para. 4). "Hawwah Gambo, one of the few female candidates in these elections, tells me a patriarchal culture that conditions women to believe they don’t need to aspire for leadership roles, and pits women against each other, is the main culprit" (Para. 9). "Gambo is from northern Nigeria, where women have historically been even more disadvantaged. People have said to her face that supporting her would be 'a wasted investment,' but she says it hurts the most when it comes from women" (Para. 10).
Feb. 19, 2023, 1:18 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria

“While the law provides women the same legal status and rights as men, women faced some discrimination in economic participation and political empowerment. The law provides for equal opportunities in all spheres of public, economic, and political life; equal access to public resources; equal treatment; exclusion of gender-based discrimination and violence; balanced representation of men and women in all decision-making bodies; and overcoming gender-based stereotypes” (p. 23).
Feb. 6, 2023, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee [on the Elimination of All Forms Discrimination against Women] notes... with concern...[t]he low representation of women in the Zhogorku Kenesh (15 per cent) and in local councils, and the introduction of the mixed electoral system, which will lower the quota for women candidates from 30 to 18 per cent [and] [g]ender-based violence and hate speech against women candidates during elections and political rallies" (8).
Feb. 2, 2023, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Strengthen its efforts to increase the number of women in decision-making bodies at the federal, Länder and municipal levels, in both elected and appointed positions, with a view to achieving the equal representation of women and men in political and public life; (b) Implement legal requirements for a statutory minimum quota, and related economic incentives to political parties, for the representation of women in rankings or nominations to stand for election to the National Council and the nine provincial parliaments" (8). These recommendations suggest prevailing societal views that men are generally better political leaders (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 12, 2023, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"...and women began to fill various positions in the National Assembly." (para 13) (NF- CODER COMMENT - Though no position is explicitly named, the inclusion of women in the political process hints that in the previous regime, women were either barred or not welcome into positions of power. Also, it can be inferred that due to the lack of educational, economic, and social support for women, that men were considered better political leaders and were key decision makers).
Jan. 6, 2023, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: Colombia

"Some critics have called her divisive, saying she is part of a leftist coalition that seeks to tear apart, instead of build upon, past norms" (para 9). "She has also never held political office, and Sergio Guzmán, director of Colombia Risk Analysis, a consulting firm, said that 'there are a lot of questions as to whether Francia would be able to be commander in chief, if she would manage economic policy, or foreign policy, in a way that would provide continuity to the country'” (para 10). "Her more extreme opponents have taken direct aim at her with racist tropes, and criticize her class and political legitimacy" (para 11).more
Dec. 29, 2022, 1:04 p.m.
Countries: Japan

"Less than a year ago, voters in Japan had to look very hard to find a woman’s name on ballot papers for the lower house election. But as the country prepares to go to the polls again this weekend, they are comparatively spoiled for choice. About a third of the candidates in this Sunday’s upper house election are women – the highest proportion since Japanese women won the right to vote and stand for parliament in 1946" (para 1-2).
Dec. 26, 2022, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

" 'Women are significantly underrepresented in parliament where just 34% of MPs are women, and while progress has been made, the pace is glacial,' said Amy Whitelock Gibbs, the interim director of policy at the Fawcett Society" (para 4).
Dec. 26, 2022, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Soraya Peke-Mason from the liberal Labour Party was sworn in to Parliament on Tuesday, replacing former Speaker Trevor Mallard, who left to become ambassador to Ireland. With the resignation of another male lawmaker, it has tipped the balance in Parliament to 60 women and 59 men" (para 1). Because the majority of lawmakers are women, it is evident that society does not consider men to be better political leaders than women (AMC - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 17, 2022, 10:07 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Even if most victims of persecution based on political grounds in Venezuela are men, this is due to the discrimination that exists in the participation of women in political and public spaces. The lower participation of women in Venezuelan politics means fewer acts of political based persecution against them. The few women who can participate in politics, for the most part, have been left behind to occupy less influential positions and therefore do not represent a threat to the authorities in their policy of staying in power. However, cases of persecution against women have a specific and differentiated nature that is justified by the existence of gender conceptions about their...more
Oct. 7, 2022, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"'At the time, politics was not looked at with a good point of view,' she said. 'Especially for women. Because the society I belong to, they think that women should not step into politics.'" (13) "Ms. Tudu, a widow whose husband was Ms. Murmu’s brother, grows rice in a small field and draws her water from the community pump. She said it was 'liberating' to have electricity in her home, though some of the rooms had yet to be connected. Ms. Tudu was thrilled by her sister-in-law’s ascent. 'It fills my heart with joy,' she said. A cousin sitting nearby, Heera Murmu, was more pragmatic." (22,23)
Sept. 16, 2022, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In political matters, Mauritians widely support gender equality: 82% say women should have the same chance as men to run for public office, while only 15% say men make better leaders and should be elected instead of women" (9).
Sept. 3, 2022, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"But her first challenge, Ms. Hassan said in an interview last week at the state house in the capital, Dodoma, was to overcome the notion that a woman could not lead Tanzania. 'Most of the people couldn’t believe that we can have a woman president and she can deliver,' Ms. Hassan said. 'The challenge was to create a trust to the people that yes, I can do it.'" (5,6)
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The most common issues for the participation of women in political life cited during the Women Congresses were: 1) The lack of support, mobilization and motivation from families and communities for women to become local leader, even among women themselves; 2) The still dominant patriarchal system within communities; 3) Communities do not yet have a good awareness to recognize the potential of women as natural leaders; 4) The lack of will from women to be candidate as they are not yet confident enough to become leaders and face the related responsibilities" (21-22).
June 3, 2022, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In Somalia, the majority of men believe that women can do anything and everything, but they do not believe that women should have a political seat. She can be the leader of the house, she can go to school, and she can get a job. She can do whatever she wants, but when it comes to politics, most men think it is a man’s area. It is a religious and cultural issue that needs to be taking head on. It is not my fight, but the fight of the people on the ground" (Para. 11).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In some ministries marked progress has been made regarding the position of women at decision making levels, but in other ministries women have not been appointed to higher levels of administration or management, isolating them from participation in policy making" (7). "Positions filled by females increased at the level of parliament and in the Council of Ministers, however, in practice, public and political party discussions suggest that the appointment of many women to political posts are treated as a privilege within political parties rather than a fundamental right of women" (7).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"No law limits participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural attitudes about gender roles restricted political participation by most indigenous women…" (13).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Religious, cultural, and traditional practices and ideas prevented women from proportional participation in political office" (37).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9). "Despite legal provisions for gender equality and government programs aimed at empowering women, NGOs and other observers reported women faced social and economic discrimination. Although participating in all spheres of national life and outnumbering men in university classrooms and having higher high school graduation rates, women held relatively few top managerial or government positions"...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Men dominated the political scene, although there has been an increase in the number of women holding elected positions in government. Media commentators expressed concern that political dynasties limited opportunities for female candidates not connected to political families" (21).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Society generally considers men to be better political leaders" (1).
Oct. 8, 2021, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"'The Palestinian woman has proved herself to be able to be in any political position because the reality is what [motivates] her. I see that in whatever position, women can aptly lead … we support that kind of women,' she said" (para 22).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In 2018, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK) won the presidential election, which was deemed to have met minimum acceptable standards by international observers despite some irregularities and limited violence. One woman was among the 24 candidates who participated in the first round of elections, which were followed by a run-off election between the top two candidates" (18). With only one female running for office, it may indicate a general societal belief that men are better political leaders (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s political participation in formal and informal roles. A...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is also concerned about:...The absence of female candidates during the 2019 presidential elections" (9-10).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala

"'Here, there is still the sexist attitude that women are not capable of making decisions, for example,' said Trujillo. 'That is why they earn a quarter less than their male colleagues and why there are just 10 women among the 340 mayors in Guatemala'" (para 11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The problem, says Inada, is the widespread belief that politics is still a man's world. 'The notion that good women understand how to behave and don't push themselves forward still exists today,' she said" (para 25).
July 9, 2021, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea

"The discrimination against women in South Korea, unfortunately, extends far beyond economics. Out of 300 seats at the Parliament, women hold just 57 seats (19%), which sadly is more women in Parliament than ever before. This political discrimination is the product of a society where 30% of survey respondents said they would rather vote for a male politician than a female politician even if her resume was as good as his. This could also be the direct result of President Park Geun-hye, who was the first female president but quickly became a national disgrace on account of her abuses of power. She was the first female president to serve an...more
June 29, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Moreover, there is one woman holding the position of governor out of 16 governors" (para 13). This indicates that voters may view men as better leaders (SFR- CODER COMMENT).