The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[T]he Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Increase the number of qualified women in the civil service beyond the 30 per cent target set for 2020, including in high-level national and subnational government positions and in fields traditionally occupied by men; (b) Implement existing and adopt new temporary special measures, such as statutory quotas and preferential recruitment of women candidates in the civil service in case of equal qualification, to ensure that at least 30 per cent of members of the House of Representatives of the People are women, to promote the participation of women candidates in presidential elections and to accelerate the appointment of women as judges, including...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"'Here, there is still the sexist attitude that women are not capable of making decisions, for example,' said Trujillo. 'That is why they earn a quarter less than their male colleagues and why there are just 10 women among the 340 mayors in Guatemala'" (para 11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6). "The problem, says Inada, is the widespread belief that politics is still a man's world. 'The notion that good women understand how to behave and don't push themselves forward still exists today,' she said" (para 25). Societal customs and beliefs surrounding gender roles seem to keep women from running for office (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional societal practices continue to limit women’s participation in politics and activities outside the home and community, including the need to have a male escort or permission to work. These factors, in addition to an education and experience gap, likely contributed to the central government’s male-dominated composition. The 2016 electoral law mandates that 25 percent of all provincial, district, and village council seats “shall be allocated to female candidates.” Neither district nor village councils were established by year’s end. Women active in government and politics continued to face threats and violence and were targets of attacks by the Taliban and other insurgent groups. No laws prevent minorities from participating in...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of ethnic minorities in the political process, but cultural traditions limited women’s role in politics and government"(18).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural and traditional practices in the northern areas of the country prevented women from holding office as paramount chiefs (a parallel system of tribal government operated in each of the 190 chiefdoms)" (p 15).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some observers believed that cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life in the same way as men participate, however" (p 18).
July 22, 2021, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The report cites the lived experiences of many women legal professionals who have tried to break into higher circles of leadership. Respondents confirm that a number of barriers persist in the justice sector that prevent prevent women’s full participation as top-tier justice professionals. As one female judge summarized the problem: 'The judiciary has tried to increase women’s representation and participation at recruitment level, but there is a need to improve their numbers at the high levels of the institution. Let us give women a chance, they can also be Chief Justice and Attorney General or any position of leadership'" (Para 8-9).
July 20, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"This attitude[separation segregation of sexes], she[Dr. Yofi Tirosh, a gender equality expert at the Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law] said, has spilled over to the Knesset floor, with female legislators being admonished for immodesty and a Shas lawmaker asking a female Likud MK to be moved after she was assigned a seat next to him.'He asked for them to switch her, which was shocking in itself, and what was more shocking was that the Knesset agreed,' Tirosh said"(para 20,21).
July 15, 2021, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nobody in São Paulo watches the TV channel dedicated to covering the Brazilian state’s legislative assembly. But the cameras roll on regardless, which is why on December 16th last year they caught a sexual assault on tape. It happened as state deputy Isa Penna was standing at the podium talking to the chamber’s president. Suddenly she felt someone invade her space from behind while putting a hand on her right breast. It was her colleague, fellow deputy Fernando Cury. Multiple studies show such misconduct against women to be rampant in Brazilian workplaces. But what horrified feminists was that an elected representative could suffer such a blatant act of sexual harassment...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The 2013 study by FIDA and the National Democratic Institute, A Gender Audit of Kenya’s 2013 Election Process, highlighted challenges particular to female candidates, including irregularities in political party primaries that prevented women from competing in elections and the consistent failure of political parties to adhere to their own stated procedures for choosing candidates. FIDA reported a drop in verifiable VAWIE cases from 5,000 in 2013 to 300 during the year, but identified serious political backlash for reporting abuses, harassment, or discrimination within the political parties" (p 29).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Along the way, Koike became increasingly outspoken on women’s issues. 'One of the things that I hated the most when I was a minister is that when a male minister makes a mistake, he is not strongly criticized for what has gone wrong,' Koike told the Telegraph in 2008. 'But if a woman minister makes a mistake, even her colleagues would accuse her, simply because she is a woman. Or if she happens to do a good job, then it is often said that she only managed to achieve it because she had assistance from someone else.'" (3).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural factors limited women’s political participation. Local NGOs reported that in rural communities, husbands restricted their wives from contesting for public office" (p 21).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"More women participate in Albanian politics. Aiming to lessen the country’s multitude of gender inequalities, many women have successfully run for office" (para 4).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"She ran for re-election on Sept. 18, and, based on a preliminary vote count, is optimistic about securing another term. But she could run only with her husband’s explicit permission, and the second time around, he was not easily persuaded" (para 24).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Barriers to public participation are exacerbated for women with disability, culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) women, LGBTI women and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women" (6). "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women continue to be underrepresented in public life" (6).
Jan. 15, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“Women are not allowed to reign. In fact, women born into the royal family must officially leave it once they marry, and none of their children can be in line to the throne” (Para. 6). “‘If a female or the child of a female royal succeeds to the throne, it would be a major change,” said Hidetsugu Yagi, a professor of law and philosophy at Reitaku University in Kashiwa, Japan. “The imperial family would lose its legitimacy.’ But historians point out that imperial traditions have changed over time. ‘The idea that succession is limited to males is a modern invention,’ said Kathryn Tanaka, an associate professor of cultural and historical...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Another thing that gave her relief: the protests this summer that led to Rosselló’s resignation. They were sparked by a series of Telegram messages exchanged between the governor and his closest advisers, all men. In one of the chats, Rosselló made fun of Colectiva Feminista en Construcción. In another, he suggested that former New York City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito was a “whore” who should be beaten. The item that hit Castelló the hardest was a joke by Puerto Rico’s chief fiscal officer suggesting they find a cadaver to feed to their critics — a reference to the bodies that had piled up in the morgues after Maria" (para 31).more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Another thing that gave her relief: the protests this summer that led to Rosselló’s resignation. They were sparked by a series of Telegram messages exchanged between the governor and his closest advisers, all men. In one of the chats, Rosselló made fun of Colectiva Feminista en Construcción. In another, he suggested that former New York City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito was a “whore” who should be beaten. The item that hit Castelló the hardest was a joke by Puerto Rico’s chief fiscal officer suggesting they find a cadaver to feed to their critics — a reference to the bodies that had piled up in the morgues after Maria" (para 31).more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"'The main reason for Japan’s shockingly low numbers of women politicians is the L.D.P.’s failure to recruit and nominate women,' said Gill Steel, a professor of political science at Doshisha University in Kyoto and the editor of 'Beyond the Gender Gap in Japan'" (para 19).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural traditions discourage women from working outside the home, according to Mashooque Birhamani, SSO’s chief executive officer" (para 2).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The early promise of the uprising’s ‘cultural earthquake’ in which more than 600 women registered as candidates in the country’s first election has been replaced with a rising demand, justified by increasingly conservative interpretations of Islam, that women must now 'go home" (7).
Sept. 14, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In September, Karina García Sierra, who was running to be mayor of Suárez, Cauca, was attacked and killed. Authorities blamed a FARC dissident group" (para 8).
Sept. 2, 2020, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"An April report by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems on violence against women in elections noted growing use of social media to discredit and humiliate women candidates; social barriers to women voters, particularly in rural areas; and high rates of sexual harassment and violence against women in Afghan public life" (para 14).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“In my time working, campaigning, and blogging about UK politics I meet all sorts of talented and idealistic young women, but few of them stay in [politics]…for long. The issue has long been the lifestyle associated with politics” (para 1-2). “Over the years senior female politicians, role models that those younger could grab hold of and look up to, have been few and far between. Christine Quigley, Chair of London Young Labour, told me that she often felt frustrated growing up as someone interested in politics, because she didn’t ‘see many elected politicians that I could identify with as a young woman’…It’s fair to say though that the sisterhood hasn’t...more
Aug. 8, 2020, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Judicial Service Commission launched an investigation into sexual harassment in courts after a string of recent complaints against members of the judiciary" (para 14).
July 12, 2020, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Westminster Foundation for Democracy recently published a landmark survey that explores gender-based pressures faced by female politicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Among the respondents, two-thirds had won seats at a municipal, regional, or state parliament. The study revealed that 60 percent of the 83 participants said they had experienced some form of violence while engaged in politics, and that 46 percent of the politicians had experienced violence just because they are women. Perpetrators were both strangers or party colleagues and leaders. Prevalent psychological violence was mostly in the form of verbal and emotional abuse, as well as online violence, most commonly misogynistic and sexualized threats" (para. 19).more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In a potentially worrying development, President Karzai unilaterally modified the Law by decree in the spring of 2010. Among his changes was a stipulation that meant that should a woman’s seat be vacated during a parliamentary or provincial term it could be filled by man if there were no female candidates available to take over. This opened up the possibility of powerful male actors intimidating women out of their seats, especially in insecure provinces or those with fewer female candidates" (pg 9). "The registration of female candidates also saw a disproportionately high dropout rate compared to men. This was likely related to the fact that candidates working in government positions...more
May 19, 2020, 12:18 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Jayati Janta – a Sahariya tribal woman and a Jal Saheli was recently elected the head of Rajawan village council despite stiff opposition from men of higher castes. Only 2 months into office, Janta is already implementing the water security plan that includes building a percolation tank to recharge the ground water in the village. 'Every woman is donating labor for this,' she says. Others believe that Janta’s election will be a turning point. 'A Jal Saheli knows local women’s struggle for water. If we can have a few more ‘Jal Saheli’ in the public offices, we can change this region,' says Lalita Dube, a Jal Saheli in Bhadauna village"...more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities, or both in the political process, and they did participate." (31).