The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes with concern that women human rights defenders in the State party, particularly those advocating for land rights and environmental protection, are often subjected to intimidation, harassment and threats" (10).
June 3, 2022, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Potential female politicians who ran for office were horribly harassed in public spaces and online. I worked to put mechanisms in place by appointing female officers alongside male officers near election sites for better protection, and hotlines for women to call if they face any violence. Moreover, I put together a women situation room whose sole purpose was to get reports on what is going on and in what region concerning women in politics" (Para. 9). "The society seems to be pleased with the results. A number of women were very happy that she succeeded in gaining an elected position. This news is a step forward for women, but also...more
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[T]he patriarchal nature of society inhibited large-scale participation by women in political and economic life and in decision-making positions in the public sector" (25). "Some women candidates were a target of disparaging rhetoric because of their gender" (25). "Socioeconomic factors, women’s household responsibilities, as well as a lack of opportunities for women to gain leadership skills played a role in limiting women’s political participation, as did their lack of access to the informal, male-dominated communication networks that form the foundation of the country’s politics. Women also lacked the necessary sponsorships and funds to build a political career. Even when elected, the visibility of female politicians was limited in the public...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1

"Although some traditional practices discouraged women from engaging in political life, no laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process. The government prioritized women’s participation in government. There were nine female ministers in the 31-member cabinet, an increase of two women from the previous cabinet, and 20 women in the FNC (seven elected)" (25).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No law limits participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural attitudes about gender roles restricted political participation by most indigenous women..." (13).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The electoral code requires that at least 20 percent of each party’s candidates in internal party primaries be women. Although the parties met this requirement, they placed the majority of female candidates toward the end of the closed party lists, effectively limiting their chances of being elected. Women served in both the legislature and the Supreme Court; however, there were only 19 women in congress (eight of 45 senators and 11 of 80 national deputies). There were no female governors" (10). "A 2018 protocol addresses sexual misconduct involving government workers. It streamlines...more
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"Of the 214 members of parliament (both houses), 39 were women; six of the 22 members of the cabinet were women. Some observers claimed cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life in the same way as men" (16).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional and cultural factors restricted women from participating in political life on an equal basis with men" (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Observers suggested cultural and societal constraints limited the number of women participating in government. Women remained a clear minority in government: two of 31 members of the House of Representatives and three of 13 senators were women" (9).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"A 2017 forum on Violence against Women in Elections that included the Elections Observation Group and the Federation of Women Lawyers in Kenya (FIDA-K) identified significant barriers to women’s participation in the political process. The chief concerns were violence and insecurity stemming from economic and financial intimidation, harassment based on perceived levels of sexual or moral purity, threats of divorce, and other familial or social sanctions"(29).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nearly three years after her arrest, during which prosecutors used a variety of legal tactics to delay arraignment, including filing new and amending previous charges, opposition Senator Leila de Lima remained in police detention on a charge of conspiracy to commit drug trading. In February a CHR statement raised concerns about de Lima’s treatment by the PNP. Her case began in 2016 after she opened hearings into killings related to the antidrug campaign. Although in detention, de Lima had access to media and some visitors. Her case attracted widespread domestic and international attention, with many observers denouncing the charges as politically motivated" (12). "Men dominated the political scene, although there...more
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Somali traditions keep women from holding office. However, the quota system has helped women gain some seats in parliament. Because of post conflict reforms, women have and continue to lobby for electoral quotas" (1).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The constitution provides for an independent judiciary, but the former Maduro regime judiciary lacked independence and generally judged in favor of the former regime at all levels. There were credible allegations of corruption and political influence throughout the judiciary. According to reports from the International Commission of Jurists, as many as 85 percent of all judges had provisional appointments and were subject to removal at will by the TSJ Judicial Committee. Provisional and temporary judges, who legally have the same rights and authorities as permanent judges, allegedly were subjected to political influence to make proregime determinations. In January Ediluh Guedez Ochoa, a juvenile court judge in the state of Yaracuy,...more
Oct. 8, 2021, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Alshanti who has a bachelor’s degree in English from Ain Shams University in Egypt, and master’s and doctorate degrees in pedagogy from Gaza’s Islamic University, is one of the top targets on Israel’s hit list after leading, in 2006, a successful women’s march to break the Israeli siege imposed on a group of Palestinian activists in Umm Al-Nasr Mosque in the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanoun" (para 2). "She told The Media Line that women 'on the working level, were already inside the political bureau because we have our own shura [council], administrative and organizational bodies, and we have representatives at the general regional shura office as well. The...more
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Aos Fatos, a fact-checking NGO, found that an average of nine elected politicians were killed each year in the country between 2007 and 2018. In March police arrested two former police officers, Ronnie Lessa and Elcio Vieira de Queiroz, in connection with the killing of a gay, black, Rio de Janeiro city council member and human rights activist, Marielle Franco, and her driver, alleging that Lessa fired the gun and de Queiroz drove the get-away car. A preliminary trial started on June 7 at the Fourth Criminal Court in Rio de Janeiro. As of October, the date for the final trial had not been scheduled" (3). "...One newly elected state...more
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s political participation in formal and informal roles. A law passed in 2015 requires that at least 30 percent of the slots on party election lists be reserved for female candidates and that 30 percent of high-level government appointees be women. The law was fully implemented in President Keita’s first cabinet of his second term, in which 11 of 32 ministers were women. In the second cabinet, formed in April, eight of the 38 ministers were women. There were only 14 women in the 147-member National Assembly. There...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[T]he Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Increase the number of qualified women in the civil service beyond the 30 per cent target set for 2020, including in high-level national and subnational government positions and in fields traditionally occupied by men; (b) Implement existing and adopt new temporary special measures, such as statutory quotas and preferential recruitment of women candidates in the civil service in case of equal qualification, to ensure that at least 30 per cent of members of the House of Representatives of the People are women, to promote the participation of women candidates in presidential elections and to accelerate the appointment of women as judges, including...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"'Here, there is still the sexist attitude that women are not capable of making decisions, for example,' said Trujillo. 'That is why they earn a quarter less than their male colleagues and why there are just 10 women among the 340 mayors in Guatemala'" (para 11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6). "The problem, says Inada, is the widespread belief that politics is still a man's world. 'The notion that good women understand how to behave and don't push themselves forward still exists today,' she said" (para 25). Societal customs and beliefs surrounding gender roles seem to keep women from running for office (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional societal practices continue to limit women’s participation in politics and activities outside the home and community, including the need to have a male escort or permission to work. These factors, in addition to an education and experience gap, likely contributed to the central government’s male-dominated composition. The 2016 electoral law mandates that 25 percent of all provincial, district, and village council seats “shall be allocated to female candidates.” Neither district nor village councils were established by year’s end. Women active in government and politics continued to face threats and violence and were targets of attacks by the Taliban and other insurgent groups. No laws prevent minorities from participating in...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of ethnic minorities in the political process, but cultural traditions limited women’s role in politics and government"(18).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural and traditional practices in the northern areas of the country prevented women from holding office as paramount chiefs (a parallel system of tribal government operated in each of the 190 chiefdoms)" (p 15).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some observers believed that cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life in the same way as men participate, however" (p 18).
July 22, 2021, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The report cites the lived experiences of many women legal professionals who have tried to break into higher circles of leadership. Respondents confirm that a number of barriers persist in the justice sector that prevent prevent women’s full participation as top-tier justice professionals. As one female judge summarized the problem: 'The judiciary has tried to increase women’s representation and participation at recruitment level, but there is a need to improve their numbers at the high levels of the institution. Let us give women a chance, they can also be Chief Justice and Attorney General or any position of leadership'" (Para 8-9).
July 20, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"This attitude[separation segregation of sexes], she[Dr. Yofi Tirosh, a gender equality expert at the Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law] said, has spilled over to the Knesset floor, with female legislators being admonished for immodesty and a Shas lawmaker asking a female Likud MK to be moved after she was assigned a seat next to him.'He asked for them to switch her, which was shocking in itself, and what was more shocking was that the Knesset agreed,' Tirosh said"(para 20,21).
July 15, 2021, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nobody in São Paulo watches the TV channel dedicated to covering the Brazilian state’s legislative assembly. But the cameras roll on regardless, which is why on December 16th last year they caught a sexual assault on tape. It happened as state deputy Isa Penna was standing at the podium talking to the chamber’s president. Suddenly she felt someone invade her space from behind while putting a hand on her right breast. It was her colleague, fellow deputy Fernando Cury. Multiple studies show such misconduct against women to be rampant in Brazilian workplaces. But what horrified feminists was that an elected representative could suffer such a blatant act of sexual harassment...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The 2013 study by FIDA and the National Democratic Institute, A Gender Audit of Kenya’s 2013 Election Process, highlighted challenges particular to female candidates, including irregularities in political party primaries that prevented women from competing in elections and the consistent failure of political parties to adhere to their own stated procedures for choosing candidates. FIDA reported a drop in verifiable VAWIE cases from 5,000 in 2013 to 300 during the year, but identified serious political backlash for reporting abuses, harassment, or discrimination within the political parties" (p 29).
June 29, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Along the way, Koike became increasingly outspoken on women’s issues. 'One of the things that I hated the most when I was a minister is that when a male minister makes a mistake, he is not strongly criticized for what has gone wrong,' Koike told the Telegraph in 2008. 'But if a woman minister makes a mistake, even her colleagues would accuse her, simply because she is a woman. Or if she happens to do a good job, then it is often said that she only managed to achieve it because she had assistance from someone else.'" (3).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural factors limited women’s political participation. Local NGOs reported that in rural communities, husbands restricted their wives from contesting for public office" (p 21).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"More women participate in Albanian politics. Aiming to lessen the country’s multitude of gender inequalities, many women have successfully run for office" (para 4).