The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-DATA-1

Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. This labor scheme... is a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry" (45).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"The overall success rate of female candidates who ran for positions in the 2017 national elections was 16 percent, with 47 women elected to the 347-member National Assembly and three to the 67-member Senate. Women were elected to three of the 47 governorships"(29).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Domestic workers worked under a separate wage and benefit system, which lays out minimum wage requirements and payments into social welfare programs, and mandates one day off a week. While there were no reliable recent data, informed observers believed two million or more persons were employed as domestic workers, with nearly 85 percent being women or girls as young as 15 years old" (41).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan

"The approximately 703,000 foreign workers, primarily from Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, were vulnerable to exploitation" (23).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Philippines

“…In Sint Maarten the lack of standard procedures for front- line responders to identify forced labor victims hindered the government’s ability to assist such persons. Following an investigation into the possible exploitation of three Filipina women hired as domestic servants, the public prosecutor’s office determined in September that the case did not amount to forced labor, despite claims from the Filipino community alleging unfair labor practices and exploitation” (20). This occurred in the Netherlands (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Men, women, and children, mainly from Eastern Europe, West Africa, and Asia, were subject to forced labor, including domestic servitude (also see section 7.c.). There were no government estimates of the extent of forced labor among domestic workers; however, in 2018 the NGO Committee against Modern Slavery assisted 181 victims of forced labor, 75 percent of whom were women" (32).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali

"Approximately 25 percent of children between the ages of five and 14 were economically active, and employers subjected more than 40 percent of economically active children to the worst forms of child labor. Many were engaged in hazardous activities in agriculture. Armed groups used child soldiers in the North and the Center (see section 1.g). Child trafficking occurred. Employers used children, especially girls, for forced domestic labor. Employers forced Black Tuareg children to work as domestic and agricultural laborers" (34).
Aug. 6, 2021, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"At the Centre for Domestic Training and Development (CDTD) just outside Nairobi, students are cheerful and excited about their future as they make beds in mock bedrooms, cook chapati in practice kitchens, and study basic Arabic. Demand for the course is huge. About 350–400 women are already graduating each month" (para 13). "He estimates that there are at least 120 000 Kenyans in the Middle East, roughly one-third of whom have been trafficked. He uses outreach work to get his phone number into the hands of Kenyan workers before they go" (para 18).
June 29, 2021, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"In 2013, Madagascar enacted a decree banning the migration of Malagasy domestic workers to Gulf countries, including Kuwait, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, which were listed among the 10 worst countries in the world for workers in the 2019 global rights index compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. Even so, at least 10 million of Madagascar’s citizens work as migrant workers, or around one third of the population. An estimated 1.3 million of those migrant workers are women and 80 percent of those women work as domestic workers" (para 17). "The Malagasy Ministry of Foreign Affairs says there are more than 500 Madagascar nationals in Saudi Arabia, most of them...more
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"The Malagasy Ministry of Foreign Affairs says there are more than 500 Madagascar nationals in Saudi Arabia, most of them employed as domestic workers. The number of migrant workers in Saudi Arabia rose from 830,000 to 2.42 million in a 10-year period" (para 30).
June 29, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Lebanon has nearly 250,000 migrant domestic workers, the vast majority of them women. They are given the right to work in the country via the kafala system, a common form of sponsorship used across the Middle East that ties the legal residency of migrant workers to their employers" (para 5).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"An estimated 39,000 children, primarily indigenous girls, worked as domestic servants and were often vulnerable to physical and sexual abuse. In the Mexican border area, there were reports of forced child labor in municipal dumps and in street begging" (p 27).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-DATA-1

"One group working to support domestic workers has warned that 200 Sierra Leonean women are stranded and homeless in Oman. Many were trafficked there, tricked like Isha into thinking that a better life was waiting for them" (para 6).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"in 2006, there were over 2 million regular migrants in the national territory, and a half was women" (93).
Sept. 26, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Nonetheless, from mid-2016 to mid-2017 Poland was the most common country of birth for the overseas-born population of the UK, with more Polish women (a ratio of 467:439) than men moving primarily for work-related reasons."
Sept. 26, 2020, 5:44 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"According to the Polish LFS, prior to the 2004 EU enlargement the outflow from Poland has been masculinized (men constituted 57% of migrants) and thereafter this feature became even more visible (65%). This, in comparison to 47% of men in general adult population of Poland, reveals high selectivity of outmigration with regard to sex. The rise in men’s general propensity to undertaking international migration was observed in most destination countries. "
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"Jordan hosted around 70,000 migrant domestic workers in 2019, mostly from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia" (para 16).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"An estimated 7.41 million noncitizens, including approximately 666,000 noncitizen women, made up approximately 57 percent of the labor force, according to the General Authority for Statistics third-quarter 2016 Labor Force Survey" (51).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the high percentage of women in Parliament (43 per cent) and welcomes the fact that the Ministry of the Interior has taken measures to increase the representation of women in the police." (para 25).
March 1, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait

"There was no immediate response from Kuwait, where around 262,000 Filipinos are employed - nearly 60 percent of them as domestic workers, according to the Philippines' foreign department" (para 6).
Dec. 21, 2018, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Graph 22 shoes that the percentahe of migrant populattion has had a sustained increase in the alst 24 years. In 2014, migrants represent a 23% of the Chilean population. In terms of population structure, the percentage of migrant women in Chile is higher than men, a characteristic that has slowly increased in the past 10 years. Regarding this, graph 23 shows that in 2014, 52.6% of the migrant population were women, while 47.4% were men" (21-22). In 2005, 51.6% were women and 48.4% were men; in 2010 52.2% were women and 47.8% were men; and in 2014 52.6% were women and 47.4% were men (CCS-CODER COMMENT). Graph 29 shows the...more
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Some instances of bonded labor and domestic service were reported, predominately in rural areas. Children and adults were forced into domestic servitude and bonded labor that involved restricted movement, nonpayment of wages, threats, and physical or sexual abuse" (36).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant... Indian women and girls who worked in domestic service or as caregivers were vulnerable to forced labor... approximately 54,000 migrants worked in the country, mostly from India... girls who worked as domestic servants and entertainers in 'drayungs' (karaoke bars) were subjected to labor trafficking through debt and threats of physical abuse. The NAHRC conducted an investigation into drayungs and found no evidence of trafficking or forced labor" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Reports indicated that persons recruited girls in rural areas for domestic labor and then forced them into domestic servitude. In 2010 the ILO estimated that more than 26,000 children worked as vendors, agricultural and commercial laborers, domestic helpers, and prostitutes, among other forms of employment" (20).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania

"[The Committee] is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence of trafficking in and sexual exploitation of women and girls in the country, and reports of trafficking in girls for domestic work and sexual exploitation" (page 8).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"New Zealand is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and has one of the highest rates of immigration in the world. Almost one in four people in New Zealand was born overseas. In 2014/15 women were issued . . . 44 per cent of work visas" (page 8).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"On average, those who have themselves immigrated participate less in the labour market than the rest of the population. Altogether, immigrant women had an average employment rate that was nearly nine percentage points lower than the rate for women in the rest of the population in 2014 , compared to 4 per cent for immigrant men" (16).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"When the departures for foreign employment are considered from 1995 onwards, it is seen that the share of females is gradually decreasing and the share of departures of male workers is increasing. Departures of female workers have decreased during 2013 by 14.64 per cent and male workers have increased by 21.45 per cent. On the other hand, the departures of housemaids, who are mostly vulnerable to ill-treatments and un-protective situations, has decreased by 18.33 per cent in 2013.This shows a transition from female dominance in departures for foreign employment in mid-1990 to male dominance by 2013" (31).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Cases of women being offered jobs abroad and instead ending up as slaves (including sexual slaves) have been in the increase in Kenya" (19).
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)