The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-LAW-1

July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Indonesian government also promotes the role of women in ICT-based economy through capacity building in computer programming (coding) aimed at housewife and women migrant workers" (29). "Law No. 18/2017... contains, among others: empowerment and protection mechanism for Migrant Workers’ family who are being left at the sending country; increased role of local government; the cost of migration will be borne by user instead of the migrant worker; clearer division of responsibility and authority between institutions" (33-34). "MoM also issued Regulation No. 18/2018 on Social Protection for Migrant Workers which covers, pension, life insurance and personal accidents" (34).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 18/2017 on protection of migrant workers, which contains empowerment and protection mechanisms for migrant workers and their families. It also takes note that Law No. 11/2020 on job creation does not change or revoke the rights of women workers afforded under Law No. 13/2003 on manpower" (11).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Among the programme highlights in 2008–2014 were many innovative activities and counselling and support programmes that largely benefit women. A large part of the CHF 8 and 13.4 million allocated to language learning in 2012 and 2013 respectively went to women with children. Early support programmes for migrant children and parental responsibility programmes also received funding. In 2013, the Tripartite Conference on Urban Areas (CTA, a political platform of the Confederation, the cantons and the communes) launched a dialogue on integration on the theme “A healthy life from birth onwards”. Recommendations were drawn up with the overall objective of improving the health of mothers and children of immigrant stock. All...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Reports of migrant worker suicides or attempted suicides continued. In some cases, observers linked the suicides to poor working and living conditions, low wages, and financial strain caused by heavy debts owed to originating-country labor recruitment agencies. Dubai police and the Dubai Foundation for Women and Children, a quasi-governmental organization, conducted vocational training programs with some elements aimed at decreasing suicidal behavior" (42). The fact that the Dubai Foundation for Women and Children was tasked with conducting the trainings may indicate that these reports of migrant worker suicides were most frequently about women (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Domestic workers are not covered under the labor law or other laws related to acceptable conditions of work" (44).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Transnational inter-sectoral Action to fight against trafficking for labour exploitation, focussed on the identification and assistance to victims,...analyse the informal labour of migrants, slavery-like labour, best practices and information/training processes for relevant stakeholders. The resources allocated to this end amount to 438,000.00 Euros" (49). "the...measures for women immigrants who face family, work, social or economic difficulties: a) shelters facilities for women and their children; b) socio-economic measures, including education, vocational training and access to the labour market, as well as protection measures against any forms of discrimination, based on gender, ethnicity and race; c) programmes facilitating the access to public services, also through cultural mediators; d) awareness-raising campaigns on various...more
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"A 2013 decree prohibits citizens from leaving the country to work abroad in countries deemed 'risky,' as a measure to reduce trafficking in persons. Because destination countries are not specifically identified in the decree, citizens may be prevented from leaving the country to work abroad at the discretion of border agents" (13).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Government limits on foreign travel were generally based on security or personal safety factors, such as when a citizen had a pending court case, or to discourage travel by vulnerable workers to countries where they could face personal security risks, including trafficking or other exploitation. The Philippine Overseas Employment Administration manages departures for work abroad. It requires overseas workers to register and receive predeparture screening, training, and certification before traveling, and is intended to ensure that future overseas workers deal with legitimate, licensed recruitment agencies" (18-19).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Taiwan authorities maintained a 24-hour toll-free '1955' hotline service in five languages (Mandarin, English, Indonesian, Thai, and Vietnamese) available for all foreign workers to obtain free legal advice, request urgent relocation and protection, report abuse by employers, file complaints about delayed salary payments, and make general inquiries. All cases reported are registered in the system for law enforcement to track and intervene if necessary. Among the 187,338 calls, the hotline helped 5,162 foreign workers to reclaim a total of NT$139 million ($4.53 million) in salary payments in 2018" (23). "Locally operated service centers, which briefed foreign workers on arrival, maintained a hotline for complaints and assistance and funded and operated...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"BWAs provided foreign workers with information regarding their labor rights as well as a translated copy of their labor contract prior to arrival in the country. The government continued to help fund a hotline for migrant workers to report violations, and the government’s enforcement bodies claimed all complaints were investigated. The absence of BWAs for foreign caregivers and additional migrant workers not covered by BWAs led to continuing widespread abuses..." (52).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Under the new law, individuals convicted under the Penal Code for any offenses committed against vulnerable victims--...domestic workers--will be liable to up to twice the maximum penalty" (21). "Pregnancy is a breach of the standard work permit conditions for foreign workers, and the government cancels work permits and requires repatriation of foreign domestic workers who become pregnant" (32). "The government also enforced requirements for employers to provide one rest day per week or compensation for foreign domestic workers" (33). "The Labor Relations and Workplaces Division of the Ministry of Manpower provided free advisory services to both foreign and local workers who experienced problems with employers; it provided mediation services for...more
Oct. 25, 2021, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The law, known as the Posh Act, mandates that employers with 10 or more workers set up committees to receive and investigate complaints of sexual harassment" (para 4).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia, Philippines
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Reports of east African workers being raped and tortured across the region and haunting videos of Kenyan women pleading for help after allegedly being abused by their employers saw the Kenyan government follow other countries such as Indonesia and the Philippines in banning its citizens from travelling to work in the Gulf in 2014" (para 7).
Aug. 6, 2021, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"'The first time I went, I went in an illegal, chaotic situation through brokers who did not prepare us for what lay ahead,' says Mbogo. 'I am more confident this time. I believe all will be well.' Her confidence comes from a raft of legal reforms that Kenya has recently put in place to try to make it safe for women to travel to the Gulf to work" (para 3-4). "Reports of east African workers being raped and tortured across the region and haunting videos of Kenyan women pleading for help after allegedly being abused by their employers saw the Kenyan government follow other countries such as Indonesia and the...more
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"In general, domestic workers are excluded from any kind of labour reform because the government doesn’t consider them an “active” part of the labour system, so no one protects them or prioritises their interests" (para 20). "Taha Hadji has been fighting for the rights of hundreds of migrant workers in his country, something that is made harder by legal restrictions, like the fact that migrants can’t form associations or unions. Reforms came into effect on March 14, but this doesn’t help the most vulnerable workers 'These new laws don’t protect these workers. They can’t choose their employer or return to their home country'" (para 25-26). "Lots of domestic workers flee...more
June 29, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The vast majority of workers who travel to Lebanon for employment using the kafala system come from deprived backgrounds and are often unaware of their rights" (para 7).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Transnational inter-sectoral Action to fight against trafficking for labour exploitation, focussed on the identification and assistance to victims,...analyse the informal labour of migrants, slavery-like labour, best practices and information/training processes for relevant stakeholders. The resources allocated to this end amount to 438,000.00 Euros" (49). "the...measures for women immigrants who face family, work, social or economic difficulties: a) shelters facilities for women and their children; b) socio-economic measures, including education, vocational training and access to the labour market, as well as protection measures against any forms of discrimination, based on gender, ethnicity and race; c) programmes facilitating the access to public services, also through cultural mediators; d) awareness-raising campaigns on various...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LDS-LAW-1, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Girls Court brings an all-hands-on-deck approach to the lives of vulnerable girls, linking them to social service agencies, providing informal Saturday sessions on everything from body image to legal jargon, and offering a team of adults in whom they can develop trust" (para 5).
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government continued prosecution of the country’s first trafficking case and provided some victim support services. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not initiate any additional trafficking investigations during the reporting period, nor did it conduct public awareness campaigns or administer systematic anti-trafficking training for its law enforcement officials. Contrary to a victim-centered protection approach, in the aforementioned ongoing case, the government forced some victims to stay in the country for the duration of the prosecution without allowing them to earn an income, possibly increasing their indebtedness and vulnerability to re-trafficking upon repatriation."
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Rwanda remained on Tier 2. These efforts included identifying more victims, developing a national referral mechanism, drafting and dispersing a directory of service providers for victims, and increasing national awareness campaigns. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government investigated fewer trafficking crimes and prosecuted and convicted fewer traffickers compared to the previous year. The government did not convict any traffickers for sex trafficking, despite the crime’s presence in the country. The government did not operate long-term care facilities for referred victims."
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"These efforts included convicting significantly more traffickers and identifying more victims than the previous reporting period. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Authorities did not identify any foreign or male victims, nor did they dedicate sufficient resources toward establishing standard identification or referral procedures. With the exception of forced child begging cases prosecuted under laws carrying insufficient penalties, officials did not detect or initiate any investigations or prosecutions of forced labor."
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore the Solomon Islands remained on Tier 2. These efforts included advancing its first two trafficking prosecutions initiated in the previous reporting period with one resulting in a conviction. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. General lack of awareness of the crime and applicable legislation among front-line officers, coupled with under-resourced protection services and widespread observance of informal justice models, continued to exacerbate the government’s slow response to trafficking cases. Victim protection services remained inadequate, and the government did not develop urgently needed standard operating procedures for victim identification."more
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Sierra Leone was upgraded to Tier 2. These efforts included convicting traffickers for the first time in 15 years; significantly increasing investigations and prosecutions; significantly increasing trainings for officials on trafficking; contributing a facility for an NGO to establish a shelter for victims; and establishing district-level anti- trafficking task forces."
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The absence of a specific law against child abuse, fear of reprisals, cultural practices, impunity and the slowness of justice make of Guinea-Bissau a safe haven for sexual abuse and child exploitation."
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"These efforts included significantly increasing national awareness-raising efforts, specifically addressing vulnerable populations; training more front-line responders across the country; and prosecuting all confirmed cases of trafficking. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not proactively identify trafficking victims other than those represented by criminal cases. The government did not adopt its national action plan, hindering the implementation of regulations for trafficking victim and witness protection. Additionally, the government did not finalize a draft national referral mechanism for a third consecutive year, which may have limited victims’ access to protective services. Mozambican officials remained without effective policies or laws that would regulate...more
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Illiteracy affects more than two out of three people in Chad (UNICEF, 2010), while only 40% of over‐15s could read and write French or Arabic (48% of men compared with only 32% of women) in 2015 (UNESCO, 2015). This means that people's knowledge of the legislative framework that officially condemns discrimination and violence on the basis of gender is limited. It also prevents women from claiming their rights and constrains their equitable representation in politics. The National Assembly has only 24 women deputies, out of 188 (less than 13%) (IPU, 2017), which may explain in part why issues of equality and women's rights are not treated as a priority. The...more
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The law in DRC does nor criminalise prostitution itself, but its exploitation. Because of the significant gap between acts forbidden by law and other regulatory texts and the reality on the ground, the state has no role in regulating this sector effectively. This leaves women largely deprived of medical services and unprotected against police or military abuse...[This brings about a legal approach to sex among minors that seems to disable social discussion and education..."" (p. vii)"
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Slovakia remained on Tier 2. These efforts included increasing prosecutions and convictions, and extraditing more suspected traffickers. The government also increased cooperation on international investigations, which resulted in the identification of victims and the conviction of traffickers abroad. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not adequately and proactively identify foreign or domestic trafficking victims within the country, it decreased overall investigations, and it decreased efforts to identify labor trafficking victims through joint-inspections. The high number of suspended sentences for trafficking convictions, with only 45 percent of convicted...more
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"There were no laws or policies to protect victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to commit. Security forces continued to lack a formal mechanism to identify potential victims, resulting in officials indiscriminately arresting individuals in commercial sex without screening, including known child sex trafficking victims. The government did not provide specialized services for trafficking victims or legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they would face hardship or retribution, nor did it offer legal assistance or other mechanisms to encourage victims to assist in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking crimes."
Oct. 14, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Government of Trinidad and Tobago does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Trinidad and Tobago remained on Tier 2. These efforts included screening and identifying more victims, investigating traffickers, including three potentially complicit officials, prosecuting eight suspected traffickers, and increasing anti-trafficking training for its officials. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government had yet to secure a conviction under its 2011 anti- trafficking law, funding for victim assistance was reduced, and the laws did...more