The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned that rural women have limited access to land, productive resources, agricultural equipment, markets, finance or technology, all of which limits their ability to invest and accumulate assets" (15).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic workers in Hong Kong were mostly female and mainly came from the Philippines, Indonesia, and other Southeast Asian countries" (129).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Forced labor persisted in the industrial and agricultural sectors, especially in the production of chili peppers and tomatoes, as well as in the informal sector. Women and children were subject to domestic servitude. Women, children, indigenous persons, and migrants (including men, women, and children) were the most vulnerable to forced labor"(30).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of east African workers being raped and tortured across the region and haunting videos of Kenyan women pleading for help after allegedly being abused by their employers saw the Kenyan government follow other countries such as Indonesia and the Philippines in banning its citizens from travelling to work in the Gulf in 2014. Since then the government has been grappling with how to allow women and the country’s economy to benefit from the huge demand for migrant domestic workers from countries such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar, while keeping those who want to travel for work safe" (7-8). "Paul Adhoch, the executive director of Trace Kenya, a Mombasa-based counter-trafficking...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of east African workers being raped and tortured across the region and haunting videos of Kenyan women pleading for help after allegedly being abused by their employers saw the Kenyan government follow other countries such as Indonesia and the Philippines in banning its citizens from travelling to work in the Gulf in 2014. Since then the government has been grappling with how to allow women and the country’s economy to benefit from the huge demand for migrant domestic workers from countries such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar, while keeping those who want to travel for work safe" (para 7-8). "Paul Adhoch, the executive director of Trace Kenya, a Mombasa-based...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Paul Adhoch, the executive director of Trace Kenya, a Mombasa-based counter-trafficking NGO, works relentlessly to protect Kenyan women who leave home to take up domestic worker posts in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Bahrain. He says that he’s seen the ban have a positive impact, but the calls for help are still coming in" (para 16).
Aug. 6, 2021, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"In a busy recruitment agency in Nairobi’s central business district, dozens of women line the halls. All hope that today they will secure a job as a domestic worker in the Gulf states, cooking, cleaning and caring for another family thousands of miles from their own homes" (para 1). "Since then the government has been grappling with how to allow women and the country’s economy to benefit from the huge demand for migrant domestic workers from countries such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar, while keeping those who want to travel for work safe" (para 8). "Paul Adhoch, the executive director of Trace Kenya, a Mombasa-based counter-trafficking NGO, works relentlessly to...more
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), in 2017 low-paid migrant workers - who Mr Kenney says are at an 'extreme class disadvantage' - made up about 80% of the UAE's total population. Female migrants in particular, who are predominantly domestic workers from South and Southeast Asia, are policed harshly" (Para 23-24).
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), in 2017 low-paid migrant workers - who Mr Kenney says are at an 'extreme class disadvantage' - made up about 80% of the UAE's total population. Female migrants in particular, who are predominantly domestic workers from South and Southeast Asia, are policed harshly" (Para 23-24).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The girls are vulnerable to trafficking for forced labor and the sex trade." In the video, at 0:22, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 29, 2021, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Like many women from Madagascar, 22-year-old Mélanie emigrated to Saudi Arabia to work as a maid" (para 1). "In 2013, Madagascar enacted a decree banning the migration of Malagasy domestic workers to Gulf countries, including Kuwait, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, which were listed among the 10 worst countries in the world for workers in the 2019 global rights index compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. Even so, at least 10 million of Madagascar’s citizens work as migrant workers, or around one third of the population. An estimated 1.3 million of those migrant workers are women and 80 percent of those women work as domestic workers" (para 17). "The Malagasy...more
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Like many women from Madagascar, 22-year-old Mélanie emigrated to Saudi Arabia to work as a maid" (para 1). "The Malagasy Ministry of Foreign Affairs says there are more than 500 Madagascar nationals in Saudi Arabia, most of them employed as domestic workers. The number of migrant workers in Saudi Arabia rose from 830,000 to 2.42 million in a 10-year period" (para 30).
June 29, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Lebanon has nearly 250,000 migrant domestic workers, the vast majority of them women. They are given the right to work in the country via the kafala system, a common form of sponsorship used across the Middle East that ties the legal residency of migrant workers to their employers. The workers come from African and Asian countries, primarily Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Philippines and Sri Lanka" (para 5-6).
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"And since Kyrgyzstan has Central Asia’s highest rates of women’s labor emigration – women make up [40% of all Kyrgyz migrants in Russia], a much higher share than those from neighboring Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – migration would be a socially acceptable way to move somewhere where kidnapping is rare" (para 23).
May 22, 2021, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Much of the trafficking to Oman comes via neighbouring United Arab Emirates, according to Human Rights Watch" (para 11).
May 22, 2021, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Isha knew she was in trouble when her passport was snatched from her hands. The 27-year-old from Sierra Leone had just arrived in the Omani capital, Muscat, believing she was to start a well-paid job at a restaurant" (para 1). "Now rights groups are warning that the Covid pandemic has made conditions even more difficult for migrant domestic workers in Oman who come from poorer countries such as Sierra Leone" (para 5). "One group working to support domestic workers has warned that 200 Sierra Leonean women are stranded and homeless in Oman. Many were trafficked there, tricked like Isha into thinking that a better life was waiting for them" (para...more
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Isha knew she was in trouble when her passport was snatched from her hands. The 27-year old from Sierra Leone had just arrived in the Omani capital, Muscat, believing she was to start a well-paid job at a restaurant. Instead, her recruitment agent bundled her into a car and drove her to a house where she was told she would be working as a live-in maid" (para 1). This suggests that women may be trafficked from Sierra Leone to Oman to become domestic servants (RAO-CODER COMMENT). "Now rights groups are warning that the Covid pandemic has made conditions even more difficult for migrant domestic workers in Oman who come from...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Women migrants present in Italy represent approximately 49.8 per cent of all immigrants residing in Italy. But there are huge differences in gender distribution according to nationality: As for the Eastern European countries, women are almost three times more than men; as for African countries the rate is reversed; as for the Far East, there is a marked female predominance, while other Asian countries see the male predominance" (33). "Several projects have been launched in recent years, among them...the initiative, promoted by the Christian Associations of Italian Workers (ACLI), entitled 'Let’s get out of the silence' and referring to domestic work, an area where there is significant presence of immigrants...more
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Although domestic workers are included within the labor law in the private sector, under section on contracts and holidays, the Ministry of Labor have no specific mechanisms to ensure and monitor the application of the law. The unified tripartite labor contract issued by the Labor Market Regulatory Authority is applied only to workers coming through recruitment agencies. The Association for the Protection of Migrant Workers’ report (2016), indicated that (70%) came to the Associations shelter, did not sign work contracts with the employers. The same report revealed continuing physical, psychological and sexual violations against domestic workers. Such violations have not been considered under the Anti-Trafficking Law for seven years since...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-DATA-1

"Jordan hosted around 70,000 migrant domestic workers in 2019, mostly from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia" (para 16).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women from Asia and neighboring African countries were recruited for legitimate work in South Africa, where some were subjected to domestic servitude or forced labor in the service sector" (36).
March 19, 2020, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

“Since very few women migrate for jobs, migration is doing little to alleviate the high female unemployment rate. Only 35 percent of migrants are female and most leave for reasons like marriage or family reunification.”
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"On 5 June 2015, ISTAT released the follow-up survey, the results of which are to be widely disseminated also among migrant women. Carried it out in 2014 on a sample of 24.000 women aged 16-70, ISTAT indicates, the most affected foreign women are from: Romania, Ukraine, Albania, Morocco, Moldavia and China." (para 50).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"But Mr. Sasvin Dominguez remains suspended in sadness…His other daughters remain trapped [in Guatemala] and there is no money to move them. Besides, he says, the journey north, even if they could afford it, is far too dangerous for three young women and a toddler to take on their own. His only hope, he says, is asylum" (para 92-93).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution states no work may be compulsory except by virtue of a law. Government did not effectively enforce the prohibition. Employers subjected male and female persons (including citizens) from South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Africa to forced labor in domestic service, construction, cleaning, begging, and other sectors. The government worked with NGOs to provide some assistance to victims of human trafficking, including forced labor." (53).
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Relatives often send girls via middlemen to work in harsh conditions in domestic servitude" (218).
Aug. 22, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Experts noted the sustained economic downturn resulted in Equatoguineans in urban centers replacing some foreign domestic servants with children from rural areas in Equatorial Guinea, who they then subject to forced labor" (194).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers in rural areas sell children in markets for use in cattle or camel herding. In some cases, military or local government officials exploit child herders in forced labor. Traffickers subject some rural Chadian girls who travel to larger towns in search of work to child sex trafficking or domestic servitude" (146).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Observers report traffickers primarily exploit CAR nationals within the country, and transport a smaller number of victims between CAR andCameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, or South Sudan. Traffickers—including transient merchants, herders, and armed groups—subject children to domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, as well as forced labor in agriculture, artisanal gold and diamond mines, shops, and street vending within CAR" (145).
Aug. 8, 2019, 6:36 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers exploit children in domestic servitude and child sex trafficking via prostitution in private homes, guesthouses, and entertainment establishments; they frequently experience nonpayment of wages and verbal and physical abuse" (131)