The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-LAW-1

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In addition to the enactment of the bills on trafficking and land, the expropriation law (Law N° 8/2017) - including the real estate financial fund (Art. 66) – was passed in 2017.4 5…" (6). "Collaboration among the Government toward women economic empowerment has been strengthened under the new phase of the Maubisse Declaration on Rural Women (2018–2023), which commits the Government to improve rural women’s lives276 through several measures such as access to credit or trainings" (39). "In this framework, in 2019, the President announced 1.5 million USD funding for the new Rotative Cash Transfer programme to support rural women’s groups to develop small businesses. The programme provides $10,000 USD...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"[In Greenland] women and men are equal before the law and have the same rights to own property. They have the same right of access to the legal system and to receive the same treatment in court" (40). "Men and women are equal before the law [in the Faroe Islands]. Women and men continue to have equal rights of access to the judicial system, enjoy equal rights to hold property, as well as to receive equal treatment before the courts. Reference is made to the new handbook for drafting legislation in Article 3" (48).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Land Contracts in Rural Areas (August 2002) provides that “the legitimate rights and interests of women shall be protected in contracts. No organizations or individuals may deprive them of their right to contractual management of land, which they are entitled to, or infringe upon such a right.” The law has specific provisions regarding the protection of the land contract-related rights and interests of married women, divorced women, and widowed women" (16). "Financial support for women’s employment and entrepreneurship has been provided. In response to the impact of the international financial crisis on China’s employment situation and to solve the issue of...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Hence, the Government, i.e. the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries together with other ministries, still needs to formulate and implement policy on women economic development in the rural areas, including agriculture, coupled with an integrated programme that is based on a thorough analysis of the problems women farmers are facing at present" (40).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men. The law recognizes joint property in marriages. The law mandates equal pay for men and women in equivalent jobs" (12).
April 5, 2022, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides for equal treatment of women with regard to property ownership and inheritance, family law, equal pay for equal work (although in practice women were often paid less), and in the judicial system, and the law was generally respected"(28).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The law stipulates the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property" (24).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The government excluded women from certain social and economic benefits, including land grants for building houses, because tribal family law often designates men as the heads of families" (29).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"By law women may own property" (33).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Finance Act 2008 has introduced additional measures to assist women entrepreneurs, by expanding the scope of the Fund for financing companies whose actions in previous years were intended solely to finance and consolidate technology-related companies...Since 2008, the resources of the Fund are also intended to support both the creation of new businesses and the consolidation of small and medium-sized businesses run by women throughout the Country" (103). "The national instrument for promoting female entrepreneurship, Act No. 215 of 1992, is in fact the subject of a major overhaul to overcome the support system so as to move towards forms of support to credit" (103).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Women have full rights of inheritance and property ownership by law, but local authorities often excluded them from the decision-making process on disposition of indigenous communal land, which constituted more than 80 percent of all land. Women have the right to a share in the distribution of indigenous land lease proceeds, but authorities seldom recognized this right. Women have the same rights and status as men under family law and in the judicial system. Nonetheless, women and children had difficulty obtaining protection orders, and police enforcement of them, in domestic-violence cases" (16).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"[W]omen legally have equal access to land" (15).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LO-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"In law but not always in practice, women have most of the rights and protections accorded to men, and the law seeks to eliminate discrimination against women. The law accords women the same property rights as men. In Muslim and indigenous communities, however, property ownership law or tradition grants men more property rights than women" (27).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women do have legal access to land if the land is bought by her or her father or mother put the land in her name. A woman also has access to business ownership and loans. Many women own businesses in Somalia that range from restaurants, furniture stores, construction companies, and medical centers. If there's no will, it will become Sharia Law. However, if there is a will, then Sharia Law has no place" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to... property" (12).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides women with property rights equal to those of men" (28).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"While the law provides for equal property rights, traditional practices and ignorance of the law prevented women from taking full advantage of their rights. The marriage contract must specify if the couple wishes to share estate rights. If marriage certificates of Muslim couples do not specify the type of marriage, judges presume the marriage to be polygynous" (23).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LO-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-3, IAW-LAW-1

"The law grants men and women the same legal status and rights, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (16).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(c) Policy on women’s inheritance and property rights, in 2018" (2).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Although the law prohibits discrimination in employment and requires equal rates of pay for equal or similar work, academics and watchdog groups argue that the lack of pay transparency hinders pursuing pay discrimination claims" (10).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality in ownership of property" (69). "Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management" (69).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"For the most part, women had equal property rights" (22).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women under family, labor, property, and inheritance laws, but it does not provide the same legal status for women and men in relation to religion and personal status" (p 19).
Aug. 14, 2021, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Morocco has experienced microfinance since the 1990s (through “Moukawalati” program for example), currently providing about 50% of all microcredit in the Middle East and North Africa. These loans are supervised by local associations supported by the government as well as by international organizations. It includes hundreds of thousands of self-employed (66% women), especially in rural and marginal areas" (25). "Indeed, the policies of the Moroccan government since 1998 have focused on SMEs, particularly through Microstart loans with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Microfinance and related civil associations expanded. Morocco now provides more than 50% of the total micro-credit across the MENA region with about 820,000 customers to expand to...more
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women in the UAE are allowed to drive, vote, work, and own and inherit property. A report from the In the World Economic Forum ranked the UAE second-best in the Middle East and North African (Mena) region for gender equality" (Para 5).
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women in the UAE are allowed to drive, vote, work, and own and inherit property. A report from the In the World Economic Forum ranked the UAE second-best in the Middle East and North African (Mena) region for gender equality" (Para 5).
July 15, 2021, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Kenya's constitution states that all women have equal rights to own property, but in reality land is most often customarily passed from fathers to their sons, making it hard for women to own land. Women own less than 2% of all titled land in Kenya, according to the Kenya Land Alliance, an advocacy network."
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits gender discrimination in relation to land and property ownership and gives women equal rights to inheritance and access to land. The constitution also provides for the enactment of legislation for the protection of wives’ rights to matrimonial property during and upon the termination of a marriage, and it affirms that parties to a marriage are entitled to equal rights at the time of marriage, during the marriage, and at its dissolution" (p 35).
June 23, 2021, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Islamic Shari’a law grants women a share in inheritance, but many families deprive Afghan women of this right that the Afghan state law also recognizes. The issue largely goes unreported, but it adversely affects the lives of many Afghan women and affords them few options for financial stability" (para 6).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Until the end of 2010, 35,988 women and 60,904 men received subsidies to start their own businesses under the OP HC" (50). "Pursuant to article 70(1) of the Act of 29 August 1997 – Banking Law (Dz. U. of 2002, No 72, item 665, as amended), the bank shall make granting credit contingent upon the borrower’s creditworthiness, irrespective of the borrower’s sex. With respect to mortgage loans taken by married persons (irrespective of their sex), the provisions of article 37(1) of the Act of 25 February 1964 – The Family and Guardianship Code (Dz. U. of 2012, item 788) apply, which stipulate that for the performance of legal action resulting...more