The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-LAW-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LO-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-3, IAW-LAW-1

"The law grants men and women the same legal status and rights, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (16).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(c) Policy on women’s inheritance and property rights, in 2018" (2).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Although the law prohibits discrimination in employment and requires equal rates of pay for equal or similar work, academics and watchdog groups argue that the lack of pay transparency hinders pursuing pay discrimination claims" (10).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality in ownership of property" (69). "Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management" (69).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"For the most part, women had equal property rights" (22).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women under family, labor, property, and inheritance laws, but it does not provide the same legal status for women and men in relation to religion and personal status" (p 19).
Aug. 14, 2021, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Morocco has experienced microfinance since the 1990s (through “Moukawalati” program for example), currently providing about 50% of all microcredit in the Middle East and North Africa. These loans are supervised by local associations supported by the government as well as by international organizations. It includes hundreds of thousands of self-employed (66% women), especially in rural and marginal areas" (25). "Indeed, the policies of the Moroccan government since 1998 have focused on SMEs, particularly through Microstart loans with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Microfinance and related civil associations expanded. Morocco now provides more than 50% of the total micro-credit across the MENA region with about 820,000 customers to expand to...more
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women in the UAE are allowed to drive, vote, work, and own and inherit property. A report from the In the World Economic Forum ranked the UAE second-best in the Middle East and North African (Mena) region for gender equality" (Para 5).
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women in the UAE are allowed to drive, vote, work, and own and inherit property. A report from the In the World Economic Forum ranked the UAE second-best in the Middle East and North African (Mena) region for gender equality" (Para 5).
July 15, 2021, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Kenya's constitution states that all women have equal rights to own property, but in reality land is most often customarily passed from fathers to their sons, making it hard for women to own land. Women own less than 2% of all titled land in Kenya, according to the Kenya Land Alliance, an advocacy network."
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits gender discrimination in relation to land and property ownership and gives women equal rights to inheritance and access to land. The constitution also provides for the enactment of legislation for the protection of wives’ rights to matrimonial property during and upon the termination of a marriage, and it affirms that parties to a marriage are entitled to equal rights at the time of marriage, during the marriage, and at its dissolution" (p 35).
June 23, 2021, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Islamic Shari’a law grants women a share in inheritance, but many families deprive Afghan women of this right that the Afghan state law also recognizes. The issue largely goes unreported, but it adversely affects the lives of many Afghan women and affords them few options for financial stability" (para 6).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Until the end of 2010, 35,988 women and 60,904 men received subsidies to start their own businesses under the OP HC" (50). "Pursuant to article 70(1) of the Act of 29 August 1997 – Banking Law (Dz. U. of 2002, No 72, item 665, as amended), the bank shall make granting credit contingent upon the borrower’s creditworthiness, irrespective of the borrower’s sex. With respect to mortgage loans taken by married persons (irrespective of their sex), the provisions of article 37(1) of the Act of 25 February 1964 – The Family and Guardianship Code (Dz. U. of 2012, item 788) apply, which stipulate that for the performance of legal action resulting...more
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Traditional customs prevent women from owning property. Under Albanian laws, women can purchase and own property. However, these laws often go ignored. Because women are traditionally unable to sign as a 'head of the household' in legal affairs, it is incredibly difficult for women to become property owners" (para 3).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Finance Act 2008 has introduced additional measures to assist women entrepreneurs, by expanding the scope of the Fund for financing companies whose actions in previous years were intended solely to finance and consolidate technology-related companies...Since 2008, the resources of the Fund are also intended to support both the creation of new businesses and the consolidation of small and medium-sized businesses run by women throughout the Country" (103). "The national instrument for promoting female entrepreneurship, Act No. 215 of 1992, is in fact the subject of a major overhaul to overcome the support system so as to move towards forms of support to credit" (103).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"But Al-Sisi said the money needs to be increased 'as part of the money will be used to help Egyptian women live in a healthy home, have access to high-quality services, obtain soft-term loans from banks, and find jobs in small-scale productive projects'" (para 9). "She also revealed that the government, in cooperation with civil society organisations, is working on settling the debts of 50 per cent of women in debt" (para 15).
April 6, 2021, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Nolmongen was among the first residents of Umoja, which was founded in 1990 as a refuge for Samburu women who have suffered sexual assault and been cast out and stripped of any claims to their property or children, as well as those fleeing child marriage or female genital mutilation (FGM). Today, the women are on the brink of being granted the title deed to a tract of grazing land by the county government - a right they never would have had outside the village - and are motivating nearby communities to also start giving land rights to women (para 5-6). "Kenya's constitution states that all women have equal rights to...more
April 2, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"While Afghanistan's laws give women equal rights to own land and property, ignorance, weak law enforcement, and social norms have combined to deprive Afghan women of their property rights" (para 5). "The Ministry of Urban Development and Land (MUDL) – formerly ARAZI – has been improving land administration and promoting better access to registration services, especially for women" (para 7). "This effort has been supported initially by the UN Habitat's City for All Program, and subsequently through the Afghanistan Land Administration System Project (ALASP) financed by the World Bank and the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF). So far MUDL has issued 34,370 Occupancy Certificates (OC) and more than half include...more
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“In rural Honduras, land is regarded as belonging to men, and separation in most cases means that women lose any claims to it” (pp. 16).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“Public policies on urban housing and titling programmes often focus on equal access for women-headed households. In Dakar (Senegal) and Ekurhuleni (South Africa), the proportion of women heads among those allocated plots is approximately the same as their share of all households, and they are more likely than men to complete the titling process. But it is generally overlooked that even married or cohabiting women are likely to lack joint legal ownership, making women more vulnerable to losing their home, as well as potentially limiting their decision-making on its use and management” (pp. 20).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-LAW-1

In Dakar (Senegal) and Ekurhuleni (South Africa), the proportion of women heads among those allocated plots is approximately the same as their share of all households, and they are more likely than men to complete the titling process. But it is generally overlooked that even married or cohabiting women are likely to lack joint legal ownership, making women more vulnerable to losing their home, as well as potentially limiting their decision-making on its use and management” (pp. 20).
Feb. 9, 2021, 12:21 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-LAW-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Women married in polygamous customary relationships before the introduction of laws recognising customary marriages in 1998 will officially and finally receive the same rights as women in customary marriages concluded after 1998... An interim order was made which had the effect that wives – and not only husbands – in polygamous customary marriages entered into before the commencement of the act would enjoy joint and equal ownership, management and control over marital property in respect of house property and family property. Each spouse in a polygamous customary marriage would also retain exclusive rights to her or his personal property. This was a necessary departure from customary law as it applied...more
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, MURDER-LAW-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

“Mexico does have a powerful law in place, the General Law on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence, which was passed in 2007. The law provided sweeping measures to 'prevent, treat, punish, and eradicate violence against women,' defined as including psychological, physical, economic, patrimonial (involving violation of women’s property rights), and sexual violence; it also defined femicide as a hate crime targeting women. But as too many cases have demonstrated, the mandate is not enough” (para 12).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Women also enjoy the same legal status, claim to titles, access to education, the right to practice professions, and the right to inherit property as men" (para 1).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

“The amount of land required to help a family is not large. India has seen great success boosting family nutrition by providing families with small plots of land. . . Landesa, the global development non-profit where I serve as a land tenure specialist, worked with the governments of several Indian states to design and implement programs that identify poor landless families and give them small plots of government-owned or government-purchased land. So far, eleven state across India have allocated 210,613 of these plots to poor families” (para 6).
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“Customary Land Management Act No. 33, in 2013, ensur[es]…that women’s rights to customary land are not alienated” (1).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The representatives called on the special rapporteur to…monitor and encourage the enactment of laws which strengthen women's access to land and marital property" (para 16).