The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-PRACTICE-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Pursuant to article 70(1) of the Act of 29 August 1997 – Banking Law (Dz. U. of 2002, No 72, item 665, as amended), the bank shall make granting credit contingent upon the borrower’s creditworthiness, irrespective of the borrower’s sex. With respect to mortgage loans taken by married persons (irrespective of their sex), the provisions of article 37(1) of the Act of 25 February 1964 – The Family and Guardianship Code (Dz. U. of 2012, item 788) apply, which stipulate that for the performance of legal action resulting in encumbering a real property or the law of property over the building or premises the spousal consent is required" (72).more
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Traditional customs prevent women from owning property. Under Albanian laws, women can purchase and own property. However, these laws often go ignored. Because women are traditionally unable to sign as a 'head of the household' in legal affairs, it is incredibly difficult for women to become property owners" (para 3).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The international financial crisis has struck in recent years the entrepreneurial sector. From the data of the Bank of Italy (2008), it strongly emerges the restriction of credit and the associated problems’ of the banks to disburse it, which predominantly affects small and medium-sized enterprises and craft, where the female component is more present" (101).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt

"But Al-Sisi said the money needs to be increased 'as part of the money will be used to help Egyptian women live in a healthy home, have access to high-quality services, obtain soft-term loans from banks, and find jobs in small-scale productive projects'" (para 9).
April 6, 2021, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Henry Lenayasa, chief of the administrative region where Umoja village is located, said the women's move to register their land is an example of a growing recognition of equal property rights among the Samburu" (para 14). "Kenya's constitution states that all women have equal rights to own property, but in reality land is most often customarily passed from fathers to their sons, making it hard for women to own land" (para 16). "The Samburu practice communal tenure, with all decisions on how land is used and allocated made by men" (para 18).
April 2, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"A cook, a mother of three, and now a widow of an Afghan soldier, Nasiba faced pressure from her in-laws to move out. As a woman living in a non-planned area in Gozar 6 in Bamiyan province, she lacked proof of ownership and feared eviction" (para 2). "While Afghanistan's laws give women equal rights to own land and property, ignorance, weak law enforcement, and social norms have combined to deprive Afghan women of their property rights" (para 5).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"According to the study of gender equality in the entrepreneurship carried out by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) it is more difficult to start a business for women in Ukraine because of lack of access to the resources. It is more difficult for a woman to get a bank loan. Privatization in Ukraine is actually passed by the women 95 per cent of the capital is concentrated in the hands of men, and only 5 per cent of women. Today, only 22 per cent of businesses in Ukraine are owned by women" (41).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women, especially women from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women and women living in remote areas in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision- making processes at the community level, in addition to the fact that rural women are particularly affected by poverty and food insecurity, lack of access to natural resources, safe water and credit facilities" (11). " The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Abolish traditional practices and customs...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women can also retain their own property and assets when married" (4).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Oct. 30, 2020, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: India

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women, especially women from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, from inheriting or acquiring land and other property" (Article 32).
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana

"The Committee is also concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices such as early marriages in rural areas and about the persistence of traditional customs limiting women’s access to inheritance and land" (Article 38).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"60% of people working in agriculture are women, and they often face discrimination. The production resources such as the land, workforce, credits, capital and the control of these resources are not fully available for women. Although, there is no discrimination in the right of ownership in Armenian legislation, agricultural economies (according to Armenian legislation each unit of rural household that produces agricultural goods) are controlled by the head of the household.132 According to statistics in 2014 the proportion of the heads of households by their gender is 27% women and 73% men133. So in the 73% of rural economies all the production resources are controlled by men. It is practical...more
Oct. 21, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia

"There is further concern about the lack of information on customary laws and practices in the area of inheritance and measures to ensure that customary law upholds women’s access to inheritance, including inheritance of land, as well as on measures taken to ensure recognition of unremunerated domestic work within the distribution of marital property" (Article 38).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Benin

"The Committee expresses deep concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriages, polygamy, female genital mutilation, widowhood practices, levirate and sororate, purification rites for adulterous women and killings of so-called “witch children”, continue to be prevalent and go unpunished, the comprehensive legislative framework notwithstanding. The Committee is concerned that the customary practice of excluding women from inheriting agricultural land remains dominant in rural areas and that women continue to face practical difficulties in gaining access to both land and credit. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the persistence of customary laws and practices, including the prevalence of de facto polygamous marriages, although such laws are no longer valid...more
Oct. 19, 2020, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

"The Committee is also concerned that customary and traditional practices, prevalent in rural areas, prevent women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of land and other property" (Article 35).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia

“E.S. and Others v. Slovakia (application no. 8227/04) (15 September 2009): In 2001 the applicant left her husband and lodged a criminal complaint against him for ill-treating her and her children and sexually abusing one of their daughters. He was convicted of violence and sexual abuse two years later. Her request for her husband to be ordered to leave their home was dismissed, however, the court finding that it did not have the power to restrict her husband’s access to the property (she could only end the tenancy when divorced). The applicant and her children were therefore forced to move away from their friends and family. The Court found that...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Hungary

“Kalucza v. Hungary (24 April 2012): The case concerns Hungary’s failure to protect the applicant from her abusive former partner with whom she unwillingly shares her flat pending numerous civil disputes concerning its ownership. The Court found a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private life) because the Hungarian authorities had not taken sufficient measures for the applicant’s effective protection from her former partner’s violent behaviour, despite criminal complaints lodged against him for assault, repeated requests for a restraining order against him and civil proceedings to order his eviction from their flat” (3).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia

"The 2011 survey conducted by the National Statistical Service of Armenia and the UNFPA also highlights such ways of violence against women as economic disempowerment, including economic deprivation (e.g. witholding of money, confiscation of earnings and savings, forbidding a woman to work)" (para 11).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

“Tunisia is viewed as being ahead of most Arab countries on women’s rights, but there is still discrimination in matters of inheritance. Daughters are entitled to only half the inheritance given to sons. Mainstream Muslim clerics almost universally see the inheritance rules as enshrined in the Quran, Islam’s holy book” (para 7-9).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Article 29 of the Constitution recognizes equal right to own property for women and men, and the land reform process has guaranteed equal distribution of land to eligible men and women. Consequently, a significant number of women have gained access to land" (4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Honduras

"In October, María Digna Montero, a member of the Honduran Black Fraternal Organization (OFRANEH) and a defender of the indigenous Garifuna land and culture, was shot and killed in her home in Colón by unknown individuals. In November 2018, a court found seven men guilty of the 2016 murder of environmental and indigenous-rights activist Berta Cáceres. Those convicted included a former chief of security for Desarrollos Energéticos SA (DESA), the company building the Agua Zarca dam, against which Cáceres had been campaigning at the time of her assassination" (para 18-19).
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"There are no specific public policies that, starting from the existing inequalities between men and women, adopt positive action measures, such as incentives, special subsidies, etc, for the granting of housing loans" (3).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Among men and women who own a house and land, approximately 4 in 5 have ownership of a title or deed. Eighty-seven percent of women and 81% of men have a title or deed for a house, and 92% of women and 93% of men have a title or deed for land" (304). "Almost 8 in 10 women (79%) know how much property or land their household owns, and nearly 9 in 10 (89%) know under whose name the property is registered" (304). "The proportion of men and women who use a bank account is similar (40% and 41%, respectively)" (305).
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Eleven percent of women age 15-49 have and use a bank account for financial transactions, as compared with 18% of men. More than half of women (53%) and men (66%) owned mobile phones at the time of the survey. Among those who owned mobile phones, 53% of both women and men reporting using their phones for financial transactions" (286).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In order to reduce female unemployment, the programme included measures designed to stimulate the employment of women. One of the effective policy areas in respect of women’s employment is support for women’s initiatives in self-employment and entrepreneurship through the granting of microcredit, which is an effective instrument in the poverty reduction strategy" (7). "Under the State programme to promote employment in the Republic of Tajikistan, in order to support unemployed persons and promote self-employment by means of the creation of additional jobs through the provision of small concessional loans, more than 14.6 million somoni was allocated from the State budget up to 2017. Over the first eight months of 2017,...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Eighteen percent of women age 15-49 use an account in a bank or other financial institution, as compared with 28% of men…Among those with a mobile phone, 20% of women and 18% of men use their phone for financial transactions (Table15.7.1 and 15.7.2)" (262-263). "Patterns by background characteristics: 1) Women and men residing in urban areas (44% and 51%, respectively) are more likely to have and use a bank account than those residing in rural areas (15% and 24%, respectively). 2) Education is associated with bank account use. Use of bank accounts is highest among women and men with a higher education (93% and 82%, respectively) and lowest among women...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Forty-two percent of women in India say that they have some money that they alone can decide how to use. Fifty-three percent of women have a bank or savings account that they themselves use. Fewer women, however, know about a microcredit programme (41%) and even fewer (8%) have ever taken a microcredit loan" (512). "NFHS-4 indicates that in India, more men than women age 15-49 own property. Thirty-seven percent of women and 65 percent of men own a house and 28 percent of women and 49 percent of men own land either alone or jointly with someone else" (516).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Given the importance of equitably involving women in rural areas in production processes and access to means of production, the Land Fund (FONTIERRAS) established, in accordance with GD No. 435-2013 and its own internal organic regulations, the coordinating office for policy and strategy, equity, indigenous peoples and the environment, as the entity responsible for overseeing the inclusion of a gender perspective in the Land Fund’s programmes and activities as one of the agrarian institution’s cross-cutting guiding principles. One of the main outcomes of implementing the Strategic Institutional Agenda 2012-2025 is that in 2014 the Land Fund’s gender equity policy was updated" (35-36). "Between 2012 and 2014, the programme provided credit...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty-two percent of women and 39% of men have an account in a bank or other financial institution that they use" (383). "Ownership and use of a bank account increases from 2% among women with no education to 87% among women with more than a secondary education" (383).