The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-2

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes the rape of men or women, including spousal rape... Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by a maximum of 15 years’ imprisonment" (13)
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape" (17).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape. According to the United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM), 75 percent of sexual abuse crimes were against girls between the ages of 10 and 19" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively" (10).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not explicitly criminalize spousal rape"(36).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes various forms of rape, regardless of the gender of a victim. The law also criminalizes custodial rape of a minor younger than age 18. The law does not deny the possibility of spousal rape, but no court has ever ruled on such a case, except in situations of marital breakdown (i.e., formal or informal separation, etc.). The law mandates a minimum sentence of five years in prison for rape convictions. Prosecutors must prove that violence or intimidation was involved or that the victim was incapable of resistance..." (16).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, with penalties ranging from 12 to 40 years’ imprisonment with pardon or parole possible only after 30 years’ imprisonment. Conviction can also result in a lifetime ban from political office. Penalties for forcible sexual assault range from six to 12 years’ imprisonment. The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26).
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is not a crime [in Morocco]" (29).
Jan. 5, 2022, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Definition of rape was now unclear, following a dilution of the bill based on the insertion of views of religious leaders, which focuses on the crimes of fornication and adultery. According to Hibaq Gamute, a law Professor at Hargeisa University and a practicing lawyer: 'Religious leaders argued that rape should be placed within the context of fornication and adultery, so this law reduces rape to an act of fornication' Marital rape among others is not clearly defined" (para 4-5).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (11).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence and provides protection for rape survivors" (11).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison..." (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically penalize spousal rape" (18).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal. Although there is no crime defined as rape, the equivalent crimes are sexual coercion and sexual violence. These crimes include the exploitation of a person who is unable to express his or her will. Penalties for sexual coercion and sexual violence range from one year in prison to 15 years in aggravated cases" (25).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal, and the law provides the same punishment for a relative, including the spouse, who commits rape as for a nonrelative. The penalty for rape is three to six years’ imprisonment for a single offense, with additional time imposed for aggravating factors" (53).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, making it punishable by a prison term of eight to 14 years. A man may legally avoid punishment by marrying (before he is sentenced) the person he raped. The law allows authorities to consider alternative forms of punishment, including work release, for those convicted of various crimes, including rape, if they have completed three-quarters of their sentence" (27).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law in all parts of the kingdom criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. The penalty in the Netherlands for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). In case of violence against a spouse, the penalty for various forms of abuse can be increased by one-third. In Aruba the penalty for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine of 100,000 Aruban florins ($55,250). Authorities effectively prosecuted such crimes" (12).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal under PA law, but the legal definition does not address spousal rape" (95).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony punishable by 16 years’ imprisonment. Rape under aggravated circumstances or rape committed against a relative is punishable by 20 years’ imprisonment" (33).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law will abolish marital immunity for rape" (21). "Spousal rape is not specified as a crime in most situations, but husbands who force their wives to have intercourse may be prosecuted for other offenses, such as assault. Spousal rape is a criminal offense when the couple is separated, subject to an interim divorce order that has not become final, or subject to a written separation agreement, as well as when a court has issued a protection order against the husband" (21).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law specifically criminalizes rape of women, including spousal rape" (27).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes violence against women and sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of attempted sexual violation and at least 12 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape or sexual violation" (52). "Spousal rape is a criminal offense" (53).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape; it does not distinguish between rapes of women and men. The government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison. The law also prohibits violence against women and sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (14).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively. Penalties for violations range from five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits domestic violence, and the government effectively enforced the law. The law is gender neutral and provides for the removal of abusers from their residences for a 14-day period that can be extended once for an additional three months upon request of the victim. Penalties may include fines and imprisonment. Police are required to investigate if an NGO reports having been approached by an individual for assistance in cases involving domestic abuse" (8-9).
Oct. 28, 2021, 12:31 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 15 years’ imprisonment. The government generally enforced the law. Law enforcement response to rape and domestic violence was effective" (Page 9).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women, including rape, spousal rape..." (28).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is 15 years’ imprisonment, which may be increased" (18).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, of men and women, and provides penalties of up to 15 years in prison. Without a court order, officials may temporarily deny access to their household to those accused of abuse, or they may impose a restraining order. In severe cases of rape and domestic violence, authorities can prosecute individuals for assault or rape and require them to pay damages. Penalties depend on the nature of the case. The government enforced the laws effectively" (21).