The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

June 14, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Under the new law, which was enacted in April 2021, a sexual relationship with a minor under 15 is characterized as rape and is punishable by 20 years in prison, unless the sex is consensual and the age gap is small. Until the law was revised, France prohibited sex between an adult and a minor under the age of 15, but it was not automatically considered rape."
June 10, 2021, 9:11 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"Whereas 67% of Salvadoran women said they have suffered some form of violence (e.g., sexual assault, abuse by family members), only 6% have reported abuse to authorities" (para 4).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"On 8 June 2010, new regulations concerning in particular stepping up the fight against paedophilia, including paedophilia in the Internet, entered into force. These regulations were aimed at stiffening the accountability of perpetrators of sexual offences against minors under 15 years of age. The scope of criminal liability for raping a minor under 15 years of age was stiffened by classifying such an act as a crime, punishable by a penalty of imprisonment for at least three years. A new type of offence, i.e. accosting children for sexual purposes via the Internet or other telecommunication systems (so-called grooming), subject to a penalty of imprisonment for up to 3 years, was...more
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, and other forms of violence against women, such as incest and sexual aggression. The sentences for conviction of rape range from 10 to 15 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 200,000 pesos ($2,100 to $4,200)" (p 18). "The law defines statutory rape as sexual relations with anyone under age 18. Penalties for conviction of statutory rape are 10 to 20 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 200,000 pesos ($2,100 to $4,200)" (p 20).
March 31, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Legal gaps and lack of political will continue to mar accountability for sexual violence, especially for victims from minority communities. A statute of limitations of one year on rape and sexual violence allegations prevents many cases from being brought to justice" (para 13).
March 13, 2021, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In September, a special court to address non-conflict related sexual and gender-based violence crimes was launched and operationalized" (para 27).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Somali penal code, currently being revised, classifies sexual violence as an “offence against modesty and sexual honor” rather than as a violation of bodily integrity" (para 17).
Feb. 17, 2021, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Take the case of the Hudood laws in Pakistan, which were enacted by the then military dictator General Zia to Islamicize Pakistan’s legal system. A close scrutiny of the laws reveals that the Hudood laws, which also cover offenses related to rape, are in fact a legacy of the British Colonial law. As these laws stand today, they discriminate against women rather than protecting their rights" (para 2).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:49 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In France, it is illegal for an adult to have sex with a minor under the age of 15. But it is not automatically considered rape, unlike in countries with statutory rape laws where people who are underage are considered incapable of giving consent. With changing attitudes toward sex and gender equality, France toughened laws against sex crimes in 2018 and also extended the statute of limitations for prosecution — raising it to 30 years, up from 20 years — allowing victims to press charges until the age of 48. The new law, which is not retroactive, would not apply in the case of Ms. Springora" (para 5-6).more
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"Engaging in sexual relations with minors is illegal in Egypt. Brokers can help with that too, forging birth certificates or substituting the identity card of the girl’s older sister" (para 11).
Feb. 13, 2021, 9:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“Yazgül Yılmaz v. Turkey (1 February 2011): In this case the applicant complained that, at the age of 16, she was sexually harassed while in police detention. She was given a gynaecological examination – unaccompanied and without her or her guardian’s consent – to verify whether her hymen had been broken. After being acquitted and released, she suffered from post-traumatic stress and depression. Her allegations of assault in custody were largely corroborated by subsequent medical examinations. No disciplinary proceedings were brought against the prison doctors concerned. The Court noted that that the law at that time did not provide the necessary safeguards concerning examinations of female detainees and that additional...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“M.A. v. Slovenia (no. 3400/07) and N.D. v. Slovenia (no. 16605/09) (15 January 2015): The applicants complained that Slovenia had failed to provide an effective system of prosecution and trial against the men whom they had accused of rape, the related criminal proceedings having lasted some 26 years in the first case and over nine years in the second case. In both cases the Court held that there had been a procedural violation (prohibition of inhuman and degrading treatment) of the Convention, finding that the criminal proceedings regarding the applicants’ rape did not comply with the procedural requirements imposed by Article 3” (7-8).
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“Pakistan's parliament passed a resolution Friday calling for the public hanging of convicted child killers and rapists” (para 1) The resolution is non-binding (ERD- CODER COMMENT). “In March 2016, Pakistan introduced a law criminalising sexual assault against minors, child pornography and trafficking. Previously, only acts of rape and sodomy were punishable by law” (para 19).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“A rape charge in Spain requires a plaintiff to present evidence of intimidation or specific violence such as being threatened with a knife or dealt physical blows” (para 2).
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, GEW-LAW-1

"Government forces, called the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), have a strict code of conduct prohibiting violence against civilians, and soldiers who rape face the death penalty. In recent years the international community has invested heavily in reforming the SPLA" (para 22).
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“While welcoming the progress made towards the adoption of the draft law for the prevention of violence against women and the protection of women from violence, the Committee is concerned about delays in its adoption. In particular, it is concerned about the lack of information on: (a) The scope of the criminal offences covered and the protection and support provided to victims and witnesses of sexual violence, including conflict-related sexual violence, under the draft law; (b) Whether it allows for security forces to be investigated and prosecuted for conflict-related sexual violence and, if so, under which jurisdiction” (pp. 4). “The Committee recommends that the State party promptly adopt the draft...more
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, MURDER-LAW-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

“Mexico does have a powerful law in place, the General Law on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence, which was passed in 2007. The law provided sweeping measures to 'prevent, treat, punish, and eradicate violence against women,' defined as including psychological, physical, economic, patrimonial (involving violation of women’s property rights), and sexual violence; it also defined femicide as a hate crime targeting women. But as too many cases have demonstrated, the mandate is not enough” (para 12).
Jan. 26, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

“Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years of imprisonment, but the law does not address spousal rape. Furthermore, in most cases, authorities fail to prosecute the guilty party. According to the U.S. Department of State, police and the judicial system in Equatorial Guinea are more likely to treat domestic violence as a private matter to be resolved in the home” (para 6).
Jan. 1, 2021, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“’To date, Egypt has no comprehensive law criminalizing sexual violence,” lamented Fatemah Khafagy, a prominent women's rights advocate. “Rights advocates have been calling for a holistic approach to the problem rather than scattered provisions within the Penal Code stipulating penalties for offenders. A comprehensive law would spell out preventative and protective measures such as training of prosecutors and judges, sexual education being incorporated in the school curriculum and services provided to survivors such as shelters,” she told Al-Monitor” (para. 19). “Hassan highlighted the shortcomings in the current law: “It takes into account neither domestic violence nor the sexual harassment of men. The definition of rape is also problematic as it...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Nousiainen has a case pending against the state, claiming an infringement of duty to protect women from violence, and says current legislation is not strong enough to safeguard women. 'It has taken decades to turn all forms of assault into crimes under public prosecution, and legislation making lack of consent rather than violence a decisive factor in rape is only now under preparation,' she said" (para 20-21).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

" First, the authorities destroyed the evidence and later, they started questioning the character of the victim by narrating shady stories of “used condoms” being found at her compound. Her case was also dismissed on the grounds that the victim failed to produce four witnesses of the incident" (para 2). "The trial was heard at Lahore High Court and later by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. After nine years of trials and appeals, the Supreme Court killed Mukhtar Mai’s hope for justice and acquitted all except one suspect in her case. The court failed to properly appraise the medico-legal evidence in Mukhtar Mai’s case and let the suspects go scot...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:04 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In Egypt, unwanted sexual contact is punished with a minimum of one year in prison and a fine" (para 14).
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Under legislation that Parliament passed in March, anyone who kidnaps, rapes or murders a minor can face life imprisonment or the death penalty" (para 26).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The government also cracked down on sexual violence laws in March, deeming all non-consensual sex as rape" (para 12).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Eren pursued an arranged marriage with Nur, promising her escape from the Kilis Camp on Turkey’s southern border. After he raped her repeatedly on their honeymoon, Nur fled, taking shelter at her brother’s house. But Nur says the stigma of divorce for Syrian women is unbearable, and so she prepares to reconcile with Eren" (para 3).
Dec. 23, 2020, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1

“The law in the West African nation had carried a maximum penalty of 15 years, with no minimum sentencing requirement. Advocates say one man convicted of raping a 13-year-old served only 24 hours last year” (para 11).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"[W]hile rape was illegal and could attract a sentence of up to ten years, men’s violence against women received the lightest of prison terms" (6-7).
Dec. 17, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

“Mr. Joko said that “sexual violence against children has increased significantly” in Indonesia, although his government has not provided data to back his assertions” (para. 6). “The local news media has cited the country’s National Commission on Violence Against Women as saying that around 35 Indonesian women a day are victims of sexual violence” (para. 8).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include ­Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states” (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include ­Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states” (para 9).