The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

May 12, 2023, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Indonesia’s parliament is expected to pass a new criminal code this month that would criminalise sex outside marriage and outlaw insults against the president or state institutions, prompting alarm from human rights campaigners" (Para.1). "If passed, the code (criminal) would apply to Indonesian citizens and foreign visitors, and introduce sweeping changes affecting a wide range of civil liberties" (Para.4).
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Protection of Women from Harassment and Violence Act of 2 September 2019 defines the concepts of sexual, physical, economic and psychological violence. The harassment of women is distinguished from other forms of violence as an action (or inaction) that diminishes women’s human dignity and includes workplace harassment. In accordance with the Act, the entities involved in combating harassment and violence against women are not only law enforcement bodies, but also central and local executive authorities, education, labour and health authorities, women’s and other non-governmental organizations, citizens’ self-governing bodies and special centres to assist victims of harassment and violence.10 On 21 April 2019, the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan approved plans...more
March 31, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"[T]he Penal Code, particularly articles 17 and 60, justify and condone acts of violence against women by requiring that battery exceed 'accepted limits of discipline' for it to be successfully prosecuted, providing for the 'good faith' defence that absolves men from criminal responsibility in domestic violence cases, as well as articles 237, 274 and 277, which allow for leniency for so-called 'honour crimes', including the discriminatory application of sanctions for adultery, which perpetuate gender-based violence" (6).
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Changes were made in the definition of the criminal offense of rape..., in such a way that any sexual act without consent was incriminated (with the retention of the criminal offense of rape for the occurrence of which the use of coercion is necessary).Attempted abuse or treatment of another in a manner that offends human now stipulated as punishable" (11).
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The statutory limitation on rape has been extended from 35 days to 6 months through the enactment of an Act to amend some Nepal Acts to ensure gender equality and elimination of GBV, 2015. The GoN will further review the implementation of this provision, and is committed to take necessary action in due course of time." (9). "In order to make legal regime more gender friendly and effective, the GoN has been drafting Victim/Survivor and Witness Protection Bill. The Bill proposes to afford protection to victims/survivors and witnesses in cases of rape, incest, human trafficking, and sexual exploitation along with other serious criminal offences listed in the notification published in...more
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"A young woman’s account on TikTok of being drugged, raped and then blackmailed by a beauty pageant organiser when she was 16 years old has provoked outrage in Nepal and prompted calls to reform the country’s 'grossly inadequate' rape laws" (Para.1). "In one of a series of videos, which together have been viewed millions of times, the former model and child actor broke down in tears as she talked about Nepal’s statute of limitations that dictates survivors must report cases of rape within one year of the offence being committed. Days after the videos were posted on the social media site on 18 May, hundreds of protesters took to the...more
Feb. 6, 2023, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee [on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women] recommends that the State party…adopt a definition of rape (article 161) based on lack of free consent that protects all women from rape, including lesbian, bisexual and transgender women" (15).
Feb. 5, 2023, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Dr Charlotte Proudman, a barrister specialising in violence against women, has been outspoken about Qatar, saying: ‘Shockingly, everyone has been incredibly silent on Qatar’s horrific sexual assault laws. Qatar’s strict Islamic code outlaws all sexual contact between unmarried couples - making it an offence even if the woman has not consented.’" (para 14). "Qatar’s Supreme Committee said it was ‘aware’ of the document but it was ‘not developed or approved by the Supreme Committee or any other State of Qatar entity.’" (para 22) (NF - CODER COMMENT - The document is in reference here is the memo released by law enforcement regarding the treatment of sexual assault/rape victims and pregnant...more
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Child care and Protection is aimed at giving effect to the rights of children as contained in the Namibian Constitution and international agreements binding on Namibia; to set out principles relating to the best interests of children; to set the age of majority at 18 years; to provide for the establishment of a National Advisory Council on Children and to provide for the appointment of a Children’s Advocate." (4). "The Bill aims to amend the Combating of Rape Act, Act No.8 of 2000, the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977, and the Combating of Immoral Practices Act, 1980 so as to provide additional coercive circumstances for rape; clarify that the minimum...more
Jan. 13, 2023, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The new laws require each sexual partner to say or do something to communicate that they consent [to sex]" (para 4). "According to textbox 1: Consent must be communicated through words or actions - each party must say or do something to show consent. If the other person hasn't communicated their consent, you must say or do something to make sure that they consent" (para 17). This applies to both male and female (MV-coder comment).
Jan. 13, 2023, 3:26 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The accused, who has not been named, admitted having sex with the secondary school pupil in 2017 after meeting her in a park. He was 28 at the time and insisted the girl had consented. Late on Friday, the man was found guilty of raping a minor and given an eight-year prison sentence. At an earlier trial almost five years ago, there was public outrage after a charge of rape was reduced to sexual assault. The subsequent political row led to a minimum age of consent of 15 being established in France in April last year." (para 2-4). "Until then, French law had required an accuser under the age of...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"Since then, it was only recognised in Haiti as a crime after 2005, and although Moïse was set to adopt a raft of new measures that would have given women more protections – including the legalisation of abortion – no new changes can be adopted until elections." (para 42).
Jan. 12, 2023, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Supreme Court has time and again frowned upon the use of the test, referring to it as the worst form of patriarchal and sexist attitude toward women who report rape. The practice has even been deemed unconstitutional. The latest order to prosecute those conducting this unscientific, invasive method of examination and holding them guilty of misconduct brings finality to the issue. It is a welcome and essential intervention" (para 1)(NF - CODER COMMENT - Though this law is not regarding rape, it is in regard to the treatment of rape survivors and victims of sexual violence). " The test’s interpretation, it said, violates the right to privacy, dignity, physical...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"For example, rape is heavily criminalized, with average sentences of 25 to 30 years in prison, significantly more than the average 5-year-sentence rarely handed out in England" (para 36).
Dec. 29, 2022, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Section 375 of IPC [Indian Penal Code] lays down certain sexual acts by a man with a woman done in the absence of her consent or against her will that constitutes rape" (para 3).
Dec. 29, 2022, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"In March, some party members at the National People's Congress suggested strengthening laws protecting women, and increasing punishments for human trafficking. But these have yet to materialise, and the Chinese Communist Party leadership has not signalled any changes" (para 34-35).
Dec. 28, 2022, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Indonesia has passed a landmark bill that for the first time outlaws forced marriage and sexual harassment...The House of Representatives has passed the long-awaited legislation that criminialises nine forms of sexual violence, including physical and verbal assault, harrassment, forced sterilisation and exploitation" (para 1,2).
Dec. 26, 2022, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"[T]he Bolivian government enacted a law to protect victims of femicides, infanticides, and rape of children and adolescents, given the cases in the country in which convicted rapists and murderers have been released" (para 2). "According to the head of state, the law is intended to counteract acts of prevarication and the formation of consortiums that seek to benefit rapists or femicides" (para 4).
Dec. 26, 2022, 6 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Spain’s congress has passed legislation referred to as the “only yes means yes law”, drawn up in the wake of the 'wolf pack' gang rape in 2016" (para 1). "Under the new law consent must be affirmative and cannot be assumed to have been given by default or silence" (para 4). "In 2015, Spain raised the age of consent from 13 to 16" (para 9). "The new law removes the distinction between sexual abuse and sexual aggression (rape) by making explicit that consent is the deciding factor. Passivity and silence can no longer be interpreted as consent. The law states: 'Consent can only be considered consent when it has been...more
Dec. 26, 2022, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Neither rape nor domestic violence is illegal" (para 3).
Nov. 15, 2022, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Women own 27.3 per cent of registered businesses in Romania and 87 per cent of them have reported a significant negative economic impact [due to the COVID pandemic], according to a Mastercard Index of Women Entrepreneurs report" (para 17).
Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal, with a penalty of three to 10 years’ imprisonment for violations" (11). "Statutory rape is a crime with penalties ranging up to 10 years in prison, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age for legal consensual sex is 16" (17).
July 8, 2022, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Saroj has been charged under the stringent POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) Act brought in in 2012 which could see him face life in prison if convicted" (Para. 8). "The POCSO Act was brought in in 2012 after a young woman was gang raped on a bus in New Delhi in a case which shocked the world and put the spotlight on how rife acts of sexual abuse are in India. The young woman later died of her injuries" (Para. 17).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The development of a legal guide to address gender-based violence. The guide is a legal, informational and orientation tool for women victims of violence, covering physical, psychological, sexual, economic and legal violence. It is a very important educational tool that helps women, specifically, to press charges and seek legal assistance" (12). "The development of a guide on sexual violence. This guide is a tool for awareness-raising, prevention and protection of the rights of vulnerable people and victims of sexual violence. It sets out guidelines on what steps to take and describes the different stages of the legal process. The guide was conceived and disseminated in line with the requirements set...more
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"[T]he Committee notes with concern:... The fact that the definition of rape is based on penile penetration" (7). "[T]he Committee recommends that the State party:... define rape based on a lack of consent rather than penetration or use of force" (7).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In 2018, act number 140 repealed the 72-hour police notice victim compensation deadline, which a victim of rape or incest usually has to comply with in order to apply for victim compensation..." (13). "An Amendment Act to the Administration of Justice Act and the Criminal Code. (Sexual Offenses etc.) – was adopted on 14th of November 2018. The Act is an update of the Criminal Law’s provisions on sexual crimes. The Act is based on amendments to the Danish Penal Law, which was introduced by Act No. 319 of 28th of April 2009. The purpose of the law is to protect the individual’s sexual freedom and self-determination, and to extend...more
June 7, 2022, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Opponents are worried if the bill passes into law, it could be used to cover up child sex abuse and statutory rape. Democratic Nashville Representative Mike Stewart, 57, called the bill a 'get-out-of-jail-free card for people who are basically committing statutory rape. I mean it’s completely ridiculous, so that’s another reason why this terrible bill should be eliminated,' he said. 'I don’t think any normal person thinks we shouldn’t have an age requirement for marriage'" (5-6).
June 3, 2022, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Examples of the detrimental effect this quota causes led the sexual offense bill and child marriage bill not being passed. These women were told that these bills were against Islam, and as a result, voted against it. Only Deputy Speaker Samatar and the two other educated women mentioned previously voted for it" (26).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"According to Article 103 of the Turkish Penal Code No. 5237 titled 'Sexual abuses of children', the person who abuses a child sexually shall be sentenced to an imprisonment from eight years to fifteen years" (11).
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape of men and women, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison" (25). This indicates that it is illegal (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 14, regardless of sexual orientation or gender" (28).