The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 10 years in prison for violations, with longer sentences in aggravated circumstances" (15). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 15. Sexual relations with a child younger than 15 is punishable by a prison term of up to eight years, or more in the presence of aggravating circumstances" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:...(b) Criminal Code, which contains provisions regarding crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes and under which rape...[is] criminalized...promulgated by presidential decree in 2017" (1-2).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The government appeared to criminalize rape, but no information was available on details of the law or how it was enforced" (19). "The law states that a man who has sexual intercourse with a girl younger than age 15 shall be 'punished gravely'" (21).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rates of reported violence against women were at historic high levels, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Ministry of Justice data shows there were 2,605 convictions for sexual offenses in 2018-19, up from 2,172 in 2009-10. According to a 2016 government report, one in three women reported having experienced physical or sexual violence or both by an intimate partner. The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape. The maximum penalty is 20 years’ imprisonment; however, indefinite detention may occur in cases where the parole board, during its annual review, believes the prisoner poses a continuing threat to society" (9). "The law provides that any person who has a...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape of women is illegal and carries a sentence that ranges from three years in prison to death. The law does not safeguard same-sex couples or victims of marital rape. The separate law on sexual assault includes male victims, but it has a maximum penalty of five years in prison" (64). "The minimum legal age for consensual sex is 14" (70). "The law [in Hong Kong] criminalizes rape only against women but includes spousal rape" (124). "The law [in Hong Kong] mandates protection for victims of child abuse (battery, assault, neglect, abandonment, and sexual exploitation), and the SAR government enforced the law. The law allows for the prosecution of certain...more
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Federal law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape[...]"(22)."Federal labor law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for fines from 250 to 5,000 times the minimum daily wage. Of the 32 states, 16 criminalize sexual harassment, and all states have provisions for punishment when the perpetrator is in a position of power"(23).
Sept. 9, 2021, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Makassar has also banned the open sale of condoms and applied strict age checks to make sure those buying them are over the age of consent - which is 16" (para 8).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law. Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years. The law also criminalizes domestic violence. It authorizes prosecution of a violent family member and provides victims with 'safety orders,' which prohibit the offender from engaging in violent actions or threats, and 'barring orders' (restraining orders), which prohibit an offender from entering the family home for up to three years. Anyone found guilty of violating a barring or an interim protection order may receive a fine of up to 4,000 euros ($4,400), a prison sentence of 12 months, or both. In January the government began enforcing...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The EVAW presidential decree was first issued in 2009 and was reinforced by another presidential decree in 2018. Implementation and awareness of the law remain a serious challenge. The law criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women, including rape; battery or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance. The penal code criminalizes rape of both women and men. The law provides for a minimum sentence of five to 16 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape, or up to 20 years if one or more aggravating circumstances is present. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator....more
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime" (p 17). "The country has a statutory rape law; the minimum age for consensual sex is 14" (p 20).
Aug. 30, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape against women or men (the statute is gender neutral), including spousal rape and domestic violence"(10).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Penal Code also includes a regulation concerning offences against sexual self determination which was modified and improved in 2013. According to these changes, e.g. satisfaction of sexual desire by violence in a manner other than sexual intercourse which was previously a separate offence is now considered rape. Rape is now defined as a sexual intercourse or commission of another act of sexual nature with a person against his or her will by using force or taking advantage of a situation in which the person is not capable of initiating resistance or comprehending the situation. Similarly, compelling a person to engage in sexual intercourse and compelling a person to satisfy...more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law provides for life imprisonment for persons convicted of rape, including spousal rape during periods of legal separation" (p 21). "The law provides that sexual intercourse with a child under 18 is rape unless within a legal marriage. The law was not always enforced" (p 24).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and assault" (21). "Sexual intercourse with a person younger than age 15 is illegal" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape for which conviction is punishable by between five and 15 years’ imprisonment" (p 17). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18" (p 21).
Aug. 11, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively"(9).
Aug. 10, 2021, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Under a law that took effect July 1[2019], rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by 10 years to life imprisonment in cases with multiple perpetrators or if the rape results in the victim’s death"(21).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, prescribing penalties of 15 to 25 years’ imprisonment, or life imprisonment for cases of rape involving armed abduction"(43).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. Penalties for rape range from five to 15 years’ imprisonment, and the government generally enforced the law when violations were reported" (9). "Heterosexual sexual relations with minors between the ages of 14 and 18 may be considered statutory rape depending on the circumstances; sex with a child younger than age 14 is considered rape, regardless of consent or the victim's gender. Penalties for statutory rape range from five to 20 years in prison. Child pornography is a crime. Penalties for producing child pornography range from 541 days to five years in prison" (11-12). "The law sets the age of...more
Aug. 3, 2021, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Matzneff scandal brought back to the surface a decades-long debate about consent that, it turns out, remains an unexpectedly controversial subject in France. In 2017, a man, 22, was found not guilty of the rape of an 11-year-old girl by a judge who considered the child to have given her consent. Yet in spite of the nationwide horror at this and other similar cases, the following year the National Assembly voted against bringing statutory rape on to the books (though confusingly it did vote to make it illegal to have sex with a child under 15)" (para 7). "Yet – surprise, surprise – there is a bleak fallout to...more
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all forms of rape of men or women, regardless of the relationship between the victim and the accused" (p 21). "The law defines statutory rape as sexual relations with children age 14 or younger" (p 22).
July 29, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"She’s not alone: Our national review of research comparing different health, economic, educational and violence outcomes for child brides found that marriage is not protective for girls, even single mothers. Our synthesis also showed that child marriages are more likely to result in divorce. Married girls are 50 percent more likely to drop out of high school and much less likely to finish college. Our review found that rates of domestic violence, poverty, early pregnancy and the likelihood of negative physical and mental health outcomes also increase. Further, 57 percent of the marriage applications we collected involving children under 16 showed age differences that would have amounted to a felony...more
July 29, 2021, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"'The amendment lines up with what our current statutory rape laws are,' Britt said. 'So essentially, what we were allowing as a state was the offense of statutory rape to occur so long as you were married'" (Para 9).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"There is no minimum legal age for consensual sex" (p 23).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively[...]Most victims of sexual assault were women"(7,8)."The law offers protections from sexual harassment at the workplace but does not articulate a specific offense of “sexual harassment” outside of work; instead it criminalizes harassment (defined as stalking), punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment, and sexual assault, with penalties ranging from 10 years for nonaggravated sexual assault to life imprisonment for aggravated sexual assault"(9).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal. The penalties for rape range from one to 15 years’ imprisonment, but those laws were poorly enforced" (P 26). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (p 27).
July 20, 2021, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Since the beginning of the year, a series of powerful men from some of France’s most prominent fields — politics, sports, the news media, academia and the arts — have faced direct and public accusations of sexual abuse in a reversal from mostly years of silence. At the same time, confronted with these high-profile cases and a shift in public opinion, French lawmakers are hurrying to set 15 as the age of sexual consent — only three years after rejecting such a law"(para 5).
July 17, 2021, 10:43 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The age of consent in Greece is 15, but the minimum age for marriage is 18" (para 42).
July 17, 2021, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Child sexual abuse is rampant in the Philippines, which activists say is partly driven by the country's law regarding the age at which girls can legally consent to sex. At just 12 years old, it's the youngest age of consent in Asia -- and one of the youngest in the world. Opponents of the law say children that age are incapable of giving consent, and less likely to know how to call for help. The law protects predators, critics say, because they can claim victims consented -- and children as young as 12 can often be coerced or threatened into silence" (para 5-7). "Brosas and a number of lawmakers are...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Nor was there any information regarding laws regulating the minimum age of consensual sex" (p 26).