The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the rape of men or women" (13). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 15" (15).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women" (17). "The law defines statutory rape as sexual relations with anyone younger than age 18" (19).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape. According to the United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM), 75 percent of sexual abuse crimes were against girls between the ages of 10 and 19" (11). "The legal age for consensual sex is 16, but prostitution is not legal under age 18. Sexual intercourse with a minor younger than age 14 is punishable by 12 years’ to life imprisonment. Unlawful...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively" (10). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 years...The law provides for sentences of two to 10 years in prison for statutory rape..." (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law’s definition of domestic violence includes sexual violence within marriage, early and forced marriage, FGM/C, forced wife “inheritance,” damage to property, defilement, economic abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, harassment, incest, intimidation, physical abuse, stalking, verbal abuse, or any other conduct against a person that harms or may cause imminent harm to the safety, health, or well-being of the person"(36)."The law prohibits sexual harassment"(38).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes various forms of rape, regardless of the gender of a victim. The law also criminalizes custodial rape of a minor younger than age 18. The law does not deny the possibility of spousal rape, but no court has ever ruled on such a case, except in situations of marital breakdown (i.e., formal or informal separation, etc.). The law mandates a minimum sentence of five years in prison for rape convictions. Prosecutors must prove that violence or intimidation was involved or that the victim was incapable of resistance. Domestic violence is also a crime for which victims may seek restraining orders. Convicted assault perpetrators face up to two...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, with penalties ranging from 12 to 40 years’ imprisonment with pardon or parole possible only after 30 years’ imprisonment. Conviction can also result in a lifetime ban from political office. Penalties for forcible sexual assault range from six to 12 years’ imprisonment. The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26). "...The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation. The maximum penalty for child...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The age of consent is 18" (33).
Jan. 7, 2022, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In Somalia, Xeer, Traditional Legal System, is also practiced. Farhiya Ahmed Abdi, an officer of the Somali Police Force said that 'traditional elders prefer to resolve cases regarding the abuse of women outside the formal courts, where cases are adjudicated more quickly, and within the traditional justice system instead, where most male perpetrators go unpunished.' This bill would later be suspended shortly after being enacted' (1).
Jan. 7, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Puntland Parliament on August 2016 passed a law criminalising all sexual offences in Puntland State of Somalia. The parliamentary session, which passed the Sexual Offense Bill into an officially endorsed law was attended by 45 Parliament members, out of which 42 were in favor of the law, two abstained and only one voted against" (1).
Jan. 7, 2022, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Article 398, 1. 'Whoever with violence or threats has carnal intercourse with a person of the other sex, shall be punished with imprisonment [96 P.C.] for five to fifteen years.' Article 398, 2. 'The same punishment shall be imposed on anyone who has carnal intercourse with a person of the other sex who is incapable of giving consent or with a person who has been divided by the offender personating as another person.' Article 398, 3. 'The same punishment shall be imposed also on a public officer [240 a P.C.] who, by abusing his power, has carnal intercourse with a person of the sex who is under arrest or detained...more
Jan. 5, 2022, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In 2018, Somaliland's parliament known as the House of Elders approved the Sexual offense bill with 35 out of 50 votes. 'Rapists in Somaliland face up to 20 years in jail after the break-away conservative Islamic region passed its first law against rape in a drive to combat gender violence'" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape" (11). "The legal age for consensual sex ranges from ages 16 to 18 by state... Defenses include reasonable grounds for believing the alleged victim was older than the legal age of consent and situations in which the two persons are close in age" (13).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence and provides protection for rape survivors" (11). "The minimum age for consensual sexual relations is 16 years" (13).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. Statutory rape carries penalties of imprisonment for up 30 years" (10).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape" (18). "The penalty for statutory rape or attempted rape of a child younger than age 16 is a prison sentence of one to three years and a fine of 360,000 to one million CFA francs ($610 to $1,700)" (21). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18" (21). "Statutory rape of a minor carries a punishment of one to three years in prison and a fine of 360,000 to one million CFA francs ($610 to $1,700)" (22).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal. Although there is no crime defined as rape, the equivalent crimes are sexual coercion and sexual violence. These crimes include the exploitation of a person who is unable to express his or her will. Penalties for sexual coercion and sexual violence range from one year in prison to 15 years in aggravated cases" (25). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12, provided the older partner is 18 or younger. Persons older than 18 who engage in sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 12 and 14 may be punished by one to five years’ imprisonment. By law...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"November 2, the Moscow Region Investigative Committee launched a criminal investigation into the video’s producers and participants on suspicion of 'violent sexual assault of a minor' younger than age 14" (21). "Rape is illegal" (53)."The law contains a general provision against compelling a person to perform actions of a sexual character by means of blackmail, threats, or by taking advantage of the victim’s economic or other dependence on the perpetrator" (56). "The age of consent is 16" (57).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal, with a penalty of three to 10 years’ imprisonment. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and if the cases were not settled out of court through mediation. The law provides for criminal penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment in cases of domestic violence by a spouse or by a person other than the spouse. The judicial system prosecuted persons accused of abusing women" (9). "Statutory rape is a crime with penalties ranging up to 10 years in prison, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age for legal consensual sex is 16. The law...more
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, making it punishable by a prison term of eight to 14 years. A man may legally avoid punishment by marrying (before he is sentenced) the person he raped. The law allows authorities to consider alternative forms of punishment, including work release, for those convicted of various crimes, including rape, if they have completed three-quarters of their sentence" (27). "By law sexual relations with a minor younger than 13, with an 'especially vulnerable' person, or with a minor younger than 16 when the perpetrator is a relative or guardian, are punishable with a mandatory sentence of 15 to 20 years’...more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law in all parts of the kingdom criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. The penalty in the Netherlands for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). In case of violence against a spouse, the penalty for various forms of abuse can be increased by one-third. In Aruba the penalty for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine of 100,000 Aruban florins ($55,250). Authorities effectively prosecuted such crimes" (12). "Throughout the kingdom, the law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children as well as production, possession, and distribution of child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal under PA law" (95). "The PA considers statutory rape a felony, based on the Jordanian penal code"(97).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony" (33). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. Consensual sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 14 and 16 constitute statutory rape punishable by five years’ imprisonment" (39).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Under the law rape is a crime, with maximum penalties of 20 years’ imprisonment and the possibility of caning. By law only a man can commit rape. A man cannot legally be a victim of rape but may be the victim of unlawful sexual penetration, which carries the same penalties as rape" (21). "The age of consent for noncommercial sex is 16 years" (24).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15). "The law prohibits sexual intercourse with children younger than 15. The penalty for statutory rape ranges from two to 12 years’ imprisonment" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape[...] Rape is defined in law as involving the use of violence"(18)."The law obligates companies and organizations to take preventive measures against sexual harassment. Under antibullying laws introduced in July, in certain cases failure to take appropriate action may result in fines or jail time[...]The KNPA classifies sexual harassment as 'indecent acts by compulsion'"(20)."The age of consent is 13. It is illegal to deceive or pressure anyone younger than 19 into having sexual intercourse. In July[2019] a law went into effect penalizing adults who have sexual intercourse with teenagers between ages 13 and 16 by taking advantage of mental, physical, or financial difficulties, regardless of whether the...more
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law specifically criminalizes rape of women, including spousal rape, and separately criminalizes 'lascivious abuse' against both genders" (27). "There is no statutory rape law, although penalties for rape increase as the age of the victim decreases" (29). "The law does not establish an age of consent, but sexual relations with children younger than 16 can be prosecuted if there is a determination of rape. In such cases the law leaves room for consideration of possible consent and the age of the other person, especially if the other person is also a minor. A determination of rape may be made if victims lack the ability to understand the extent of...more
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes violence against women and sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape" (52). "The age of consent for sex is 18" (57).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape; it does not distinguish between rapes of women and men. The government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison. The law also prohibits violence against women and sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (14). "In January the Supreme Court adopted an agreement that establishes doctrine and updates criteria to identify gender-based violence. The agreement removed the requirement to establish 'the intent to dominate' in cases of rape and domestic violence, stating that 'the...more