The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by a maximum of 15 years’ imprisonment" (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The sentences for rape range from 10 to 15 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 200,000 pesos ($2,000 to $4,000)" (17). "Penalties for conviction of statutory rape are 10 to 20 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 200,000 pesos ($2,000 to $4,000)" (19).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The code states that a person convicted of rape shall be sentenced to imprisonment for eight years to life, although sentences were sometimes much lighter. Problems facing the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape. According to the United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM), 75 percent of sexual abuse crimes were against girls between the ages of 10 and 19" (11). "The legal age for consensual sex is 16, but prostitution is not legal under age 18. Sexual intercourse with a minor younger than age 14 is punishable by 12 years’ to life imprisonment. Unlawful...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively" (10). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 years...The law provides for sentences of two to 10 years in prison for statutory rape..." (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Under the law insulting the modesty of another person by intruding upon that person’s privacy or stripping them of clothing are criminal offenses punishable by imprisonment for up to 20 years.The law provides a maximum penalty of life imprisonment for rape when the victim is older than 18, although sentences were at the discretion of the judge and usually no longer than the minimum of 10 years"(36).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes various forms of rape, regardless of the gender of a victim. The law also criminalizes custodial rape of a minor younger than age 18. The law does not deny the possibility of spousal rape, but no court has ever ruled on such a case, except in situations of marital breakdown (i.e., formal or informal separation, etc.). The law mandates a minimum sentence of five years in prison for rape convictions. Prosecutors must prove that violence or intimidation was involved or that the victim was incapable of resistance. Domestic violence is also a crime for which victims may seek restraining orders. Convicted assault perpetrators face up to two...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, with penalties ranging from 12 to 40 years’ imprisonment with pardon or parole possible only after 30 years’ imprisonment. Conviction can also result in a lifetime ban from political office. Penalties for forcible sexual assault range from six to 12 years’ imprisonment. The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26). "...The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation. The maximum penalty for child...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law punishes individuals convicted of rape with prison terms of five to 10 years; when the conviction involves a minor, the prison sentence ranges from 10 to 20 years" (29). "Under the law, a sexual assault conviction may result in a prison sentence of six months to five years and a fine of 2,000 to 10,000 dirhams ($210 to $1,050)" (29).
Jan. 6, 2022, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"According to the Provisional Constitution: 'No law which is not complaint with the general principles and objectives of shariah can be enacted.' (Article 2.3). Therefore Shariah law is enacted for punishment" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for rape. Maximum penalties range from 12 years’ to life imprisonment, depending on the jurisdiction and aggravating factors" (11)."Penalties for statutory rape vary across jurisdictions. Defenses include reasonable grounds for believing the alleged victim was older than the legal age of consent and situations in which the two persons are close in age" (13).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law establishes the punishment for rape as a minimum of five years’ imprisonment, and courts usually sentenced individuals convicted of rape to five to 10 years in prison" (11). "Persons who engage in sex with children younger than 14 face sentences of three to 10 years in prison. Those who engage in sex with minors between 14 and 16 receive a mandatory prison sentence of three to seven years. Solicitors of sex with minors older than 16 but younger than 18 face a maximum of one year in prison or hard labor or a maximum fine of NT$3 million ($97,700)" (13).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of women or men, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and provides for prison terms of five to 20 years for perpetrators... A life sentence can be imposed in cases of gang rape if the rapists are related to or hold positions of authority over the victim, or if the victim is younger than age 15" (18)."The penalty for statutory rape or attempted rape of a child younger than age 16 is a prison sentence of one to three years and a fine of 360,000 to one million CFA francs ($610 to $1,700)" (21).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal. Although there is no crime defined as rape, the equivalent crimes are sexual coercion and sexual violence. These crimes include the exploitation of a person who is unable to express his or her will. Penalties for sexual coercion and sexual violence range from one year in prison to 15 years in aggravated cases" (25). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12, provided the older partner is 18 or younger. Persons older than 18 who engage in sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 12 and 14 may be punished by one to five years’ imprisonment. By law...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"November 2, the Moscow Region Investigative Committee launched a criminal investigation into the video’s producers and participants on suspicion of 'violent sexual assault of a minor' younger than age 14, a crime punishable by 12 to 20 years in prison" (21). "The penalty for rape is three to six years’ imprisonment for a single offense, with additional time imposed for aggravating factors" (53).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal, with a penalty of three to 10 years’ imprisonment. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and if the cases were not settled out of court through mediation. The law provides for criminal penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment in cases of domestic violence by a spouse or by a person other than the spouse. The judicial system prosecuted persons accused of abusing women" (9). "Statutory rape is a crime with penalties ranging up to 10 years in prison, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age for legal consensual sex is 16. The law...more
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, making it punishable by a prison term of eight to 14 years. A man may legally avoid punishment by marrying (before he is sentenced) the person he raped. The law allows authorities to consider alternative forms of punishment, including work release, for those convicted of various crimes, including rape, if they have completed three-quarters of their sentence" (27). "By law sexual relations with a minor younger than 13, with an 'especially vulnerable' person, or with a minor younger than 16 when the perpetrator is a relative or guardian, are punishable with a mandatory sentence of 15 to 20 years’...more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law in all parts of the kingdom criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. The penalty in the Netherlands for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). In case of violence against a spouse, the penalty for various forms of abuse can be increased by one-third. In Aruba the penalty for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine of 100,000 Aruban florins ($55,250). Authorities effectively prosecuted such crimes" (12).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Punishment for rape is five to 15 years in prison. [T]he PA repealed a law that relieved a rapist of criminal responsibility if he married his victim" (95). "Punishment for rape of a victim younger than 15 includes a minimum sentence of seven years. In Gaza, under the rule of de facto Hamas authorities, suspects convicted of rape of a victim younger than 14 are eligible for the death penalty" (97-98).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony punishable by 16 years’ imprisonment. Rape under aggravated circumstances or rape committed against a relative is punishable by 20 years’ imprisonment" (33).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law mandates imprisonment and mandatory caning for approximately 30 offenses, such as certain cases of rape, robbery, and drug trafficking" (2). "Sexual intercourse with a person younger than 16 is punishable by a maximum of 10 years in prison, a fine, or both, and if the victim is 14 or younger punishable by as long as 20 years in prison and a fine or caning" (24).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15). "The law prohibits sexual intercourse with children younger than 15. The penalty for statutory rape ranges from two to 12 years’ imprisonment" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape ranges from a minimum of three years to life imprisonment depending on the specific circumstances"(18)."The law allows judges or an MOJ committee to sentence repeat sex offenders to“chemical castration,” where sex offenders undergo drug treatment designed to diminish sexual urges. The law was enacted to protect children against an increasing number of reported sex crimes. The ministry reported that one such procedure was conducted between January and July[2019]"(18).
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for rape are at least four years’ imprisonment" (27). "A determination of rape may be made if victims lack the ability to understand the extent of the action or is not in command of their conduct, which could be applied or claimed for a person age 15 or 14. The penalty ranges from four to 10 years’ imprisonment. If the victim is older than 12 and younger than 14, the penalty is seven to 15 years’ imprisonment. The punishment for having sex with a minor age 12 is 15 to 30 years’ imprisonment or death" (29).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes violence against women and sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of attempted sexual violation and at least 12 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape or sexual violation" (52). "By law, if the victim of abuse is between the age of 12 and 18, molestation results in a three-to-eight-year prison sentence, sexual abuse in an eight-to-15-year sentence, and rape in a sentence of at least 16 years. If the victim is younger than 12, molestation results in a minimum five-year prison sentence, sexual abuse in a minimum 10-year sentence, and rape in a minimum 18-year sentence" (56).more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape; it does not distinguish between rapes of women and men. The government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison. The law also prohibits violence against women and sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (14). "On June 21, the Supreme Court reversed a lower court decision from 2018 and declared guilty of rape five men who gang raped an 18-year-old woman in Pamplona in 2016. The lower court originally found the defendants, Jose Angel...more
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively. Penalties for violations range from five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits domestic violence, and the government effectively enforced the law. The law is gender neutral and provides for the removal of abusers from their residences for a 14-day period that can be extended once for an additional three months upon request of the victim. Penalties may include fines and imprisonment. Police are required to investigate if an NGO reports having been approached by an individual for assistance in cases involving domestic abuse" (8-9).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape of men or women. The penalty for rape is three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Sexual assault and rape continued to be significant problems. On January 11, amendments to the criminal code increasing liability for sexual, domestic, and gender-based violence came into force. The amendments expanded the definition of rape and introduced stricter punishment for sexual coercion by up to three years of prison and forced abortion or sterilization by up to five years" (42-43). "Penalties for child abuse range from three years to life, depending on severity. The law criminalizes sexual relations between adults and persons younger than 16; violations are punishable by imprisonment of up...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Perpetrators of attacks against women are prosecuted in accordance with the law" (4). "The mode of prosecution in all high-profile cases is to prosecute the lower-ranking suspects to appease the public and most, if not all the higher-ranking suspects who are the brain and the engine behind the crimes walk away" (5).