The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

March 18, 2023, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"[J]udges are required to increase the lower end of the penalty in sentencing gender based violence crimes covered under articles 555–560 of the Criminal Code and sexual violence crimes covered under articles 620–628 of the Criminal Code" (4).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The staff sergeant has been on emergency leave for over three months, unable to return to her unit. Because her return was ultimately not approved, she recently requested to be assigned to a different unit" (Para.10). CC(The staff sergeant was put on leave after she reported being sexually harassed by her male superior).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:44 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, ATC-DATA-6

"It has been five years since the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women Dubravka Šimonović pointed out that The Bahamas has failed to live up to obligations under the UN’s Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women as it has failed to criminalize all forms of marital rape" (Para.31).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Dechen Lama, a human rights lawyer who also works for the Forum for Women, Law and Development, a Nepali rights organisation, said: 'The law is not comprehensive …… It leads to so much unfairness and injustice. It has to be changed. There are so many loopholes in the rape law, most particularly the statute of limitation and the definition of rape.' " (Para.5). "Nepal’s 2017 penal code extended the statute of limitations on reporting rape allegations from 35 days to a year. A report by the international women’s rights organisation Equality Now found that in comparison with five other south Asian countries, Nepal has the shortest statute of limitations on...more
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"[15] hours later, after the video had already spread widely — the local police issued a statement saying they were 'going all out to arrest the suspects, prompting some observers to accuse them of responding only because of the public outcry. By Sunday, the authorities said they had arrested seven men and two women. The suspects, who are in detention, could not be reached for comment" (Para.11). "One state media outlet, The Paper, examined legal records of similar cases of men assaulting women after being rebuffed. It found several instances of men being sentenced to one or two weeks of detention. In some cases, the men spent less time in...more
Feb. 5, 2023, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Last year, a female World Cup official was facing a sentence of 100 lashes and seven years in prison for ‘extramarital sex’ after she reported being assaulted while working in the Gulf state." (para 4).
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"On the amendments of the Combating of Rape Act, Act No.8 of 2000, Cabinet recommended that the Ministry of Justice introduce legislation aimed at imposing longer prison sentences to persons who are convicted and sentenced of gender based violence offences. The Law Reform Development Commission reviewed the current legal position and clarified that there is no impediment in the law that prescribes a limit on the period of imprisonment which can be imposed. The LRDC also found that the Courts can use their discretion to impose stiffer sentences based on the merit of the case." (13).
Jan. 13, 2023, 3:26 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Until then, French law had required an accuser under the age of 15 to show there was 'violence, constraint, threat or surprise', in the absence of which investigators classified the incident as the lesser offence of sexual abuse. Now the law deems sex with anyone under the age of 15 as automatically non-consensual, and therefore rape." (para 5)(NF - CODER COMMENT - Prior to this case, rape had to be proven by the victim and had to fit a certain criteria. Thus, in some cases the law did not view what had occured as statuatory rape, but instead a less charge such as sexual abuse).
Jan. 6, 2023, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Last year, Pakistan announced that rapists convicted of repeat offences would face castration" (para 11).
Jan. 6, 2023, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Estonia, Poland, Russia, South Korea, United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sex offenders will be offered chemical castration in Thailand in a bid to cut down reoffending after lawmakers approved the controversial procedure...If approved, Thailand would join a small group of countries that use chemical castration, among them Poland, South Korea, Russia and Estonia, plus some U.S. states" (para 1, 6).
Jan. 6, 2023, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sex offenders will be offered chemical castration in Thailand in a bid to cut down reoffending after lawmakers approved the controversial procedure. Criminals who are considered likely to commit more sex attacks after their release will be given the option of the injection, which lowers their testosterone levels, in return for a reduced prison sentence. The procedure will require the approval of two doctors and the offenders will still be monitored for 10 years and made to wear electronic bracelets. The bill, which the lower house passed in March, was approved late on Monday by 145 senators, with two abstentions. It still requires another house vote, then royal endorsement" (para...more
Dec. 28, 2022, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"[Indonesia's] new law includes 15-year prison sentences for sexual exploitation, nine years for forced marriage and four years for circulating non-consensual sexual content.It also stipulates that a court must compel convicted abusers to pay compensation to victims, who must also be offered counselling" (para 3, 4).
Dec. 26, 2022, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Under the new law, those responsible for femicides, infanticides, and rapes will no longer be able to benefit from house arrest" (para 1).
Dec. 26, 2022, 6 p.m.
Countries: Spain

"[The new law] was drawn up after five men raped an 18-year old woman during the 2016 bull-running festival in Pamplona...They were sentenced to nine years in prison for the lesser charge of sexual abuse but after a public outcry the charge was changed to rape and the sentence increased to 15 years" (para 5, 7).
July 8, 2022, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The police officer, Station House Officer Tilakdhari Saroj, was later arrested after being caught on the run in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, where the crime is alleged to have taken place" (Para. 2). "Saroj has been charged under the stringent POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) Act brought in in 2012 which could see him face life in prison if convicted" (Para. 8). "Pathak added that six people were named in the case and four had been arrested, including Saroj, and all officers serving in the police station have been removed" (Para. 11).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"There has been several amendments to the criminal law provisions in order to prevent and combat violence against women and domestic violence. For example...[a]ct number 358 (2018), increased inter alia the level of sentences for aggravated violence by one third compared to the previous level. Denmark has also ratified and implemented the Istanbul Convention of the Council of Europe" (13). "A number of legal provisions or amendments in relation to sexual assaults have been adopted. In 2016, the penalty for rape was increased with an average of one year (act number 635), and the Government launched a number of initiatives to improve the efforts against rape, including guidelines for the...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"[T]he person who abuses a child sexually shall be sentenced to an imprisonment from eight years to fifteen years. If the sexual abuse remains at the level of molestation, the victim shall be sentenced to three years to eight years. If the victim has not completed the age of twelve, the penalty shall not be less than ten years in case of abuse, and not less than five years in case of molestation. If sexual abuse is carried out by inserting an organ or an object into the body, the sentence shall not be less than sixteen years and if the victim has not completed the age of twelve, the...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of men and women, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison" (25).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years. Rapes continued to constitute the majority of sexual crimes investigated by the National Police Directorate of Judicial Investigation. Eighty percent of the victims were women and 63 percent of those were younger than 17" (12).
March 28, 2022, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Criminal penalties for rape range from four years to life imprisonment" (12). "The law provides for protection of children against violence, exploitation, sexual abuse... Violation of the law is punishable by imprisonment, community service, or a fine and supervised probation for a period of up to three years" (13).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"By law, rape is punishable by two to 15 years in prison" (22). "The minimum legal age for consensual sex is 16. Statutory rape is a criminal offense punishable by five to 20 years in prison" (26).
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a criminal offense, and conviction carries a maximum sentence of 15 years" (28).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, which is punishable by death under the penal code. The penal code does not address spousal rape" (26). "The law provides for corporal punishment for sexual relations and pregnancy outside of marriage. The government may imprison and deport noncitizen women who bear children out of wedlock. In February a Fujairah court sentenced an unmarried woman to three months in prison and deportation after a medical visit revealed she was having complications associated with pregnancy" (28-29).
March 16, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"A female World Cup official is facing a sentence of 100 lashes and seven years in jail for 'extramarital sex' after she reported being raped while working in Qatar" (Para. 1).
March 16, 2022, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"A female World Cup official is facing a sentence of 100 lashes and seven years in jail for 'extramarital sex' after she reported being raped while working in Qatar" (Para. 1).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and domestic violence are criminal offenses. Penalties for domestic violence depend on the level of injury to the victim, ranging from required public service to life imprisonment. In the first eight months of the year, authorities received 77 reports of rape, compared with 82 during the same period in 2018. Convicted rapists generally received prison sentences of three to five years. No law specifically criminalizes spousal rape, and no data on spousal rape was available" (11).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor" (31). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18 for both men and women, and statutory rape penalties include hard labor for a minimum of five years and a minimum of seven years’ imprisonment if the victim is younger than 15 years old" (34).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men and women, including spousal rape. Penalties for this crime are a minimum of 14 years and a maximum of life in prison" (13). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 14. A conviction for rape of a child younger than 14 carries penalties ranging from 25 years to life in prison. The law also prohibits adults from using deceit, abuse of power, or taking advantage of a child in a vulnerable situation to have sex with a person younger than 18" (16).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law recognizes rape, including spousal rape, as a crime and provides for a maximum punishment of life imprisonment for rape. The law recognizes spousal rape as a specific offense. Rape (including spousal rape), domestic abuse, incest, and sexual harassment were significant problems. As of June, the Fiji Women’s Crisis Center recorded 295 domestic-violence cases; the center reported that eight women died in domestic-violence incidents as of September" (15). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. The court of appeals has ruled that 10 years is the minimum appropriate sentence for child rape, but police often charged defendants with 'defilement' rather than rape because defilement was easier to prove...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is generally imprisonment for six to 10 years"(18).