The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Sept. 22, 2021, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"On 7 September 2020, a woman was gang-raped in front of her children on the Lahore-Sialkot motorway. The incident sparked a public outrage amongst the populace of Pakistan, with calls for public hangings. Though initially the conviction process was drenched in victim-blaming and incompetence, recently, the Lahore anti-terrorism court (ATC) sentenced the abusers to death and life imprisonment. Yet, little influence has been witnessed in the sexual assault ratio of Pakistan, since deterioration in cases has not been observed. Proving how, despite calls of public-hangings, the womenfolk of Pakistan is unsafe" (para 1).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"When cases of rape came to light, the perpetrator often escaped with mere dismissal or no punishment. For example, Human Rights Watch reported a 2009 case in which a woman arrested for illegally fleeing the country was raped by a police chief. After she told her lawyer, the lawyer refused to mention it during her trial and said nothing would be done and the woman could be punished more severely for bringing it up" (19)
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rates of reported violence against women were at historic high levels, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Ministry of Justice data shows there were 2,605 convictions for sexual offenses in 2018-19, up from 2,172 in 2009-10. According to a 2016 government report, one in three women reported having experienced physical or sexual violence or both by an intimate partner. The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape. The maximum penalty is 20 years’ imprisonment; however, indefinite detention may occur in cases where the parole board, during its annual review, believes the prisoner poses a continuing threat to society" (9).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"On July 11, a Chengdu court ruled in favor of Liu Li, who used an alias, in a lawsuit against her former employer who she said sexually harassed her. The court ordered the former employer to apologize" (69). "In October the Jing’an District People’s Court sentenced a man to six months in prison after he groped an adult woman and an under aged girl on a subway train on July 1" (69).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Federal law criminalizes rape of men or women,including spousal rape, and conviction carries penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment. Spousal rape is criminalized in 24 states"(22).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law. Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years. The law also criminalizes domestic violence. It authorizes prosecution of a violent family member and provides victims with 'safety orders,' which prohibit the offender from engaging in violent actions or threats, and 'barring orders' (restraining orders), which prohibit an offender from entering the family home for up to three years. Anyone found guilty of violating a barring or an interim protection order may receive a fine of up to 4,000 euros ($4,400), a prison sentence of 12 months, or both. In January the government began enforcing...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The EVAW presidential decree was first issued in 2009 and was reinforced by another presidential decree in 2018. Implementation and awareness of the law remain a serious challenge. The law criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women, including rape; battery or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance. The penal code criminalizes rape of both women and men. The law provides for a minimum sentence of five to 16 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape, or up to 20 years if one or more aggravating circumstances is present. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator....more
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for rape and sexual assault depend on the age of the victim. For rape of an adult, the penalty is three to 10 years in prison. The law includes provisions on sexual assault and criminalizes spousal rape" (p 17). "The penalty for statutory rape is a prison term of five to 15 years. In aggravated circumstances, the penalty may increase to life imprisonment" (p 20).
Aug. 30, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is not defined by a lack of consent, but rather by whether physical violence, threat, or coercion is involved or if the victim is found to have been unable to resist. Penalties for rape include imprisonment for up to 12 years for aggravated circumstances and up to six years for domestic violence"(10).
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law provides for life imprisonment for persons convicted of rape, including spousal rape during periods of legal separation" (p 21).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by five to 30 years’ imprisonment" (21).
Aug. 11, 2021, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by up to four years’ imprisonment. If the offender used violence, the offense is considered aggravated, and the penalty may be more severe. The maximum penalties are six years’ imprisonment for rape and 10 years for aggravated rape. All sexual offenses against adults, except sexual harassment, are subject to public prosecution"(9).
Aug. 11, 2021, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape carries a maximum penalty of 16 years in prison. Judges typically imposed sentences of two to three years"(8).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by 10 to 30 years in prison, depending on the circumstances and age of the victim" (p 15).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. Penalties for rape range from five to 15 years’ imprisonment, and the government generally enforced the law when violations were reported" (9).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sentences for those convicted of rape range from eight to 12 years’ imprisonment" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape but does not address spousal rape. Penalties range from five years to life in prison. Rape of a child or a pregnant woman is punishable by hard labor. Authorities may add an additional two to five years’ imprisonment if the rape involves assault and battery. Authorities rarely enforced the law" (p 20).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for sexual assault carry sentences of up to 10 years in prison, up to 14 years for sexual assault with a restricted or prohibited firearm, and between four years and life for aggravated sexual assault with a firearm or committed for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with, a criminal organization"(8).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal. The penalties for rape range from one to 15 years’ imprisonment, but those laws were poorly enforced" (P 26).
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with a maximum sentence of life in prison for violations. The government enforced the law effectively" (p 15). " The minimum age for consensual sex is 17. The penalty for sexual abuse and exploitation of a child between the ages of 13 and 17 is a maximum of 25 years’ imprisonment. The penalty for sexual abuse and exploitation of a child under 13 is up to life in prison" (p 16).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law provides a maximum penalty of life imprisonment for rape, although sentences were at the discretion of the judge and usually no longer than the minimum of 10 years" (p 34). "The minimum sentence for conviction of defilement is life imprisonment if the victim is less than 11 years old, 20 years in prison if the victim is between ages 11 and 16, and 10 years’ imprisonment if the child is age 16 or 17" (p 36).
June 29, 2021, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The supreme court of Malawi has ordered that police authorities pay compensation to 18 women allegedly raped by officers during post-election violence two years ago...The women will be awarded between 4m Malawian kwacha (£3,600) and 10m kwacha (£9,000), according to Gladys Gondwe, registrar for the Malawi supreme court of appeal and the high court. No police officers have been charged over the incident" (para 1, 3-4). "Last year the Women Lawyers Association of Malawi filed a legal complaint against the police over failure to take action against officers accused of the attacks. The high court ruled that compensation should be given and on Tuesday announced the amounts. The court also...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (p 39). "On December 13, a provincial military court convicted parliamentarian Frederic Batumike and 10 others associated with Batumike’s RMG to life in prison for murder and crimes against humanity for the rape of 37 girls ranging in age from 18 months to 12 years" (p 39).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, which is punishable by life imprisonment or the death penalty. The law does not address spousal rape. The penal code defines rape as 'unlawful carnal knowledge of a woman or a girl without her consent.' Men accused of raping men are tried under section 145(a) of the penal code that prohibits 'carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature'" (p 28).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, and sets penalties between five and 50 years in prison" (p 16).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"On 8 June 2010, new regulations concerning in particular stepping up the fight against paedophilia, including paedophilia in the Internet, entered into force.6 These regulations were aimed at stiffening the accountability of perpetrators of sexual offences against minors under 15 years of age. The scope of criminal liability for raping a minor under 15 years of age was stiffened by classifying such an act as a crime, punishable by a penalty of imprisonment for at least three years. A new type of offence, i.e. accosting children for sexual purposes via the Internet or other telecommunication systems (so-called grooming), subject to a penalty of imprisonment for up to 3 years, was...more
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, and other forms of violence against women, such as incest and sexual aggression. The sentences for conviction of rape range from 10 to 15 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 200,000 pesos ($2,100 to $4,200)" (p 18).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The cases of two girls who were gang raped by civilians and died received significant public attention. Aisha Ilyas Adan, 12, went missing on February 24, and her body was discovered the next day near her home in North Galkayo, Puntland. According to multiple media reports, Aisha was raped, mutilated, and strangled to death. Three men were sentenced to death under Puntland’s 2016 Sexual Offences Act, which includes death penalty sentences for “aggravated” cases of rape" (para 16).
Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The death penalty [for raping and killing a woman] will make things even more dangerous for girls. Now when they rape, they won't leave the girl like we did. They will kill her. Before, they would rape and say, 'Leave her, she won't tell anyone.' Now when they rape, especially the criminal types, they will just kill the girl. Death’” (para 10).
Feb. 17, 2021, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The Quranic intent had been to protect the rights of women against false accusations. General Zia’s Hudood Ordinance accomplished exactly the opposite. Firstly, it unnecessarily confused rape, a violent crime, with fornication. Secondly, the Hudood ordinance has made it impossible for a rape victim to get justice in Pakistan. Under the Hudood Ordinance, the Courts require four 'adult male' eyewitnesses to rape. When a female victim fails to produce four male eyewitnesses, she is then charged under Tazeer for fornication. If the woman becomes pregnant as a result of rape, the rapist/s gets a walk, while the woman is charged with fornication using pregnancy as a proof" (para 7).more