The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-4

July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"By law a convicted rapist may avoid a 25-year prison sentence by marrying the survivor, regardless of her wishes--provided her family consents. According to UNSMIL, the forced marriage of rape survivors to their perpetrators as a way to avoid criminal proceedings remained rare" (p 24).
July 12, 2021, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The bench, comprising Justices AM Khanwilkar and S Ravindra, also directed that courts should not suggest, entertain or encourage marriage between the survivor and the accused, or mandate mediation between them, as these forms of compromises are beyond the power and jurisdiction of the court" (para 5).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality" (p 39).
June 29, 2021, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In 2017, the Jordanian parliament approved a series of important human rights reforms – including the scrapping of the country’s infamous ‘marry your rapist’ law" (para 26).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"There have been a rising number of female judges in Malaysia's top courts in recent years but women's rights groups hoped her appointment would help tackle the low conviction rates in cases like rape and domestic violence" (para 3).
Oct. 9, 2020, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In 2016 the government withdrew a bill that pardoned men convicted of sex with underage girls if they had married them" (para 15).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Under article 182, an abductor who uses force, threat, or deception with the intention to kill, harm, rape, prostitute, or extort a victim is spared any punishment if he marries the victim with her guardian’s permission" (para 19).
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Article (353) of the Bahraini Penal Code (Chapter III, Section on debauchery and prostitution) allows for not inflicting a penalty against one who committed rape, even if the court judgement was final, in case he marries the victim. This article constitutes discrimination against women and a gross violation of human rights principles" (1).
Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Under the penal code, rapists can escape prosecution if they marry their victim" (para 31).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In 2017, Lebanon’s parliament repealed article 522, which had allowed rapists to escape prosecution by marrying the victim, but left a loophole with regard to offences relating to sex with children aged 15-17 and sex with virgin girls with promises of marriage" (para 19).
Sept. 2, 2020, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-2

"Section 277 of Thailand’s Criminal Code, B.E 2499 (1956) provides marital immunity for sexual intercourse with girls under the age of 15 who are said to ‘consent’, and allows a man who rapes a girl between the ages of 13 to 15 to escape punishment by marrying the victim" (para 1) "Section 277 [Of the Criminmal Code]: Whoever has sexual intercourse with a girl not yet over fifteen years of age and not being his own wife, whether such girl shall consent or not, shall be punished with imprisonment of four to twenty years and fined of eight thousand to forty thousand Baht. If the commission of the offence according...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"While sexual assault is criminalized, article 398 provides that such charges be dropped if the assailant marries the victim" (para 34).
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Article 353 of the penal code exempts perpetrators of rape from prosecution and punishment if they marry their victims. Bahrain’s parliament proposed a full repeal of that article in 2016, but the cabinet rejected the proposal" (para 21).
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-4

"They also called for a removal of the exemption of penalties for rape of married Muslim girls above the age of 12" (para 20).
May 29, 2020, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The Palestinian Council of Ministers decided to abolish Article 308 of the Penal Code that allows rapists to avoid punishment if he marries the victim within five years" (para 6).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The law further stipulates that if the rapist marries the victim, the rapist receives no punishment. The victim’s family sometimes agreed to this arrangement to avoid the social stigma attached to rape" (Pg 44).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Courts gave reduced sentences to some men found guilty of committing violence against women, citing good behavior during the trial or “provocation” by women as an extenuating circumstance of the crime, and in some cases dismissed rape charges if the suspect married the victim" (page 50).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"NGOs asserted that rape was a serious problem, and noted a measure in the law allows offenders younger than 18 to avoid prosecution by choosing to marry their victim. They also maintained that victims underreported rapes and domestic assaults, in part due to a lack of understanding by authorities that impeded effective implementation of the law regarding violence against women" (page 28).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code does not allow victims to drop charges for rape if they marry the perpetrator" (p. 14).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"NGOs reported that law enforcement agencies used mediation as means to dismiss rape cases, including forcing the victim to marry her rapist to ensure that he avoided prosecution" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"Rape is illegal, although the criminal code allows an alleged rapist to marry his victim to avoid punishment" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"A provision of the penal code allows an adult accused of “corruption of a minor” to avoid prosecution if he subsequently marries his victim and if the crime did not involve violence, threats, or fraud" (p. 26).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The law provides that every child has the right to protection from early marriage but does not explicitly prohibit marriage before age 18. Child marriage was common. According to the Ministry of Gender, nearly half of all girls and young women between the ages of 15 and 19 were married, and some brides were as young as 12 years old. Early marriage sometimes reflected efforts by men to avoid rape charges, which a married woman cannot bring against her husband. In other cases families of rape victims encouraged marriage to the rapist to avoid public shaming. Many abducted girls, often repeatedly subjected to rape (see section 1.g.), were forced into...more
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code allows for a rapist to elude punishment on the condition that he marry his victim and her guardian consents that the perpetrator not be punished" (p. 20).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution by paying 'blood money' to a girl who was injured because of the rape" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"According to the Aurat Foundation and others, prosecutions of reported rapes were rare. Police and NGOs reported individuals involved in other types of disputes sometimes filed false rape charges, reducing the ability of police to identify legitimate cases and proceed with prosecution. NGOs reported police were at times implicated in rape cases. NGOs also alleged police sometimes abused or threatened victims, demanding they drop charges, especially when police received bribes from suspected perpetrators or the perpetrators were influential community leaders. Some police demanded bribes from victims before registering rape charges, and investigations were sometimes superficial. While the use of post-rape medical testing increased during the year, medical personnel in many...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Revision of the Penal Code (from 2014) — In order to suit its applicability to the current context, considering that the previous one was developed at the end of the XIX century. Although it was not yet promulgated (already approved by the Assembly of the Republic), the following great innovations of this code are: (...) (iii) Not forcing an aggressor to marry the sexually abused woman or child, although the age limit for minors is still to be considered (for cases of sexual violations of minors, only children until the age of 16 years old are considered)" (6).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In August parliament abolished an article of the penal code that exonerated rapists who married their victims" (30).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In most areas there were few or no publicly provided women’s shelters, information, support hotlines, and little or no sensitivity training for police. In the absence of shelters, authorities often detained or imprisoned sexual harassment victims for the
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"PA law (which applies both in the West Bank and in Gaza) relieves rapists who marry their victim of criminal responsibility" (104).