The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

June 29, 2022, 10:39 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Prosecution and punishment overwhelmingly fall on poor, young women who lack sufficient access to medical services and cannot afford to travel overseas for an abortion or pay for good legal defense if they run afoul of the law. Sometimes they are victims of rape, in a country with a high incidence of that crime" (para 16).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"...[T]he Government launched a number of initiatives to improve the efforts against rape, including guidelines for the police on how to receive and handle rape cases. The national police has set up an expert group of investigators and prosecutors who will contribute to developing the guidelines and an advisory forum where the police meet with organizations that deal with victims of rape. The police has carried out an information campaign in order to encourage victims of rape to report the assaults to the police. The Crime Prevention Council has conducted a survey into extent and character of sexual assaults and launched a campaign to prevent sexual abuse and rape" (13)....more
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The debate surrounding false accusations in particular has become a focal point in Spain’s culture wars in the wake of a high-profile case in which a woman accused five men of gang-raping her at Pamplona’s world-famous Running of the Bulls festival. When the men were acquitted of rape and found guilty of a lesser crime last spring, women throughout Spain took to the streets in what was considered the country’s #MeToo moment. Last summer, as the movement gained momentum, a self-proclaimed feminist government took office and promised to revise rape laws and make gender equality one of its top priorities" (Para. 11).
June 3, 2022, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Due to this, there has been an increase in women societal problems such as FGM, child marriages, sexual assault or rape cases, and so on" (27).
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape of men and women, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (25).
April 22, 2022, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The public, Gennesse said needs to first listen to women and avoid creating stereotypes and normalizing negative behaviour towards women at a young age. 'When we tell little boys, "Man up!" or when we tell little girls, "He's mean to you just because he likes you," it creates in their brains these normalizations of tiny bits of violence that continue to be acceptable and lead to extreme cases,' she said. 'It's very important that we start early to break the stereotypes, in general, to say that it's never acceptable'" (para 22-23).
April 17, 2022, 12:06 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee nevertheless notes with concern: […] The low prosecution and conviction rates in sexual violence cases, resulting in impunity for perpetrators in sexual violence cases" (5-6).
March 28, 2022, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"When police receive a report of rape, they are required to open an investigation. Through September police initiated 60 criminal charges for rape against 28 individuals, of which six cases were sent to the prosecutor’s office and three cases to court" (12).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"EULEX noted courts often applied penalties lighter than the legal minimum in rape cases and that law enforcement rarely took steps to protect victims and witnesses. Furthermore, these sentences were often further decreased by the appellate court" (22). "In 2018 the government created an independent commission to verify the status of wartime sexual assault survivors and compensate them. As of June the commission had granted this status and its accompanying pension to 395 of 1,058 applicants. It rejected 152 applications due to incomplete documentation; 52 of these rejected applicants filed a request for a second review" (23). "The boy’s mother had reported his rape by the suspect prior to the...more
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that police, especially outside Yerevan, were reluctant to act in such cases and discouraged women from filing complaints. According to some NGO representatives, women alleging they had been raped were sometimes questioned concerning previous sexual experiences and subjected to a 'virginity test'" (28). "[I]ndependent journalist Lucy Kocharyan began posting anonymous stories of sexual violence survivors on Facebook that quickly went viral... On July 6, police announced they could only look into reports [of rape] that were specific and that they would need the victims to come forward to testify" (29).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"...There were reports employers raped or sexually assaulted foreign domestic workers. These cases rarely went to court, and those that did led to few convictions. In one such conviction in December 2018, a man was sentenced to a suspended three-month jail term and deportation after sexually assaulting two domestic workers. In sharia courts, which are primarily responsible for civil matters between Muslims, the extremely high burden of proof for a rape case contributed to a low conviction rate. In addition, female victims of rape or other sexual crimes faced the possibility of prosecution for consensual sex outside marriage instead of receiving assistance from authorities" (27). "The law provides for corporal...more
March 19, 2022, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The report also documents cases of abductions, forced initiations, torture and rape by members of another secret society called Poro. Non-members considered to have transgressed the society’s rules, for instance by 'trespassing' on sacred Poro ground or remaining outdoors during Poro activities, have also at times been forcefully initiated, tortured and, in two documented cases, gang-raped" (para 6,7).
March 16, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The following morning she got a medical certificate and, with an official from the Mexican consul in Doha, reported the alleged rape to Qatari police using her limited Arabic. Police asked whether she wanted a restraining order against the attacker or to press criminal charges against him. Schietekat told police she wanted to press charges and signed a statement in Arabic to the effect, giving officers the name and details of the man. However, hours later, around 9pm, she was called and told to return to the station where she was put in front of the man she had accused and questioned for three hours in Arabic. The alleged attacker...more
March 16, 2022, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The following morning she got a medical certificate and, with an official from the Mexican consul in Doha, reported the alleged rape to Qatari police using her limited Arabic. Police asked whether she wanted a restraining order against the attacker or to press criminal charges against him. Schietekat told police she wanted to press charges and signed a statement in Arabic to the effect, giving officers the name and details of the man. However, hours later, around 9pm, she was called and told to return to the station where she was put in front of the man she had accused and questioned for three hours in Arabic. The alleged attacker...more
March 16, 2022, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Police have come under criticism for the way they treat rape victims, such as the so-called 'digital strip searches' in which they trawl through their phone messages and photos" (Para. 12). "Victims' Commissioner Dame Vera Baird said the charging rates were so low they were 'barely discernible' and accused Max Hill, the head of the Crown Prosecution Service, of overseeing 'the most catastrophic period in CPS history'" (Para. 14).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"...Convicted rapists generally received prison sentences of three to five years…" (11).
March 11, 2022, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Yet these positive realities mask several insidious problems in Icelandic society, including persistently high rates of domestic violence and sexual abuse, as well as a justice system that remains suspicious toward the victims of these abuses. Scholars have termed this phenomenon the 'Nordic paradox.' Iceland and its fellow Nordic countries have been able to achieve significant structural equality for women in some areas, yet maintain disproportionate instances of violence against them" (Para. 2). "Of particular concern is the way Icelandic courts have a tendency to ignore—and often even punish—mothers who report the abuse of their children by fathers. The justice system strictly adheres to the concept of equal shared parental...more
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a 'marital right to intercourse,'... While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts in cases brought before them, not to civil courts, precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces" (31). "[S]tatutory rape penalties include hard labor for a minimum of five years and a minimum of seven years’ imprisonment if the victim is younger than 15 years old. The government generally enforced the law" (34).
March 10, 2022, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The group force young women and girls to 'marry' their fighters 'who enslave and sexually abuse them' while some have been sold off to foreign militants for between $600 and $1,800, it said" (Para. 3). "Meanwhile a 34-year-old former abductee said he was forced to select the women and girls for sex with the fighters on their return from military operations" (Para. 10). "'An unknown number of women and girls remain in captivity in Mozambique, facing horrific abuses daily, including enslavement and rape by Al-Shabab fighters,' said Mausi Segun, HRW's Africa director" (Para. 12). "'They should take all necessary steps to prevent rape and sexual abuse by their fighters, end...more
March 10, 2022, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Earlier this month, Sinead McGrotty, who worked as a civilian in the police, told her disquieting story. She said a male detective subjected her to sexual assaults and rape threats which left her feeling violated and suicidal. She felt vulnerable as 'a young Catholic girl' in a largely Protestant workplace, but reported him in 2012. The Public Prosecution Service found insufficient evidence to prosecute. An internal disciplinary process ignored most of the complaints. The detective admitted one incident of inappropriate touching and was fined £250. He was not suspended and kept his job. In August, nine years after her complaint, she got an apology from the chief constable for the...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Women who suffered or continue to suffer from various forms of violence, especially sexual offenses and mobbing...It is also growing the violence grounded on cultural reasons, especially among immigrant women. As to the latter, the latest figures indicate the reduction of complaints despite the nondecrease of cases of violence" (84).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. The court of appeals has ruled that 10 years is the minimum appropriate sentence for child rape, but police often charged defendants with 'defilement' rather than rape because defilement was easier to prove in court. Defilement or unlawful carnal knowledge of a child younger than age 13 has a maximum penalty of life imprisonment, while the maximum penalty for defilement of a child ages 13 to 15, or of a person with intellectual disabilities, is 10 years’ imprisonment" (17).
March 3, 2022, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"... In particular, the draft bans the use of “superstition” or other 'emotional control' against women. While the draft does not offer further details, state media reports have said those bans would cover pickup artistry. Pickup artistry — a practice that arrived in China from the United States — commonly refers to the use of manipulative techniques, including gaslighting, to demean women and lure them into having sex. It became a booming industry in China, with thousands of companies and websites promising to teach techniques, and it has been widely condemned by both the government and social media users" (Para. 13). "Nonlegal complaints can bring heavy consequences, too. In December,...more
March 2, 2022, 2:03 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Democracy activist Ein Soe May was imprisoned for almost six months - the first 10 days of which were spent in one of Myanmar's notorious interrogation centres, where she alleges she was sexually assaulted and tortured" (Para. 8). "Soe May said she was also repeatedly pressed for details of her sex life. One interrogator threatened: 'Do you know what we do to the women that end up here? We rape and kill them.' She was then sexually assaulted while blindfolded. 'They pulled down the oversized top I was wearing, they touched me as they did it, exposing my body,' she said" (Para. 12-13). "The woman was then 'sent to another...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On July 12, the Sentence Tribunal of Cojutepeque, Cuscatlan Department, convicted five police officers and four members of the armed forces of deprivation of freedom, sexual abuse, and threatening and torturing a young woman. The court sentenced them to three years in prison and fined each $1,000"(5)."Laws against rape were not effectively enforced"(18)."On April 4, following an abbreviated trial, the Third Sentence Tribunal of San Salvador sentenced a PNC chief inspector to three years in prison following his conviction for sexual assault, sexual harassment, and threats of violence against three female subordinates"(19)."On February 19[2019], Judge Jaime Escalante was charged with the crime of sexual aggression against a 10-year-old female child....more
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the law [on rape] effectively in reported cases. Courts in some cases imposed the maximum punishment for rape" (13). "[P]olice and Crown Prosecutorial Services have raised the bar for evidence needed, causing victims to drop out of the justice process" (14).
Feb. 27, 2022, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"...I am sitting with a local Cambodian woman who works for one of the only women’s centres in Siem Reap. She is explaining how according to Cambodian traditions and beliefs, a man "cannot be shamed" — or at least he can be cleaned from his shame, while a woman cannot. Rather, here, a woman can be forever tainted by shame bestowed upon her and must face social rejection and the stigma that comes her way as a result of it." (Para 3-4). "In Cambodia, like in much of the world, most of the shame bestowed upon women is related to their sexual behaviour. If it is believed a woman has...more
Feb. 27, 2022, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In Senegal, gender-based violence is once again occupying headlines. This time, the country’s top beauty pageant, Miss Senegal, is at the centre of the controversy. In November, Miss Senegal 2020 Fatima Dione’s mother told Senegalese media that her daughter was raped while carrying out official pageant duties. She explained that the 20-year-old beauty queen became pregnant as a result of the assault and gave birth to a son five months ago. Dione’s mother also talked about the pain and shame her daughter experienced after giving birth to a baby conceived through rape" (Para. 1-2). "While the allegation itself was shocking, what brought the issue under the national spotlight was the...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of preventive detention, in combination with inefficiencies in the judicial system, continued to exacerbate overcrowding. The government continued to implement procedures introduced in 2017 that provide for the immediate release of some pretrial detainees, including many accused of serious crimes such as aggravated robbery and sexual assault" (7). "Violence against women, as well as impunity for perpetrators, continued to be a problem. Members of illegal armed groups, including former paramilitary members and guerrillas, also continued to rape and abuse women and children sexually. The government continued to employ the Elite Sexual Assault Investigative Unit interagency unit in Bogota, which was dedicated to the investigation of sexual assault cases....more
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, which is punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment. Nevertheless, the government rarely enforced the law, and rape was widespread" (14). "Where school directors were aware of sexual harassment or exploitation, they generally tried to resolve the situation on their own without reporting it to higher authorities or police and often stigmatized and faulted the behavior of the girls rather than the teacher. Girls were generally unsure of what constitutes consent and harassment and did not know where to report exploitation" (16).