The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 10 years in prison for violations, with longer sentences in aggravated circumstances. The government enforced these provisions. Observers reported prosecutors and judges often lacked knowledge on the subject and that there was a shortage of experienced judicial experts. Demanding criminal procedures required repeated victim testimonies that contributed to their further traumatization. Penalties were often too low and only half of all sentences included prison time" (15). "In March the Regional Court in Ostrava reduced the punishment from 33 months in prison to probation for a man who sexually abused his daughters. One of the daughters reported...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On 7 September 2020, a woman was gang-raped in front of her children on the Lahore-Sialkot motorway. The incident sparked a public outrage amongst the populace of Pakistan, with calls for public hangings. Though initially the conviction process was drenched in victim-blaming and incompetence, recently, the Lahore anti-terrorism court (ATC) sentenced the abusers to death and life imprisonment. Yet, little influence has been witnessed in the sexual assault ratio of Pakistan, since deterioration in cases has not been observed. Proving how, despite calls of public-hangings, the womenfolk of Pakistan is unsafe" (para 1). "Pakistan emerged on the grounds of providing Muslims and remaining deprived minorities of British India with a...more
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The 2014 UNCOI report found the subjugation of inmates and a general climate of impunity created an environment in which guards and other prisoners in privileged positions raped female inmates... When cases of rape came to light, the perpetrator often escaped with mere dismissal or no punishment. For example, Human Rights Watch reported a 2009 case in which a woman arrested for illegally fleeing the country was raped by a police chief. After she told her lawyer, the lawyer refused to mention it during her trial and said nothing would be done and the woman could be punished more severely for bringing it up" (19).
Sept. 21, 2021, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

“We are looking at a situation where younger women are constantly modifying their behaviour in an attempt to avoid being objectified or attacked, and older women are reporting serious concerns about personal safety if they ever leave the house in the dark – even during the daytime in winter” (para 5).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'We live here in a state that is incapable of protecting its women and where the political will to do so is lacking. This is compounded by the way society is so pervaded by machismo that violence against women is often not reported,' she said. This year, there have been 161 femicides and more than 20,000 complaints of violence against women, including almost 3,000 rapes. But the perpetrators don't fear any consequences: Fewer than 3% of sexual offenders end up behind bars, according to statistics from the past few years. 'The message you send to society with this is: "You can do anything here; there will be no consequences." And...more
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"None of my denials would make them change their perception of me. I was eventually obligated to go through rituals meant to test my innocence. In the process, I was stripped naked, shaved, and walked through the market center for three days. Then I was confined. The majority of these rituals were performed at night. I was subjected to beating, molestation, and threats. Bitter concoctions were forced down my throat, and in some instances I was starved, in hopes that I would admit to being responsible for what I was being accused of" (para 15). "However, while reintegration seems to be a viable option for some refugees, it is often...more
Sept. 14, 2021, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador

"In El Salvador, having a child at age fourteen isn’t simply a cause for shame in the eyes of a religious community. It also increases the odds of a life lived in crushing poverty, of marginal education and employment, of vulnerability to the violence and chaos that scores the lives of the poorest Salvadorans. Some girls, faced with that prospect, opt to kill themselves. Government statistics reveal that three out of eight maternal deaths in El Salvador are the result of suicide among pregnant girls under nineteen. Many of these girls have suffered rape and sexual abuse, and are silenced by the shame of these humiliations, in addition to the...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Prominent Chinese journalist Huang Xueqin, [is] known for her publications about the #MeToo movement in China" (33). "Of the reported cases, most allegations of rape were closed through private settlement rather than prosecution. Some persons convicted of rape were executed" (64). "The law [in Hong Kong] mandates protection for victims of child abuse (battery, assault, neglect, abandonment, and sexual exploitation), and the SAR government enforced the law. The law allows for the prosecution of certain sexual offenses, including against minors, committed outside the territory of the SAR" (125). "The law [in Macau] specifically provides for criminal punishment for sexual abuse of children and students... The government generally enforced these laws...more
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"As of October no charges had been filed in the 29 cases of sexual torture between 2006 and 2015 in 12 states. Twenty-seven women reported their torture to a judge, but no investigation was ordered in 18 of the cases. Members of the Secretariat of National Defense, SEMAR, federal police, and state police of Tamaulipas, Veracruz, and Coahuila were allegedly involved"(7).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law. Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years. The law also criminalizes domestic violence. It authorizes prosecution of a violent family member and provides victims with 'safety orders,' which prohibit the offender from engaging in violent actions or threats, and 'barring orders' (restraining orders), which prohibit an offender from entering the family home for up to three years. Anyone found guilty of violating a barring or an interim protection order may receive a fine of up to 4,000 euros ($4,400), a prison sentence of 12 months, or both. In January the government began enforcing...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The EVAW presidential decree was first issued in 2009 and was reinforced by another presidential decree in 2018. Implementation and awareness of the law remain a serious challenge. The law criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women, including rape; battery or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance. The penal code criminalizes rape of both women and men. The law provides for a minimum sentence of five to 16 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape, or up to 20 years if one or more aggravating circumstances is present. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator....more
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania

"The law includes provisions on sexual assault and criminalizes spousal rape. The government did not enforce the law effectively, and authorities did not prosecute spousal rape. The concept of spousal rape was not well understood, and authorities often did not consider it a crime" (p 17).
Aug. 30, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In March Amnesty International published a report declaring that the country has a pervasive rape culture and was 'failing to live up to its human rights obligations to protect women against rape, investigate rape crimes, prosecute those responsible, and provide compensation to victims'"(11).
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Only 3 per cent of reported rapes led to a conviction last year, figures reveal. More than 58,600 cases were recorded by police in the year to March, but just 1,925 ended in a successful prosecution. It came as lawyers blamed the police for failing to provide timely evidence in rape cases. The official data for England and Wales showed convictions have gone from bad to worse. In the previous year 4.8 per cent of rape cases led to a guilty verdict or a guilty plea, and it was 7.2 per cent the year before that. The alarming figures come in a major report by the watchdog HM Crown Prosecution...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Some rape and domestic violence ended in death: A local NGO reported 10 killings in a January-June 2018 investigation of 39 cases of domestic violence and 18 of rape. In these 57 cases, authorities arrested only 23 perpetrators" (21). "The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex-trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites. Police continued to investigate cases of child sex trafficking occurring in brothels or cases where victims filed complaints directly, but police did not typically pursue more complicated cases, for example, those involving online sexual...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape was common and viewed more as a societal norm than a criminal problem" (p 17).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape was a widespread problem and stigmatization continued" (p 15).
Aug. 3, 2021, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Since #MeToo, French attitudes towards consent and power within relationships both personal and professional have come under the microscope as never before. What was acceptable, even admirable, 20 years ago is now considered beyond the pale. The publication in January of Le Consentement, a memoir by Vanessa Springora, detailing her relationship with the prizewinning writer Gabriel Matzneff when she was 14 and he was in his 50s, was like a bomb going off in the country. Gallimard, which published Matzneff’s diaries, hastily announced that it was halting sales of his books and he was stripped of the state-funded grant he had been receiving. Matzneff had been hiding in plain sight....more
Aug. 3, 2021, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"After that, she says her head was shaved and she was stripped naked. 'They burned everything I was wearing and my hair. Then, they told me to bathe in the same spot. I protested that I could not bathe in broad daylight. They insisted. People were looking at us, we had been there from 2 a.m. to 4 p.m., and I wanted it to end,' she said" (para 21-22).
July 29, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"Several women and girls, including pregnant women, were raped, more often than not in the presence of their children, and many contracted HIV after these experiences and yet they were yet to obtain any justice for the recurring SRHR violations in the camps. Ensuring accountability and the provision of SRH information and services is central not only to an effective humanitarian response but also for fulfilling fundamental human rights obligations. The report calls on the Nigerian Government to comply with its international and regional human rights obligations in regarding access to maternal health care services to ensure women and girls affected by conflict-related violence access comprehensive medical and support services,...more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape but does not address spousal rape. Penalties range from five years to life in prison. Rape of a child or a pregnant woman is punishable by hard labor. Authorities may add an additional two to five years’ imprisonment if the rape involves assault and battery. Authorities rarely enforced the law" (p 20).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal. The penalties for rape range from one to 15 years’ imprisonment, but those laws were poorly enforced" (P 26).
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Among the demands made by the protesters were stricter laws and consequences for people who harass, rape or abuse women both inside and outside the home" (Para 4). "'We demand consequences for inciters of harassment, rape, assault and violence against women on social media, and new and clear laws that protect women of all ages inside and outside their homes,' it read" (Para 6).
July 20, 2021, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'Things are moving so fast that sometimes my head spins,' said Caroline De Haas, a feminist activist who in 2018 founded #NousToutes, a group against sexual violence. She described herself as 'super optimistic.'Ms. Haas said that France was going through a delayed reaction to #MeToo after a 'maturation' period during which many French began to understand the social dimensions behind sexual violence and the concept of consent.That was especially so, Ms. Haas said, after the testimony in the past year of Adèle Haenel, the first high-profile actress to speak out over abuse, and of Vanessa Springora, whose memoir, 'Consent,' documented her abuse by the pedophile writer Gabriel Matzneff"(para 7-9)."There is...more
July 17, 2021, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The age of consent 'was never prioritized as much as other issues,' said Fortich, from Plan International. 'That's a big challenge in terms of enforcement of the law. There's a gap in terms of implementation'" (para 29).
July 16, 2021, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2018, university graduate Solina Eve attended a job interview at a women’s development NGO in Duhok, KRG, during which she said she was sexually assaulted by the manager, Mohammed Amin Hero.Later that day, Hero called her and asked her to return to his office. Expecting an apology, Eve returned with friends who waited outside. As soon as she entered his office, Eve said she was assaulted again. She lashed out in self-defence and Hero reported her to the police.Eve sued Hero but subsequently lost her case and was arrested for assaulting him, as well as alleged blackmail because Hero claimed she had gone to his place of work to...more
July 15, 2021, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"It happened as state deputy Isa Penna was standing at the podium talking to the chamber’s president. Suddenly she felt someone invade her space from behind while putting a hand on her right breast. It was her colleague, fellow deputy Fernando Cury. Multiple studies show such misconduct against women to be rampant in Brazilian workplaces. But what horrified feminists was that an elected representative could suffer such a blatant act of sexual harassment from a fellow deputy on the floor of a state assembly. If such a thing could happen there was any woman safe anywhere?...Cury attempted to talk his way out of trouble. He apologised, though by portraying the...more
July 14, 2021, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan police have dropped an investigation into three Muslim men accused of kidnapping a Christian girl, 12, before abusing her and chaining her up for five months. Farah Shaheen, now age 13, was abducted from Faisalabad on June 25 and spent over five months in the yard of Muslim man Khizar Hayat, 45, who allegedly raped her[...]"Her father said: '[She] has told me she was treated like a slave. She was forced to work all day, cleaning filth in a cattle yard. 24-7, she was attached to a chain.' The family say the girl was abducted on June 12 last year and she was raped multiple times.Despite making multiple complaints...more
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with a maximum sentence of life in prison for violations. The government enforced the law effectively" (p 15).
July 13, 2021, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Many years ago, in the UK and elsewhere, rape victims also struggled to have the legal system and society recognise that lack of violence does not equate with ‘consent’ and the fact that the person is known to them, even married to them, does not exclude (marital) rape"(para 11)."Again, as Jahangir pointed out: 'Sexual intercourse with a girl below the age of 16 is statutory rape and carries a death sentence or a minimum sentence of 10 years’ imprisonment. There is no defence. Yet in some cases a conversion certificate and a nikahnama influences law enforcement to pardon the abductors'"(para 20)."In Pakistan, the pardoning of the predator means not only...more