The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Some rape victims were unwilling to report crimes due to social stigma and the possibility of retribution, compounded by a perception of a lack of oversight and accountability, especially if the perpetrator was a police officer or other official. There were reports police officials refused to register rape cases" (7-8). "On July 28, a rape survivor from Uttar Pradesh’s Unnao District was critically injured in a head-on road collision. The survivor had accused state BJP lawmaker Kuldeep Sengar of rape in 2017... The girl’s family alleged Sengar planned the crash to kill her... Sengar’s brother allegedly tortured the victim’s father after she came forward with the allegation, and the victim’s...more
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Officials at the Ministry of Justice reported victims of rape and domestic violence often avoided the formal court system in favor of settlements between families. The government seldom enforced victim’s rights" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Raped women were discouraged from reporting the crime because they themselves could be jailed for having intercourse outside of marriage. According to the Mauritanian Association for the Health of Mother and Child, 703 cases of genderbased rape and violence were reported in 2018. Reliable data on gender-based violence remained sparse, and the situation of children and women who were victims of abuse was poorly documented. The subject continued to remain taboo due to social mores and traditional norms" (15).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The rate of acquittals and cases withdrawn by the prosecution due to insufficient evidence continued to be high, particularly for sexual offenses, murder, and gang- related cases. These actions were often due to the failure of witnesses to testify because of fear for life and personal safety, as well as a lack of basic police investigative or forensic capability in the country" (6).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"...Observers attributed women’s reluctance to report rape to a variety of factors, including fear of being blamed, fear of public shaming, a lack of victim support, potential secondary victimization through the police response, and court proceedings that lacked empathy for rape victims" (17).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported that because of cultural and social stigmatization, many women did not report rape or domestic violence. Reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody continued; the Center for Women’s Resources stated that 56 police officers were involved in 33 rape cases from July 2016 to October 2018" (26). "The PNP and the Social Welfare Department (DSWD) both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and to encourage reporting. In addition, the DSWD operated residential centers and community-based programs to assist women and children who were victims of rape, domestic violence, and other abuse. By the end of the second quarter,...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Bassima Hakkaoui announced on July 9 that, based on a national survey conducted by the ministry, 93.4 percent of women who were victims of violence did not press charges against the aggressor. According to local NGOs, survivors did not report the vast majority of sexual assaults to police due to social pressure and the concern that society would most likely hold the victims responsible" (30).
Jan. 7, 2022, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A women in her 20s was raped leaving Galcayo to Cadaado by a group of men. Local police is not cooperating with Attorney General of Galmudug State in order to bring charges. The local police refuses to cooperate with the AG" (1).
Jan. 6, 2022, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Maryam, a 37 year old single mother who was ganged raped in late 2012 in Mogadishu, told us that she regretted going to the police almost as soon as she got to the police station. The male officers abruptly ended the investigation when she started bleeding all over the floor. They told her to go home and wash off the blood. But before they let her go they told her to wash the floor where she bled out. They gave her a brush to clean the floor" (para 1-3).
Jan. 5, 2022, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In Dhuusamareb, a 70 year old woman was raped and beaten. The family is demanding justice, Islamic Justice. (Jan 2020). The family has stated that "they received no justice under the law, and are now seeking Islamic justice." Under the Islamic justice system, one who commits rape must be executed. Under shariah law, rape comes under 'Hirabah' which means war crime. In other words any act that terrorizes a human being (e.g. rape, terrorism, highway robber, etc). The punishment for Hirabah are 4 options. The first option is to be executed. The second option is one can be crucified. Crucification in Islam, the dead body is put on a pole...more
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization, and various nongovernmental organizations (NGO) and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times higher than the number reported to police. Some abused women chose not to report incidents to police due to social pressure not to disgrace their families" (11).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Relatives, police, and traditional leaders often discouraged rape survivors from pursuing criminal cases, with their families often accepting payment for compensation" (19). "Rape victims were no longer required to obtain a medical certificate, which could cost up to 50,000 CFA francs ($850), to move a legal complaint forward" (19). "Survivors stressed that although sexual and gender-based violence was an 'everyday reality,' deeply ingrained taboos discouraged them from speaking out. Survivors were ostracized and advocates for survivors reported being threatened. Fear of challenging male authority figures silenced most victims" (19).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-DATA-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"While no official statistics were available, a women’s shelter reported recurring problems with gender-based violence and trafficking of refugee women. NGOs reported Venezuelans crossing through informal border crossings controlled by armed groups faced significant protection risks, including gender-based violence. Individuals were often forced to pay a form of taxation at the informal border crossing or be indebted to those controlling them, exposing them to risks of exploitation, harassment, and sexual violence, as well as recruitment into drug trafficking and other armed groups" (21).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In Curacao the Stichting Slachtofferhulp (Victims Assistance Foundation) assists the victims" (12). The victims being referred to are victims of sexual assault and sexual harrassment (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports that societal norms led to underreporting to the de facto authorities in Gaza of sexual exploitation of children" (98).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The number of requests to the Association for Rape Crisis Centers for assistance related to rape in 2018 was 8 percent higher than in 2017" (33). "[W]omen from certain Orthodox Jewish, Muslim, and Druze communities faced significant social pressure not to report rape or domestic abuse" (34). "[The law] also requires social service employees, medical and education professionals, and other officials to report indications that minors were victims of, engaged in, or coerced into prostitution, sexual offenses, abandonment, neglect, assault, abuse, or human trafficking" (38).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In March 2018, in response to the #MeToo movement, MOGEF created the Special Center for Reporting Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault. The ministry funded 170 counseling centers (called “sunflower centers”) nationwide for victims of sexual violence, providing counseling, medical care and therapy, caseworkers, and legal assistance"(20).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"There were 144 women’s shelters nationwide, providing shelter to approximately 30,000 women. Women’s rights advocates asserted there were not enough shelters to meet the demand for assistance and that shelter staff did not provide adequate care and services, particularly in the southeast... Some NGOs noted the lack of services was more acute for elderly women and LGBTI women as well as women with older children" (53).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"A 24-hour toll-free national hotline advised battered women on finding shelter and other local assistance. Police also alerted female victims of gender-based violence of any changes in prison sentences of their attackers" (15).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Jammu and Kashmir Police Crime Branch in 2012 revealed that over the past couple of years, 4,066 cases of crimes against women have been registered. These include 1,797 cases of molestation, 1,279 cases of kidnapping and abduction, 426 eve-teasing cases, 195 suicide cases, 187 rape cases, 1 gang rape, 177 cases of cruelty at the hands of husbands, 4 cases under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, one case of dowry death, and two cases of immoral trafficking. However, only 1,832 such incidents were recorded in the women police station" (para 4).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Anti-Sexual Harassment Committees of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and Ministry of Women’s Affairs have not received any complaints of sexual harassment since the enactment of the Law on Prevention of Sexual Harassment in 2016" (2). "We are informed that victims of sexual harassment who had initiated complaints to the Committee have had their complaints minimised, with one victim saying that the Committees are 'male-dominated', 'they take the sides of men who harass them' and 'blame women for their dressing'" (2). "The law provided that a committee should be represented by one woman. In practice, committees could be composed of...more
Oct. 28, 2021, 12:31 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Under the law the government provided psychosocial care in addition to legal aid and support throughout the judicial process to survivors of gender-based violence. Police training programs addressed sexual or gender-based violence and domestic abuse. The government funded privately operated intervention centers and hotlinesfor victims of domestic abuse" (Page 9).
Oct. 25, 2021, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Gender discrimination, the stigma associated with speaking out and a backlogged court system where cases of all kinds linger for years have led women to avoid seeking and receiving justice" (para 11).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government and NGOs provided shelters, counseling, and hotlines for rape survivors" (18). "The report also pointed out the inadequacy and unbalanced geographical distribution of housing facilities and emergency assistance centers for victims of rape and domestic violence" (18). "Victims file a lawsuit in only 25 percent of the cases" (23). This low reporting rate indicates barriers or taboos to reporting (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-3, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The federal government, the states, and NGOs supported numerous projects to prevent and respond to cases of gender-based violence, including providing victims with greater access to medical care and legal assistance. Approximately 340 women’s shelters offering a total of 6,700 beds operated throughout the country. The NGO Central Information Agency of Autonomous Women’s Homes (ZIF) reported accessibility problems, especially in bigger cities, because women who found refuge in a shelter tended to stay there longer due to a lack of available and affordable housing. ZIF also stated refugee women are particularly vulnerable, as they are required to maintain residence in a single district for three years and many live in...more
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Sexual harassment was also prevalent at public events such as concerts and during Carnival street festivals. The 2019 Carnival celebration was the first one in which sexual harassment was illegal, and police departments throughout the country distributed rape whistles and informed Carnival-goers of the women-only police stations and the sexual assault hotline" (20).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape and provides a penalty of five to 20 years’ imprisonment for offenders, but the government did not enforce the law effectively. Rape was a widespread problem. Authorities prosecuted only a small percentage of rape cases since victims seldom reported rapes due to societal pressure, particularly because attackers were frequently close relatives, and due to fear of retaliation. No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated that criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape. Police and judicial authorities were willing to pursue rape cases but stopped if parties reached an agreement prior to trial" (21-22).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported the [government's budget] cuts would lead to their closure or very limited services affecting ...other services they provide such as counseling and legal support to sexually abused women or victims of domestic violence" (15). "NGOs noted women in immigrant communities underreported instances of violence due to fear their immigration status would be negatively affected" (15).
Sept. 22, 2021, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The uncanny essence of Pakistani society is that women are under the consistent menace of sexual assault, yet there is a persistent disgrace affiliated with initiating conversations penetrating towards its prevention. The traces of this stigma can be associated with misinterpreting religious texts and deep-rooted exploitative cultural norms. However, there is a critical need for destigmatizing sexual assault conversations; as prevention-orientated strategies can be discussed and implemented by adolescent females. With ignorance on such topics, they are subject to predators cashing on their vulnerability and absence of awareness" (para 2). "...According to Sahil’s 2019 annual report, approximately 10 children are sexually assaulted in Pakistan on a daily basis. In addition,...more