The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-3

Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Police and legal officials often charged women with intent to commit zina (sex outside marriage) to justify their arrest and incarceration for social offenses, such as running away from their husband or family, rejecting a spouse chosen by their families, fleeing domestic violence or rape, or eloping to escape an arranged marriage. The constitution provides that in cases not explicitly covered by the provisions of the constitution or other laws, courts may, in accordance with Hanafi jurisprudence (a school of Islamic law) and within the limits set by the constitution, rule in a manner that best attains justice in the case. Although observers stated this provision was widely understood to...more
July 21, 2021, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In one case often cited by rights groups, a college student who came forward to accuse her professor of sexually assaulting her was sued by his wife for adultery, convicted and ordered to compensate the man's family" (Para 9).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"By law a convicted rapist may avoid a 25-year prison sentence by marrying the survivor, regardless of her wishes--provided her family consents. According to UNSMIL, the forced marriage of rape survivors to their perpetrators as a way to avoid criminal proceedings remained rare" (p 24).
July 8, 2021, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"A British national from the North West has been charged with sex outside marriage in Dubai after she reported having been gang-raped by two men from Birmingham. The men were due to return to the UK within a few hours of the incident, so were not arrested in the UAE as a result of the victim report. The 25-year-old was on her way to pursue a life in Australia when she was befriended by two fellow Englishmen who, it was reported, lured her to their hotel room where she was pinned down and raped while recording it on a phone. Following her arrest for extramarital sex, this woman’s passport has...more
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

""A Saudi teenager has gone into hiding following Thailand's promise not to deport her after she barricaded herself in a hotel room to avoid being sent back to her 'abusive' family[...]Thai officials had earlier claimed it is a family matter and said she would be deported to Saudi Arabia - where renouncing Islam is punishable by death, and activists say women are at risk of 'honour killings' by family members"(para 1,70).
July 1, 2021, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, CUST-LAW-1

"Seven states don’t have any laws preventing a rapist from claiming parental rights, but that’s not to say that these states are oblivious to the issue. Maryland, for one, has been working for years to pass a law that would allow a rape victim to terminate her attacker’s parental rights. Forty-three other states and the District of Columbia have legislation that offers at least some protection to prevent rape victims from facing their attackers over parental rights; eight of those laws were just adopted in 2016. But these legislative protections vary greatly. In 20 states and D.C., a rape conviction is required before a victim can request termination of parental...more
June 29, 2021, 8:34 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The directions were issued in a judgment setting aside the Madhya Pradesh High Court’s July decision that had granted bail to a man accused of outraging the modesty of his neighbor on the condition that he request the survivor to tie a rakhi on his wrist. A rakhi is a thread bracelet that a sister ties on her brother’s wrist during the Hindu festival of Raksha Bandhan, which celebrates the bond between a brother and a sister or any similar relationship" (para 2-3). "The bench, comprising Justices AM Khanwilkar and S Ravindra, also directed that courts should not suggest, entertain or encourage marriage between the survivor and the accused, or...more
June 25, 2021, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Many families refused to take back their daughters when they were rescued from Pakistan army bunkers. Villagers pointed fingers and children threw stones at them. One of our Birangona sisters said, 'because of what was done to me by Pakistani soldiers in 1971 you have robbed me of my life for the next 40 years,' says Shireen" (para 6).
Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

“The other lawyer, AP Singh, had said in a previous televised interview: ‘If my daughter or sister engaged in pre-marital activities and disgraced herself and allowed herself to lose face and character by doing such things, I would most certainly take this sort of sister or daughter to my farmhouse, and in front of my entire family, I would put petrol on her and set her alight’” (para 22).
Feb. 17, 2021, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Under the Hudood Ordinance, the Courts require four “adult male” eyewitnesses to rape. When a female victim fails to produce four male eyewitnesses, she is then charged under Tazeer for fornication. If the woman becomes pregnant as a result of rape, the rapist/s gets a walk, while the woman is charged with fornication using pregnancy as a proof" (para 7).
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Women fear they will be blamed for assaults, and admitting rape may affect a girl's ability to marry. Usually, few women come forward at all, and even fewer seek medical care after an attack.'If they have not killed you, you just come back and you don't report to anyone,' Anne says. 'You cannot tell anybody, even your family. It's just our culture. We Nuer, we cannot talk about rape. It can bring fighting. You stay quiet'" (para 18).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (7-8).
Jan. 30, 2021, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The young Ethiopian woman at the centre of a trial where she was gang raped by seven men has been found guilty of committing 'Indecent Acts'. She has been sentenced to 1 month in prison which has been suspended and a fine of 5000 Sudanese Pounds (approximately 961 USD" (para 1). "Similarly, where there had been some dispute regarding the woman’s marital status, the court finally accepted that she was divorced, thus mitigating the threat of a death by stoning sentence which could be levelled against a married person for adultery" (para 5).
Dec. 21, 2020, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1

Existence of "custom killings" (para 8). (CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 8, 2020, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Human rights groups say that every year thousands of women across the world are killed because they are deemed to have brought shame on their family" (para 5). "They cite sex outside marriage, even if only alleged, as one common reason for this type of killing" (para 6).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"In August, in an important enforcement of laws to prosecute so-called 'honor killings' , the parents of Qandeel Baloch, a Pakistani social media celebrity who was murdered by her brothers in July 2016, were denied their request to 'pardon' the perpetrators. After Qandeel's murder, the parliament passed a law closing the pardon loophole used by families to protect perpetrators. However, very few cases of honor killings were prosecuted" (para 16).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of zina (sex outside of marriage) can be sentenced to prison. In addition to imprisonment, Muslims can be sentenced to flogging (if unmarried) or the death penalty (if married). Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead" (para 20).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults, because they can find themselves charged if the judiciary views the sexual act in question as consensual" (para 23).
July 15, 2020, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"This sense of entitlement was displayed in 2002 in the city of Ahvaz when Maryam, just 7 years old, was decapitated by her father when he became suspicious that she had been raped by her uncle. While being arrested, Maryam’s father was still holding her severed head and reportedly said, 'Just let me be! It was my own child, and I cut off her head. I own her blood rights, and there is no one else pressing any charges'" (para 7). "The state must also make an effort to change the underlying social norms around guardianship and family reputation that fuel these crimes. Perpetrators of honor killings are driven by...more
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"'Alimony Arrangement' was added to the misogynist law work while women were stripped of their rights every day, fired from their jobs, violated, killed and not protected. This legislation, which will make women more vulnerable, especially in the family, will lead to an increase in violence against women and femicide. Such misogynist practices are one of the most important factors in the increase of femicide" (pra 43).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Accusations of rape were often resolved using extrajudicial measures, with the victim often forced to marry her attacker" (38).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"By law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetratorBy law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetrator" (29)
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"IDPs and members of marginalized clans and groups suffered disproportionately from gender-based violence. Police were reluctant to investigate and sometimes asked survivors to do the investigatory work for their own cases. Some survivors of rape were forced to marry perpetrators." (32). "Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. Al-Shabaab sentenced persons to death for rape." (32).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The government enforced the law based on its interpretation of sharia, and courts often punished victims as well as perpetrators for illegal “mixing of genders,” even when there was no conviction for rape. Victims also had to prove that the rape was committed, and women’s testimony in court is, in most cases, worth half the weight of that of a man" (40).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The law does not prohibit domestic violence. Violence against women, including spousal abuse, was common, although there were no reliable statistics on its prevalence. Women were often reluctant to file a formal complaint, and police seldom intervened in domestic disputes. According to NGOs some women reported that police tried to charge them SSP 20 (seven dollars) when they attempted to file the criminal complaint of rape or abuse. While the official form is not mandatory, police often told women they needed to complete it prior to receiving medical treatment. Statistics were not available on the number of abusers prosecuted, convicted, or punished. Families of rape victims encouraged marriage to the...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution by paying 'blood money' to a girl who was injured because of the rape" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Informal justice systems lacking institutionalized legal protections continued, especially in rural areas, and often resulted in human rights abuses. Feudal landlords and other community leaders in Sindh and Punjab, and tribal leaders in Pashtun and Baloch areas, at times held local council meetings (known as panchayats or jirgas), in defiance of the established legal system. Such councils settled feuds and imposed tribal penalties, including fines, imprisonment, and sometimes the death penalty. These councils often sentenced women to violent punishment or death for so-called honor-related crimes. In Pashtun areas, primarily in FATA, such councils were held under FCR guidelines. Assistant political agents, supported by tribal elders of their choosing, are legally...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Police officers sometimes worked to reconcile rape victims and their attackers, in some cases encouraging female rape victims to marry their attackers" (37).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs noted that many cases of forced marriage occurred shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal pressure before any formal trial began. Observers noted that if a woman marries her rapist, according to customary belief, her family members do not need to kill her to 'preserve the family’s honor'" (31)
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"By law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetrator" (35). "The law states that authorities should execute a man if convicted of killing a woman. The penal code, however, allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior" (35). "Cases of 'honor' killing--the murder of a daughter or sister who 'shamed' the family--occurred, particularly in rural areas. Most cases of honor killing went unreported, and authorities investigated very few instances. There have been reports that family members murdered both male and female victims of rape or sexual...more