The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-3

Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

“The other lawyer, AP Singh, had said in a previous televised interview: ‘If my daughter or sister engaged in pre-marital activities and disgraced herself and allowed herself to lose face and character by doing such things, I would most certainly take this sort of sister or daughter to my farmhouse, and in front of my entire family, I would put petrol on her and set her alight’” (para 22).
Feb. 17, 2021, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Under the Hudood Ordinance, the Courts require four “adult male” eyewitnesses to rape. When a female victim fails to produce four male eyewitnesses, she is then charged under Tazeer for fornication. If the woman becomes pregnant as a result of rape, the rapist/s gets a walk, while the woman is charged with fornication using pregnancy as a proof" (para 7).
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Women fear they will be blamed for assaults, and admitting rape may affect a girl's ability to marry. Usually, few women come forward at all, and even fewer seek medical care after an attack.'If they have not killed you, you just come back and you don't report to anyone,' Anne says. 'You cannot tell anybody, even your family. It's just our culture. We Nuer, we cannot talk about rape. It can bring fighting. You stay quiet'" (para 18).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (7-8).
Jan. 30, 2021, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The young Ethiopian woman at the centre of a trial where she was gang raped by seven men has been found guilty of committing 'Indecent Acts'. She has been sentenced to 1 month in prison which has been suspended and a fine of 5000 Sudanese Pounds (approximately 961 USD" (para 1). "Similarly, where there had been some dispute regarding the woman’s marital status, the court finally accepted that she was divorced, thus mitigating the threat of a death by stoning sentence which could be levelled against a married person for adultery" (para 5).
Dec. 21, 2020, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1

Existence of "custom killings" (para 8). (CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 8, 2020, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Human rights groups say that every year thousands of women across the world are killed because they are deemed to have brought shame on their family" (para 5). "They cite sex outside marriage, even if only alleged, as one common reason for this type of killing" (para 6).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"In August, in an important enforcement of laws to prosecute so-called 'honor killings' , the parents of Qandeel Baloch, a Pakistani social media celebrity who was murdered by her brothers in July 2016, were denied their request to 'pardon' the perpetrators. After Qandeel's murder, the parliament passed a law closing the pardon loophole used by families to protect perpetrators. However, very few cases of honor killings were prosecuted" (para 16).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of zina (sex outside of marriage) can be sentenced to prison. In addition to imprisonment, Muslims can be sentenced to flogging (if unmarried) or the death penalty (if married). Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead" (para 20).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults, because they can find themselves charged if the judiciary views the sexual act in question as consensual" (para 23).
July 15, 2020, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"This sense of entitlement was displayed in 2002 in the city of Ahvaz when Maryam, just 7 years old, was decapitated by her father when he became suspicious that she had been raped by her uncle. While being arrested, Maryam’s father was still holding her severed head and reportedly said, 'Just let me be! It was my own child, and I cut off her head. I own her blood rights, and there is no one else pressing any charges'" (para 7). "The state must also make an effort to change the underlying social norms around guardianship and family reputation that fuel these crimes. Perpetrators of honor killings are driven by...more
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"'Alimony Arrangement' was added to the misogynist law work while women were stripped of their rights every day, fired from their jobs, violated, killed and not protected. This legislation, which will make women more vulnerable, especially in the family, will lead to an increase in violence against women and femicide. Such misogynist practices are one of the most important factors in the increase of femicide" (pra 43).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Accusations of rape were often resolved using extrajudicial measures, with the victim often forced to marry her attacker" (38).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"By law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetratorBy law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetrator" (29)
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"IDPs and members of marginalized clans and groups suffered disproportionately from gender-based violence. Police were reluctant to investigate and sometimes asked survivors to do the investigatory work for their own cases. Some survivors of rape were forced to marry perpetrators." (32). "Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. Al-Shabaab sentenced persons to death for rape." (32).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The government enforced the law based on its interpretation of sharia, and courts often punished victims as well as perpetrators for illegal “mixing of genders,” even when there was no conviction for rape. Victims also had to prove that the rape was committed, and women’s testimony in court is, in most cases, worth half the weight of that of a man" (40).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The law does not prohibit domestic violence. Violence against women, including spousal abuse, was common, although there were no reliable statistics on its prevalence. Women were often reluctant to file a formal complaint, and police seldom intervened in domestic disputes. According to NGOs some women reported that police tried to charge them SSP 20 (seven dollars) when they attempted to file the criminal complaint of rape or abuse. While the official form is not mandatory, police often told women they needed to complete it prior to receiving medical treatment. Statistics were not available on the number of abusers prosecuted, convicted, or punished. Families of rape victims encouraged marriage to the...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution by paying 'blood money' to a girl who was injured because of the rape" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Informal justice systems lacking institutionalized legal protections continued, especially in rural areas, and often resulted in human rights abuses. Feudal landlords and other community leaders in Sindh and Punjab, and tribal leaders in Pashtun and Baloch areas, at times held local council meetings (known as panchayats or jirgas), in defiance of the established legal system. Such councils settled feuds and imposed tribal penalties, including fines, imprisonment, and sometimes the death penalty. These councils often sentenced women to violent punishment or death for so-called honor-related crimes. In Pashtun areas, primarily in FATA, such councils were held under FCR guidelines. Assistant political agents, supported by tribal elders of their choosing, are legally...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Police officers sometimes worked to reconcile rape victims and their attackers, in some cases encouraging female rape victims to marry their attackers" (37).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs noted that many cases of forced marriage occurred shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal pressure before any formal trial began. Observers noted that if a woman marries her rapist, according to customary belief, her family members do not need to kill her to 'preserve the family’s honor'" (31)
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"By law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetrator" (35). "The law states that authorities should execute a man if convicted of killing a woman. The penal code, however, allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior" (35). "Cases of 'honor' killing--the murder of a daughter or sister who 'shamed' the family--occurred, particularly in rural areas. Most cases of honor killing went unreported, and authorities investigated very few instances. There have been reports that family members murdered both male and female victims of rape or sexual...more
May 22, 2019, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"She further said the government's reasoning that these special circumstance marriages may reduce the stigma placed on girls who are raped or sexually assaulted was unfounded. 'Marrying a girl off to her rapist or to a hooligan who sexually harasses her will definitely lower her dowry, but it will do nothing to guarantee a better life for her. If anything, her husband will use and abuse her further and throw her out. This will increase the stigma and destroy her life,' she said" (Para 10-11).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In some instances family members forced a girl to marry a man based on the mere suspicion that the two had had sexual intercourse. This cultural practice even applied in cases of rape, and the study found numerous instances in which families concealed rape by facilitating the marriage between rapist and victim" (38).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"A Plan International study cited the testimony of public officials who reported that in many cases sexual aggressors compensated violence with payment or exchange of animals, but in some cases victims were forced to marry the aggressors" (p. 24).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The law further stipulates that, if the rapist marries the victim, the rapist receives no punishment. The victim’s family sometimes agreed to this arrangement to avoid the social stigma attached to rape" (para 185).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2

"Human rights activists and lawyers reported that rape victims were stigmatized, persecuted, and even imprisoned. Since rape is often associated with the concept of adultery, judges could, in theory, accuse the victim of fornication under sharia, hold the victim responsible for the rape, and imprison her. There were no reports that this provision or interpretation of the law was enforced" (page 16-17).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

The Committee is particularly concerned about the non-imposition of criminal charges against a kidnapper and rapist who marries his victim with the consent of her guardian (pg. 4). "The fact that a kidnapper and rapist who marries his victim with the consent of her guardian is exempted from criminal charges" (pg. 7).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"This bill sparked a rare thing here: cross-party opposition. The AKP MPs who proposed it insisted it would not pardon rapists or sexual abusers and was simply intended to exonerate men who marry underage girls apparently with consent. However, critics said that in patriarchal Turkey, a young girl would feel unable to give consent and so the bill would have legitimised rape and encouraged child brides. When conservative, usually pro-government, women spoke out against it - including the president's wife - the bill was doomed to failure. Child marriage is a problem here. Former President Abdullah Gul famously married when he was 30 and his wife 15. But women's groups...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"'Through this campaign, we want the repeal of Article 522, to emphasize that rape is a crime and as such must be punished, and to insist on the fact that it is the right of every woman to refuse to marry her rapist and that it is necessary to put an end to the stigmatization. Some women are actually forced by their family to marry their rapist for a question of honor,' Mardam-Bey explained" (para 3).