The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, but persons between 16 and 18 may marry with family court approval. Marriages involving persons younger than 18 were rare. Watchdog groups believed that a small number of marriages of persons between 16 and 18 were forced by parents. To reduce these, the parliament passed a law in May 2018 requiring family court approval of marriages involving a person younger than 18" (11).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Tachira is a member of the Konkomba people, and girls born into that community are not educated. They’re kept at home, doing all the household chores until their parents effectively sell them into servitude to another family through arranged marriage. Most remain illiterate, vulnerable, and dependent for the rest of their lives. 'My marriage was [decided] without my consent before I was 10 years old and I was married at 15,' says Tachira, wiping tears away with a dirty cloth. 'It still haunts me when I talk about it'" (para 8-9).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, including for citizens who marry abroad. The Domestic Violence Act of 2018 repealed provisions that enabled persons younger than 18 to marry, and criminalized forced marriage" (11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The EVAW presidential decree was first issued in 2009 and was reinforced by another presidential decree in 2018. Implementation and awareness of the law remain a serious challenge. The law criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women, including rape; battery or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance. The penal code criminalizes rape of both women and men. The law provides for a minimum sentence of five to 16 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape, or up to 20 years if one or more aggravating circumstances is present. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator....more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both men and women is 18; however, children as young as 16 may legally marry with parental permission" (23).
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DSFMF-LAW-1

"A lack of legislation that specifically targets and penalises gender-based violence against women, in addition to the prevalence of laws that enable such abuse – such as a law that allows a male kidnapper to marry their victim, or Article 153 that justifies the murder of a woman by her male family member if she was 'caught by surprise' in the act of adultery, plus a discrepancy between the sentences given to men and women for the same crimes, in which men tend to receive lighter sentences – has allowed men, like the man accused of murdering Farah Akbar, to genuinely believe that they can get away with crimes as...more
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"One aspect of a woman's personal life that is affected is marriage: a woman needs the permission of a male guardian to wed. Other areas include the custody of children, and inheritance" (Para 9).
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"One aspect of a woman's personal life that is affected is marriage: a woman needs the permission of a male guardian to wed. Other areas include the custody of children, and inheritance" (Para 9).
July 16, 2021, 12:22 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[Bride kidnapping] was outlawed in 2013 but convictions are extremely rare and survivors are reluctant to file complaints due to threats of violence and cultural stigma" (Para 17).
July 13, 2021, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Currently, Section 498-B of the Pakistan Penal Code makes it illegal to forcibly marry a girl against her will, and those convicted are liable to imprisonment from three to seven years and a fine of Rs 500,000, or both"(para 17).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"By law, a girl as young as 13 years can marry, while girls even younger can legally marry with judicial and paternal consent. In the first half of the current Iranian calendar year, over 16,000 girls aged between 10 and 14 years have married, according to official Government figures" (para 4). "Child marriage is legal in Iran. Girls can be married under age 13 with the permission of their father and the court." In the video, at 0:10-0:15, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes abuses that include early and forced marriage, FGM/C, forced wife “inheritance,” and sexual violence within marriage" (p 33).
July 1, 2021, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Article 31(section 3) of the Constitution stipulates that marriage shall be entered into with the free consent of the man and woman intending to marry while Article 33(section 6) of the same law indicates that laws, customs or traditions which are against the dignity of women are prohibited" (para 23).
June 30, 2021, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"For Zahit Ciftkuran, who has been a mufti in the southeast for years, what is important is not who conducts the ceremony but whether the law provides any loopholes for underage marriage. He called for careful scrutiny of the draft. AKP ministers fervently deny that the law would change anything aside from facilitating civil ceremonies for all Turks, as the marriage procedures and requirements, including age limits, will remain untouched" (para 9).
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"There, bride kidnapping is known as 'ala kachuu,' which translates as 'to take and run away.' It became illegal in 1994, but the practice continues today, especially in rural areas" (para 3).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The constitution criminalizes forced marriage. Courts may sentence parents convicted of forcing a child to marry to up to 12 years’ hard labor and a fine of 92,500 Congolese francs ($58). The penalty doubles when the child is under 15" (p 43).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In January, the Egyptian cabinet approved a personal status law that would require women to get the consent of a male guardian to get married" (para 2). "In matters of marriage, a male guardian such as a father or brother would sign the marriage contract, not the wife, and he would have the right to file to annul the marriage within a year" (para 3).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the various measures taken by the Government to prohibit forced marriage, including the enactment of the Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Act (2007)" (8).
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, CBMC-DATA-1

"Social stigma around pre-marital relationships and pregnancy is another factor. The research indicates two in five adolescent girls drop out due to pregnancy or child, early and forced marriage, again much higher than the global average" (para 11).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage (FM) was criminalised in Australia in 2013. In 2016-2017, the Australian Federal Police (AFP) received 70 referrals of forced marriage. To date there have been no prosecutions" (17). "CALD women experience higher levels of violence than the general population. CALD women are more likely to experience abuse by extended family members, abuse related to their immigration status, dowry demands and forced marriage. The family violence provisions in the Migration Regulations only protect some women from deportation if they leave a violent relationship. Women on certain temporary visas, including temporary work visas, business or student visas cannot access the family violence provisions and are thus subject to deportation if...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“Forced marriage is considered a crime under Act No. 25/11 of 14 July, the Domestic Violence Act” (pp. 25).
Jan. 8, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“Forced marriage was criminalised under the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014. This came into force on 16 June 2014” (para. 3).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While Pakistan law requires that a woman consent to her partner, the law is rarely enforced and many women are unaware of that right" (para 6).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriages are legally prohibited" (4).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“In 2017, Pakistan's government tried to crack down on child marriage by imposing prison sentences up to 10 years for offenders” (para 17).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law provides that women can only marry if a male guardian approves" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Under the penal code, sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery and sex between unmarried persons, is criminalized, as are same-sex relations between men which are punishable by up to seven years in prison" (para 20).
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Article 28 (a) requires the women’s guardians’ approval of the marriage, which is discriminatory and contradicts with article 16 (1) (b) of the convention despite Bahrain’s reservations. The law, both sections (Gaa’fary and Sunni schools), should stipulate women’s free and total agreement for consummation of marriage" (2)
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The government agreed to revise the 1951 Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act. Activists said that the amended law should make 18 the minimum age of marriage, without exception, and that women should not have to obtain a guardian's permission to get married" (para 20).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“On February 27, the Swiss Parliament is scheduled to debate a series of proposals to crack down on Muslim forced marriages in Switzerland. There are an estimated 17,000 forced marriages in Switzerland; one-third of the victims are between the ages of 13 and 18, according to a ground-breaking study of the problem conducted in 2006. The proposals being considered include: amending the Swiss Penal Code to make forced marriage a criminal offense; outlawing the marriages of minors; reviewing all future requests for marriage to ensure that no one is being married against her will; and mandating the deportation of any immigrants found to guilty of forcing someone to marry against...more