The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[The Committee]... is particularly concerned about: (a) The persistence of child marriages, especially in rural areas, under article 7 (2) of Law No. 16/2019 on marriage, which authorizes the religious courts to grant exemptions from the legal minimum age of marriage" (15). "[The Committee] recommends that the State party:... request the full consent of the woman in all marriages" (16).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Besides the minimum age requirement, it is required that the spouses/partners entered into marriage/relationship voluntarily. Thus, as a general rule family reunification cannot be granted if it must be considered doubtful that the marriage was contracted, or the cohabitation was established at both parties’ own wish. If the marriage has been contracted or the cohabitation established between close relatives or otherwise closely related parties, it must be considered doubtful unless particular reasons make it inappropriate, including regard for family unity, that the marriage was contracted or the cohabitation was established at both parties’ own wish" (28-29). "An effort has been made to tighten control with religious preachers, also regarding forced...more
June 7, 2022, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Massachusetts has the youngest age limit, with girls 12 and up and boys 14 and up able to marry with parental consent, according to World Population. Other states - such as Arkansas and New Hampshire - also have differing ages for males and females. Arkansas limits underage women to 16 and older, while males have to be 17. Meanwhile, New Hampshire is 13 for girls and 14 for boys. California does not have an age limit, as long as parental consent is obtained, according to World Population" (29-31).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The Marriage Law is the first law enacted after the founding of New China, which was amended in 1980 and 2001 respectively. The Law is fully consistent with the provisions of Article 16 of the Convention as to the principle of non-discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations. According to the Law, marriage must be based on the complete willingness of both man and woman. Both the man and the woman desiring to contract a marriage shall register in person with the marriage registration office; irrespective of marital status, both husband and wife have the duty to bring up and educate their children; both husband and wife...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"An amendment to article 50, paragraph 2 of the Foreign Nationals Act (FNA) came into force on 1 July 2013. When a spouse has not freely consented to the marriage, he or she may henceforth invoke important personal reasons to obtain or extend a residence permit. That change also enshrines in law the Federal Supreme Court’s case law under which, for the right to residence to be upheld after family breakdown, it is not necessary for both conditions, i.e. domestic violence and gravely compromised prospects of social reintegration in the country of origin, to be fulfilled. Moreover, FOGE and FOM have organized four regional workshops on enforcement of FNA article...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"According to the Turkish Civil Code No. 4721, for a legal marriage, it is obligatory to have mutual consent" (29).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The age of consent for marriage, allowed in the civil code, was raised in 2003 from 13 to 15 years for girls and from 15 to 17 years for boys. Currently, draft legislation proposes to increase the age of consent to 18 for both boys and girls in accordance with CRC" (9).
April 17, 2022, 12:06 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that child and forced marriages and polygamy are illegal in the State party" (5).
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forcing someone to marry against his or her will is a criminal offense throughout the UK with a maximum prison sentence of seven years. Forcing a UK citizen into marriage anywhere in the world is a criminal offense in England and Wales" (15).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"...The law prohibits sexual exploitation of a minor or facilitating the sexual exploitation of a minor and stipulates a penalty of 14 to 25 years in prison, with aggravated penalties for perpetrators who are family members of the victim and for cases of sexual tourism, forced marriage, or sexual exploitation by illegal armed groups..." (26).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"By law women have the right to choose when and whom they marry, but traditional practices often restricted a woman’s choice... Under certain conditions a judge may grant a special dispensation to a man to marry a girl below the age of consent" (17).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A court may grant permission for children between age 15 and 16 to marry... In the Muslim-majority southernmost provinces, Islamic law used for family matters and inheritance allows the marriage of young girls after their first menstrual cycle with parental approval. Child rights advocates and journalists reported it was common for Malaysian men to cross into southern Thailand to engage in underage marriages... [A] Muslim younger than the age of 17 can still marry with a written court order or written parental consent, which will be considered by a special subcommittee of three members, of which at least one member must be a woman with knowledge of Islamic laws" (35).more
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although the law fixes the minimum legal age of marriage at 18, it provides that 'marriage of minors who have not reached the legal age of majority is subject to the consent of their guardians.' Child marriage occasionally occurred in rural areas" (18).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Since consensual sex outside of marriage is illegal, a legal guardian can ask local authorities to permit a girl younger than 18 to marry. Local authorities frequently granted permission" (17).
Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[C]hildren older than 16 may marry with a judge’s written consent" (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage with parental consent is 16 for boys and 15 for girls" (19).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In 2020, a counter bill was introduced to the Parliament that would allow force and child marriages. This counter bill is still pending. Nonetheless, this does not mean force marriages have stopped. Force marriages may not be happening in the city but they are in the rural areas. This counter bill has not passed in Parliament. The bill is still pending" (1).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law specifically penalizes anyone who forces a minor younger than age 18 to enter a religious or customary matrimonial union. Nevertheless, reports of traditional marriages involving at least one minor spouse persisted" (21).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Local authorities may authorize marriage from age 16 under certain circumstances. More than a dozen regions allow marriage from age 14 under special circumstances, such as pregnancy or the birth of a child" (57).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"President Abbas issued a presidential decree declaring a marriage legal only if both parties enter into the marriage willingly and both are 18 years old, but the decree provides an exception for minors if a judge agrees the marriage is in 'the best interest of both parties'"(97).
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of consent for marriage is 18. Marriage for girls as young as 14 and for boys as young as 16 is permitted with parental consent" (29).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law provides for the prosecution of forced marriage cases, even when the marriage occurred abroad. Penalties for violations are up to three years’ imprisonment and a 45,000 euro ($49,500) fine" (22).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, but persons between 16 and 18 may marry with family court approval. Marriages involving persons younger than 18 were rare. Watchdog groups believed that a small number of marriages of persons between 16 and 18 were forced by parents. To reduce these, the parliament passed a law in May 2018 requiring family court approval of marriages involving a person younger than 18" (11).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Tachira is a member of the Konkomba people, and girls born into that community are not educated. They’re kept at home, doing all the household chores until their parents effectively sell them into servitude to another family through arranged marriage. Most remain illiterate, vulnerable, and dependent for the rest of their lives. 'My marriage was [decided] without my consent before I was 10 years old and I was married at 15,' says Tachira, wiping tears away with a dirty cloth. 'It still haunts me when I talk about it'" (para 8-9).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, including for citizens who marry abroad. The Domestic Violence Act of 2018 repealed provisions that enabled persons younger than 18 to marry, and criminalized forced marriage" (11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The EVAW presidential decree was first issued in 2009 and was reinforced by another presidential decree in 2018. Implementation and awareness of the law remain a serious challenge. The law criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women, including rape; battery or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance. The penal code criminalizes rape of both women and men. The law provides for a minimum sentence of five to 16 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape, or up to 20 years if one or more aggravating circumstances is present. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator....more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both men and women is 18; however, children as young as 16 may legally marry with parental permission" (23).
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DSFMF-LAW-1

"A lack of legislation that specifically targets and penalises gender-based violence against women, in addition to the prevalence of laws that enable such abuse – such as a law that allows a male kidnapper to marry their victim, or Article 153 that justifies the murder of a woman by her male family member if she was 'caught by surprise' in the act of adultery, plus a discrepancy between the sentences given to men and women for the same crimes, in which men tend to receive lighter sentences – has allowed men, like the man accused of murdering Farah Akbar, to genuinely believe that they can get away with crimes as...more
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"One aspect of a woman's personal life that is affected is marriage: a woman needs the permission of a male guardian to wed. Other areas include the custody of children, and inheritance" (Para 9).
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"One aspect of a woman's personal life that is affected is marriage: a woman needs the permission of a male guardian to wed. Other areas include the custody of children, and inheritance" (Para 9).